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  1. LIANNE WU CONNECTIONSWATER SYSTEMS MIGRATION Physical Visual The Susquehanna River is the sixteenth largest river in America, and the largest river lying entirely in the United States that flows into the Atlantic Ocean.The river meanders 444 miles from its origin at Otsego Lake near Cooperstown, NewYork until it empties into the Chesapeake Bay at Havre de Grace, Maryland. The river has played an enormous role throughout the history of the United States. Before European conquest, the Susquhannock, an Iroquoian tribe lived along the river and gave the Susquehanna its name. Local legend claims that the name of the river comes from an Indian phrase meaning “mile wide, foot deep,” referring to the Susquehanna’s unusual dimensions, but while the word is Algonquian, it simply means “muddy current” or “winding current”. Revitalizing Harrisburg, PA the River 8
  2. Case Studies Penn’s Landing redevelopment FeasibilityStudy │philadelphia, pa This plan resulted in strategies for transportation systems, structural deck systems + the design concept for a world class 21st century urban park that will catalyze the realization of almost 2 million square feet of mixed use waterfront development + result in an overall economic benefit of $1.6 billion for the city. Dallas Connected Cities│dallas, tx This planning vision seeks to connect downtown Dallas,+ theTrinity River Corridor + to re-envision the zone between them as a vibrant new liner city. 1 2 3 COMMUNITY KEY FACTORS: Human Scale Comfortable Recreational PeopleWatching REGIONAL CITY KEY FACTORS: GrandViews Destination Aesthetic Mix of functional space KEY FACTORS: Sightseeing Historical Educational Natural Aesthetic 1 2 3 Community Parks Regional Parks City Parks Existing Green Space PARK SYSTEM DesignVision To create a network of green parks along the riverway, an interconnected system of public spaces that provides various areas from which to enjoy the river. Expanding street views to the river, educating the community on the river’s history and ecosystem and making the river a destination are key to this vision. Why Here There is existing green and vegetated areas that run down along the Susquehanna River, but it just acts as a buffer between the community and riverfront.The views are poor, spaces for recreation are sparse and potential is not being utilized. 9
  3. Bike Walk Passive • nature watching • Relaxing Active • ped way • observatory Gather • community • tourist Lawn Native trees Native River Plants Passive • people watching • Relaxing Recreation • sports • exercise Entertain • Vendors • performers Gather • community • tourist Walk (6) Existing walking path(4) Permeable paved path Native wetland plants (1) Raised native plants 3 21 4 5 6 Open lawn (2) Wooden linear bench (3) Raised lawn (5) Concrete bike path walk/run bike sit/relax 2 3 Analysis │Regional parks By figuring out the different programs that would exist in this type of park, I was able to design a typical standard for these Regional Parks. Having users interact with the natural surroundings, you cause them to be more aware of the inherent beauty of the river and appreciate the history of the site. 2 3 ECOLOGYPROGRAM PROGRAMPEDESTRIANMATERIALS VEGETATION Analysis │City parks By analyzing the major road viewsheds and potential views across the riverway, as well as various programmed spaces, I was able to design a standard for these parks that would cater to both the community and tourists. Accenting grand views to the river allows these parks to provide a relaxing and diverting space for people to enjoy. 10
  4. Designing for the Community Using the Pilot Study for Envision the Susquehanna as the basis for my design vision, I was able to pinpoint the types of parks I wanted to design and the specific functions they would serve the community.There was a desire to be educated about the history of the river, protecting the wildlife habitat, to provide spaces to simply observe and the enjoy the river from and to improve water quality. All of these factors are helping to inform my design process and design. Designing for Nature This overall design is meant to enhance the natural beauty of the river and bring out the historical and ecological importance of the river. By creating a healthy environment for both people and wildlife in these spaces, the public can truly appreciate the aesthetic and inherent value of the river. FloweringDogwood PermeablePath BigtoothAspen Lawn Boardwalk 11
  5. Regional Parks│Native plants are key to improving the natural environment and water quality of the river. Certain aquatic plants provide ideal habitat for a variety of fish, other aquatic species, and migratory birds, and these animals will help keep insect populations under control and reduce algae buildup; some have beautiful flowers at certain times of the year. Aquatic plants also form a vital part of the complex system of chemical cycling in a waterbody and can influence the oxygen supply in the water.They utilize nutrients that would otherwise be used by algae, thereby improving water clarity. 2 12
  6. City Parks│Mixing built spaces with natural spaces allows for a wide range of activities to occur in a singular space.There are areas to relax and recline, to people-watch, to throw a frisbee or play catch, to observe nature and wildlife, and to enjoy the river views. Having spaces that are sheltered with trees helps to provide shade and shelter from the sun and the elements, and having open space offers areas for recreation and grand views to the river. 3 13
  7. River Shallows NativeWater Plants River Buffer NativeWater Plants Public Seating 10’ DeepWood Seat Public Seating 5’ DeepWood Seat Wildflower Plant Bed 5’ Deep Lawn Strip 11.5’ Deep Boardwalk 6’Wide Bike Path 8’Wide Pedestrian Path 8’Wide 2 Regional Park Elevation Perspective City Park Elevation Perspective Design Aesthetic Even though I am creating 3 distinct types of parks within this park network, they all share 2 key factors - enhancing the natural features of the given spaces and offering key spaces in which to observe, enjoy and share these features with its users, both people and wildlife alike. The scale of each park varies, but the common thread through all of them is the existing paved pedestrian path and the proposed bike trail that runs along the street and through each and every park. 14
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