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Human computer cooperation

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Is AI now IA? Social media data analytics and Intelligence Amplification. A presentation made at GovTech 2012.

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Human computer cooperation

  1. 1. Michael HaddadHuman-ComputerCo-operation
  2. 2. 2 chess matches 2005: Freestyle chess tournament1997: Deep Blue defeatsKasparov Amateurs plus PCs 1st , grandmaster plus PC 2nd, grandmaster 3rd
  3. 3. This is an astonishing result: average men, average machines beating the best man, the best machine.Computer amplify power of grandmaster How much?Computer amplify power of amateurs How much? simple linear amplification? A(h,c) = hc
  4. 4. its about cooperation - theright type of cooperation
  5. 5. Artificial Intelligence Science of making computers do things that require intelligence when done by humans.Turing test
  6. 6. Intelligence Augmentation In 1963 Douglas Engelbart formed the Augmentation Research Center to pursue a radically different goal to AI — designing a computing system that would instead “bootstrap” the human intelligence of small groups of scientists and engineers.September 17, 2012Scientists have implanted a chip inside thebrains of rhesus monkeys and seen theirdecision making and thinking improveJournal of Neural Engineering, the paper, by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist MedicalCenter and the University of Southern California
  7. 7. Intelligence Amplification Intelligence amplification* (IA) refers to the effective use of information technology in augmenting human intelligence. The theory was developed in the 1950s and 1960s by cybernetics and early computer pioneers.Other methods Memory and IT brain training *AKA “cognitive augmentation” and “machine augmented intelligence”
  8. 8. Intelligence AmplificationStarted with augmenting our physical abilitiesToolsThen our „intelligence‟…Language for communicationsNumber systemsWriting to recordReading to retrieve
  9. 9. IntelligenceArtificial Ask a questionAmplification Wait for answerIntelligence Ask a related question Get answer Refine question Get improved answer
  10. 10. Humans MachinesHypothesis Perfect memoryInterfaces (senses) TirelessSet goals ConsistentDetermine criteria VolumeEvaluate Computation
  11. 11. What do we need? Reduce HCI friction Big amounts of dataIA Correct data Processing power Analytics Learning
  12. 12. Reduce Friction in Human- Computer Symbiosis: Kasparov on ChessWeak human + Strongmachine + Superior computerbetter process to aloneWeak human + Strong human +machine + Superior machine +better process to inferior process
  13. 13. Higher the friction the less theamplification provided by the machine
  14. 14. Reduce HCI friction Natural language Other senses Better interfaces
  15. 15. Design the human intothe process The better the process, the less the friction Minimizing friction is the decisive variable
  16. 16. Big ‘social’ data Cell phones Transactions Computer Twitter, Facebook
  17. 17. Correct data Current affairs Social data History
  18. 18. Processing PowerAnalytics
  19. 19. Watson plays Jeopardy
  20. 20. Watson learns
  21. 21. Helping us make decisionsBusinessBI, data miningImproving HCIWeather forecastingProcessing, satellites, historyMedical researchGamers decipher structure ofa key protein
  22. 22. Social dataMobile appsFoursquare sends location data totwo third parties: Google and TwitterAngry Birds sends phone ID, location,and contacts to Google and Flurry.
  23. 23. + =Better disaster response
  24. 24. What do we need? Reduce HCI friction Big amounts of dataIA Correct data Processing power Analytics Learning
  25. 25. Low friction interface
  26. 26. TheFuture
  27. 27. “The question is not, What is the answer? The question is, Whatis the question?" One of the main aims of man-computersymbiosis is to bring the computing machine effectively into theformulative parts of technical problems.”
  28. 28. References• http://www.palantir.com/2010/03/friction-in-human- computer-symbiosis-kasparov-on-chess/• http://www.alanturing.net/turing_archive/pages/reference%2 0articles/what_is_AI/What%20is%20AI13.html#TT• http://www.ted.com/talks/shyam_sankar_the_rise_of_human _computer_cooperation.html• http://www.theonion.com/• http://www.engadget.com/video/
  29. 29. THANK YOU