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“How are decisions made in a
   democratic society?”
What is democracy?
 Democracy is generally a form of government in which all the
people have an equal say in the decisions...
What is the structure of Australian’s
      system of Government?
There are 3 levels of government:
Local, State and Feder...
Local Government
What are their roles and responsibilities?

There are over 560 councils across Australia. The
  elected m...
State Government
What are their roles and responsibilities?

• Australia has six parliaments at the state level and two
  ...
State Government
State parliaments make laws that are enforced
within the state of origin.

State laws generally relate to...
Federal Government
What are their roles and responsibilities?

• There is only one parliament at the national level. It is...
How are Australian laws made?
In Australia, laws are made:

• by politicians in Parliament
• by judges making decisions ab...
How does the Australian voting
            system work?
In modern democracies citizens elect representatives to govern
on ...
How does the Australian voting
      system support democracy?
Voting systems safeguard our democratic principles.
Voting ...
What is a Parliament?
A parliament consists of a group of elected
representatives and a person who represents the
Queen. I...
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Government Research Project by Brittany

  1. 1. “How are decisions made in a democratic society?”
  2. 2. What is democracy? Democracy is generally a form of government in which all the people have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives. The people, either directly or indirectly, take part in governing. The word democracy comes from the Greek words demos meaning ‘the people’ and kratos meaning ‘power’. So the word ‘democracy’ means ‘people power’ – the right of people to make decisions on how they are governed.
  3. 3. What is the structure of Australian’s system of Government? There are 3 levels of government: Local, State and Federal.
  4. 4. Local Government What are their roles and responsibilities? There are over 560 councils across Australia. The elected members of local councils are usually called councillors while the chair of the council is usually called the mayor. These smaller legislative bodies make by-laws which relate to matters of local interest such as: local roads, parks and playgrounds, rubbish collection, library services, sporting fields, street signage and domestic animal regulation.
  5. 5. State Government What are their roles and responsibilities? • Australia has six parliaments at the state level and two territory parliaments. State and territory parliaments are located in each of Australia’s eight capital cities: • Parliament of NSW located in Sydney • Parliament of VIC located in Melbourne • QLD Parliament located in Brisbane • Parliament of WA located in Perth • Parliament of SA located in Adelaide • Parliament of TAS located in Hobart • ACT Legislative Assembly located in Canberra (and separate to the federal Parliament) • NT Legislative Assembly located in Darwin.
  6. 6. State Government State parliaments make laws that are enforced within the state of origin. State laws generally relate to matters of state interest such as: schools and hospitals, roads and railways, utilities such as electricity and water supply, mining and agriculture.
  7. 7. Federal Government What are their roles and responsibilities? • There is only one parliament at the national level. It is the Parliament of Australia, located in Canberra. • The parliament shall consist of the Queen, a Senate and House of Representatives’. • These law-making areas relate to matters of national interest such as: trade and commerce, postal, telephonic, foreign relations, taxation, quarantine, fisheries, currency, copyright, marriage, immigration, defence etc.
  8. 8. How are Australian laws made? In Australia, laws are made: • by politicians in Parliament • by judges making decisions about court cases. Parliament-made law overrules judge-made law if both apply to a case.
  9. 9. How does the Australian voting system work? In modern democracies citizens elect representatives to govern on their behalf, and these representatives remain answerable to electors at periodic elections. An election is the process by which people vote to choose representatives in parliament. Elections for the House of Representatives and the Senate (the Australian Parliament) are held at least every 3 years. Every Australian aged 18 years and over who is on the electoral roll must attend a polling booth (for the purpose of voting) in elections for representatives in the federal Parliament.
  10. 10. How does the Australian voting system support democracy? Voting systems safeguard our democratic principles. Voting is a vital link between citizen participation and democratic representation and provide the mechanism for free and fair elections and political change. Citizens can individually and collectively influence decision making through voting. In Australia, the Commonwealth Parliament contains 2 representative institutions at the federal level: the House of Representatives and the Senate.
  11. 11. What is a Parliament? A parliament consists of a group of elected representatives and a person who represents the Queen. In the federal Parliament that person is the Governor-General. In state parliaments that person is a governor. Parliaments make the laws for a country or a state. The name parliament is derived from the French word parlement meaning a talk, a discussion, a meeting (an assembly, a court) where people discuss matters.

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