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Breast cancer awareness

  1. Breast Cancer Awareness Alpha Tau Xi Presentation
  2. What is Breast Cancer? • Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the breast. • Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death among women.
  3. Breast Cancer
  4. Symptoms • A painless lump in the breast • Changes in breast size or shape • Swelling in the armpit • Nipple changes or discharge • Breast pain may also be a symptom as well.
  5. Rare Signs to Be aware of • Inflammatory breast cancer is one of the most uncommon types of breast cancer that causes no distinct lump. • May cause the skin to become thick, red, and look pitted. The area will become warm or tender with a rash-like look.
  6. Inflammatory Breast Cancer
  7. Who is Affected? • One in eight women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime. • Although breast cancer in men is rare, an estimated 2,150 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer and approximately 410 will die each year.
  8. Breast Cancer in the U.S. • Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women • Each year it is estimated that over 220,000 women in the United States will be diagnosed with breast cancer and more than 40,000 will die.
  9. Global Outlook • breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide • hundreds of thousands of women each year are affected in countries at all levels of modernization.
  10. Things Are Looking Up • Death rates from breast cancer have been declining since about 1990, in part to better due to screening and early detection, increased awareness, and continually improving treatment options.
  11. Should We Try Harder? • Majority of the funding goes to science aimed at treating the disease. • Five percent goes to prevention efforts.
  12. Try Harder Cont’d • Mortality rates plummeted in the 1990s, when mammograms first became widely used, they’ve declined less than 3 percent a year since then. • Researchers get funding and tenure by publishing papers, not looking for a cure.
  13. Always Stay Aware • Even with the lowered rates of breast cancer, always stay aware of your body. • A breast self exam is a check-up a woman does at home.
  14. Be Aware Cont’d • The best time to do a self breast exam is about 3 - 5 days after your period starts • Your breasts are not as tender or lumpy at this time in your monthly cycle. • If you have gone through menopause, do your exam on the same day every month.
  15. How to Do Self Checks • Place your right hand behind your head. With the middle fingers of your left hand, gently yet firmly press down using small motions to examine the entire right breast. • Next, sit or stand. Feel your armpit, because breast tissue goes into that area. • Gently squeeze the nipple, checking for discharge. Repeat the process on the left breast. • Use one of the patterns shown in the diagram to make sure that you are covering all of the breast tissue.
  16. How-to Cont’d • Look at your breasts directly and in the mirror. Look for changes in skin texture, such as dimpling, puckering, indentations, or skin that looks like an orange peel. • Also note the shape and outline of each breast. • Check to see if the nipple turns inward.
  17. Example
  18. Prevention • Self checks are the best way to avoid tragic results • Educate yourself • Learn more about your body
  19. Other Side of Self-Exams • Current thinking of scientists is that once a month self checks play a small role in finding cancer therefore it is important to know your breast and be aware of changes even after during self checks. • To be sure of accuracy, go over the self-check technique with your doctor.
  20. Who to Ask Breast cancer is a sensitive subject for those who are new to finding it. • Speaking with medical Oncologists and private women’s groups will help encourage treatment and faster recovery. • •
  21. References • breast-cancer-facts • Medline Plus ncy/article/001993.htm 2013