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ITA: What's next?

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Presentation at the ITA Symposium of the WTO. 27 June 2017.

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ITA: What's next?

  1. 1. I TA : W H A T ’ S N E X T ? M A R T I N A F R A N C E S C A F E R R A C A N E R E S E A R C H A S S O C I A T E A T E C I P E I TA S Y M P O S I U M - W T O 2 7 J U N E 2 0 1 7
  2. 2. O U T L I N E 1. E A S Y F I X 2. U R G E N T F I X 3. O T H E R F I X E S
  3. 3. “Expanding the ITA into ICT services and NTBs is what will truly turn the agreement into an all- encompassing agreement for the digital economy” Source: Lee-Makiyama, H. (2011)
  4. 4. C O S T S O F N T B S O N I C T G O O D S Source: Lee-Makiyama, H. (2011)
  5. 5. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S D A TA B A S E AverageNumberofMeasures 010203040 Averagenumberofmeasures Lower middle income Upper middle income High income Source: Digital Trade Estimates Database - ECIPE
  6. 6. O U T L I N E 1. E A S Y F I X 2. U R G E N T F I X 3. O T H E R F I X E S
  7. 7. C O N F O R M I T Y A S S E S S M E N T P R O C E D U R E S • Ensure technical specifications are in accordance with relevant international standards. • Avoid in-country testing and/or national certification. Accept test results made by international labs fulfilling ISO/IEC 17025 to avoid repetitive testing. • Establish system of mutual recognition on product-by-product basis. • Overall preference to supplier declaration of conformity (SDoC). • Ensure transparency and transition period in case of changes of standards or regulation.
  8. 8. E M C / E M I C O N F O R M I T Y A S S E S S M E N T P R O C E D U R E S Source: GUIDELINES FOR EMC/EMI CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES, 2005.
  9. 9. E M C / E M I C O N F O R M I T Y A S S E S S M E N T P R O C E D U R E S Source: GUIDELINES FOR EMC/EMI CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES, 2005.
  10. 10. O U T L I N E 1. E A S Y F I X 2. U R G E N T F I X 3. O T H E R F I X E S
  11. 11. U R G E N T F I X E S - Security standards/screening - National encryption standards - Provision of source code
  12. 12. ] D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S I N D E X Source: Ferracane, M. F, and E. Van der Marel (forthcoming)
  13. 13. O U T L I N E 1. E A S Y F I X 2. U R G E N T F I X 3. O T H E R F I X E S
  14. 14. E X PA N S I O N L I S T Two-tier criteria: - Inclusion of all products that register, store, process, communicate or render information - Use digital technology
  15. 15. Source: Lee-Makiyama, H. (2011)
  16. 16. Source: Lee-Makiyama, H. (2011)
  17. 17. M F N R A T E A P P L I E D T O I C T G O O D S 0" 2" 4" 6" 8" 10" 12" 14" Argen-na"Brazil"Nigeria" Pakistan"Chile"India" Paraguay"China"Korea" Ecuador" Indonesia" Panam a" Vietnam " Russian"Federa-on" Thailand"Brunei" Philippines" Colom bia"Taiw an"M exico"Turkey" European"Union" M alaysia" South"Africa" New "Zealand"Israel" Australia" United"States"Iceland"Peru" Costa"Rica"Canada"Japan" Hong"Kong"Norw ay" Singapore" Sw izerland" Average"MFN"rate"applied" Weighted"average"MFN"rate" Source: Digital Trade Estimates Database - ECIPE
  18. 18. C O V E R A G E O F Z E R O TA R I F F F O R I C T G O O D S Source: Digital Trade Estimates Database - ECIPE 0" 10" 20" 30" 40" 50" 60" 70" 80" 90" 100" Hong"Kong" Norw ay" Singapore"Japan" Costa"Rica"Canada"Peru"M exico" M alaysia" South"Africa"Israel" Colom bia" Ecuador" Vietnam " Australia"Iceland" Thailand"Taiw an" New "Zealand"China" United"States" Panam a"Turkey"Korea" Paraguay" European"Union" Russian"FederaSon" Philippines" Sw izerland" Indonesia"Brunei"India"Brazil" ArgenSna"Nigeria"Chile" Pakistan"
  19. 19. - Encompassment of services trade in computer and related services (CRS) - Encompassment of telecommunication services - Potential revision of existing protocols to include new technologies (f.e. cloud computing) - Mode 4 for ICT professionals S E R V I F I C A T I O N O F M A N U FA C T U R I N G Source: Lee-Makiyama, H. (2011)
  20. 20. D A TA L O C A L I S A T I O N Source: Digital Trade Estimates Database - ECIPE
  21. 21. M A R T I N A F R A N C E S C A F E R R A C A N E E M A I L : M A R T I N A . F E R R A C A N E @ E C I P E . O R G THANK YOU!
  22. 22. Lee-Makiyama, H. (2011), FUTURE-PROOFING WORLD TRADE IN TECHNOLOGY: Turning the WTO IT Agreement (ITA) into the International Digital Economy Agreement (IDEA). ECIPE WORKING PAPER No. 04/2011 WTO (2005), GUIDELINES FOR EMC/EMI CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES. G/IT/25. 17 February 2005. Ferracane, M. F, and E. Van der Marel (forthcoming), Digital Trade Estimates Report. ECIPE. 2017. Digital Trade Estimates Dabatase: www.ecipe.org/dte R E F E R E N C E S

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