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Hunter comission

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William wilson Hunter Comission 1882

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Hunter comission

  2. 2. AGENDA/OUTLINE  Introduction  Aims and Objective  Recommendations  Strengths and Weaknesses
  3. 3. William Wilson Hunter
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION:  Hunter Commission was a commission appointed by British Government to review the progress of education in the country since the Wood Dispatch of 1854.  Hunter Commission was set up in 1882 under the chairmanship of William Hunter.  This Commission emphasized its recommendations on its Primary and Secondary Education.
  5. 5. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The commission was appointed with the following aims:  To enquire into the manner in which effect had been given to the principles of the Despatch of 1854.  To assess the position of primary education in India and to suggest measures for its reform.  To enquire into the position of the State institutions and their importance.  To evaluate the work of missionaries in the field of education.  To enquire into Government attitude towards private enterprise.  The Commission also undertook an enquiry into the conditions of secondary education and to suggest measures for its improvement.
  7. 7. RECOMMENDATIONS: Primary Education:  Primary education should be regarded as education of the masses.  Education should be able to train the people for self- dependence.  Medium of Instruction in primary education should be the mother tongue.  Appointment of teachers should be made by the district authority and approved by the government.  Spread of primary education for the tribal and backward people should be the responsibility of the Government.  Fees should be example to students on the basis of their
  8. 8.  School houses and furniture's should be simple and economical.  Normal Schools should be established for the training of teachers.  Curriculum should include useful subjects like agriculture, elements of natural and physical science and the native method of arithmetic and measurement etc.  School equipments should be economical and less expensive.
  9. 9. Secondary Education:  The administrative responsibility on Secondary education should be handed over to the efficient and educated people.  English should remain as medium of instruction in the Secondary stage.  The fees charged in aided secondary schools should be considerably lower than the fees charged in Government schools.
  10. 10. Higher Education: The Commission had also made recommendation in regard to higher education. These recommendations may be summed up under the following heads:  While giving grants-in-aid to the colleges, the number of the teachers, expenditures of the college, efficiency and local needs must also be kept in mind.  Such varied and vast curricular should be arranged in these colleges so that the students must have the subject of there choice and aptitude.  The number of students receiving free education should be limited.  Private colleges should be authorized to receive lesser fee as compared to the Government colleges  While appointing teachers such Indians should be preferred who
  11. 11. Education Department:  The number of inspectors in every Province should be raised so that every institution may be inspected.  As far as possible Indians should be appointed on the post of District Inspector of Schools.  As far as possible the Inspector of the Primary
  12. 12. Women Education:  Arrangements of Public Funds.  Appointment of lady teachers.  Appointment of lady inspectresses.  Free education for women.  Different curriculum for girls.  Decent arrangement of hostels for girls.  Liberal Grant-in-aid for girl education.  Special arrangement for education of ‘Pardah’ observing ladies.  Arrangements for Secondary Education.
  13. 13. Muslim Education:  The commission recommended that every effort should be made to popularize Muslim education.  Special funds should be allocated for it.  More scholarships should be given to Muslim students as they are unable to pay the fee.
  14. 14. Education of Backward Classes:  Children of these tribes were not being charged any fee.  The education of students should be such as may help them to establish contact with their neighbors.  It was also recommended that subjects taught should be of the most elementary character.  It was made recommendatory on the part of school teachers and inspectors to make judicious effects to remove caste prejudices.
  15. 15. Religious Education:  Religious education of any sort should not be given in the public schools.  Religious education may be imparted in the private institutions and the Government shall have nothing to do with it.  While giving grant-in-aid to institutions imparting religious
  16. 16. Strengths of Hunter Commission Strengths:-  It was the first commission which gave wide and comprehensive recommendations.  This commission gave some important suggestion for improvement of Muslim education.  The progress in primary schools from 1882 to 1901 was displayed by number of students in them, rising from 22 million in 1882 to 32 million in 1901.  In the secondary school, this number increased from 42,993 in 1886 to 6,33,728 in 1901  in the colleges, the number of students increased from 11,501 in 1886 to 23,009 in 1901
  17. 17. . Weaknesses of Hunter Commission Weaknesses:-  Transfer of the control of primary education to the inexperienced local bodies.  Failure to introduce compulsory primary education.  Inadequate grant from the Provincial government as only one-third of the total expenditure was given as grant to the local bodies.
  18. 18. THE END