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Hunter Commission was a commission appointed by British
Government to review the progress of education in the country
since the Wood Dispatch of 1854.
Hunter Commission was set up in 1882 under the chairmanship of
This Commission emphasized its recommendations on its Primary
and Secondary Education.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
The commission was appointed with the following aims:
To enquire into the manner in which effect had been given to the
principles of the Despatch of 1854.
To assess the position of primary education in India and to
suggest measures for its reform.
To enquire into the position of the State institutions and their
To evaluate the work of missionaries in the field of education.
To enquire into Government attitude towards private enterprise.
The Commission also undertook an enquiry into the conditions
of secondary education and to suggest measures for its
Primary education should be regarded as education of the
Education should be able to train the people for self-
Medium of Instruction in primary education should be the mother
Appointment of teachers should be made by the district authority
and approved by the government.
Spread of primary education for the tribal and backward people
should be the responsibility of the Government.
Fees should be example to students on the basis of their
School houses and furniture's should be simple and
Normal Schools should be established for the training of
Curriculum should include useful subjects like agriculture,
elements of natural and physical science and the native
method of arithmetic and measurement etc.
School equipments should be economical and less
The administrative responsibility on Secondary education
should be handed over to the efficient and educated people.
English should remain as medium of instruction in the
The fees charged in aided secondary schools should be
considerably lower than the fees charged in Government
The Commission had also made recommendation in regard to higher
education. These recommendations may be summed up under the
While giving grants-in-aid to the colleges, the number of the
teachers, expenditures of the college, efficiency and local needs
must also be kept in mind.
Such varied and vast curricular should be arranged in these colleges
so that the students must have the subject of there choice and
The number of students receiving free education should be limited.
Private colleges should be authorized to receive lesser fee as
compared to the Government colleges
While appointing teachers such Indians should be preferred who
The number of inspectors in every Province should
be raised so that every institution may be
As far as possible Indians should be appointed on
the post of District Inspector of Schools.
As far as possible the Inspector of the Primary
Arrangements of Public Funds.
Appointment of lady teachers.
Appointment of lady inspectresses.
Free education for women.
Different curriculum for girls.
Decent arrangement of hostels for girls.
Liberal Grant-in-aid for girl education.
Special arrangement for education of ‘Pardah’
Arrangements for Secondary Education.
The commission recommended that every effort
should be made to popularize Muslim education.
Special funds should be allocated for it.
More scholarships should be given to Muslim
students as they are unable to pay the fee.
Education of Backward Classes:
Children of these tribes were not being charged any fee.
The education of students should be such as may help them to
establish contact with their neighbors.
It was also recommended that subjects taught should be of the most
It was made recommendatory on the part of school teachers and
inspectors to make judicious effects to remove caste prejudices.
Religious education of any sort should not be given in the
Religious education may be imparted in the private
institutions and the Government shall have nothing to do
While giving grant-in-aid to institutions imparting religious
Strengths of Hunter Commission
It was the first commission which gave wide and comprehensive
This commission gave some important suggestion for
improvement of Muslim education.
The progress in primary schools from 1882 to 1901 was
displayed by number of students in them, rising from 22 million
in 1882 to 32 million in 1901.
In the secondary school, this number increased from 42,993 in
1886 to 6,33,728 in 1901
in the colleges, the number of students increased from 11,501 in
1886 to 23,009 in 1901
. Weaknesses of Hunter Commission
Transfer of the control of primary education to the inexperienced
Failure to introduce compulsory primary education.
Inadequate grant from the Provincial government as only one-third
of the total expenditure was given as grant to the local bodies.