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Sustainable Development in Santiago

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Current situation in Santiago (Dominican Republic) and possible measures to improve it.

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Sustainable Development in Santiago

  1. 1. Sustainable Development in Santiago October 30, 2016 Question G: Do you think the lifestyle of the inhabitants of your town or city reflects behavior that is in line with the concept of sustainable development? In your opinion, what should be improved? Application to IE Business School Master in Management María Emilia Álvarez
  2. 2. Sustainable Development in Santiago Sustainable Development (SD) meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. - United Nations (1987) Sustainable development and its goals adopted Pillars 17 Sustainable Development Goals Social Environmental Economical • Social: ability of a social system to function at a defined level of social well-being and harmony indefinitely. • Environmental: ability of the environmentto supporta natural resource extraction rate indefinitely. • Economic: ability of an economy to supporta defined level of economic production indefinitely. Came into force on January 1st , 2016.Over the next fifteen years countries will,among other things, mobilize efforts to: • End all forms of poverty • Fight inequalities • Tackle climate change
  3. 3. Situation in Santiago, Dominican Republic Newspaper articles related to wrong sustainable development behavior Listin Diario (2016), Diario Libre (2015), El Caribe (2015) The following topics are the most pressing concerns in the country. These are all reflected on my community. Sustainable Development in Santiago
  4. 4. Sustainable Development in Santiago Goals that should be prioritized in the city DR is among 14 countries that typify femicide Social inequality in DR is one of the highest in Latin America DR has great challenges in the environment DR occupies 146/148 of countries with low quality education
  5. 5. Sustainable Development in Santiago Inequality in Santiago, Dominican Republic Why is the city not in line with SD? 1. Poor distribution of richness: 20% of the poorest population does notreach 5% richness;while 20% of the richest population benefits of50% of the national capital. 2. GINI Index of 47.07: the DR has a very high deviation from a perfectly equal distribution compared to other countries. Suggesting there is a lack of middle class. 3. Inequality harms growth and poverty reduction: according to evidence compiled by the UN. Measures that should be taken: 1. Involve the 3 pillars: in order for economic growth to be sufficientto reduce disparity,actions taken should give equal importance to all three pillars:Social,Environmental and Economical Sustainability. 2. Equal opportunities: it is essential for equal opportunities for education,jobs, services to be available. 3. Social protection programs: to preventnegative impacts coming from economic shocks. 4. Promote economic development of the lower class: through stable and well-paid jobs. GINI Index, World Bank
  6. 6. Sustainable Development in Santiago Quality education in Santiago, Dominican Republic Why is the city not in line with SD? 1. All children should be able to attend primary and secondary education for free: 83% of the population enroll in primary,and only 65% are enrolled in secondary education (UNESCO). 2. Not achieving 100% literacy rate: currently 92% (UNESCO). 3. Less than 50% of schools enroll children with special needs: 20% of these resist to change because they must update ways of teaching (Ministry of Education). 4. 10% of students are at an age above for their grade: this is a crucial factor for school dropout(UNICEF). Measures that should be taken: 1. Curricular reform: to ensure inclusive education in all components of the teaching-learning process. 2. Adapt schools: both physical barriers and educational resources obstructing the disabled to attend. 3. Spread awareness in the community: about rights of the disabled and benefits of introducing them to schools. 4. Human resources: teachers should be trained to work with all types of children,regardless ofdisabilities.
  7. 7. Sustainable Development in Santiago Climate action in Santiago, Dominican Republic Why is the city not in line with SD? 1. Land Use Planning: the DR lacks a law regulating land use in an efficient and ethical way. 2. Solid waste management: 13,000 tons of garbage are dumped daily in 350 open-air dumps (El Caribe) and 30% of waste is not collected from the streets (SOECI). Not only related to environmentbutalso public health as waste pollution causes diseases. 3. Lack of environmental awareness: aggravates the problem of the environment.DR is the 8th country in the world at greater risk of being affected by the effects of global warming (USAID). Measures that should be taken: 1. Request environmental regulations 2. Educational campaigns: to spread awareness ofdangers of not caring and measures that can be taken. Easy ones like: • Turn off the lights, air dry things • Take short showers • Do not throw trash on the street 3. Promote policies for environmental well being: organizations should be committed to address air and water pollution,solid waste management,etc. 4. Claim local governments to regularly pick up trash Two people talking in front of an improvised landfill on the banks of the Ozama River.
  8. 8. Sustainable Development in Santiago Gender equality in Santiago, Dominican Republic Why is it not in line with SD? 1. Feminicides: there was a femicide every 68 hours in the first quarter of 2016 in RD, according to statistics from the National Police. 2. Gender proportion in government positons: Only 20% of seats held by women in national parliaments (World Bank). 3. Participation in household decisions: 78% of women participate deciding own health care,major household purchases,and visiting family. Measures that should be taken: 1. Continue campaigns against femicides: but also include educational campaigns to reduce gender violence. 2. Stand up to street harassments:because catcalling objectifies and strengthens a sexual view towards the opposite sex. 3. Employment: increase women employmentand motivate them towards their desired professional path. wide pink stripes painted on lamp posts in Santo Domingo, campaigning against femicides
  9. 9. Sustainable Development in Santiago Implementation of measures in Santiago, Dominican Republic 1 2 43 v Santiago Community v With the suggested improvements and the collaboration of the Santiago community we will be closer to reaching a more sustainable community.