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Thesis for beginners

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Thesis for beginners 2015-10
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Thesis for beginners

Presentation made on October 2014, under invitation of NEIIST (Núcleo de estudantes de Engenharia Informática) - computer science and engineering student group.

It is a translated and extended version of a previous presentation.

Presentation made on October 2014, under invitation of NEIIST (Núcleo de estudantes de Engenharia Informática) - computer science and engineering student group.

It is a translated and extended version of a previous presentation.

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Thesis for beginners

  1. 1. Miguel Pardal Oct. 2014
  2. 2. LEIC 2000 Unisys Portugal Lecturer at Técnico since 2002 MEIC 2006 Visiting student at MIT 2009 DEIC 2014 First publication in 2004 Since then, about 20 more http://web.tecnico.ulisboa.pt/miguel.pardal
  3. 3. Share experience Provide tools Learn from you Best thing about being a teacher
  4. 4. Guide by myself and Joana Pardal: http://web.tecnico.ulisboa.pt/miguel.pardal/www/doc/ quick-guide-research.pdf IEEE Authorship Series and toolbox: http://www.ieee.org/publications_standards/publications/ authors/authors_journals.html
  5. 5. Technical report Coursework or internal project Workshop paper Conference paper Journal article Book chapter BookIncreasingpublic exposure
  6. 6. IEEExplore: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org ACM: http://portal.acm.org/dl.cfm ACL: http://www.aclweb.org/anthology-new AAAI: http://www.aaai.org/Library/library.php Google Scholar: http://scholar.google.com/ Microsoft Academic: http://academic.research.microsoft.com/ Citeseer: http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/ …
  7. 7. Start with the best sources Good conference ? Accept rate < 20% Only 1 in 5 submitted papers gets accepted Good journal ? Impact factor -average number of citations to recent articles published in the journal Start with the more recent papers They will cite older, relevant work in their references Find out where the community gathers
  8. 8. Title Abstract Figures Conclusion References Related work
  9. 9. Our research is only possible because of the work of others before us Actual People, Universities, Labs Identifier Author name, year, (conference acronym, keywords) Keep a reference repository
  10. 10. “X is better than Y!” It needs to be grounded! Work of others Citations Own work Experimental results Statistically valid
  11. 11. The work is (almost) complete Is it worth writing? YES To write is to express thoughts into words Use the third person, past tense So that others may learn Your own learning is not complete without the “distillation process” that comes with writing
  12. 12. Use the most common science language, so that your work may reach the widest audience English What about Portuguese and other languages? Still important for scientific divulgation
  13. 13. Conference Ongoing work Journal Fully developed and final findings Journals have 3 times more citations, but It is harder to be accepted Conditional accepts Takes a long time until final publication
  14. 14. Introduction Problem Related Work Proposal Methodology Results Discussion / Evaluation Conclusion Contributions Future Work
  15. 15. 3 tells Say what you will say Say Say what you said Provide guidance and context to the reader
  16. 16. Move 1 –Establish the “territory” Claiming centrality and/or Making topic generalizations and/or Reviewing items of previous research Move 2 –Establish the niche Counter-claiming or Indicating a gap or Question-raising or Continuing a tradition Move 3 –Occupy the niche Outlining purposes or Announcing present research Announcing principle findings Indicating Research article structure http://www.wikihow.com/Write-a-Swalesian-Introduction
  17. 17. Process to increase the quality of the writing Follow sound science practices Reviews Not always constructive Do not get offended It is not about you, it is about your work You should be the first to know that there is always something to improve…
  18. 18. English quality Structure Literature review Complete and to the point Motivation for decisions Rigor Avoid misunderstandings Identify the limitations of your own work They will be found anyway (sooner or later) They are future work opportunities
  19. 19. Widely used Produces documents with excellent aesthetics Easy to follow template rules Built-in support for mathematical expressions. Generates the reference list automatically! BibTeX It is a programming language (with comments) These are the main contributions: % do not forget to add the prototype!
  20. 20. Science is personal and social People and communities are central Read Learn from other authors Cite them Write Explain in a concise way Learn from the reviewers Share with others
  21. 21. Miguel.Pardal@tecnico.ulisboa.pt Obrigado Thank you “The traveler sees what he sees. The tourist sees what he has come to see.” ― G.K. Chesterton

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