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Nouvelles tendances économie conf sept 2019

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Les nouvelles tendances de l'économie vu par la permaculture et décryptée par une anthropologue. Ces contenus sont lié à une présentation avec commentaire menée en septembre à la Skema.

Veröffentlicht in: Wirtschaft & Finanzen
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Nouvelles tendances économie conf sept 2019

  1. 1. Les nouvelles tendances en économie
  2. 2. L’économie : définitions et contextes • Qu’est ce que l’économie ? • Formelle: économie de rareté • Substantive : économie encastrée Ex : le capitalisme https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=10155732338198945 L’homme interagit avec son environnement Pour subvenir à ses besoins matériels de manière continue Institutionnalisation
  3. 3. Doughnut economy kesako ? Réencastrement de l’économie entre écologie et social https://usbeketrica.com/article/kate-raworth-theorie-donut- croissance
  4. 4. La permaculture : Des synergies • Origines : Bill Mollison et David Holmgren • Limites : Temporalité
  5. 5. Des principes que nous appliquons déjà ?
  6. 6. Observation et design • L’observation : 1er principe de permaculture… …. Mais aussi de design, et de toute science… et donc de tout projet ? • Le design est aussi un principe de permaculture : • 7. Designer de la plus grande structure au plus petit détail https://medium.com/@szczpanks/design-thinking-where-it-came-from-and-the-type-of-people-who-made- it-all-happen-dc3a05411e53
  7. 7. Economie circulaire « 6. Ne pas produire de déchets » Craddle to craddle, Michael Braungart et de William McDonough Question : Que faire des déchets qui ne sont pas recyclables ?
  8. 8. Economie de la fonctionnalité / collaborative • Passer de la possession des objets à l’usage • Souvent des plateformes collaboratives : • Location d’objets • Partage d’objets de particulier à particulier • TIPIMI • Shareathlon • Partage de services : blablacar • Mais aussi économie du partage : co-working, makerspace Attention : plateforme de location de vélo n’est pas une plateforme collaborative : elle ne créer pas le même lien social
  9. 9. Les circuits courts : transformation des filières de distribution • AMAP : lien direct -> solidarité, pédagogie • Plateforme : version dématérialisée équitable. Accès à tous les acteurs et produits moins locaux • ex https://lecourtcircuit.fr/index.php?controller=supplier • Groupement d’achats sur des produits lointains : Les givrés https://givresdoranges.fr/about/
  10. 10. Les monnaies locales • SEL : les premières monnaies fictives • Les monnaies locales complémentaires : eusko, gonette, bou’sol ( certaines disparues) • Avantages • Relocalisation des échanges • Consommation plutôt qu’épargne • Outil pour les territoires en transition https://www.facebook.com/monnaie.locale.lille/
  11. 11. Economie locale Permaculture : principe 9. Solutions à petites échelles • Circuits courts + Monnaie locale : Escalade de retombées positives • + d’activités pour moins d’acteurs => faire grossir les acteurs locaux qui font tout eux-mêmes ( récolte, producteurs, vendeurs) La question complexe : Comment remplacer les produits lointains ? Besoin : plus d’implication des institutions
  12. 12. Les communs Ressource = Commun https://lille.lescommuns.org/ Communauté = contributeurs Décide des règles d’usage et de contribution à la ressource La question : La rémunération des contributeurs Elinor Ostrom, Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action
  13. 13. Open source • Nœud de nouvelles tendances : • Communs = contribution • Makers = partage • Des virtuoses de l’innovation : • Innovation où tout le monde peut contribuer = Démultiplication de puissance d’innovation • Produits open source -> Partage avec tous des innovations = diffusion et accessibilité des innovations • Savoir technique = réinvention possible de tout… Innovation technique + Innovation sociale = Boum ?
  14. 14. Economie symbiotique • Créer des écosystèmes d’écosystèmes • D’une économie extractive à une économie régénérative • Economie fractale : changement de la ville au monde https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vG5igvM_cwo
  15. 15. Des écosystèmes qui se transforment ? Gestion par la ressource Circuits courts de distribution Production locale Accessibilité open source Monnaies locales AutoproductionInnovation ouverte Biens partagés Réutilisation des ressources
  16. 16. Et vous ? Comment voyez vous l’économie de demain ?
  17. 17. Nous contacter Marjorie meunier Dr. en Anthropologie  06.64.44.38.13 contact@organisationsinnovantes.com

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