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Elementos narrativos do cinema - Parte 1 (Planos e enquadramentos)

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Elementos narrativos do cinema.
Conceitos básicos.
Planos e Enquadramentos.

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Elementos narrativos do cinema - Parte 1 (Planos e enquadramentos)

  1. 1. ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANOS E ENQUADRAMENTOS PARTE 1
  2. 2. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANO
  3. 3. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANO • Trecho de filme rodado ininterruptamente, ou que aparenta ser rodado sem interrupção.
  4. 4. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANO • É um conjunto ordenado de fotogramas (imagens fixas) limitado espacialmente por um enquadramento (que pode ser fixo ou móvel) e temporalmente por uma duração. • Intervalo que há entre dois cortes. • Menor unidade filmada. FOTOGRAMAS (EADWEARD MUYBRIDGE)
  5. 5. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANO NA FILMAGEM • O PLANO inicia-se sempre que a câmera é ligada para a captação de imagens e termina quando ela é desligada. Neste sentido, a noção de plano confunde-se muitas vezes com a TOMADA. • TOMADA é a tentativa de rodar um plano várias vezes, de um mesmo ponto de vista.
  6. 6. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANO NA MONTAGEM • Partes do início e do final de cada plano rodado são eliminadas, sendo determinada a sua duração definitiva, atendendo a critérios de ritmo e fluência.
  7. 7. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANO NA MONTAGEM • Um único plano pode ser dividido em trechos menores e dar origem a dois ou mais planos, que serão intercalados com outros dentro de uma cena ou sequência. • Quando o plano é rodado com várias tomadas, o montador poderá escolher qual delas é a melhor. Levando em conta critérios de interpretação dos atores, qualidade técnica da fotografia, movimentos de câmara, som, enquadramento entre outros. Neste caso, cada tomada é uma opção de plano.
  8. 8. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANO NO FILME • No filme finalizado, o plano será apenas o trecho selecionado pelo montador, eventualmente modificado pelo processo de pós-produção. O plano será percebido como um trecho de filme situado entre dois cortes.
  9. 9. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANO NO FILME • No filme pronto o plano não é mais um conjunto de tentativas de filmagem ou de opções de montagem, mas uma única escolha, montada em sequência com os demais planos do filme. A TOMADA deixa de existir, ou então torna-se sinônimo de plano.
  10. 10. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA ENQUADRAMENTO
  11. 11. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA ENQUADRAMENTO • Enquadrar é a ação de selecionar determinada porção do cenário para figurar na tela, escolhendo os ângulos e a amplitude do plano.
  12. 12. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA GRANDE PLANO GERAL • Mostra uma paisagem ou um cenário completo.
  13. 13. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANO GERAL • Mostra o ambiente onde a cena acontece.
  14. 14. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA • Mostra um grupo de personagens. PLANO DE CONJUNTO
  15. 15. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA • Mostra um enquadramento de um cenário, no qual um ou mais personagens podem ser vislumbrados e identificados facilmente. PLANO DE CONJUNTO
  16. 16. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA • Mostra um trecho de um ambiente. PLANO MÉDIO GERALMENTE COM PELO MENOS UM PERSONAGEM EM QUADRO
  17. 17. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA • Mostra um único personagem enquadrado (não de corpo inteiro). PLANO AMERICANO DA CABEÇA ATÉ A CINTURA
  18. 18. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA • Mostra um único personagem enquadrado (não de corpo inteiro). PLANO AMERICANO DA CABEÇA ATÉ O JOELHO
  19. 19. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANO AMERICANO DA CABEÇA ATÉ O JOELHO / DA CABEÇA ATÉ A CINTURA
  20. 20. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PRIMEIRO PLANO • Mostra o personagem mais fechado que o plano americano. EM MUITAS SITUAÇÕES É CONSIDERADO SINÔNIMO DE CLOSE-UP
  21. 21. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA • Mostra o rosto de um personagem. CLOSE-UP (CLOSE) PLANO PRÓXIMO OU GRANDE PLANO
  22. 22. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA • Mostra o rosto de um personagem mais próximo que o close. PRIMEIRÍSSIMO PRIMEIRO PLANO
  23. 23. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA • Serve para chamar a atenção para um objeto ou para parte do corpo. • Serve para aumentar a carga dramática de uma cena. PLANO DETALHE
  24. 24. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA • Mostra uma parte do corpo de um personagem. PLANO DETALHE
  25. 25. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA • Mostra apenas um objeto. PLANO DETALHE
  26. 26. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANOS (EN + BR) Wide / Long Shot - Plano Aberto Medium Long Shot Plano Americano Mid / Medium Shot Plano Médio Meia Figura
  27. 27. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANOS (EN + BR) Mid Shot Medium Close-up Plano Próximo Plano Médio Close-up Primeiro Plano
  28. 28. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANOS (EN + BR) Extreme Close-up Big Close-up Primeiríssimo Primeiro Plano
  29. 29. www.mauriciomallet.com ELEMENTOS NARRATIVOS DO CINEMA PLANOS (SIGLAS) PMPMCPPPPPPD GPGPGPIPAPML PD PPP PP PMC Plano Detalhe Primeiríssimo Primeiro Plano Primeiro Plano Plano Médio Curto PM PML PA PI Plano Médio Plano Médio Longo Plano Americano Plano Inteiro PG PG Plano Geral Grande Plano Geral
  30. 30. www.mauriciomallet.com

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