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2019.06.19 Blockchain for governments - ideas to move from hype to reality

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2019.06.19 Blockchain for governments - ideas to move from hype to reality

  1. 1. Blockchain for Governments: ideas to move from hype to reality Miquel Estapé Deputy CEO Open Government of Catalonia Consortium Amsterdam, 19th June 2019
  2. 2. Agenda 1. WhyBlockchain in Government ? 2. What is the current situation ? 3. What are the limitationsof Blockchain ? 4. An use case: Self Sovereign Identity ?
  3. 3. Government acts as an Intermediary Oldest writing (2500 BC) Sumerian (Iraq) Account of silver First coin (600 BC) Lydia (Turkey) Why?
  4. 4. Blockchain is a disruptive technology Builds trustworthy transactions between parties without intermediaries It may disrupt Governments
  5. 5. Currently, there are very few blockchain services live in Government and all of them are at early stages Situation
  6. 6. Gartner Hype Cycle for Digital Government, 2018 “It will be at least 5 years until the tech matures and begins to deliver benefits, but it will lead to radical transformation”
  7. 7. The blockchain is neither transformative nor disruptive for the public sector (so far) We have not observed the creation of new business models, new services nor disintermediation of public institutions involved in the provision of gov functions Truly transformative services are missing from
  8. 8. “If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles” Sun Tzu Record metadata logs, no ‘information’ Not cheap Not fast Anonymity & no confidentiality Not easy to scale Nobody is liable Limitations
  9. 9. Blockchain is not a mature tech in Gov (yet) Governments have the responsibility to: • learn, experiment and evaluate disruptive tech • promote prototypes and pilots of innovative public services
  10. 10. Two approaches about applying the Blockchain ‘Good to Great’ J. Collins Successful companies do not adopt a new tech just because it is the latest trend. If it does align with your mission and strategy, then they become a pioneer. But, if it isn’t, then you should ignore it. 1st Approach • The blockchain can be used in any use case • Criteria: media impact • Learn about how to use the tech (not about its value) • Risk to create problems where we already have good solutions 2nd Approach • Identify challenges not solved with current tech • Understand the limitations of the blockchain • Analyze if the blockchain can help • Learn about the blockchain value
  11. 11. Identity Smart Contracting Track & Trace Creating positive social change
  12. 12. +70 accounts per user Identity
  13. 13. Challenges about the Digital Identity • Inefficient and Insecure – Fragmented. Time-consuming. Annoying. Not safe • Lack of a Digital Identity is a barrier – 80% Internet users vs 35% e-transactions (Gov) • A global world, a global identity – Synergies between public & private sector – eID success cases: private (10xDay) + public sector (3xYear) • Savings – 18€ per online transaction – User/password management is very costly
  14. 14. What is “identity”? 49 Engineer PDD in IESE Works in AOC Lives in la Roca Health records Friends +3000 Linkedin contacts +1.500 twitter contacts Public Management Society Lawer Notary Bank Insurance
  15. 15. SSI Principles • Self-managed identity –Gov does not ”own” the eID –No central authority controls it • Consent Driven –Control of personal data: privacy • Portable • Open by Default • International Standards • Secure & Trustworthy
  16. 16. On boarding Service Provider Gov Identity Hub Blockchain Network Citizen Gov onsite Private onsite Online Gov Digital Certificate Facial recognition Public Hub Private Log Claim Issuer Register Identity Proofing Request Transaction Verify Wallet DID Authentication Verification Public PrivateLog
  17. 17. Disclaimer: The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in this presentation belong solely to the author, and not necessarily to the author’s employer, organization, committee or other group or individual. Thanks for your attention ! Miquel Estapé

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