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Vertebrates and Invertebrates

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Vertebrates and Invertebrates

  1. 1. Animals with backbone. Five groups: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals
  2. 2. an aquatic animal that breathes through it gills, and has a skeleton made of either bones or cartilages
  3. 3. fish that have a swim bladder, a gas-filled sac that allows them to rise or sink in the water.
  4. 4. this type of fish has spindle-shaped bodies and tail fins that are used in swimming. are generally covered with scales and are cold blooded.
  5. 5. are cold-blooded vertebrate that is covered with moist skin, lay eggs in water, and has a three- chambered heart.
  6. 6. are cold-blooded animals that is covered with scales and reacts to the temperature of its surroundings.
  7. 7. are vertebrates that are warm blooded, has a spindle-shaped body, and is covered with feathers.
  8. 8. are warm blooded animals that has a hairy body. common mammals include the primates, marsupial, rodents, cetaceans and seals.
  9. 9. the highest order of mammals characterized by hands and feet with nails, eyes that face forward, and a well- developed brain.
  10. 10. are mammals that gives birth to a young that crawls into a special abdominal pouch near the mother’s mammary glands.
  11. 11. mammals that is also known as gnawing animals because of the way it eats with its large incisors.
  12. 12. mammals that lives in water, but must come to the surface to breathe air through its blowhole.
  13. 13. a marine mammal with flippers that propel quickly through the water.
  14. 14. Animals that does not have backbone. Nine groups: protozoans, poriferans, coelenterates, platyhelminths, nematodes, annelids, echinoderms, mollusks, and arthropods.
  15. 15. are simple, microscopic, and single- celled animals. Certain protozoans live in stagnant freshwater ponds, soil, and decaying matter.
  16. 16. is a protozoan with a clear shapeless cell. It can move slowly along a surface by using its pseudopodia or false feet.
  17. 17. is a slipper shaped protozoan that moves by means of cilia or short hairlike projections.
  18. 18. is a cylindrical- shaped protozoa that has a flagellum or a whip like extension used for movement.
  19. 19. a pore bearing animals. The bodies of poriferans are thick walled bags with pores that serves as the entrance of water that carries the food materials.
  20. 20. are simple organism made up of many cells. They are fixed in one place.
  21. 21. Or cnidarians are radially symmetrical animals with tentacles around their mouth.
  22. 22. are marine coelenterates with bodies that are hollow umbrella-shaped bags. Their tentacles can sting other animals and inject a poisonous substance.
  23. 23. it has a slender cylindrical body with threadlike tentacles around the mouth that are used to catch its prey.
  24. 24.  coral” is actually made up of thousands of tiny animals called polyps.
  25. 25. Invertebrates that have long, flat, and ribbon like bodies. They are parasitic. They live in the intestines and feed on the digested food of their host.
  26. 26. is a worm that invades the liver, bile duct, gallbladder, intestine, or lung in certain animals.
  27. 27. Is a symmetrical and long ribbonlike flatworm that infests the intestines of humans and other vertebrates.
  28. 28. Is the simplest flatworm that can be found in fresh water and saltwater.
  29. 29. are round worm. Considered as parasites.
  30. 30. is a round worm, elongated and cylindrical intestinal worm that infects human.
  31. 31. is a small threadlike roundworms that are carried as larvae by mosquitoes and other biting insects. Elephantiasis-tissue swelling.
  32. 32. are grayish white or pinkish round worms with slightly bent and hook- shaped heads.
  33. 33. also known as ring worm or segmented worm live in freshwater, marine and moist terrestrial habitats.
  34. 34. are parasitic segmented worms known as blood suckers.
  35. 35. is found in soil. They are commonly called as night crawlers.
  36. 36. are marine invertebrates with spines. They use their spine from predators. Podia is a tube feet with suckers that are used to move along a substrate.
  37. 37. they have several arms that radiate from a central body. Their pincer like structures are use for protection.
  38. 38. are globe- shaped. Movable long spines which are poisonous.
  39. 39. it grows under water. They feed on algae and tiny aquatic animals.
  40. 40. have a mouth located at the center and have five or more feathery arms.
  41. 41. are animals with soft fleshy bodies that are usually covered by shell. Divided into three groups: univalves, bivalves and head-footed mollusks.
  42. 42. Covered with one piece of shell.
  43. 43. are mollusks that have small internal shell and soft and slimy body.
  44. 44. have flattened muscular foot with a head that bears stalked eyespots.
  45. 45. those covered with two pieces of shells.
  46. 46. have a long tubular siphon that is used to suck food, breathe and eliminated wastes.
  47. 47. they attached themselves to rocks or other hard surfaces through a fine thread called byssus.
  48. 48. usually oval or pear-shaped and whitish gray. Pond in shallow waters forming large colonies.
  49. 49. not covered by shell .
  50. 50. are group of animals characterized by segmented chitinous exoskeleton and jointed appendages.
  51. 51. are arthropods that have three pairs of legs, or one or two pair(s) of wings and a pair of antennae.
  52. 52. are arthropods that live mostly in the oceans. They possess five pairs of legs, a pair of pincers and an external shell that protects their body.
  53. 53. are arthropods that have four pairs of legs. Their head and thorax are single prosoma or anterior part of the body.
  54. 54. are arthropods with many legs.