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An introduction to the novel pamela

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  2. 2. RICHARDSON’S PAMELA  Pamela or Virtue Rewarded is an epistolary novel written by Samuel Richardson.  First published in 1740.  A bestseller of its time.  Tells about the story of a 15 year old maidservant named Pamela.  Richardson first began writing Pamela as a conduct book. Then later he decided to write in a different genre.  Most novels of mid 18’s and 19’s, followed Richardson's ability to teach as well as amuse.
  3. 3. PAMELA AS AN EPISTOLARY NOVEL  Novels written as series of letters.  Extremely popular during the 18th century, mainly because of Richardson's Pamela .  Novelists of the time argued that the letters allow the reader greater access to a character’s thoughts.  Richardson claimed that he was writing ‘to the moment”:that is, Pamela's thoughts were recorded nearly simultaneously with his action.  The novel was an experiment, but it allowed Richardson to create a complex heroine.
  4. 4.  In the novel, Pamela writes two kinds of letters.  At the beginning, when she stay at Mr. B’s house after the death of his mother. She tells her parents about her various dilemmas and ask for their advise.  After that Mr. B abducts her and imprisoned her in his country house.  The second parts of letters are written from there.  Pamela doesn’t know that whether her parents received her letters.  The writings are also considered a diary.
  5. 5. PLOT OF PAMELA The fifteen year old Pamela Andrews works as a servant in wealthy household under Mrs. B. Mrs. B is very impressed by Pamela's modesty, her natural grace and her keen perception. So that Mrs. B tries to raise her mannerly. The novel starts after Mrs. B’s death, this is learned by the reader in the first letter. Mrs.B has entrusted Pamela in her son’s, Mr.B, care, but instead of taking care of Pamela, he tries to seduce her. Mr. B tries to take advantage o her dependence, unscrupulously. Pamela's parents give her advise to leave the household and to return to her parents’ house. when Pamela tries to leave, Mr.B kidnaps her and locks her up in one of his estates, which is monitored by Mrs. jewkes and monsieur colbrand. Mr.B tries to seduce her with all his power, but Pamela always finds ways f escaping his attempts of seduction. Often Pamela fakes to faint in order to escape Mr. B.
  6. 6. PLOT CONT’D Pamela was not allowed to write letters to her parents, so she starts writing a diary that mirrors her experiences with Mr.B. when, at some point Mr. B discovers Pamela's diary and he is suddenly overwhelmed of Pamela's virtue and truthfulness. He feels a high level of remorse and gives her a chance to escape from his capture and develops true love for Pamela. He romances her until she admits herself to love Mr. .B as well ,and she agrees to marry him. In the end Pamela's virtue is rewarded.
  7. 7. REALISTIC ELEMENTS  Richardson put an end to the romance of fancy and shifted towards realism.  Pamela being the first notable novel of sentimental analysis, heralded the advent of everyday manners and common people to artistic acceptance.  Richardson stirred the readers emotions, and gave definite satisfaction to their latent thirst for sentiment.  He presented the readers with living, actual, flesh and heroes and heroines; and responded to their liking for reality and substance in fiction; re-imparted a moral lesson.  Thus the reader can found himself one with the rising reaction against the sceptical levity of the preceding age.
  8. 8.  Richardson's novels are filled with a spirit of bourgeois criticism of the privileges and the corruption of the great, and, at the same time, they are flavoured with the essence snobbishness.  The impatient self-assertion of the middle class, and its quiet setting down into conservative grooves of feeling; are foreshadowed.  Pamela is an illustration of the Christian equality of souls, quite in keeping with the wide spread modern tendency to exact a sentimental, theoretical democracy.  On the other hand ,an involuntary subservience to the intrinsic dignity of rank and richness.  Religion and moral thoughts of the age was well depicted in the novel.
  9. 9. CHARACTER OF PAMELA  The courage of Pamela to reject her masters attempts of seduction and her eventual success strengthened the role of womanhood.  Pamela’s character is a devote of god, which often makes her seem vain, manipulative, selfish and hypocritical to others but it is her virtuous behavior that ultimately redeems her…  In the first edition Pamela's diction is that of a lower-class maid, but in later editions Richardson made her more linguistically middle-class by removing the lower-class idioms from her speech.  In this way, Richardson made her marriage to Mr. B less scandalous as she appeared to be more his equal in
  10. 10. VIRTUE AND MORALITY  Richardson wanted to teach as well as to entertain with his novel Pamela.  His main target group was the young generation of both sexes and had the intention to illuminate certain behavioral reactions.  By raising the topics such as religion, virtue, morality, he expected the young readership to keep those values alive.  In the novel he creates the character of a virtuous young women who is blessed with intelligence, natural beauty and innocence.  Pamela impresses her master with honesty and a behavior which was not associate with her low social status in the 18th century.
  11. 11.  Morality and religion play an important role in the novel. This is shown by the way Pamela continually refuses to be the mistress of her master, Mr. B. He, again and again, attempts to seduce her.  The majority of the readers were young women who were fascinated and inspired by Richardson's way of showing that morality, religion and virtue lead to a good life.  The success of Pamela over aristocratic man puts gender and social roles into question.  The story of Pamela shows and wants to highlights that barriers can be broken.  The novel put the class, social rules and gender into question by asserting that domestic order can be determined not only by socio-economic status but also by moral qualities of mind.
  12. 12. THE SUBTITLE : VIRTUE REWARDED  Virtue rewarded is a typical substantial eighteenth century sub-title . In the novel the virtue is tied to reward.  The novel is history of a serving maid who, after the death of her mistress, withstands the blandishments and coercions of the rakish young aristocratic heir and, by steadfastly preserving her virginity, foils his seduction schemes by gaining him in marriage ,to live happily and somewhat self-righteously ever after.  Richardson gave much importance to the value of social status and in doing so he placed a significant meaning to the sub-title ‘virtue Rewarded’.  Pamela preserved her chastity and thus she was rewarded .
  13. 13. MORAL INTEGRITY OF PAMELA  Novel depicts the individual struggling of Pamela to balance the demands on her integrity.  she must either compromise her own sense of right or offend her master, who deserves her obedience.  The highly conscientious servant and devout Christian must work scrupulously to defy her master’s will only to the degree that it is necessary to prevent her virtue; to do any less would be irreligious, while to do any more would be audacity.  The successful balance of these conflicting claims represents the greatest expression of Pamela's personal