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Changing Concepts Of Health

In this presentation you will get the knowledge about changing concepts of health. the changing concepts of health has been categorised as follows: 1.Biomedical concept 2.Ecological concept 3.Psychological concept 4.Holistic concept

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- Manali Akolkar
HEALTH
• Health is a common theme in most
cultures.
• The oldest definition of health is the
“absence of disease”.
• The definition of health according to
WHO
“Health is a state of complete
physical, mental and social well-being
and not merely an absence of disease or
infirmity”.
CHANGING CONCEPTS
• Health is not perceived the same way by
all members of a community including
various professional groups
(eg.biomedical scientists, social science
specialists, health administrators,
ecologists, etc.) giving rise to confusion
about the concept of health.
• Health has evolved over the centuries as
a concept from an individual concern to a
worldwide social goal and encompasses
the whole quality of life
CONCEPT OF HEALTH
1.Biomedical concept
2.Ecological concept
3.Psychological concept
4.Holistic concept
Changing Concepts Of Health
A brief account of changing concept of
health:
1.Biomedical concept :
 Absence of disease.
 Human body as a machine, disease as
a consequence, of the breakdown of
the machine & one of the doctor’s
task as repair of the machine.
 Critism of biomedical concept of
heath.

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Changing Concepts Of Health

  • 2. HEALTH • Health is a common theme in most cultures. • The oldest definition of health is the “absence of disease”. • The definition of health according to WHO “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity”.
  • 3. CHANGING CONCEPTS • Health is not perceived the same way by all members of a community including various professional groups (eg.biomedical scientists, social science specialists, health administrators, ecologists, etc.) giving rise to confusion about the concept of health. • Health has evolved over the centuries as a concept from an individual concern to a worldwide social goal and encompasses the whole quality of life
  • 4. CONCEPT OF HEALTH 1.Biomedical concept 2.Ecological concept 3.Psychological concept 4.Holistic concept
  • 6. A brief account of changing concept of health: 1.Biomedical concept :  Absence of disease.  Human body as a machine, disease as a consequence, of the breakdown of the machine & one of the doctor’s task as repair of the machine.  Critism of biomedical concept of heath.
  • 7. 2. Ecological Concept:  A dynamic equilibrium between man and his environment and disease as a maladjustment of the human organism to environment. Health implies the relative absence of pain and discomfort and a continuous adaptation and adjustment to the environment to ensure optimal function.
  • 8. 3. Psychological concept: Influenced by social, psychological, cultural, economic and political factors of the people. Health is both a biological and social phenomenon.
  • 9. 4. Holistic Concept: It is synthesis of all the above concepts. Strength of social, economic, political and environmental influences on health. A unified or multidimensional process involving well-being of the person in context of his environment.
  • 10. Reference – Park’s textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine.