Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Power Point 5.1: Cell Energy (Photosynthesis & Respiration)

  • Loggen Sie sich ein, um Kommentare anzuzeigen.

Power Point 5.1: Cell Energy (Photosynthesis & Respiration)

  1. 1. Cell Energy: Photosynthesis & Respiration Chapter 5, Section 1
  2. 2. Today’s Learning Goals <ul><li>In plants, chlorophyll (found in chloroplasts) captures energy from the sun in order to make food during photosynthesis </li></ul><ul><li>Cells release energy from food through either cellular respiration or fermentation </li></ul><ul><li>Why it matters: Understanding how plants & animals get energy to grow & develop is an important part of biology. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How Does a Plant Make It’s Own Food? <ul><li>Plants use carbon dioxide ( CO 2 ), water ( H 2 O ), and sun’s energy to make food. </li></ul><ul><li>This is called “ photosynthesis ” </li></ul><ul><li>The food gives plants energy </li></ul><ul><li>Animals get the energy stored in plants when they eat them. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How Do Plants Get Energy From Sun? <ul><li>Plants have pigments that absorb energy from light </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorophyll (found in chloroplasts) is the pigment used in photosynthesis </li></ul>
  5. 5. What “Food” do Plants Make? <ul><li>The “food” plants make is a sugar called glucose (C 6 H 12 O 6 ). </li></ul><ul><li>Glucose and oxygen (O 2 ) are made during photosynthesis. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How Do Organisms Get Energy From Food? <ul><li>Animals cannot make their own food like plants can. </li></ul><ul><li>But, BOTH plants and animals must break down (digest) food in order to get energy from it (so they can live, grow, & develop) </li></ul><ul><li>Cells do this 2 ways: cellular respiration and fermentation </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cellular Respiration & Fermentation <ul><li>Cellular Respiration uses oxygen (O 2 ) to break down food </li></ul><ul><li>Fermentation does not use oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Cellular respiration releases more energy from food than Fermentation. </li></ul><ul><li>So most eukaryotes (ex: plants & animals) get their energy through cellular respiration </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cellular Respiration <ul><li>Cellular Respiration = chemical process that happens in cells </li></ul><ul><li>In prokaryotes, it happens in the cell membranes </li></ul><ul><li>In eukaryotes, it happens mostly in the mitochondria </li></ul>
  9. 9. Process of Cellular Respiration <ul><li>Food (glucose) is broken down into CO 2 and H 2 O and energy is released </li></ul><ul><li>C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6 O 2  6 CO 2 + 6 H 2 O + energy (ATP) </li></ul><ul><li>This energy can be used for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping a constant body temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage (ATP) - to be used later for things like growth </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. What Do You Notice?
  11. 11. Check It Out! <ul><li>Did you notice that cellular respiration is just the opposite of photosynthesis? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fermentation <ul><li>Happens when cells cannot get the oxygen they need for cellular respiration </li></ul><ul><li>Fermentation is a way to get energy when oxygen isn’t available </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: In short, fast races you might get a burning feeling in you leg muscles because of a build up of lactic acid (made during fermentation) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Pop Quiz <ul><li>1) Plants use carbon dioxide (____), water (____), and the sun’s energy to make food. </li></ul><ul><li> CO 2 and H 2 O </li></ul><ul><li>2) What type of cell has chloroplasts? </li></ul><ul><li>PLANT CELL </li></ul><ul><li>3) BOTH plants and animals must break down food in order to get ________from it. </li></ul><ul><li>ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>4) How are respiration and photosynthesis related? </li></ul><ul><li>THEY ARE THE REVERSE (OPPOSITE) OF EACH OTHER. </li></ul><ul><li>5) Fermentation is a way to get energy when ______ isn’t available. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OXYGEN </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Today’s Learning Goals <ul><li>In plants, chloroplasts capture energy from the sun in order to make food during photosynthesis </li></ul><ul><li>Cells release energy from food through either cellular respiration of fermentation </li></ul><ul><li>Why it matters: Understanding how plants & animals get energy to grow & develop is an important part of biology. </li></ul>

×