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Libraries in Developing Countries Catherine Baird Becky Jansen Co-Chairs of Operations Librarians Without Borders July 18,...
Agenda <ul><li>Inception and History of Librarians Without Borders (LWB) </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li...
Inception of LWB <ul><li>December 2004  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded by a group of LIS students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
LWB Values <ul><li>Role of Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual freedom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal access to...
History of LWB <ul><li>February 2005  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LWB officially began </li></ul></ul><ul><li>September 2005 </l...
History of LWB <ul><li>January – April 2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began planning for Sponsor-a-Book Campaign (SaB) </li></...
Top 5 Issues <ul><li>What do you think the top 5 issues are that libraries in developing countries face? </li></ul><ul><ul...
Group Activity <ul><li>8 groups of 5 or 6 people </li></ul><ul><li>Read assigned article individually </li></ul><ul><li>An...
What to Read?? <ul><li>Brief Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole Article </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indigenous Knowledge...
LWB Experiences <ul><li>Our first Sponsor-a-Book (SaB) project </li></ul><ul><li>SaB Campaign challenges </li></ul><ul><li...
Sponsor-a-Book Campaign <ul><li>Location – Huambo, Angola </li></ul><ul><li>Raise funds for Portuguese language medical re...
Angola - Located in Southern Africa <ul><li>Bordered on West by South Atlantic Ocean, on North by Democratic Republic of t...
Angola Fast Facts <ul><li>Independence from Portugal in 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>27 year civil war ended in 2002 </li></ul><...
Campaign Challenges <ul><li>Health Resources needed  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Our goal – place material in central location <...
Communication in Huambo <ul><li>Internet access in Huambo is minimal </li></ul><ul><li>Phones don’t always work </li></ul>...
Collection Development <ul><li>Goal is an Angola-centric collection </li></ul><ul><li>Original booklist from Dean of Nursi...
Solutions? <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using other networks </li></ul>...
CODE <ul><li>Canadian charitable organization  </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1959  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteers in a To...
How? <ul><li>Current focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>assist in the development of primary-school libraries for local children ...
<ul><li>Pictures courtesy of Yvonne Appiah, Executive Director of CODE </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.codecan.org/ </li></ul>
 
Camel Library - Kenya
 
 
 
 
What we learned from CODE <ul><li>Importance of local traditions/languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Any book is  not  bette...
Should we use Blue Trunk? <ul><li>Developed by World Health Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Up to date  relevant  medical a...
Should we use Blue Trunk? <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ready to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers a wide r...
Questions?
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Libraries in Developing Countries

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Librarians Without Borders workshop in LIS 501, Perspectives on Information Science, University of Western Ontario, 2006

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Libraries in Developing Countries

  1. 1. Libraries in Developing Countries Catherine Baird Becky Jansen Co-Chairs of Operations Librarians Without Borders July 18, 2006
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Inception and History of Librarians Without Borders (LWB) </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Group Work </li></ul><ul><li>LWB Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Inception of LWB <ul><li>December 2004 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded by a group of LIS students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for books and information in Angola </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To improve access to information resources regardless of language, geography, or religion, by forming partnerships with community organizations in developing regions </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. LWB Values <ul><li>Role of Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual freedom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal access to information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Access to Information/Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>supporting learning and literacy, reducing poverty, empowering citizens, and building strong communities. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embrace Diversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work in cultural context with appropriate languages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul>
  5. 5. History of LWB <ul><li>February 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LWB officially began </li></ul></ul><ul><li>September 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Launch party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>October 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LWB incorporated as a non-profit organization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fall 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundraising Activities </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. History of LWB <ul><li>January – April 2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began planning for Sponsor-a-Book Campaign (SaB) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raise $ to purchase Portuguese language medical books for post-secondary education in Angola </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>May 2006 – Present </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning for SaB on hold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charitable Status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of Board of Directors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moving from Student based to Professional Based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Always contemplating issues that face libraries in developing countries </li></ul>
  7. 7. Top 5 Issues <ul><li>What do you think the top 5 issues are that libraries in developing countries face? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small Groups </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Group Activity <ul><li>8 groups of 5 or 6 people </li></ul><ul><li>Read assigned article individually </li></ul><ul><li>Answer questions with your group </li></ul><ul><li>Record answers on overhead </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to give 30 second summary of article </li></ul>
  9. 9. What to Read?? <ul><li>Brief Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole Article </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indigenous Knowledge for Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pp. 375-377 (stop before “system architecture”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>p. 381-382 (just the conclusion) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Books and Education in Subsaharan Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pp. 13-16 (stop before “education in the Subsaharan Africa”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>p. 17 (just the conclusion) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Library system in India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pp. 180-182 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>p. 185 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>p. 189-190 (just the conclusion) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. LWB Experiences <ul><li>Our first Sponsor-a-Book (SaB) project </li></ul><ul><li>SaB Campaign challenges </li></ul><ul><li>What we learned from CODE </li></ul><ul><li>Should we use Blue Trunk? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sponsor-a-Book Campaign <ul><li>Location – Huambo, Angola </li></ul><ul><li>Raise funds for Portuguese language medical resources for post-secondary nursing/medical programs </li></ul>
  12. 12. Angola - Located in Southern Africa <ul><li>Bordered on West by South Atlantic Ocean, on North by Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the East by Zambia and on the South by Namibia. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Angola Fast Facts <ul><li>Independence from Portugal in 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>27 year civil war ended in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 12,127,071 (July 2006 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Capital: Luanda -- 2 nd largest City: Huambo </li></ul><ul><li>Official language: Portuguese </li></ul><ul><li>Many traditional languages still spoken including Umbundu, Kimbundu and Kikongo </li></ul><ul><li>66.8% of the population (over 15) can read and write (82.1% of men & 53.8 % of women) </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: Traditional beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% </li></ul>
  14. 14. Campaign Challenges <ul><li>Health Resources needed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Our goal – place material in central location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessible to students and health practitioners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plans to restart the medical school in Huambo </li></ul><ul><li>2 nursing schools in Huambo (basic & intermediate) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 closed in past 6 months </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project on hold – charitable status </li></ul>
  15. 15. Communication in Huambo <ul><li>Internet access in Huambo is minimal </li></ul><ul><li>Phones don’t always work </li></ul><ul><li>Letter mail is VERY slow and unreliable </li></ul><ul><li>Project liaison was in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural differences in communication styles </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese vs. English </li></ul>
  16. 16. Collection Development <ul><li>Goal is an Angola-centric collection </li></ul><ul><li>Original booklist from Dean of Nursing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>outdated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Language barriers </li></ul>
  17. 17. Solutions? <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using other networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning about culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collection Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portuguese publishers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sent booklist to Angola in May 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidance from other organizations </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. CODE <ul><li>Canadian charitable organization </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1959 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteers in a Toronto basement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Currently based in Ottawa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$9.4 million budget (2004-2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Promotes education and literacy in 13 local organizations in nine countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guyana, Senegal, Mali, Ghana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. How? <ul><li>Current focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>assist in the development of primary-school libraries for local children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral traditions incorporated into material </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Children’s Book Project ( Tanzania, 1991) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>training local writers, printers, illustrators and booksellers to produce and distribute books and magazines in local languages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CBP has reached over 7,000 schools in Tanzania and supported the publishing of over 500 local language books in several countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Skills Development in Teaching/Librarianship </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Pictures courtesy of Yvonne Appiah, Executive Director of CODE </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.codecan.org/ </li></ul>
  21. 22. Camel Library - Kenya
  22. 27. What we learned from CODE <ul><li>Importance of local traditions/languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Any book is not better than no book’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partnerships – must be equally committed </li></ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul>
  23. 28. Should we use Blue Trunk? <ul><li>Developed by World Health Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Up to date relevant medical and health information primarily for health care providers </li></ul><ul><li>Trunks in French, English, Portugese (2006) </li></ul>
  24. 29. Should we use Blue Trunk? <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ready to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers a wide range of topics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For health care providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily Brazilian publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No training </li></ul></ul>
  25. 30. Questions?

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