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Preparando o inglês

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Preparando o inglês

  1. 1. Preparando o Inglês… (Gramática) Preparação para a Ficha de Avaliação (22 de outubro de 2012)
  2. 2. Present simple vs Present continuous Present Simple Present Continuous√ Rotinas diárias, hábitos, ações repetidas. √ Ações a decorrer no momento em que seEx: He goes to school by bus every day. fala. Ex: I’m surfing the Net at the moment.√ Estados permanentes. √ Situações em mudança.Ex: He works in a bank. Ex: It’s getting hotter as summer approaches.√ Horários, itinerários. √ Situações temporárias.Ex: The train to France leaves at 8:00 am. Ex: He’s taking a writting course this month.√ Verdades universais e leis da Natureza. √ Com always, constantly, etc. para exprimirEx: The sun sets in the west. aborrecimento. Ex: You’re always interrupting me when I’m talking.√ Comentários desportivos, críticas e √ Compromissos num futuro próximo. narrações. Ex: He’s leaving for Tokyo in two hours.Ex: Jean wins the ball, then he crosses andpasses it to Peter.
  3. 3. Exercício 11. Put the verbs in brackets into de present simple or present continuous. (Põe os verbos nos respetivos espaços com as formas do verbo ‘present simple’ ou ‘present continuous’).A: So, how ...1… (the film/end)?B: Well, Diana …2… (find) her friend, Anthony, and …3…(rescue) him. Then, they …4… (set out) in search of Diana’s father,Lord John Asriel.
  4. 4. Solução do Exercício 1A: So, how does the film end?B: Well, Diana finds her friend, Anthony, andrescues him. Then, they set out in search ofDiana’s father, Lord John Asriel.
  5. 5. Exercício 22. Choose the correct tense. (Escolhe a formaverbal correta.)a) The Wilsons look/are looking for a babysitter these days.b) My friends and I go/ are going to an exhibition at the art gallery this afternoon.c) Do omnivores eat/Are omnivores eating both plants and animals?
  6. 6. Solução do Exercício 22.a) The Wilsons look/are looking for a babysitter these days.b) My friends and I go/ are going to an exhibition at the art gallery this afternoon.c) Do omnivores eat/Are omnivores eating both plants and animals?
  7. 7. Exercício 33. Look at the picture and write a questionand an answer in the present simple or thepresent continuous. (Olha para a imagem eescreve uma pergunta e uma respostabaseando-te no que vês, no ‘ Present Simple’ou ‘Continuous’. )a) Sarah/have/a karate lesson/now?
  8. 8. Solução do Exercício 33. a) Sarah/have/a karate lesson/now?Q: Is Sarah having a karate lesson at the Presentmoment? ContinuousA: No, she is not having a karate lesson. She ishaving a ballet lesson. She is a very good balletdancer! Present Simple
  9. 9. Stative VerbsO Stative verbs – verbos que descrevem um estado em vez de uma ação e por isso não têm forma nos tempos verbais com valor progressivo.
  10. 10. Future tenses – Will I’m afraid I Will usa-se para… won’t be at work on time.  Previsões sobre o futuro, normalmente com os verbos think, believe, expect, etc. as expressões be sure, be afraid, etc. e os advérbios probably, perhaps, certainly, etc.  Decisões no local.  Ações, eventos, situações que irão acontecer no This skirt is beautiful. I futuro e que não podemos controlar. will take it.Betty willbe fifteen  Promessas, normalmente com os verbos promise,years old swear, guarantee, etc. ameaças, avisos, pedidos, next week. expetativas com o verbo hope e ofertas. Sure! I’ll I don’t explain it understand is to you! exercice Tom. Will you help me with it?
  11. 11. Future tenses – Be goingBe going to usa-se para… to Planos, intenções ou ambições para o futuro.Ex: I’m going to become a famous pianist one day. (ambição) Previsões, quando é evidente que algo irá acontecer num futuro próximo.Ex: Look at him! He’s going to win the race.
  12. 12. Exercício 11. Fill in the gaps with will or be going to. (Preenche os espaços com will ou be going to.)a) What are you doing this morning, Ted? I …1... (buy) tickets for the Coldplay concert.b) You haven’t sent a Christmas card to grandma yet. Oh, I forgot. I …2… (write) one later.c) Kate is very clever. Yes, She …3… (become) a doctor one day.d) It’s so cold today. Yes, it …4… (snow) later.
  13. 13. Correção do exercício 11.a) What are you doing this morning, Ted?I am going to buy tickets for the Coldplay concert.b) You haven’t sent a Christmas card to grandmayet.Oh, I forgot. I will write one later.c) Kate is very clever. Yes, She is going to becomea doctor one day.d) It’s so cold today. Yes, it is going to snow later.
  14. 14. Exercício 2 2. Look at the pictures and fill in the gaps with verbs from the list in the present continuous, will, the present simple or be going to. (Olha para as imagens e preenche os espaços com as formas verbais) a) The plane …1… in a few seconds. Word list: b) I’m afraid I …2… to the cinemaBecome, take, tonight as I’ve got so much land, start, homework to do. not/go, c) It’s just started raining so I …3… answer, get, my umbrella. fly d) The film …4… at 8 o’clock. e) John …5… married at the end of the month. f) I …6… a famous pianist one day. g) Danny …7… to Madrid tonight.
  15. 15. Correção do exercício 2 a) The plane is going to land in a few seconds. b) I’m afraid I won’t go to the cinema tonight as I’ve got so much homework to do. Word list: Become c) It’s just started raining Take so I will take my Land umbrella. Start Not/go d) The film starts at 8 Answer o’clock. Get e) John is getting married Fly at the end of the month. f) I am going to become aRasteira famous pianist one day. g) Danny is flying to Madrid tonight.
  16. 16. Past SimpleO Past Simple usa-se para…‡ Ações que aconteceram num determinado momento do passado. A altura em que a situação ocorreu é definida, conhecida ou está implícita.Ex: They went camping by the lake last summer. (Quando éque foram acampar? No verão –> a altura em que a açãodecorreu está definida.‡ Ações que aconteceram imediatamente uma atrás da outra, no passado.Ex: She made a phone call and then she sent an e-mail.‡ Hábitos passados que agora já não se praticam. Nestes casos podemos usar a expressão used to.Ex: People didn’t have electricity in the past. Instead, theyused to have oil lamps.
  17. 17. Past ContinuousO Past Continuous usa-se para…® Uma ação que estava a acontecer num determinado momento do passado. Não é mencionado o início ou o fim da ação.Ex: At three o’clock yesterday afternoon she was playingthe flute.® Uma ação que estava a acontecer quando foi interrompida por outra ação. O past continuous usa-se para a ação que se iniciou primeiro e o past simple para a ação que a interrompeu.Ex: He was walking down the street when he met an old friend from school.® Duas ou mais ações a ocorrer em simultâneo, no passado.Ex: Lynn was talking on her mobile phone while her daughter was havingbreakfast.® Descrever a atmosfera ou cenário de uma história, antes de narrar os acontecimentos principais.Ex: Paul and Brenda were enjoying their bike ride. The sun was shining and thebirds were singing.
  18. 18. Exercício 1 1. Look at the pictures and use the verbs in the past continuous to describe what each person was doing at 3 o’clock yesterday afternoon, (Olha para as imagens e usa os verbos no past continuous para descrever o que é que cada pessoa estava a fazer ontem às 3 da tarde.) VERBS: - wait; - study; - paint; - wash; - cook. Penny & Sam AmyLuke The Stevens The kids
  19. 19. Solução do Exercício 1VERBS: - wait; - study; - paint; - wash; - cook. At three o’clock yesterday afternoon, Luke was painting the garage. (…) Amy was studying. (…) Penny and Sam were cooking. (…) were washing their dog. (…) the kids were waiting for the school bus.
  20. 20. FIMO Espero que vos seja útil.O Páginas úteis para o estudo (WINNERS 9):  Da pág. 4 à 9 – Workbook  Da pág. 5 à 17 – Grammar  Da pág. 12 à 24 – Student’s Book

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