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Classification of animals

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Classification of animals

  1. 1. SCIENCE PROJECTS : 1. animals characteristics 2. viviparous/oviparous 3. parts of animals 4. pictures of animals DEADLINE: 2.12.2014
  2. 2. Dogs and horses live with us They are DOMESTIC ANIMALS
  3. 3. Other animals live in the wild Dolphins and lions are WILD ANIMALS
  4. 4. Where do animals live? On the land In the sea Snakes Prawns Deers Fish
  5. 5. CARNIVORES are animals that eat meat. Tigers Eagles Dogs
  6. 6. HERVIBORES are animals that eat plants. Squirrels Cows Sheeps
  7. 7. Carnivores • A carnivore is an animal that eats meat.
  8. 8. Herbivores • An herbivore is an animal that eats plants
  9. 9. Omnivores • An omnivore is an animal that eats meat AND plants
  10. 10. Vertebrates are animals with backbones. Invertebrates are animals without backbones.
  11. 11. Which of these animals have a skeleton?
  12. 12. Animals that have a spinal column and a skeleton are called vertebrates
  13. 13. Animals that do not have internal skeleton are called invertebrates
  14. 14. How many types of animals are there? There are two types of animals Vertebrates Invertebrates
  15. 15. Vertebrates •A vertebrate is an animal that has a backbone (spinal column).
  16. 16. A fish is a vertebrate because it has a spinal column.
  17. 17. Invertebrates • An invertebrate is an animal that does not have a backbone (spinal column). Banana Slug
  18. 18. A starfish is an invertabrate
  19. 19. Invertebrates Butterfly Dragonfly Scorpion
  20. 20. An earthworm is an invertebrate
  21. 21. Invertebrate This is the one of the most poinsonous animals in the world. This is a BOX JELLYFISH. It is an invertabrate because it does not have any bones.
  22. 22. Vertebrates are classified into groups: • Mammals • Fish • Birds • Amphibians • Reptiles
  23. 23. 1.1. MammalsMammals • Mammals are warm-bloodedwarm-blooded • They have fur or hairfur or hair all over their body • They are viviparousviviparous – Babies come from the mother´s womb, and drink the mother´s milk
  24. 24. ____________ ____ ____ __ ___MammalsMammals have hair or fur Even mammals that swim under the water (like dolphins and whales) have hair.
  25. 25. Mammals are born from the mother’s womb, and drink the mother´s milk. Most mammal babies live inside their mothers before they are born, just like humans. All mammals drink milk that comes from their mothers' bodies. Baby pigs, dolphins, bats and elephants all drink milk!
  26. 26. The only mammal that can fly is a… Bat Even though the bat can fly like a bird, it is a mammal. It has hair, it is warm-blooded, and it is viviparous.
  27. 27. This mammal is the Blue Whale. It is the largest animal in the world. It can grow to be 100 feet long and weight up to 150 tons! Blue whales eat tiny shrimp- like creatures called krill.
  28. 28. 2. Reptiles2. Reptiles • Reptiles are cold-cold- bloodedblooded • Their bodies are covered in dry scalesscales • They are oviparou – The mother lays eggs, and when the eggs hatch, the babies are born.
  29. 29. Reptiles are oviparousoviparous Oviparous animals produce eggs that hatch outside the body. Amphibians, birds, most insects, fish, and reptiles are oviparous. Fish Eggs Baby Snakes Hatching from Eggs Baby Turtle
  30. 30. An iguana is a reptile • It has scales and is cold-blooded Look at the iguana’s claws
  31. 31. This snake is a reptile Look at the snakes green scales
  32. 32. Insects are invertebrates. They are born from eggs. They are oviparous. They have 6 legs, wings and antennae.
  33. 33. InsectsInsects •Insects have a hard outer coat, called an exoskeleton, that protects their soft insides •They are invertebrates because they do not have bones in their bodies •They have six legs •They have antenna Grasshopper Butterfly Ant Bee
  34. 34. The biggest insect in the world is theThe biggest insect in the world is the Aceton Beetle from South AmericaAceton Beetle from South America
  35. 35. AmphibiansAmphibians • Include frogs and salamanders. • All amphibians are cold-blooded • Amphibians live part of their life in water and part on land.
  36. 36. This is a salamander. It is an amphibian.
  37. 37. Fins Scales Tail Gills Mouth
  38. 38. Do you remember the classification of animals?
  39. 39. Can you classify these animals? Frog Parrot Crocodile Cheetah Worm Jelly fish
  40. 40. M M A S A M L »They have fur »They breathe with lungs »They have four legs except for aquatic mammals »They are viviparous
  41. 41. F i s h »They have scales »They breathe with their gills »They have fins and tails »They are oviparous
  42. 42. BIRDS • They have feathers, legs and wings • They breathe with lungs •They have aerodynamic bodies •They are oviparous
  43. 43. AMPHIBIANS • They have thin, smooth skin •When they are yougrow lungs • They have four legs •They are oviparous
  44. 44. •They have hard scales •They breathe with lungs •They have legs (not all) •They are oviparous REPTILES
  45. 45. Invertebrates are classified into groups: • Echinoderms •Molluscs • Sponges •Worms • Coelenterates •Arthropods
  46. 46. ECHINODERMS AND SPONGES • They have radial symmetry • They live in the sea • They not have symmetry body • They live in the sea
  47. 47. COELENTERATES • They have tentacles •They have radial symmetry •They are transparent and float in water MOLLUCS •They have external shell • They breathe through gills
  48. 48. Worms and arthropods • The worms have enlogated body And they not have extremities • The arthropods have a exoskeleton And they have articulates extremities
  49. 49. How many invertebrates can you see?
  50. 50. What is the missing group of invertebrates? Coelenterates Echinoderms Worms Sponges
  51. 51. Who is who? Mammals Warms Reptiles Sponges Arthropods
  52. 52. How do animals communicate? • By using their scent • By making different gestures and movements – The gorilla pounds his chest with his fists when it is angry – The wolf shows its fangs to show dominance • By making different sounds This dog is marking his territory
  53. 53. How do animals communicate affectionaffection? These giraffes are rubbing their necks together These cats are nuzzling each other.
  54. 54. The EndThe End