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Kingdom
Animalia
Characteristics
•
•
•
•

They are heterotrophic.
All are multicellular.
They all vary in size.
2 classifications
- Invertebrates: without backbone
- Vertebrates: with backbone
• Composed of 9 phyla
Invertebrates
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Porifera
Cnidaria
Platyhelminthes
Nematoda
Annelida
Mollusca
Arthropoda
Echinodermata

Vertebrates


Chordata
Phylum Porifera
• Also known as SPONGES
• Have PORES or HOLES in their bodies and a
single large opening called osculum
• Filter feeders
• Has two layers of cells
-epidermal cells
-collar cells
Phylum Cnidaria
• Hollow, tube-like bodies
• Presence of nematocyst
• Bodies are composed of two layers of tissue:
epidermis and gastrodermis
• Food is ingested and expelled through the
gastrovascular cavity
Sea Anemone
Hydra
Phylum Platyhelminthes
• Commonly known as flatworms
• Flat bodies
• They posses only a hollow sac with a single
opening for food and waste excretion
Liverfluke
Marine Worm
Phylum Nematoda
• Commonly known as roundworms
• Round bodies covered with cuticle
• Ascaris and hookworms are examples
Phylum Annelida
• Characterized by ring like body parts
• Have similar segments throughout their
bodies
• Presence of mouth and anus
• Have hearts and blood vessels
Phylum Mollusca
• Have soft bodies but they have hard
protective shells as outer body covering
• Mussels, clams, and oysters are examples
Phylum Arthropoda
• Most diverse of all the phyla
• Exhibits cephalization
• Well developed nervous system (brain and nerve
cord)
• Have segmented bodies
• Body is divided into 3 segments (head, thorax
and abdomen)
• Exoskeleton is made up of chitin
• They molt or shed their exoskeleton as they
grow up
Phylum Echinodermata
• Has a tube feet system of canals
• For sucking in seawater to obtain nutrients
and for expelling wastes.
Phylum Chordata
• Three distinguishing structures:
-notochord
-skull
-vertebral column or backbone
Major classes of Vertebrates
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Agnatha (jawless fishes)
Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fishes)
Osteichthyes (bony fishes)
Amphibia
Reptilia
Aves
Mammalia
Class Agnatha
• Jawless fishes but have sucking mouth parts
• No paired fins, jaws or scales
• Notochord serves as the skeleton of
agnathans
Class Chondricthyes
• Skeletons are made up of cartilage
• Have gills, fins and scales
• Have toothlike scales
Class Osteichthyes
•
•
•
•

Called bony fishes
Skeletons are made up of bones
Scales are flattened
Presence of swim bladder
Class Amphibia
• They generally live in or near bodies of water
• Early stages on water, adult stage on land
Class Reptilia
• Have hard body coverings (scales or plates)
• Sharp claws on their toes adapted for climbing
and tearing prey
• Cold-blooded organisms
• They breathe through their lungs
• Most are egg laying
Class Aves
•
•
•
•
•

Feathers cover the bodies of birds
Presence of beak or bill for food getting
A pair of wings that enables them to fly
Warm-blooded animals
All of them are egg-laying
Class Mammalia
•
•
•
•

Presence of mammary glands
These secretes milk (in females)
Warm blooded animals
They reproduce through sexual means
QUIZ
• Now that you have learned how diverse living
things are (especially plants and animals),
please make an essay on how can a Rocesian
participate in conserving the biodiversity here
in the Philippines.
• Arial, 12, 2” spacing, Narrow margin, short
bond paper, maximum of 5 (five pages)
• Submission: Wednesday
• Deductions for similar answers will be given.
• Please observe honesty with your work.

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Kingdom Animalia Characteristics and Phyla