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EdMedia in Amsterdam 2018 - The Austrian view of Copyright law

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Am 27.6. hatte ich die Freude (und die Ehre) zu meinem - über das FNMA (https://www.fnm-austria.at/home.html) - eingereichte Paper auf der EdMedia (https://www.aace.org/conf/edmedia/) in Amsterdam vorzutragen. Besonders gefreut hat mich, dass ich für mein Paper auch gleich einen Award erhalten habe.
Die Folien selbst, wie das Paper, beschäftigen sich mit dem österreichischen Urheberrecht und insbesondere auch mit Open Educational Ressourcen sowie Creative Commons

Veröffentlicht in: Recht
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EdMedia in Amsterdam 2018 - The Austrian view of Copyright law

  1. 1. THE AUSTRIA VIEW OF COPYRIGHT LAW Amsterdam 2018 Michael Lanzinger, Attorny-at-law
  2. 2. The (Austrian) Copyright law Copyright, Copyleft ... or Copywrong?
  3. 3. The (Austrian) Copyright law Urheberrechtsgesetz (UrhG) ‚Bundesgesetz über das Urheberrecht an Werken der Literatur und der Kunst und über verwandte Schutzrechte‘ • Part of the Austrian private law/intellectual property • Last amendment via the Urheberrechtsnovelle 2015 • News/new regulations from the EU yet to come ...
  4. 4. The (Austrian) Copyright law How to become a copyright-owner • Unlike eg. the US becoming the owner of a copyright is ‚automated‘ • If a work of intellectual property with a certain amount of creativity ‚is born‘, that work is therefore regarded as protected under the Austrian copyright law • There is no need to register the copyright • If the work can be considered protected has to be decided on an individual basis
  5. 5. The (Austrian) Copyright law What to do with a copyright • Being the owner of a work protected by the Austrian copyright law means that a person gets to decide what can happen to the work • The owner has the possibility to license her/his work or to give it away for free (among other things) • Only the corresponding rights can be transferred via eg. contract, not the copyright itself. The latter can be transferred by means of inheritance
  6. 6. The (Austrian) Copyright law What to do with a copyright • The corresponding rights and the copyright itself are not to be used without the consent of the owner of these right • The only exception is the free use of work as stated in the Austrian Copyright law starting with § 42 UrhG
  7. 7. The (Austrian) Copyright law The Amendment of 2015 • The main problem of the (Copyright) law is the rather slow reaction to technical development • Therefore it was necessary to ‚add things up‘ with a new amendment • Main developments of the amendment concern the area of science and learning
  8. 8. The (Austrian) Copyright law The Amendment of 2015 • § 37a: the copyright holder of a scientific article is, under certain conditions, able to a secondary use of his or her article • § 42 para 6: the possibility of reproduction of published works for classroom use on paper has been expanded to ‘any other’ educational institutions • § 42a para 2: the possibility of reproduction of works of intellectual property by public facilities for educational use and research on any data carrier
  9. 9. The (Austrian) Copyright law The Amendment of 2015 • § 42f: the means of citation has been redefined and summarized • § 42g: the possibility to distribute works protected by the Austrian copyright law to a certain audience. Primarily intended for learning platforms (MOOCs!)
  10. 10. The (Austrian) Copyright law The free use of protected work • The free to use the work is regulated in §§ 41 ff Austrian copyright law • Does not really correspond to the principle of ‘fair use’ • Only work for non-commercial use with the exception of citation • The main target of the free use of work is the private use, scientific means and for (e-)learning
  11. 11. The (Austrian) Copyright law The free use of protected work • The ‘prototype’ of the free use of protected work is § 42f UrhG, regulating the possibility of citation • The Article generally states that the scope of the quotation must be covered by its purpose • A person therefore cannot simply copy content from certain sources and the publish them as a new work of intellectual property without having written a single word himself or herself • Also § 20 UrhG states the necessity to quote the source
  12. 12. The (Austrian) Copyright law And Creative Commons? • The main problem with the free use of work protected by the Austrian copyright law is the rather small scope of usage (eg. only non-commercial and for specific areas) • Here the CC come in … • … the CC are regarded as licenses (and therefore contracts) under the Austrian copyright law • In a way the broaden the scope of the free use of work and/or provide additional possibilities
  13. 13. The (Austrian) Copyright law And Creative Commons? • The six types of CC-licenses are regarded as said contracts that can exist in addition to the free use of work as stated in the law • The ‘seventh’ type – CC0 – has seen as a bit of a problem, because the ‘complete abandon’ of a right is (arther) alien to the Austrian law
  14. 14. The (Austrian) Copyright law And OER? • OER is actually not describing a license itself but content published under a license like eg. CC or GNU GPL • Therefore, the same rules as stated apply • In § 37 UrhG the possibility of OER is even mentioned in an indirect way
  15. 15. Credits May the Force/Copyright/Law be with you! office@kanzlei-lanzinger.at www.rechtsanwalt-lanzinger.at

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