SlideShare ist ein Scribd-Unternehmen logo
1 von 17
Downloaden Sie, um offline zu lesen
NORMATIVE ETHICS
Subjectivism, Objectivism, Emotivism
Subjectivism and Objectivism
 Any theory which claims that ethical
judgments such as whether stealing is
wrong, are neither true or false, is
subjectivist
 Any theory which claims that ethical
judgments neither true or false but they
are always abut the psychology of the
person who utters them
 Any non-subjectivist theory will be
objectivist
 Should moral judgment be subjective or
objective?
 What are the arguments for and against
either?
Arguments supporting for
subjectivism
1. All moral statements are subjective.
 Subjective statement are not mere
descriptions of something rather they are
also prescriptions-imperatives—
commands to someone—evaluation—
expression of one own values
 For example to tell a child “stealing is worng”
you are essentially saying “don’t steal.” Also I
am expressing my disapproval for stealing. It
does not make sense to ask whether the
statement “don’t steal is wrong?” Or whether
my feeling is right or wrong
 2. Sentient beings
 In a world where there are no sentient
beings everything would be inanimate
 Goodness and badness are dependent upon
the feelings, attitudes, and desires of sentient
beings.
 Things are good or bad if sentient beings are
affected by them. Thus what is good or bad
depends on the individual mental constituent
of the person who has certain attitudes
towards these events
3. Egoist argument
 It is useless trying to make others happy
when you personally become unhappy in
the process
 If a course of action led to the well-being
of others and not yours it cannot really be
good
Arguments against subjectivism
 1. To accept subjectivism means that we can
never settle any real moral dispute. For
example an action can be both right and
wrong a the same time
 2. The words “good, bad, right and wrong”
must have some standard attributions which
can be applicable to all in every circumstance
 3. It cannot give a justification for doing one’s
duty which often involves acting against one’s
inclination at least for sometime
Arguments supporting
Objectivism
1. It provides a theory which corresponds more
closely to the views of common sense about
moral matters.
 There is no difference between moral matters
and factual ones
 Statement have an objective reference
2. There are certain duties that must be
performed whether we want to or not. These are
simply objective facts which exists whether one
chooses to ignore them or not
Arguments against Objectivism
 The main challenge here is how do we prove
an action is right or wrong. The objectivist
claim there is no difference in establishing a
moral and scientific claim.
 For example in proving a scientific claim there
must be: (1) the acceptance by both sides of a
common method (experimental method, (2)
willingness of both sides to accept the
judgment of disinterested observers after they
have examined the evidence
 Can both of these two premise be applied to
moral dilemmas
Emotivism
 Developed by David Hume (1711-1776)
 Moral judgment are an emotional
expression about an action or person,
hence when people make statements they
are merely asserting their feelings
 Ethical statement are only attitudes
masquerading the facts.
 For the emotivist morality is based on
sentiment rather than fact
 Unlike the subjectivist who sees moral
statements reflect how a person feels about a
particular action. Or statements of fact about
the attitude of the person who says them
 The subjectivist will say “homosexuality is
wrong” meaning “I disapprove of
homosexuality” as opposed to the emotivist
who will say” Homosexuality, how disgusting!”
(emotions steps in)
 Emotivist therefore is the realm of meta-ethics
where the language of morality becomes
paramount
Precursor to emotivism
 1. Intuitionism
 Morality is directly intuited by the person making
moral decisions
 The emotivist went further in saying that moral
language expresses the emotions of a person in
the situation, and says nothing about whether it is
right or wrong
 2. Logical positivism
 Claim that only analytical (definitions), and factual
(empirical) statement are true. To them moral
statements are more than definitions and not
emperical
Moral language for the
Emotivist
 1. Expresses emotions
 2. It is imperative
 3. It is persuasive
Problems with Emotivism
 1. Emotivist claims that only statements
that are empirically verifiable has
meaning. However this statement itself is
not one that is empirically proven. A valid
reason hasn’t been posited at limiting
meaningful statements to empirical
statements
 2. Emotivism is a theory on the use of
moral language, not its meaning. The
jump from one to the other hasn’t been
justified
 3. Fails to account for the place of reason
in ethics. It establishes a false dichotomy:
either there are moral facts like scientific
facts or values are only expressions of
subjective feelings

Weitere ähnliche Inhalte

Was ist angesagt? (20)

Utilitarianism
UtilitarianismUtilitarianism
Utilitarianism
 
Meta ethics-1
Meta ethics-1Meta ethics-1
Meta ethics-1
 
3 chapter 2 moral_philosophy
3 chapter 2 moral_philosophy3 chapter 2 moral_philosophy
3 chapter 2 moral_philosophy
 
Week 5-presentation-normative-ethics
Week 5-presentation-normative-ethicsWeek 5-presentation-normative-ethics
Week 5-presentation-normative-ethics
 
Utilitarianism Revision (RS Review Online)
Utilitarianism Revision (RS Review Online)Utilitarianism Revision (RS Review Online)
Utilitarianism Revision (RS Review Online)
 
Utilitarianism bentham mill
Utilitarianism bentham millUtilitarianism bentham mill
Utilitarianism bentham mill
 
The study of ethics
The study of ethicsThe study of ethics
The study of ethics
 
Natural Law Lesson 3.pptx
Natural Law  Lesson 3.pptxNatural Law  Lesson 3.pptx
Natural Law Lesson 3.pptx
 
J.S. Mill, Utilitarianism
J.S. Mill, UtilitarianismJ.S. Mill, Utilitarianism
J.S. Mill, Utilitarianism
 
ETHICS-2022.pptx
ETHICS-2022.pptxETHICS-2022.pptx
ETHICS-2022.pptx
 
Aristotle virtueethics
Aristotle virtueethicsAristotle virtueethics
Aristotle virtueethics
 
Chapter 6: Utilitarianism
Chapter 6: UtilitarianismChapter 6: Utilitarianism
Chapter 6: Utilitarianism
 
Utilitarianism
UtilitarianismUtilitarianism
Utilitarianism
 
Applied Ethics PowerPoint Presentation Slides
Applied Ethics PowerPoint Presentation SlidesApplied Ethics PowerPoint Presentation Slides
Applied Ethics PowerPoint Presentation Slides
 
Deontological ethics 3.2
Deontological ethics 3.2Deontological ethics 3.2
Deontological ethics 3.2
 
Higher RMPS - Kantian Ethics (SlideCast)
Higher RMPS - Kantian Ethics (SlideCast)Higher RMPS - Kantian Ethics (SlideCast)
Higher RMPS - Kantian Ethics (SlideCast)
 
Egoism
EgoismEgoism
Egoism
 
Moral Framework for Ethics
Moral Framework for EthicsMoral Framework for Ethics
Moral Framework for Ethics
 
Kant
KantKant
Kant
 
Good recap and rule utilitarianism
Good recap and rule utilitarianismGood recap and rule utilitarianism
Good recap and rule utilitarianism
 

Andere mochten auch

Subjective and objective point of view 2014
Subjective and objective point of view 2014Subjective and objective point of view 2014
Subjective and objective point of view 2014Katie Vanko
 
Ethical subjectivism
Ethical subjectivismEthical subjectivism
Ethical subjectivismHeCallsMeBeau
 
Introduction to ethics first class ppt
Introduction to ethics first class pptIntroduction to ethics first class ppt
Introduction to ethics first class pptRAJI THOMAS MUIGUA
 
Mercadotecnia electronica unidad i, actividad 1.dot
Mercadotecnia electronica unidad i, actividad 1.dotMercadotecnia electronica unidad i, actividad 1.dot
Mercadotecnia electronica unidad i, actividad 1.dot17-04
 
Ayn Rand and Objectivism, Lecture 2 with David Gordon - Mises Academy
Ayn Rand and Objectivism, Lecture 2 with David Gordon - Mises AcademyAyn Rand and Objectivism, Lecture 2 with David Gordon - Mises Academy
Ayn Rand and Objectivism, Lecture 2 with David Gordon - Mises AcademyThe Ludwig von Mises Institute
 
Year 13 AS normative ethics test
Year 13 AS normative ethics testYear 13 AS normative ethics test
Year 13 AS normative ethics testTheAdipose
 
Ch5ppt velasquez12
Ch5ppt velasquez12Ch5ppt velasquez12
Ch5ppt velasquez12dborcoman
 
Ethics unit 3 pgdm 1st trisemester
Ethics unit 3 pgdm 1st trisemesterEthics unit 3 pgdm 1st trisemester
Ethics unit 3 pgdm 1st trisemesterKaran Kukreja
 
Ch6ppt velasquez12
Ch6ppt velasquez12Ch6ppt velasquez12
Ch6ppt velasquez12dborcoman
 
Rekayasa web part 2 khaerul anwar
Rekayasa web part 2 khaerul anwarRekayasa web part 2 khaerul anwar
Rekayasa web part 2 khaerul anwarKhaerul Anwar
 
Human and natural sciences for ToK
Human and natural sciences for ToKHuman and natural sciences for ToK
Human and natural sciences for ToKplangdale
 
Family and households revision booklet
Family and households revision bookletFamily and households revision booklet
Family and households revision bookletJohn Williams
 

Andere mochten auch (20)

Subjective and objective point of view 2014
Subjective and objective point of view 2014Subjective and objective point of view 2014
Subjective and objective point of view 2014
 
Ethical subjectivism
Ethical subjectivismEthical subjectivism
Ethical subjectivism
 
Srength ethics
Srength ethicsSrength ethics
Srength ethics
 
Introduction to ethics first class ppt
Introduction to ethics first class pptIntroduction to ethics first class ppt
Introduction to ethics first class ppt
 
Emotivism[1]
Emotivism[1]Emotivism[1]
Emotivism[1]
 
Mercadotecnia electronica unidad i, actividad 1.dot
Mercadotecnia electronica unidad i, actividad 1.dotMercadotecnia electronica unidad i, actividad 1.dot
Mercadotecnia electronica unidad i, actividad 1.dot
 
Ayn Rand and Objectivism, Lecture 2 with David Gordon - Mises Academy
Ayn Rand and Objectivism, Lecture 2 with David Gordon - Mises AcademyAyn Rand and Objectivism, Lecture 2 with David Gordon - Mises Academy
Ayn Rand and Objectivism, Lecture 2 with David Gordon - Mises Academy
 
Year 13 AS normative ethics test
Year 13 AS normative ethics testYear 13 AS normative ethics test
Year 13 AS normative ethics test
 
Normative ethics
Normative ethicsNormative ethics
Normative ethics
 
Ch5ppt velasquez12
Ch5ppt velasquez12Ch5ppt velasquez12
Ch5ppt velasquez12
 
Jta conference2012
Jta conference2012Jta conference2012
Jta conference2012
 
Ethics unit 3 pgdm 1st trisemester
Ethics unit 3 pgdm 1st trisemesterEthics unit 3 pgdm 1st trisemester
Ethics unit 3 pgdm 1st trisemester
 
Ch6ppt velasquez12
Ch6ppt velasquez12Ch6ppt velasquez12
Ch6ppt velasquez12
 
Subjectivism
SubjectivismSubjectivism
Subjectivism
 
Rekayasa web part 2 khaerul anwar
Rekayasa web part 2 khaerul anwarRekayasa web part 2 khaerul anwar
Rekayasa web part 2 khaerul anwar
 
Human and natural sciences for ToK
Human and natural sciences for ToKHuman and natural sciences for ToK
Human and natural sciences for ToK
 
Ethics and social responsibility
Ethics and social responsibilityEthics and social responsibility
Ethics and social responsibility
 
Family and households revision booklet
Family and households revision bookletFamily and households revision booklet
Family and households revision booklet
 
Chapter # 2
Chapter # 2Chapter # 2
Chapter # 2
 
Normative theory
Normative theoryNormative theory
Normative theory
 

Ähnlich wie Lecture 10 subjectivist, objectivism, emotivism

3._Absolutism_vs._Relativism.pptx.pdf
3._Absolutism_vs._Relativism.pptx.pdf3._Absolutism_vs._Relativism.pptx.pdf
3._Absolutism_vs._Relativism.pptx.pdfNashGarcia5
 
A2 Ethics exam
A2 Ethics examA2 Ethics exam
A2 Ethics examfennerl
 
THE OBJECTIVITY OF MORAL JUDGEMENTS BY G. E. MOORE
THE  OBJECTIVITY OF MORAL JUDGEMENTS BY G. E. MOORETHE  OBJECTIVITY OF MORAL JUDGEMENTS BY G. E. MOORE
THE OBJECTIVITY OF MORAL JUDGEMENTS BY G. E. MOORERickyGadman
 
ethics ppt.pptx
ethics ppt.pptxethics ppt.pptx
ethics ppt.pptxTeroBeyo
 
ethics ppt.pptx
ethics ppt.pptxethics ppt.pptx
ethics ppt.pptxTeroBeyo
 
Introduction to ethics
Introduction to ethicsIntroduction to ethics
Introduction to ethicschumce02
 
Ethical naturalism
Ethical naturalismEthical naturalism
Ethical naturalismaquinas_rs
 
Chapter 3Evaluating Moral ArgumentsWhat Is Moral Reasoning.docx
Chapter 3Evaluating Moral ArgumentsWhat Is Moral Reasoning.docxChapter 3Evaluating Moral ArgumentsWhat Is Moral Reasoning.docx
Chapter 3Evaluating Moral ArgumentsWhat Is Moral Reasoning.docxwalterl4
 
Introduction Ethics & Morals.pptx presentation on ethics of research
Introduction Ethics & Morals.pptx presentation on ethics of researchIntroduction Ethics & Morals.pptx presentation on ethics of research
Introduction Ethics & Morals.pptx presentation on ethics of researchEUROUNDISA
 
Pojman ethics 8e_ppt_ch13
Pojman ethics 8e_ppt_ch13Pojman ethics 8e_ppt_ch13
Pojman ethics 8e_ppt_ch13dborcoman
 
Lesson_____1_introduction to ethics .ppt
Lesson_____1_introduction to ethics .pptLesson_____1_introduction to ethics .ppt
Lesson_____1_introduction to ethics .pptHaroldCaberteDelostr
 
2. Moral Reasoning Final1.pptx
2. Moral Reasoning Final1.pptx2. Moral Reasoning Final1.pptx
2. Moral Reasoning Final1.pptxHARSHYADAV490747
 
Branches of philosophy
Branches of philosophyBranches of philosophy
Branches of philosophylawrenceandre
 
"The Objectivity of Moral Judgments" by G.E Moore
"The Objectivity of Moral Judgments" by G.E Moore"The Objectivity of Moral Judgments" by G.E Moore
"The Objectivity of Moral Judgments" by G.E MooreJONATHANTANNN
 
ethics-powerpoint.pptx
ethics-powerpoint.pptxethics-powerpoint.pptx
ethics-powerpoint.pptxmapymc
 
1204171Introduc0ontoPhilosophyTheoryofVal.docx
1204171Introduc0ontoPhilosophyTheoryofVal.docx1204171Introduc0ontoPhilosophyTheoryofVal.docx
1204171Introduc0ontoPhilosophyTheoryofVal.docxmoggdede
 

Ähnlich wie Lecture 10 subjectivist, objectivism, emotivism (20)

3._Absolutism_vs._Relativism.pptx.pdf
3._Absolutism_vs._Relativism.pptx.pdf3._Absolutism_vs._Relativism.pptx.pdf
3._Absolutism_vs._Relativism.pptx.pdf
 
A2 Ethics exam
A2 Ethics examA2 Ethics exam
A2 Ethics exam
 
THE OBJECTIVITY OF MORAL JUDGEMENTS BY G. E. MOORE
THE  OBJECTIVITY OF MORAL JUDGEMENTS BY G. E. MOORETHE  OBJECTIVITY OF MORAL JUDGEMENTS BY G. E. MOORE
THE OBJECTIVITY OF MORAL JUDGEMENTS BY G. E. MOORE
 
ethics ppt.pptx
ethics ppt.pptxethics ppt.pptx
ethics ppt.pptx
 
ethics ppt.pptx
ethics ppt.pptxethics ppt.pptx
ethics ppt.pptx
 
GROUP2_ETHICS-REPORT.pptx
GROUP2_ETHICS-REPORT.pptxGROUP2_ETHICS-REPORT.pptx
GROUP2_ETHICS-REPORT.pptx
 
Introduction to ethics
Introduction to ethicsIntroduction to ethics
Introduction to ethics
 
Ethical naturalism
Ethical naturalismEthical naturalism
Ethical naturalism
 
Chapter 3Evaluating Moral ArgumentsWhat Is Moral Reasoning.docx
Chapter 3Evaluating Moral ArgumentsWhat Is Moral Reasoning.docxChapter 3Evaluating Moral ArgumentsWhat Is Moral Reasoning.docx
Chapter 3Evaluating Moral ArgumentsWhat Is Moral Reasoning.docx
 
Introduction Ethics & Morals.pptx presentation on ethics of research
Introduction Ethics & Morals.pptx presentation on ethics of researchIntroduction Ethics & Morals.pptx presentation on ethics of research
Introduction Ethics & Morals.pptx presentation on ethics of research
 
Pojman ethics 8e_ppt_ch13
Pojman ethics 8e_ppt_ch13Pojman ethics 8e_ppt_ch13
Pojman ethics 8e_ppt_ch13
 
1_introduction.ppt
1_introduction.ppt1_introduction.ppt
1_introduction.ppt
 
Lesson_____1_introduction to ethics .ppt
Lesson_____1_introduction to ethics .pptLesson_____1_introduction to ethics .ppt
Lesson_____1_introduction to ethics .ppt
 
Chapter 2
Chapter 2Chapter 2
Chapter 2
 
2. Moral Reasoning Final1.pptx
2. Moral Reasoning Final1.pptx2. Moral Reasoning Final1.pptx
2. Moral Reasoning Final1.pptx
 
Chapter 12
Chapter 12Chapter 12
Chapter 12
 
Branches of philosophy
Branches of philosophyBranches of philosophy
Branches of philosophy
 
"The Objectivity of Moral Judgments" by G.E Moore
"The Objectivity of Moral Judgments" by G.E Moore"The Objectivity of Moral Judgments" by G.E Moore
"The Objectivity of Moral Judgments" by G.E Moore
 
ethics-powerpoint.pptx
ethics-powerpoint.pptxethics-powerpoint.pptx
ethics-powerpoint.pptx
 
1204171Introduc0ontoPhilosophyTheoryofVal.docx
1204171Introduc0ontoPhilosophyTheoryofVal.docx1204171Introduc0ontoPhilosophyTheoryofVal.docx
1204171Introduc0ontoPhilosophyTheoryofVal.docx
 

Mehr von Mario Phillip

Week9ethicalpowerpoliticsetiquette 150226134418-conversion-gate02
Week9ethicalpowerpoliticsetiquette 150226134418-conversion-gate02Week9ethicalpowerpoliticsetiquette 150226134418-conversion-gate02
Week9ethicalpowerpoliticsetiquette 150226134418-conversion-gate02Mario Phillip
 
Utilitarianism 100215122429-phpapp02
Utilitarianism 100215122429-phpapp02Utilitarianism 100215122429-phpapp02
Utilitarianism 100215122429-phpapp02Mario Phillip
 
Suml2u3 1214897612914938-8
Suml2u3 1214897612914938-8Suml2u3 1214897612914938-8
Suml2u3 1214897612914938-8Mario Phillip
 
Session1 140616205949-phpapp01
Session1 140616205949-phpapp01Session1 140616205949-phpapp01
Session1 140616205949-phpapp01Mario Phillip
 
Psychologicalegoism 110826002825-phpapp02
Psychologicalegoism 110826002825-phpapp02Psychologicalegoism 110826002825-phpapp02
Psychologicalegoism 110826002825-phpapp02Mario Phillip
 
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02Mario Phillip
 
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02 (1)
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02 (1)Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02 (1)
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02 (1)Mario Phillip
 
Lesson7 utilitarianismstrengthsandweaknesses-121119073122-phpapp02
Lesson7 utilitarianismstrengthsandweaknesses-121119073122-phpapp02Lesson7 utilitarianismstrengthsandweaknesses-121119073122-phpapp02
Lesson7 utilitarianismstrengthsandweaknesses-121119073122-phpapp02Mario Phillip
 
Introtochristianethics 140329144424-phpapp01
Introtochristianethics 140329144424-phpapp01Introtochristianethics 140329144424-phpapp01
Introtochristianethics 140329144424-phpapp01Mario Phillip
 
Introductiontoethicsethicalprinciples 130124055712-phpapp02
Introductiontoethicsethicalprinciples 130124055712-phpapp02Introductiontoethicsethicalprinciples 130124055712-phpapp02
Introductiontoethicsethicalprinciples 130124055712-phpapp02Mario Phillip
 
Hedo 130413020333-phpapp01
Hedo 130413020333-phpapp01Hedo 130413020333-phpapp01
Hedo 130413020333-phpapp01Mario Phillip
 
Ethics 1228346034059584-8
Ethics 1228346034059584-8Ethics 1228346034059584-8
Ethics 1228346034059584-8Mario Phillip
 
Ethics 1228346034059584-8 (1)
Ethics 1228346034059584-8 (1)Ethics 1228346034059584-8 (1)
Ethics 1228346034059584-8 (1)Mario Phillip
 
Ethicalegoism 110829230429-phpapp01
Ethicalegoism 110829230429-phpapp01Ethicalegoism 110829230429-phpapp01
Ethicalegoism 110829230429-phpapp01Mario Phillip
 
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1Mario Phillip
 
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1Mario Phillip
 

Mehr von Mario Phillip (16)

Week9ethicalpowerpoliticsetiquette 150226134418-conversion-gate02
Week9ethicalpowerpoliticsetiquette 150226134418-conversion-gate02Week9ethicalpowerpoliticsetiquette 150226134418-conversion-gate02
Week9ethicalpowerpoliticsetiquette 150226134418-conversion-gate02
 
Utilitarianism 100215122429-phpapp02
Utilitarianism 100215122429-phpapp02Utilitarianism 100215122429-phpapp02
Utilitarianism 100215122429-phpapp02
 
Suml2u3 1214897612914938-8
Suml2u3 1214897612914938-8Suml2u3 1214897612914938-8
Suml2u3 1214897612914938-8
 
Session1 140616205949-phpapp01
Session1 140616205949-phpapp01Session1 140616205949-phpapp01
Session1 140616205949-phpapp01
 
Psychologicalegoism 110826002825-phpapp02
Psychologicalegoism 110826002825-phpapp02Psychologicalegoism 110826002825-phpapp02
Psychologicalegoism 110826002825-phpapp02
 
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02
 
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02 (1)
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02 (1)Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02 (1)
Moralvaluesandethics 120308004511-phpapp02 (1)
 
Lesson7 utilitarianismstrengthsandweaknesses-121119073122-phpapp02
Lesson7 utilitarianismstrengthsandweaknesses-121119073122-phpapp02Lesson7 utilitarianismstrengthsandweaknesses-121119073122-phpapp02
Lesson7 utilitarianismstrengthsandweaknesses-121119073122-phpapp02
 
Introtochristianethics 140329144424-phpapp01
Introtochristianethics 140329144424-phpapp01Introtochristianethics 140329144424-phpapp01
Introtochristianethics 140329144424-phpapp01
 
Introductiontoethicsethicalprinciples 130124055712-phpapp02
Introductiontoethicsethicalprinciples 130124055712-phpapp02Introductiontoethicsethicalprinciples 130124055712-phpapp02
Introductiontoethicsethicalprinciples 130124055712-phpapp02
 
Hedo 130413020333-phpapp01
Hedo 130413020333-phpapp01Hedo 130413020333-phpapp01
Hedo 130413020333-phpapp01
 
Ethics 1228346034059584-8
Ethics 1228346034059584-8Ethics 1228346034059584-8
Ethics 1228346034059584-8
 
Ethics 1228346034059584-8 (1)
Ethics 1228346034059584-8 (1)Ethics 1228346034059584-8 (1)
Ethics 1228346034059584-8 (1)
 
Ethicalegoism 110829230429-phpapp01
Ethicalegoism 110829230429-phpapp01Ethicalegoism 110829230429-phpapp01
Ethicalegoism 110829230429-phpapp01
 
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1
 
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1
Class 3-ethics-and-behavior-in-organizations-1233274710310841-1
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen

Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm  In Media Res Media ComponentSarah Lahm  In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media ComponentInMediaRes1
 
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptxmary850239
 
Jordan Chrietzberg In Media Res Media Component
Jordan Chrietzberg In Media Res Media ComponentJordan Chrietzberg In Media Res Media Component
Jordan Chrietzberg In Media Res Media ComponentInMediaRes1
 
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptx
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptxSTRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptx
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptxkimdan468
 
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media Component
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media ComponentPaul Dobryden In Media Res Media Component
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media ComponentInMediaRes1
 
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian CongressThe Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian CongressMaria Paula Aroca
 
Pastoral Poetry, Definition, Origin, Characteristics and Examples
Pastoral Poetry, Definition, Origin, Characteristics and ExamplesPastoral Poetry, Definition, Origin, Characteristics and Examples
Pastoral Poetry, Definition, Origin, Characteristics and ExamplesDrVipulVKapoor
 
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfDBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Unit :1 Basics of Professional Intelligence
Unit :1 Basics of Professional IntelligenceUnit :1 Basics of Professional Intelligence
Unit :1 Basics of Professional IntelligenceDr Vijay Vishwakarma
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptxmary850239
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptxUmeshTimilsina1
 
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERP
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERPThe Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERP
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptxmary850239
 
BBA 205 UNIT 3 INDUSTRIAL POLICY dr kanchan.pptx
BBA 205 UNIT 3 INDUSTRIAL POLICY dr kanchan.pptxBBA 205 UNIT 3 INDUSTRIAL POLICY dr kanchan.pptx
BBA 205 UNIT 3 INDUSTRIAL POLICY dr kanchan.pptxProf. Kanchan Kumari
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen (20)

Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm  In Media Res Media ComponentSarah Lahm  In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media Component
 
Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,
Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,
Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,
 
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx
 
Jordan Chrietzberg In Media Res Media Component
Jordan Chrietzberg In Media Res Media ComponentJordan Chrietzberg In Media Res Media Component
Jordan Chrietzberg In Media Res Media Component
 
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptx
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptxSTRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptx
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptx
 
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media Component
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media ComponentPaul Dobryden In Media Res Media Component
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media Component
 
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian CongressThe Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
 
Pastoral Poetry, Definition, Origin, Characteristics and Examples
Pastoral Poetry, Definition, Origin, Characteristics and ExamplesPastoral Poetry, Definition, Origin, Characteristics and Examples
Pastoral Poetry, Definition, Origin, Characteristics and Examples
 
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfDBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
 
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
 
Unit :1 Basics of Professional Intelligence
Unit :1 Basics of Professional IntelligenceUnit :1 Basics of Professional Intelligence
Unit :1 Basics of Professional Intelligence
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...
 
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
 
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERP
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERPThe Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERP
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERP
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
 
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
 
BBA 205 UNIT 3 INDUSTRIAL POLICY dr kanchan.pptx
BBA 205 UNIT 3 INDUSTRIAL POLICY dr kanchan.pptxBBA 205 UNIT 3 INDUSTRIAL POLICY dr kanchan.pptx
BBA 205 UNIT 3 INDUSTRIAL POLICY dr kanchan.pptx
 

Lecture 10 subjectivist, objectivism, emotivism

  • 2. Subjectivism and Objectivism  Any theory which claims that ethical judgments such as whether stealing is wrong, are neither true or false, is subjectivist  Any theory which claims that ethical judgments neither true or false but they are always abut the psychology of the person who utters them  Any non-subjectivist theory will be objectivist
  • 3.  Should moral judgment be subjective or objective?  What are the arguments for and against either?
  • 4. Arguments supporting for subjectivism 1. All moral statements are subjective.  Subjective statement are not mere descriptions of something rather they are also prescriptions-imperatives— commands to someone—evaluation— expression of one own values
  • 5.  For example to tell a child “stealing is worng” you are essentially saying “don’t steal.” Also I am expressing my disapproval for stealing. It does not make sense to ask whether the statement “don’t steal is wrong?” Or whether my feeling is right or wrong
  • 6.  2. Sentient beings  In a world where there are no sentient beings everything would be inanimate  Goodness and badness are dependent upon the feelings, attitudes, and desires of sentient beings.  Things are good or bad if sentient beings are affected by them. Thus what is good or bad depends on the individual mental constituent of the person who has certain attitudes towards these events
  • 7. 3. Egoist argument  It is useless trying to make others happy when you personally become unhappy in the process  If a course of action led to the well-being of others and not yours it cannot really be good
  • 8. Arguments against subjectivism  1. To accept subjectivism means that we can never settle any real moral dispute. For example an action can be both right and wrong a the same time  2. The words “good, bad, right and wrong” must have some standard attributions which can be applicable to all in every circumstance  3. It cannot give a justification for doing one’s duty which often involves acting against one’s inclination at least for sometime
  • 9. Arguments supporting Objectivism 1. It provides a theory which corresponds more closely to the views of common sense about moral matters.  There is no difference between moral matters and factual ones  Statement have an objective reference 2. There are certain duties that must be performed whether we want to or not. These are simply objective facts which exists whether one chooses to ignore them or not
  • 10. Arguments against Objectivism  The main challenge here is how do we prove an action is right or wrong. The objectivist claim there is no difference in establishing a moral and scientific claim.  For example in proving a scientific claim there must be: (1) the acceptance by both sides of a common method (experimental method, (2) willingness of both sides to accept the judgment of disinterested observers after they have examined the evidence  Can both of these two premise be applied to moral dilemmas
  • 11. Emotivism  Developed by David Hume (1711-1776)  Moral judgment are an emotional expression about an action or person, hence when people make statements they are merely asserting their feelings  Ethical statement are only attitudes masquerading the facts.  For the emotivist morality is based on sentiment rather than fact
  • 12.  Unlike the subjectivist who sees moral statements reflect how a person feels about a particular action. Or statements of fact about the attitude of the person who says them
  • 13.  The subjectivist will say “homosexuality is wrong” meaning “I disapprove of homosexuality” as opposed to the emotivist who will say” Homosexuality, how disgusting!” (emotions steps in)  Emotivist therefore is the realm of meta-ethics where the language of morality becomes paramount
  • 14. Precursor to emotivism  1. Intuitionism  Morality is directly intuited by the person making moral decisions  The emotivist went further in saying that moral language expresses the emotions of a person in the situation, and says nothing about whether it is right or wrong  2. Logical positivism  Claim that only analytical (definitions), and factual (empirical) statement are true. To them moral statements are more than definitions and not emperical
  • 15. Moral language for the Emotivist  1. Expresses emotions  2. It is imperative  3. It is persuasive
  • 16. Problems with Emotivism  1. Emotivist claims that only statements that are empirically verifiable has meaning. However this statement itself is not one that is empirically proven. A valid reason hasn’t been posited at limiting meaningful statements to empirical statements  2. Emotivism is a theory on the use of moral language, not its meaning. The jump from one to the other hasn’t been justified
  • 17.  3. Fails to account for the place of reason in ethics. It establishes a false dichotomy: either there are moral facts like scientific facts or values are only expressions of subjective feelings