Organdie finishing is a finishing process in which, opaque
fabrics is convert to a translucent fabrics. Generally this is
apply on cotton fabrics and also in polyester, and low to
medium gsm fabrics. By this finishing cotton fabrics cloth
achieve a great extent of luster, transparent, stiff in addition
to similar woollen plain, is called organdie finishing.
Opaque fabrics Transparent fabrics
The outstanding objectives of organdie finishing are permanent
stiffness, supreme transparency and excellent wash resistance.
Lightweight tabby weave fabrics are suitable for an organdie
finish, such as voile, muslin and batiste. More commonly,
apparel designers use multiple layers of organdy to produce
puffy dresses that are mostly opaque. Organdy remains a
delightful, attractive fabric even if it is only rarely used in
modern fashion. Organdy is the crispest type of cotton fabric.
This textile is semi-transparent, and it is relatively delicate.
Organdie finishing can also be termed as parchmentizing finishing-
that provides crispness, allows the final fabric to be stiff and crisp,
making it light-weight and sheer.
The fabric is acid washed
in sulphuric acid(66%v/v)
for around 4- 5 seconds
at or below room
After the acid
treatment, the cloth is
neutralized in a weak
Next, the cloth is
washed to remove the
excess acidic or alkaline
Next Calendaring is done
to impart surface gloss of
The longer that organdie is exposed to this acid wash, the stiffer
it becomes, and organdie manufacturers carefully calibrate this
fabric’s exposure to acid to control its resulting stiffness.
After organdie finishing, manufacturer may bleach this fabric to
make it perfectly white or dye it in various colors. It is also
possible to embroider patterns on finished organdie fabric.
Generally, mercerizing machine is role for organdie finishing.
Stenter machine besides role for this finishing. But it is
important that, those machine material tin no react with
amongst sulphuric acid.
Organdie finish produces a transparent effect, sheer combed lawn is
used. The lawn is singed, desized, bleached and mercerised. The
fabric is then dyed, printed with colours that resist acid damage.
Fabric is now immersed in acid solution and fibre surface is partially
dissolved. This surface hardens as a cellulosic film and when dry, it is
permanently crisp and transparent. This overall treatment produces
sheer stiff fabric- such as organdie fabric.
The organdie fabric
Is available in three
Type of finishing
Organdie remains a popular material for dressy or ceremonial
clothing for girls. In addition to First Communion dresses,
organdie is also commonly used to make flower girl dresses and
other types of girl’s clothing used for important events. Organdie
is also used to make dressy clothing for adult women including
various forms of evening wear, and designers sometimes
incorporate organdie into wedding dresses.
Traditionally, organdie was commonly used to make cuffs and
collars for men’s clothing, but these formal accessories have
largely gone out of style. It’s still relatively common to find
men’s dress jackets and other formal apparel made with
organdie. This material is ideal for curtains, and it is sometimes
used to make decorative upholstery.
One of the most common applications of organdie is as a lining
inside of clothing made with other fabrics. Due to its remarkable
stiffness, organdie lends structure to types of fabric that would
otherwise be too soft or shapeless. Used as a lining, organdie's
tendency to wrinkle is also concealed, which can make this thin,
stiff fabric undesirable when used as the outer layer of a
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