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Breast cancer

  1. Breast Cancer Risk Factors, Sign & Symptoms, Tests & Treatments By Michelle Gregory 2013
  2. Statistics 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed in their lifetime 1 in 1000 men will be diagnosed in their lifetime (Primarily after the age of 60) Median age at DX = 61 Approx. 39,000 deaths annually in the US Approx. 254,000 new cases annually in the US
  3. Invasive/Non-Invasive Breast Cancer Cases Reported 2011 300000 250000 200000 Total Cases Invasive Non-Invasive 150000 100000 50000 0 2011
  4. Normal Female Breast
  5. Normal / Cancer Cell Comparrison
  6. Risk Factors Age & Gender Most advanced cases of breast cancer are diagnosed in women over age 50 Family History Family history of breast, ovarian, uterine or colon cancer indicates a 20-30% increased likelihood to develop the disease Menstrual Cycles Women who have their first menstrual cycle before the age of 12, or begin menapause after the age of 55, have been found to have an increased risk of developing breast cancer. Genetics BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genetic defects increase a woman’s chance of developing breast cancer by up to 80% Childbirth Obesity
  7. Signs & Symptoms Early stage is often asymtomatic Lump in the breast or armpit Change in size, shape or feeling of the nipple or surrounding breast tissue Discharge from the nipple
  8. Tests Self Breast Exam or SBE Clinical Breast Exam or CBE Mammogram Biopsy BCRA 1 & BRCA 2 Genetic Testing
  9. Treatments Lumpectomy Mastectomy Chemotherapy Radiation HPT – Hormone Replacement Therapy
  10. Prophylactic Mastectomy •