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Eating disorders.

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Eating disorders.

  1. 1. EATING DISORDERS:
  2. 2. EATING DISORDERS: Look in the mirror. What do you see? Is it the real you or just another "me"?
  3. 3. WHAT IS AN EATING DISORDER?  Eating disorders are mental illnesses that cause serious disturbances in a person’s everyday diet. It can manifest as eating extremely small amounts of food or severely overeating. The condition may begin as just eating too little or too much but obsession with eating and food over takes over the life of a person leading to severe changes.
  4. 4. TYPES OF EATING DISORDERS  Anorexia Nervosa  Bulimia Nervosa  Binge Eating Disorder  Not Otherwise Specified (NOS)
  5. 5. ANOREXIA NERVOSA: WHAT IS IT?
  6. 6. ANOREXIA NERVOSA:  Anorexia nervosa happens when one is obsessed with becoming thin that they reach extreme measures and this leads to extreme weight loss.
  7. 7. ANOREXIA NERVOSA: WARNING SIGNS  Dramatic weight loss  Refusal to eat certain foods or food categories.  Consistent excuses to avoid situations involving food  Excessive and rigid exercise routine  Withdrawal from usual friends/relatives
  8. 8. HEALTH RISKS WITH ANOREXIA  Heart failure  Kidney failure  Low protein stores  Digestive problems
  9. 9. BULIMIA NERVOSA: WHAT IS IT?
  10. 10. BULIMIA NERVOSA  Bulimia Nervosa is an eating disorder in which one starts to consume large amounts of food at once and then is followed by purging, using laxatives, or overexercising to rid themselves of the food they ate.
  11. 11. BULIMIA NERVOSA: WARNING SIGNS  Wrappers/containers indicating consumption of large amounts of food  Frequent trips to bathroom after meals  Signs of vomiting e.g. staining of teeth, calluses on hands  Excessive and rigid exercise routine  Withdrawal from usual friends/relatives
  12. 12. HEALTH RISKS WITH BULIMIA  Dental problems  Stomach rupture  Menstruation irregularities
  13. 13. BINGE EATING DISORDER: WHAT IS IT?
  14. 14. BINGE EATING DISORDER  Binge eating is disorder in which someone eats a lot amount of food at a time but they don't vomit.
  15. 15. BINGE EATING DISORDER: WARNING SIGNS  Wrappers/containers indicating consumption of large amounts of food  MAY be overweight for age and height  MAY have a long history of repeated efforts to diet-feel desperate about their difficulty to control food intake  MAY eat throughout the day with no planned mealtimes
  16. 16. HEALTH RISKS WITH BINGE EATING DISORDER  High blood pressure  High cholesterol  Gall bladder disease  Diabetes  Heart disease  Certain types of cancer
  17. 17. WHY DO PEOPLE DEVELOP EATING DISORDERS?  Behaviors are unhealthy coping mechanisms  Factors to consider  Psychological  Interpersonal  Social/Cultural  Biological
  18. 18. PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS  Low self-esteem  Feelings of inadequacy or failure  Feeling out of control  Response to change (puberty)  Response to stress (sports, dance)  Personal illness
  19. 19. INTERPERSONAL FACTORS  Troubled family and personal relationships  Difficulty expressing emotions and feelings  History of being teased or ridiculed based on size or weight  History of physical or sexual abuse
  20. 20. SOCIAL AND CULTURAL FACTORS  Cultural pressures that glorify thinness and place value on obtaining the perfect body  Narrow definitions of beauty that include only women and men of specific body weights and shapes  Cultural norms that value people on the basis of physical appearance and not inner qualities and strengths
  21. 21. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS  Eating disorders often run in families (learn coping skills and attitudes in family)  Genetic component—research about brain and eating in taking place (certain chemicals in the brain control hunger, appetite and digestion have been found unbalanced).
  22. 22. THANK YOU   Presented by LIANNE DIAS.

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