Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

How to do a literature search

1.102 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

Before you can contribute to the academic dialogue, you need to have a sound grasp of your topic and its context. This session will give you strategies for finding and evaluating published literature so you can get a 'big picture' view of your topic.

Veröffentlicht in: Bildung, Technologie
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

How to do a literature search

  1. 1. How to do a literature search Emma Coonan Research Skills Librarian, Cambridge University Library
  2. 2. What is it? <ul><li>Searching for (chiefly) published work about a topic of your choice </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming to get a sound grasp of your topic and its context </li></ul><ul><li>Joining the academic dialogue </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is it? <ul><li>“ A detailed and organised, step by step search for all the material available on a topic.” </li></ul>www.rgu.ac.uk/library/howto/page.cfm?pge=25989
  4. 4. Unknown unknowns <ul><li>“ There are known knowns . These are things we know that we know. There are known unknowns . That is to say, there are things that we now know we don’t know. But there are also unknown unknowns . These are things we do not know we don’t know.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1. Where to look </li></ul>
  6. 6. Your research sources: 1 <ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>LibrarySearch </li></ul><ul><li>Journals </li></ul><ul><li>LibrarySearch </li></ul><ul><li>ejournals@cambridge </li></ul>
  7. 7. Librarians catalogue the name of the ‘container’: the title of an edited book - not the book chapter the journal title - not the article Search for what’s on the spine
  8. 8. Journals and journal articles Journal titles are notoriously tricky! Is it called - Journal of … Journal of the … Journal for … International journal of …
  9. 9. <ul><li>Networking from a known item (‘pearl growing’) </li></ul><ul><li>Categories and facets </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords </li></ul><ul><li>search.lib.cam.ac.uk </li></ul>Known unknowns: strategies
  10. 10. Your research sources: 2 <ul><li>Journal articles </li></ul><ul><li>Book chapters </li></ul><ul><li>Conference papers </li></ul><ul><li>Festschriften contributions </li></ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Patents </li></ul><ul><li>? </li></ul>Where can I find … Not in the library catalogue!
  11. 11. What’s a citation database? <ul><li>Citation database = article search engine </li></ul><ul><li>Began as online indexes of journal articles </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded to contain other document types </li></ul><ul><li>May offer full-text links </li></ul><ul><li>Not comprehensive </li></ul>
  12. 12. Library catalogue
  13. 13. Citation database
  14. 14. Text archive vs. citation database <ul><li>JSTOR </li></ul><ul><li>contains about 1,750 journals (March 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>full-text articles: c. 2m </li></ul><ul><li>Scopus </li></ul><ul><li>indexes over 16,500 journals </li></ul><ul><li>article citations: c. 38m </li></ul><ul><li>Still not comprehensive! </li></ul>
  15. 15. Text archive vs. citation database
  16. 16. 2. How to look
  17. 17. Translating your topic into keywords <ul><li>Napoleon or Nelson (either name) </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon and Nelson (both names) </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon not brandy (excluded word) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Napoleon Bonaparte ” (as a phrase) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Boolean searching
  19. 19. What’s in a name? <ul><li>Trafalgar = </li></ul><ul><li>(naval or sea or maritime or marine …) </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>(battle or conflict or combat or action …) </li></ul>
  20. 20. ? and * (wildcard and truncation) <ul><li>? replaces a single character </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Wom?n ’ finds ‘woman’ or ‘women’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Globali?ation ’ finds British or American spelling </li></ul><ul><li>* replaces any number of characters (including zero) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Pig* ’ finds ‘pig’, ‘pigs’, ‘pigmy’, ‘pigment’ ... </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Transfer* ’ finds ‘transfer’, ‘transfers’, ‘transferable’, ‘transferability’ … </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>You want to search for material published from 2005 onwards on sustainable transport , with particular reference to cycling . </li></ul>Over to you … What search keywords and strategies would you use?
  22. 22. <ul><li>Try linking your keywords together in different ways and using truncation: </li></ul><ul><li>“ sustainable transport ” and cycl * </li></ul><ul><li>sustainable and transport and cycl * </li></ul><ul><li>sustainable and transport and * cycl * </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Your research topic is going to be cyberbullying among adolescents . </li></ul>Over to you … What potential search pitfalls can you see?
  24. 24. <ul><li>Think about synonyms and variations of your keywords: </li></ul><ul><li>“ cyberbullying” could also be spelt cyber-bullying , or might be referred to as online bullying </li></ul><ul><li>Synonyms for “adolescents” could include teenagers , young people , youth … </li></ul>Truncation tip: searching for you?? w ill find hits for both young and youth
  25. 25. <ul><li>3. When to look </li></ul>
  26. 26. When to look <ul><li>As part of your initial approach to the topic or research question </li></ul><ul><li>Periodically throughout your research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS and search alerts are very useful here </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As part of your final writing-up process </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Where do I start? </li></ul>
  28. 28. www.lib.cam.ac.uk/electronicresources
  29. 29. UL homepage – digital library
  30. 30. Research Skills Programme <ul><li>At www.lib.cam.ac.uk/courses/ you can … </li></ul><ul><li>Find our timetable of subject-based sessions </li></ul><ul><li>Book for hands-on information skills classes </li></ul><ul><li>Request one-to-one training </li></ul><ul><li>Download these slides and other handouts </li></ul><ul><li>… or e-mail [email_address] </li></ul>
  31. 31. Thanks for coming! <ul><li>Please let us know what you think … </li></ul>Hand in your completed evaluation forms at the Tea Room to receive a free cup of tea or coffee