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The Dependency Management Problem
• App consists of many components
• Dependencies between components
• Optional components
• Compatibility of components
• Unique components per project
• Components management:
– Install
– Uninstall
– Update
No Dependency Manager / PEAR
First Magento CE Release!
2008
What’s Up with PEAR?
• PEAR – PHP Extension and Application Repository
• System-wide installation
• Strict package structure
• Bureaucracy
• PEAR channel hosting
• Dependency issues
• Usability issues
Magento 1.x Package Management
• Monolith release package
•
• Magento Connect Manager:
– Homegrown packaging format
– GUI for management
• PEAR for CLI management
• Vague module versioning
• Not versioned dependencies
Magento 1.x
release package
Feature Modules
Magento libraries
3rd party libraries
Design themes/skins
Localizations
Still No Dependency Manager
Module Manager “modman”
2010
Modman for Magento 1.x
• Modman – command line tool
• Keeps extensions separately from Magento
• Alternative packaging format
• CLI for management
• Use cases:
– Development
– Deployment
Magento 1.x
module package
Community module
modman
First Composer Release!
First Composer Use for Magento 1.x
Magento 2 Development in Progress
2012
Composer Overview
• Composer – dependency manager for PHP
• Composer – CLI tool
• Dependencies per project
• Versioned dependencies
• Package management:
– Install
– Uninstall
– Update
• Classes autoloading
Composer Basic Usage
1. Declaring project dependencies
composer.json
1. Installing dependencies
php composer.phar install
1. Autoloading dependencies
require 'vendor/autoload.php';
vendor/
autoload.php
Zend/…
…
my_project/
composer.json
Installation via Composer
1. Read composer.json
1. Read required packages
2. Read repositories
3. Append packagist.org to repositories
2. For each package:
1. Download from repository
2. Install dependencies recursively
3. Register plugin, if API implemented
Composer Adoption for Magento 1.x
• Composer plugin for Magento 1.x
magento-hackathon/magento-composer-installer
• Deployment strategies:
– Copy
– Move
– Symlink
• Modman packages support
• Composer packages repository
packages.firegento.com
Magento 1.x Composer Package Example
{
"name": "aoepeople/Aoe_Scheduler",
"type": "magento-module",
"description": "Magento Cron Scheduler",
"require": {
"magento-hackathon/magento-composer-installer": "*"
}
}
composer.json
Magento 1.x Composer Project Example
{
"require": {
"magento/core": "1.9.0.1",
"aoepeople/Aoe_Scheduler": "*",
"magento-hackathon/magento-composer-installer": "*"
},
"repositories": [
{
"type": "composer",
"url": "http://packages.firegento.com"
}
]
}
composer.json
Composer Adoption Obstacles in 1.x
• Monolith CE Composer package
• No strict versioning
• No module API version
• No theme version
• No locale version
• Files not in one directory:
– Module files
– Theme & skin files
magento/core
1.9.0.1
Feature Modules
Magento libraries
3rd party libraries
Design themes/skins
Localizations
composer.json
Composer is De Facto Standard
Projects Drop PEAR Support
Magento 2 Dev Beta Release
Composer Adoption for Magento 2
2014
Composer Adoption in Magento 2
• Prerequisites:
– Self-contained modules
– Self-contained themes
• Monolith Granular core packages
• Fork of the Composer plugin for 1.x
magento/magento-composer-installer
• Composer packages repository
packages.magento.com
Composer Package Types in Magento 2
• Package type defines files destination
• Implemented by the Composer plugin
• Custom package types:
magento2-module
magento2-theme
magento2-language
magento2-library
magento2-component
app/code/
app/design/
app/i18n/
lib/internal/
/
Composer Packages in Magento 2
magento/module-catalog
composer.json
Module
magento/theme-frontend-luma
composer.json
Theme
monolog/monolog
composer.json
3rd party library
magento/language-it_it
composer.json
Localization
Composer Packages in Magento 2
magento/zendframework1
composer.json
3rd party library fork
magento/magento2-base
composer.json
Application skeleton
magento/framework
composer.json
Framework
Magento 2 Module Package Example
{
"name": "magento/module-catalog",
"require": {
"php": "~5.5.0|~5.6.0",
"magento/module-store": "0.42.0-beta9",
"magento/framework": "0.42.0-beta9",
"magento/magento-composer-installer": "*"
},
"type": "magento2-module",
"version": "0.42.0-beta9",
"extra": {
"map": [
["*", "Magento/Catalog"]
]
}
}
composer.json
app/code/
Magento/Catalog/
Core Changes
for Composer Adoption
Module Versioning in Magento 2
• Composer requires semantic versioning
semver.org
• Adoption of Semantic Version 2.0.0
<major>.<minor>.<patch>[-<suffix>]
<major> – Incompatible API changes
<minor> – Add functionality in BC manner
<patch> – BC bug fixes
<suffix> – Stability
Module Version Declaration
Magento 1.x module
config.xml
etc/
Version, not semantic
DB schema version
API version, semantic
Magento 2 module package
module.xml
etc/
composer.json
Module Dependencies Declaration
Magento 1.x module
config.xml
etc/
Magento 2 module package
module.xml
etc/
composer.json
Dependencies
ordered, not versioned
Dependencies
not ordered, versioned
Modules order
Magento 2 Repositories
github.com
magento/magento2 – CE mainline
magento/magento2-community-edition – CE Composer project
magento/magento-composer-installer – Composer plugin
magento/zf1 – Fork of Zend Framework 1.x
Results of Composer Adoption
• Granular core packages
• Semantic versioning
• Versioned dependencies
• Theme dependencies
• Locale dependencies
• Validation of environment
– PHP version
– PHP libraries
Resources
• Magento 2
– devdocs.magento.com – Developer documentation
– github.com/magento/magento2 – CE mainline repository
– github.com/magento/magento2-community-edition – CE Composer
project
– github.com/magento/magento-composer-installer – Composer plugin
– packages.magento.com – Composer packages repository
• Magento 1.x
– github.com/magento-hackathon/magento-composer-installer – Composer
plugin
– packages.firegento.com – Composer packages repository
• Composer
– getcomposer.org – Composer tool
– packagist.org – Composer packages repository
– semver.org – Semantic versioning
Q: When is Magento 2 Release?
A: Magento 2 release schedule:
1. Q4 2014 – Dev Beta  Released Dec 17, 2014
2. Q1 2015 – Dev RC
3. Q3 2015 – Merchant Beta
4. Q4 2015 – Merchant GA
Thank You!
Q & A
Sergii Shymko
sergey@shymko.net

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Sergii Shymko: Magento 2: Composer for Extensions Distribution

  • 1.
  • 2. The Dependency Management Problem • App consists of many components • Dependencies between components • Optional components • Compatibility of components • Unique components per project • Components management: – Install – Uninstall – Update
  • 3. No Dependency Manager / PEAR First Magento CE Release! 2008
  • 4. What’s Up with PEAR? • PEAR – PHP Extension and Application Repository • System-wide installation • Strict package structure • Bureaucracy • PEAR channel hosting • Dependency issues • Usability issues
  • 5. Magento 1.x Package Management • Monolith release package • • Magento Connect Manager: – Homegrown packaging format – GUI for management • PEAR for CLI management • Vague module versioning • Not versioned dependencies Magento 1.x release package Feature Modules Magento libraries 3rd party libraries Design themes/skins Localizations
  • 6. Still No Dependency Manager Module Manager “modman” 2010
  • 7. Modman for Magento 1.x • Modman – command line tool • Keeps extensions separately from Magento • Alternative packaging format • CLI for management • Use cases: – Development – Deployment Magento 1.x module package Community module modman
  • 8. First Composer Release! First Composer Use for Magento 1.x Magento 2 Development in Progress 2012
  • 9. Composer Overview • Composer – dependency manager for PHP • Composer – CLI tool • Dependencies per project • Versioned dependencies • Package management: – Install – Uninstall – Update • Classes autoloading
  • 10. Composer Basic Usage 1. Declaring project dependencies composer.json 1. Installing dependencies php composer.phar install 1. Autoloading dependencies require 'vendor/autoload.php'; vendor/ autoload.php Zend/… … my_project/ composer.json
  • 11. Installation via Composer 1. Read composer.json 1. Read required packages 2. Read repositories 3. Append packagist.org to repositories 2. For each package: 1. Download from repository 2. Install dependencies recursively 3. Register plugin, if API implemented
  • 12. Composer Adoption for Magento 1.x • Composer plugin for Magento 1.x magento-hackathon/magento-composer-installer • Deployment strategies: – Copy – Move – Symlink • Modman packages support • Composer packages repository packages.firegento.com
  • 13. Magento 1.x Composer Package Example { "name": "aoepeople/Aoe_Scheduler", "type": "magento-module", "description": "Magento Cron Scheduler", "require": { "magento-hackathon/magento-composer-installer": "*" } } composer.json
  • 14. Magento 1.x Composer Project Example { "require": { "magento/core": "1.9.0.1", "aoepeople/Aoe_Scheduler": "*", "magento-hackathon/magento-composer-installer": "*" }, "repositories": [ { "type": "composer", "url": "http://packages.firegento.com" } ] } composer.json
  • 15. Composer Adoption Obstacles in 1.x • Monolith CE Composer package • No strict versioning • No module API version • No theme version • No locale version • Files not in one directory: – Module files – Theme & skin files magento/core 1.9.0.1 Feature Modules Magento libraries 3rd party libraries Design themes/skins Localizations composer.json
  • 16. Composer is De Facto Standard Projects Drop PEAR Support Magento 2 Dev Beta Release Composer Adoption for Magento 2 2014
  • 17. Composer Adoption in Magento 2 • Prerequisites: – Self-contained modules – Self-contained themes • Monolith Granular core packages • Fork of the Composer plugin for 1.x magento/magento-composer-installer • Composer packages repository packages.magento.com
  • 18. Composer Package Types in Magento 2 • Package type defines files destination • Implemented by the Composer plugin • Custom package types: magento2-module magento2-theme magento2-language magento2-library magento2-component app/code/ app/design/ app/i18n/ lib/internal/ /
  • 19. Composer Packages in Magento 2 magento/module-catalog composer.json Module magento/theme-frontend-luma composer.json Theme monolog/monolog composer.json 3rd party library magento/language-it_it composer.json Localization
  • 20. Composer Packages in Magento 2 magento/zendframework1 composer.json 3rd party library fork magento/magento2-base composer.json Application skeleton magento/framework composer.json Framework
  • 21. Magento 2 Module Package Example { "name": "magento/module-catalog", "require": { "php": "~5.5.0|~5.6.0", "magento/module-store": "0.42.0-beta9", "magento/framework": "0.42.0-beta9", "magento/magento-composer-installer": "*" }, "type": "magento2-module", "version": "0.42.0-beta9", "extra": { "map": [ ["*", "Magento/Catalog"] ] } } composer.json app/code/ Magento/Catalog/
  • 23. Module Versioning in Magento 2 • Composer requires semantic versioning semver.org • Adoption of Semantic Version 2.0.0 <major>.<minor>.<patch>[-<suffix>] <major> – Incompatible API changes <minor> – Add functionality in BC manner <patch> – BC bug fixes <suffix> – Stability
  • 24. Module Version Declaration Magento 1.x module config.xml etc/ Version, not semantic DB schema version API version, semantic Magento 2 module package module.xml etc/ composer.json
  • 25. Module Dependencies Declaration Magento 1.x module config.xml etc/ Magento 2 module package module.xml etc/ composer.json Dependencies ordered, not versioned Dependencies not ordered, versioned Modules order
  • 26. Magento 2 Repositories github.com magento/magento2 – CE mainline magento/magento2-community-edition – CE Composer project magento/magento-composer-installer – Composer plugin magento/zf1 – Fork of Zend Framework 1.x
  • 27. Results of Composer Adoption • Granular core packages • Semantic versioning • Versioned dependencies • Theme dependencies • Locale dependencies • Validation of environment – PHP version – PHP libraries
  • 28. Resources • Magento 2 – devdocs.magento.com – Developer documentation – github.com/magento/magento2 – CE mainline repository – github.com/magento/magento2-community-edition – CE Composer project – github.com/magento/magento-composer-installer – Composer plugin – packages.magento.com – Composer packages repository • Magento 1.x – github.com/magento-hackathon/magento-composer-installer – Composer plugin – packages.firegento.com – Composer packages repository • Composer – getcomposer.org – Composer tool – packagist.org – Composer packages repository – semver.org – Semantic versioning
  • 29. Q: When is Magento 2 Release? A: Magento 2 release schedule: 1. Q4 2014 – Dev Beta  Released Dec 17, 2014 2. Q1 2015 – Dev RC 3. Q3 2015 – Merchant Beta 4. Q4 2015 – Merchant GA
  • 30. Thank You! Q & A Sergii Shymko sergey@shymko.net

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. Magento Community Edition 1.? Release
  2. PEAR – framework & distribution system PEAR – reusable general-purpose libraries System-wide installation by default
  3. Semantic package versioning
  4. Directory ‘vendor’
  5. Call Composer plugin API, if implemented by a package
  6. Plugin developed by community at Magento bugathon Plugin is published at Packagist
  7. Not semantic module versioning DB schema version, but no module API version Single Composer package for CE release
  8. Doctrine, Symfony2, PHPUnit drop PEAR support
  9. Self-contained modules/themes – all files in one directory Forked the hackathon Composer plugin for Magento 1.x to adopt for Magento 2
  10. Forked the hackathon Composer plugin for Magento 1.x to adopt for Magento 2
  11. Forked the hackathon Composer plugin for Magento 1.x to adopt for Magento 2
  12. BC – backward-compatibility <suffix> – dev, patch/p, alpha/a, beta/b, RC
  13. PHP library dependencies, such as Imagemagic, Mcrypt, etc. Theme dependencies on 3rd party libs, such as Angular.js, jQuery carousel, etc.
  14. RC – Release Candidate GA – General Availability