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AGRI-INPUT MARKETING
2nd largest
agricultural land
 At 157.35 million hectares, India holds the second largest agricultural land in the world
Favourable climatic
conditions
 With 20 agri-climatic regions, all 15 major climates in the world exist in India. The country
also possesses 46 of the 60 soil types in the world
Record productionof
food grains
 In FY2015, total food grain production in India was recorded at 252.68 million tonnes,
which increased to 253.16 million tonnes in FY16.
Largest producer of
major agricultural and
horticulture crops
 India is the largest producer of spices, pulses, milk, tea, cashew and jute; and the second
largest producer of wheat, rice, fruits & vegetables, sugarcane, cotton andoilseeds
Source: Ministry of Agriculture , Government of India, TechSciResearch
Increasingfarm
mechanisation
 India is one of the largest manufacturers of farm equipment such as tractors, harvesters
and tillers. India accounts for nearly one-third of the overall tractor production, globally,
with the tractor production in the country estimated to increase from 0.57 million units in
FY16 and reach to 16 million units by 2030.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
5
Growing demand
ADVANTAGE
Source: Ministry of Agriculture,
World Bank, FAOSTAT, TechSci Research
Attractive opportunities
• Increasing demand for agriculturalinputs
such as hybrid seeds and fertilizers.
• Promising opportunities in storage facilities;
potential storage capacity expansion of 35
million tonnes under the 12th Five Year Plan
Competitive advantages
• High proportion of agriculturalland
(157 million hectares)
• Leading producer of spices, jute,
pulses; second-largest producer of
wheat, paddy, fruits and
vegetables
FY2016
Food grain
production:
253.16
million
tonnes
2020-21
Food grain
production:
280.6
million
tonnes
Advantage
India
Robust demand
• A large population is the key driver
of demand for agricultural
products
• Rising urban and rural incomes
have also aided demand growth
• External demand has also been
growing especially from key
markets like the Middle East
Policy support
• Schemes like Paramparagat Krishi Vikas
Yojana (PKVY) helps in developing organic
clusters and make available chemical free
inputs to farmers.
• Other steps include PradhanmantriGram
Sinchai Yojana that ensures improved
access to irrigation; creation of an unified
national agricultural market which would
help boost the incomes of farmers
• 100 per cent FDI under automatic routefor
development of seeds
EVOLUTION OF AGRICULTURE IN INDIA
Source: Ministry of External Affairs, RBI, Ministry of Agriculture, TechSci Research
Notes: MT - Metric Tonnes, P. A. - Per Annum
• Stagnation in
agriculture
• Low growth in crop
and grain production
(0.4 and 0.1 per cent
p.a.)
• Food grain production
of 59.2 MT in 1952–
53, with a yield of
579.8 kg/ha
• Pioneering work of
agricultural scientists
and efforts of farmers
led to Green Revolution
• High Yield Variety
(HYV) of seeds,
increased use of
fertilizers and irrigation
resulted in a significant
spike inproduction
• Attained food security
and reduced import of
food grains
• Expanding cereal
production
• Economic reforms
introduced; greater
encouragement to
exports
• Surplus of production of
agricultural commodities
over domestic demand
• India emerges as a net
exporter of agricultural
products
• Increase in population
and strong income growth
• 50 per cent increase in seed subsidy
• Additional financial assistance for
horticulture crops
• Schemes like Pradhan Mantri Krishi
Sinchai Yojana that accords high priority
to water security
• Creation of Price Stabilization Fund
(PSF) by the Department of Agriculture
and Cooperation as a price control
measure to dampen the impact on
consumers
• Allocation of USD830 million for the
development of micro irrigation,
watershed and Pradhan Mantri Krishi
Sinchai Yojana
• The Indian agricultural services and
agricultural machinery have
cumulatively attracted USD2,278.30
million from April 2000 to March 2016
1950s
1960-80
1980-2000
2000 onwards
SCHEMES INITIATED BY THE GOVERNMENT
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
(PMKSY)
• Under the scheme, allocation of USD7.64 billion has been
made for investment in irrigation, expanding cultivable
area, improve efficiency of on-farm water to reduce
wastage, enhance adoption of precision irrigation, etc.
• Governments of, majorly, all the states are funding
agriculture sector and taking appropriate measures to
achieve the targeted growth rate and address the issues
being faced by farmers.
Paramparagat Krishi VikasYojana
(PKVY)
• This scheme ensures the promotion of organic
farming
• Adoption of farming will promote the balanced use of
chemical fertilizers and enhance the quality of farmproduce
Agricultural TechnologyManagement
Agency (ATMA)
• This technique facilitates retrieval of data and data entry
from the internet based web portals without actually
having internet by using a simple mobile phone.
Small Farmers AgribusinessConsortium
(SFAC)
• Focused on creating wider linkages for FPOs to reduce
transaction costs, improve access to technology and
services and ultimately link them to better market
opportunities for higherreturns.
• An ICT backed platform has been provided that would
electronically network all the FPOs in the country and
leverage their collective bargaining power.
Source: Deptt. of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, FAOSTAT, TechSci Research
KEY AGRICULTURAL STATES & THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS
Source: Department of Agriculture& Cooperation,
Notes: All figures as of2015,
1 - Projected for 2014 - 15
Karnataka – largest
producer of Sunflower
seed, Maize, Ragi, Coffee
and Cardamom
West Bengal –largest
producer of rice
(15.80 million tonnes)
Uttar Pradesh – largest
producer of wheat
(30.00 million tonnes)
Gujarat – largest
producer of cotton
(12.5 million tonnes1)
Madhya Pradesh – largest
producer of soybean,
pulses,Linseed
Punjab & Haryana were the key
states of green revolution. Punjab
is one of the largest producers of
foodgrains
Assam - largest producer
of tea
Maharashtra – largest
producer of Jowar,
Tobacco and Safflower
GROWTH DRIVERS OF INDIAN AGRICULTURE
Growth
drivers
Demand-side
drivers
Policy
support
Supply-side
drivers
 Hybrid and genetically
modified seeds
 Mechanisation
 Irrigational facilities
 Green Revolution in
Eastern India
 Growing institutional
credit
 Increasing MSP
 Introduction of new
schemes like
Paramparagat Krishi
Vikas Yojana,
Pradhanmantri Gram
Sinchai Yojana, Sansad
Adarsh GramYojana
 Opening up of exports
of wheat and rice
 Population and income
growth
 Increasing exports
 Favourable
demographics
Note: MSP - Minimum Support Price
FAVOURABLE POLICIES ARE SUPPORTING THE SECTOR GROWTH …(1/2)
Paramparagat Krishi
Vikas Yojana
(PKVY)
• This scheme ensures the promotion of organic farming. USD45.83 million has been
allocated for the scheme during the year 2015-16.
• Adoption of farming will promote the balanced use of chemical fertilizers and enhance the
quality of farm produce
Foreign Direct
Investment (FDI)
• 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is allowed under automatic route in storage
and ware housing including cold storages
• FDI policy for agriculture was amended to allow 100 per cent FDI under automatic route
for development of seeds
Pradhan Mantri Krishi
Sinchai Yojana
(PMKSY)
• The scheme ensures access to the means of irrigation to all agricultural farms in the
country to produce ‘per drop more crop’, thus bringing much desired ruralprosperity
• To increase agricultural production and productivity by increasing availability of water and
its efficient use.
Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Union Budget, TechSciResearch
Note: RKVY - Rashtriya Krishi VikasYojana
FAVOURABLE POLICIES ARE SUPPORTING THE SECTOR GROWTH …(2/2)
Pulses Production
• Government has allocated USD76.38 million to lift the production of pulses under National
Food Security Mission (NFSM). The government would increase cover for about 622
districts under the initiative in FY17
Support through
Initiatives
• Under MNREGA, government is planning to create 1 million compost pits for organic
manure.
Regional Rural Bank
Credit Refinance Fund
• The government plans to set up a Regional Rural Bank Credit Refinance Fund with a
capital of USD2.1 billion to enhance the capacity of RRBs to disburse short term crop
loans to small and marginal farmers
• In FY17, the government raised the budget allocation for agriculture sector to USD137.5
billion.
Integrated Scheme of
Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil
palm and Maize
(ISOPOM)
• ISOPOM scheme was launched in 2004 to provide flexibility and promote crop
diversification; under ISOPOM, states can utilise the allotted funds to develop a crop of
their choice
Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Union Budget, TechSciResearch
Notes: RRB – Regional Rural Bank,
ISOPOM - Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil palm and Maize
MNREGA - Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
PMGSY - Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE BUDGET 2016 -17
Agriculture GVA
• Central Statistics Office (CSO) estimates the share of agriculture and allied sector comprising
of agriculture, livestock, forestry & fishery was almost 15.35 per cent of the Gross Value Added
(GVA) during FY16.
Food grain production
reached 253.16MMT
• Food grain production reached 253.16 million tonnes in 2015-16, in comparison with 252.68
million tonnes in 2014-15, which is projected to further increase to 280.6 million tonnes by
2020-21.
• MSP for every agriculture produce increased significantly
Agricultural center for
excellence
• Announcement of plans to establish centers of excellence in agriculture in Assam and
Jharkhand, agriculture universities in Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan, and horticulture
universities in Telangana and Haryana.
Agricultural exports
estimated to increase
Source: Union Budget, Ministry of Agriculture, TechSciResearch
NABARD - National Bank for Agriculture and RuralDevelopment
• Agriculture exports from India, during FY16 reached to USD32.08 billion.
• The export of agricultural products is likely to cross USD45 billion by 2019 – 20.
OPPORTUNITIES
Agricultural inputs
• Limited arable land against
growing population makes
agricultural inputscrucial
• Huge opportunity exists for agri
input segments like seeds and
plant growth nutrients
• In India, commercial seeds only
account for minor percentage(25
per cent) and huge demand is
expected for quality branded
seeds
Logistics
• The 12th Five Year Plan
estimated a potential storage
capacity expansion of 35 million
tonnes
• Cold storage capacity needs to
grow rapidly from the current
level of 24 million tonnes
• Private warehouse operators are
supported by multiple income
streams, subsidy and available of
credit
• It is expected that 4 per cent
growth in the food grain storage
capacity would restructure
agricultural sector over the next
few years
Source: Ministry of Agriculture, TechSciResearch
Farm management services
• New agri business, which
provides inputs such as seeds,
fertilizers along with providing
advice and training farmers on
latest agricultural practices
• Provides assistance to sell
products at appropriateprices
INITIATIVES THAT WILL FURTHER PROP UP THESECTOR
Foreign Direct
Investment (FDI)
• Cumulative FDI from April 2000 to March 2016 in agriculture services was USD1,844.31
million, whereas in agricultural machinery was USD434 million.
Source: Ministry of Agriculture, DIPP, TechSciResearch
Upto October, 2016
MOUs/ Agreements
• MOUs/Agreements has been signed with 52 countries
• Number of partnerships with other countries have reached63
• Provides better agricultural facilities in areas such as R & D, capacity building, germ –
plasm exchange, post – harvest management, value addition/food processing, plant
protection, animal husbandry, dairy and fisheries
• Helps in improving bilateral ties as well
CONTRACT FARMING: CHANGING THE FARM DYNAMICS
Regular and
timely payments
to farmers and
credit facilities
Reduces the price
risk fluctuations
and saves land
investments for
companies
Lesser logistics
cost for both,
farmers and
companies
Stable and steady
supply of quality
farm output for
companies
Foreign companies practicing contract farming in India
Company State Crop
Cargill India
Pvt Ltd
Madhya
Pradesh
Wheat, Maize and
Soya bean
Hindustan
Lever Ltd
Madhya
Pradesh
Wheat
ITC -IBD
Madhya
Pradesh
Soybean
Appachi Tamil Nadu Cotton
Nestle India
Ltd
Punjab Milk
Pepsi Foods
Pvt Ltd Punjab, TN
Chillies, Groundnut,
Seaweed, Tomato
and Basmati Rice
Source: Company reports, Assorted articles, TechSciResearch
Contract Farming in
India
The Government of India‘s National Agriculture Policy envisages that “Private sector participation will be promoted through
contract farming and land leasing arrangements to allow accelerated technology transfer, capital inflow and assured market for
crop production especially of oilseeds, cotton and horticultural crops”
Companies
provide R&D and
agricultural
implements to
farmers
Source: Company reports, Assorted articles, TechSciResearch
At present among successful contract farming practices
undertaken in Gujarat:
Agrocell Corporation
Ltd.
• It is doing contract farming of organic cotton and sesame seeds covering about 5000 acres
in Kutch and Surendranagar district of Gujarat since last 8 years.
• The farmers get 7-8 per cent more price than ordinary cotton in current market and
concession in certain services from thecompany.
Atreyas Agro Organic
Pvt. Ltd.
• Plans to grow Jetrophs Curcas by contract farming. They have target of covering more
than 50,000 acres of irrigated & non-irrigated land ofGujarat.
Godrej Agrovat Ltd.
• Is also planning to grow high quality oil palm under contract farming in south Gujarat region
by providing imported tissue culture plants and farming technology to the contract farmers.
Pepsi India,Arvind
mills, Jojoba Oil
IndustriesLtd
• These are some companies who have approached the govt. and shown keen interest in
doing research and contract farming in Agro-products in Gujarat under their backward
integration projects.
CONTRACT FARMING: Examples
Source: Company reports, Assorted articles, TechSciResearch
Note: PMG - Plastic Mulch Groundnut
• Contract farming agreement
with farmers in Punjab
• PMG technology sourced from
china
Pepsi Co
• Company supported farmersin
R&D and other farm activities
• Farmer started to grow two
crops in one year
Groundnut
• Yields increased to 3-4
tonnes per hectare, much
above national average of 1
tonnes per hectare
Model extended
to other states
• Created procurement centers to
procure Barley in Rajasthan
SAB Miller
• Provide higher-quality certified
seeds and training to 5,600
farmers in Rajasthan
Barley
• Increase in yields from 1.9
tons a hectare to 3.8 tonnes
a hectare within the space of
one year
Others followed
the model
Exchange rates (FiscalYear)
EXCHANGE RATES
Exchange rates (CalendarYear)
Year INR equivalent of one USD
2004–05 44.81
2005–06 44.14
2006–07 45.14
2007–08 40.27
2008–09 46.14
2009–10 47.42
2010–11 45.62
2011–12 46.88
2012–13 54.31
2013–14 60.28
2014-15 61.06
2015-16 65.46
2016-17 (E) 66.95
Year INR equivalent of one USD
2005 43.98
2006 45.18
2007 41.34
2008 43.62
2009 48.42
2010 45.72
2011 46.85
2012 53.46
2013 58.44
2014 61.03
2015 64.15
2016 (Expected) 67.22
Source: Reserve bank of India,
Average for the year

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Agri input marketing AIM

  • 2. 2nd largest agricultural land  At 157.35 million hectares, India holds the second largest agricultural land in the world Favourable climatic conditions  With 20 agri-climatic regions, all 15 major climates in the world exist in India. The country also possesses 46 of the 60 soil types in the world Record productionof food grains  In FY2015, total food grain production in India was recorded at 252.68 million tonnes, which increased to 253.16 million tonnes in FY16. Largest producer of major agricultural and horticulture crops  India is the largest producer of spices, pulses, milk, tea, cashew and jute; and the second largest producer of wheat, rice, fruits & vegetables, sugarcane, cotton andoilseeds Source: Ministry of Agriculture , Government of India, TechSciResearch Increasingfarm mechanisation  India is one of the largest manufacturers of farm equipment such as tractors, harvesters and tillers. India accounts for nearly one-third of the overall tractor production, globally, with the tractor production in the country estimated to increase from 0.57 million units in FY16 and reach to 16 million units by 2030. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • 3. 5 Growing demand ADVANTAGE Source: Ministry of Agriculture, World Bank, FAOSTAT, TechSci Research Attractive opportunities • Increasing demand for agriculturalinputs such as hybrid seeds and fertilizers. • Promising opportunities in storage facilities; potential storage capacity expansion of 35 million tonnes under the 12th Five Year Plan Competitive advantages • High proportion of agriculturalland (157 million hectares) • Leading producer of spices, jute, pulses; second-largest producer of wheat, paddy, fruits and vegetables FY2016 Food grain production: 253.16 million tonnes 2020-21 Food grain production: 280.6 million tonnes Advantage India Robust demand • A large population is the key driver of demand for agricultural products • Rising urban and rural incomes have also aided demand growth • External demand has also been growing especially from key markets like the Middle East Policy support • Schemes like Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) helps in developing organic clusters and make available chemical free inputs to farmers. • Other steps include PradhanmantriGram Sinchai Yojana that ensures improved access to irrigation; creation of an unified national agricultural market which would help boost the incomes of farmers • 100 per cent FDI under automatic routefor development of seeds
  • 4. EVOLUTION OF AGRICULTURE IN INDIA Source: Ministry of External Affairs, RBI, Ministry of Agriculture, TechSci Research Notes: MT - Metric Tonnes, P. A. - Per Annum • Stagnation in agriculture • Low growth in crop and grain production (0.4 and 0.1 per cent p.a.) • Food grain production of 59.2 MT in 1952– 53, with a yield of 579.8 kg/ha • Pioneering work of agricultural scientists and efforts of farmers led to Green Revolution • High Yield Variety (HYV) of seeds, increased use of fertilizers and irrigation resulted in a significant spike inproduction • Attained food security and reduced import of food grains • Expanding cereal production • Economic reforms introduced; greater encouragement to exports • Surplus of production of agricultural commodities over domestic demand • India emerges as a net exporter of agricultural products • Increase in population and strong income growth • 50 per cent increase in seed subsidy • Additional financial assistance for horticulture crops • Schemes like Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana that accords high priority to water security • Creation of Price Stabilization Fund (PSF) by the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation as a price control measure to dampen the impact on consumers • Allocation of USD830 million for the development of micro irrigation, watershed and Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana • The Indian agricultural services and agricultural machinery have cumulatively attracted USD2,278.30 million from April 2000 to March 2016 1950s 1960-80 1980-2000 2000 onwards
  • 5. SCHEMES INITIATED BY THE GOVERNMENT Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) • Under the scheme, allocation of USD7.64 billion has been made for investment in irrigation, expanding cultivable area, improve efficiency of on-farm water to reduce wastage, enhance adoption of precision irrigation, etc. • Governments of, majorly, all the states are funding agriculture sector and taking appropriate measures to achieve the targeted growth rate and address the issues being faced by farmers. Paramparagat Krishi VikasYojana (PKVY) • This scheme ensures the promotion of organic farming • Adoption of farming will promote the balanced use of chemical fertilizers and enhance the quality of farmproduce Agricultural TechnologyManagement Agency (ATMA) • This technique facilitates retrieval of data and data entry from the internet based web portals without actually having internet by using a simple mobile phone. Small Farmers AgribusinessConsortium (SFAC) • Focused on creating wider linkages for FPOs to reduce transaction costs, improve access to technology and services and ultimately link them to better market opportunities for higherreturns. • An ICT backed platform has been provided that would electronically network all the FPOs in the country and leverage their collective bargaining power. Source: Deptt. of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, FAOSTAT, TechSci Research
  • 6. KEY AGRICULTURAL STATES & THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS Source: Department of Agriculture& Cooperation, Notes: All figures as of2015, 1 - Projected for 2014 - 15 Karnataka – largest producer of Sunflower seed, Maize, Ragi, Coffee and Cardamom West Bengal –largest producer of rice (15.80 million tonnes) Uttar Pradesh – largest producer of wheat (30.00 million tonnes) Gujarat – largest producer of cotton (12.5 million tonnes1) Madhya Pradesh – largest producer of soybean, pulses,Linseed Punjab & Haryana were the key states of green revolution. Punjab is one of the largest producers of foodgrains Assam - largest producer of tea Maharashtra – largest producer of Jowar, Tobacco and Safflower
  • 7. GROWTH DRIVERS OF INDIAN AGRICULTURE Growth drivers Demand-side drivers Policy support Supply-side drivers  Hybrid and genetically modified seeds  Mechanisation  Irrigational facilities  Green Revolution in Eastern India  Growing institutional credit  Increasing MSP  Introduction of new schemes like Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, Pradhanmantri Gram Sinchai Yojana, Sansad Adarsh GramYojana  Opening up of exports of wheat and rice  Population and income growth  Increasing exports  Favourable demographics Note: MSP - Minimum Support Price
  • 8. FAVOURABLE POLICIES ARE SUPPORTING THE SECTOR GROWTH …(1/2) Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) • This scheme ensures the promotion of organic farming. USD45.83 million has been allocated for the scheme during the year 2015-16. • Adoption of farming will promote the balanced use of chemical fertilizers and enhance the quality of farm produce Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) • 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is allowed under automatic route in storage and ware housing including cold storages • FDI policy for agriculture was amended to allow 100 per cent FDI under automatic route for development of seeds Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) • The scheme ensures access to the means of irrigation to all agricultural farms in the country to produce ‘per drop more crop’, thus bringing much desired ruralprosperity • To increase agricultural production and productivity by increasing availability of water and its efficient use. Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Union Budget, TechSciResearch Note: RKVY - Rashtriya Krishi VikasYojana
  • 9. FAVOURABLE POLICIES ARE SUPPORTING THE SECTOR GROWTH …(2/2) Pulses Production • Government has allocated USD76.38 million to lift the production of pulses under National Food Security Mission (NFSM). The government would increase cover for about 622 districts under the initiative in FY17 Support through Initiatives • Under MNREGA, government is planning to create 1 million compost pits for organic manure. Regional Rural Bank Credit Refinance Fund • The government plans to set up a Regional Rural Bank Credit Refinance Fund with a capital of USD2.1 billion to enhance the capacity of RRBs to disburse short term crop loans to small and marginal farmers • In FY17, the government raised the budget allocation for agriculture sector to USD137.5 billion. Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil palm and Maize (ISOPOM) • ISOPOM scheme was launched in 2004 to provide flexibility and promote crop diversification; under ISOPOM, states can utilise the allotted funds to develop a crop of their choice Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Union Budget, TechSciResearch Notes: RRB – Regional Rural Bank, ISOPOM - Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil palm and Maize MNREGA - Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act PMGSY - Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
  • 10. HIGHLIGHTS OF THE BUDGET 2016 -17 Agriculture GVA • Central Statistics Office (CSO) estimates the share of agriculture and allied sector comprising of agriculture, livestock, forestry & fishery was almost 15.35 per cent of the Gross Value Added (GVA) during FY16. Food grain production reached 253.16MMT • Food grain production reached 253.16 million tonnes in 2015-16, in comparison with 252.68 million tonnes in 2014-15, which is projected to further increase to 280.6 million tonnes by 2020-21. • MSP for every agriculture produce increased significantly Agricultural center for excellence • Announcement of plans to establish centers of excellence in agriculture in Assam and Jharkhand, agriculture universities in Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan, and horticulture universities in Telangana and Haryana. Agricultural exports estimated to increase Source: Union Budget, Ministry of Agriculture, TechSciResearch NABARD - National Bank for Agriculture and RuralDevelopment • Agriculture exports from India, during FY16 reached to USD32.08 billion. • The export of agricultural products is likely to cross USD45 billion by 2019 – 20.
  • 11. OPPORTUNITIES Agricultural inputs • Limited arable land against growing population makes agricultural inputscrucial • Huge opportunity exists for agri input segments like seeds and plant growth nutrients • In India, commercial seeds only account for minor percentage(25 per cent) and huge demand is expected for quality branded seeds Logistics • The 12th Five Year Plan estimated a potential storage capacity expansion of 35 million tonnes • Cold storage capacity needs to grow rapidly from the current level of 24 million tonnes • Private warehouse operators are supported by multiple income streams, subsidy and available of credit • It is expected that 4 per cent growth in the food grain storage capacity would restructure agricultural sector over the next few years Source: Ministry of Agriculture, TechSciResearch Farm management services • New agri business, which provides inputs such as seeds, fertilizers along with providing advice and training farmers on latest agricultural practices • Provides assistance to sell products at appropriateprices
  • 12. INITIATIVES THAT WILL FURTHER PROP UP THESECTOR Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) • Cumulative FDI from April 2000 to March 2016 in agriculture services was USD1,844.31 million, whereas in agricultural machinery was USD434 million. Source: Ministry of Agriculture, DIPP, TechSciResearch Upto October, 2016 MOUs/ Agreements • MOUs/Agreements has been signed with 52 countries • Number of partnerships with other countries have reached63 • Provides better agricultural facilities in areas such as R & D, capacity building, germ – plasm exchange, post – harvest management, value addition/food processing, plant protection, animal husbandry, dairy and fisheries • Helps in improving bilateral ties as well
  • 13. CONTRACT FARMING: CHANGING THE FARM DYNAMICS Regular and timely payments to farmers and credit facilities Reduces the price risk fluctuations and saves land investments for companies Lesser logistics cost for both, farmers and companies Stable and steady supply of quality farm output for companies Foreign companies practicing contract farming in India Company State Crop Cargill India Pvt Ltd Madhya Pradesh Wheat, Maize and Soya bean Hindustan Lever Ltd Madhya Pradesh Wheat ITC -IBD Madhya Pradesh Soybean Appachi Tamil Nadu Cotton Nestle India Ltd Punjab Milk Pepsi Foods Pvt Ltd Punjab, TN Chillies, Groundnut, Seaweed, Tomato and Basmati Rice Source: Company reports, Assorted articles, TechSciResearch Contract Farming in India The Government of India‘s National Agriculture Policy envisages that “Private sector participation will be promoted through contract farming and land leasing arrangements to allow accelerated technology transfer, capital inflow and assured market for crop production especially of oilseeds, cotton and horticultural crops” Companies provide R&D and agricultural implements to farmers
  • 14. Source: Company reports, Assorted articles, TechSciResearch At present among successful contract farming practices undertaken in Gujarat: Agrocell Corporation Ltd. • It is doing contract farming of organic cotton and sesame seeds covering about 5000 acres in Kutch and Surendranagar district of Gujarat since last 8 years. • The farmers get 7-8 per cent more price than ordinary cotton in current market and concession in certain services from thecompany. Atreyas Agro Organic Pvt. Ltd. • Plans to grow Jetrophs Curcas by contract farming. They have target of covering more than 50,000 acres of irrigated & non-irrigated land ofGujarat. Godrej Agrovat Ltd. • Is also planning to grow high quality oil palm under contract farming in south Gujarat region by providing imported tissue culture plants and farming technology to the contract farmers. Pepsi India,Arvind mills, Jojoba Oil IndustriesLtd • These are some companies who have approached the govt. and shown keen interest in doing research and contract farming in Agro-products in Gujarat under their backward integration projects.
  • 15. CONTRACT FARMING: Examples Source: Company reports, Assorted articles, TechSciResearch Note: PMG - Plastic Mulch Groundnut • Contract farming agreement with farmers in Punjab • PMG technology sourced from china Pepsi Co • Company supported farmersin R&D and other farm activities • Farmer started to grow two crops in one year Groundnut • Yields increased to 3-4 tonnes per hectare, much above national average of 1 tonnes per hectare Model extended to other states • Created procurement centers to procure Barley in Rajasthan SAB Miller • Provide higher-quality certified seeds and training to 5,600 farmers in Rajasthan Barley • Increase in yields from 1.9 tons a hectare to 3.8 tonnes a hectare within the space of one year Others followed the model
  • 16. Exchange rates (FiscalYear) EXCHANGE RATES Exchange rates (CalendarYear) Year INR equivalent of one USD 2004–05 44.81 2005–06 44.14 2006–07 45.14 2007–08 40.27 2008–09 46.14 2009–10 47.42 2010–11 45.62 2011–12 46.88 2012–13 54.31 2013–14 60.28 2014-15 61.06 2015-16 65.46 2016-17 (E) 66.95 Year INR equivalent of one USD 2005 43.98 2006 45.18 2007 41.34 2008 43.62 2009 48.42 2010 45.72 2011 46.85 2012 53.46 2013 58.44 2014 61.03 2015 64.15 2016 (Expected) 67.22 Source: Reserve bank of India, Average for the year