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Personality types temperament types

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Personality types temperament types

  1. 1. Personality Types
  2. 2. Sanguine Temperament
  3. 3. Type: cheerful Will-power: changeable Intelligence: quick Interest: extrovert Emotions: light, quick, brief, externalized, easily forgotten Chief virtues: energy, humor, cheerfulness, friendship, talents, generosity, popularity Main Faults: gluttony, lust, vanity, irresponsibility, loquaciousness, gives up easily, thoughtlessness Needs: prudence, purity, moderation, modesty, mental prayer, serious reading, work on schedule, perseverance, Possible career: teaching, sales, popular arts, social work, entertainment, athletics,
  4. 5. Melancholic Temperament
  5. 6. Type: serious Will-power: enduring Intelligence: deep Interest: introvert Emotions: enduring, deep easily revived, slow, internalized Chief virtues: loyalty, perseverance, zeal, concentration, study, understanding, gentleness Main faults: sensitivity, envy, sadness, moodiness, greed, scrupulosity, despondency Needs: humility, forgiveness, cheerfulness, friendliness, confessor, exercise, hobby, trust in God Possible career: social work, science, writing, quick work math, research, education,
  6. 8. Choleric Temperament
  7. 9. Type: energetic Will power: strong Intelligence: sharp Interest: extrovert Emotions: deep, quick, enduring, externalized, easily revived. Main Faults: anger, pride, arrogance, sarcasm, cruelty, revenge, selfishness, obstinacy Chief virtues: courage, energy, perseverance, enthusiasm, leadership, ambition, ideals, nobility Possible career: building, exploring, outdoor work, using things, government, organization, Needs: humility, meekness, charity, self-control, forgiveness
  8. 11. Phlegmatic temperament
  9. 12. Type: calm Will-power: changeable Intelligence: thorough Interest: introvert Emotions: light, slow internalized, brief, seldom revived Chief virtues: patience, prudence, practicality, neatness, temperance, thick skinned, caution Main faults: mediocrity, stubbornness, selfishness, negligence, conservatism, timidity, sloth, omission Needs: self-denial, prayer, cooperation, schedule, obedience, motivation, zeal Possible career: business, counseling, detail work, mechanics, routine work
  10. 14. Why am I afraid to tell you who I am? Because you might see something in me you won’t like and you might not accept me. John Powell Why am I afraid to love? Because I might get hurt in the process…let’s love until it hurts, and if it hurts let’s love until it hurts all the more… until it hurts no more… adapted
  11. 15. Games we play and masks we wear <ul><li>let’s pretend and pretend we’re not pretending </li></ul>< faking, euphemism, sugar coating, false humility <ul><li>choosing to forget who we are and then forget we’ve forgotten </li></ul>< denial, escapegoating, blaming, comparing <ul><li>behaving the world must revolve around us & determine its destiny </li></ul>< stubbornness, arrogance, complacency, conceit <ul><li>feeling we are being controlled and taken over, manipulated, used </li></ul>< self-pity, rebellion, anger, revenge, paranoia, distrust <ul><li>thinking we are down there, low self-esteem, despised, ostracized </li></ul>< so confused, weak, and oppressed, inferior, bullied <ul><li>claiming and asserting rights which may not be ours, pushing </li></ul>< domineering, demanding, rationalizing, self-righteous
  12. 17. When I was young, I prayed to God that I might change the world. In middle age I realized I haven’t changed a soul, so I changed my prayer that I might change my family & I’d be happy. In my old age, I saw no change at all, then I decided to finally pray that I might change myself… eventually, all those around me would show signs of change… Adapted from Suffi Bayazid
  13. 18. The two seas in Palestine: the Sea of Galilee, a large lake with clean water & life in it. The other is the Dead Sea, every-thing about it is dead. Both get water from same source; the first flows into the sea, the other keeps its water within itself…
  14. 19. Remember… > the more we give of ourselves, the more we grow, > we can never give what we do not have. > it is important to become the best version of ourselves, > what we are is God’s gift to us, what we become is our gift to God
  15. 20. Take-home Messages: > the best thing to give your enemy is forgiveness; > to an opponent, tolerance > to a friend, your heart; > to your child, good example; > to a father, esteem; > to your mother, conduct that will make her proud of you; > to yourself, respect; > to all men, charity. Our respect for the child’s right to progress gradually along the path of growth would prevent us from trying to hold him back and keep him in a phase of development that he would naturally wish to grow. Montessori
  16. 21. Education should no longer be mostly imparting of knowledge, but must take a new path, seeking the richness of human potentialities. Montessori We know how to find pearls in the shells of oysters, gold in the mountains, and coal in the bowels of the earth, but we are unaware of spiritual gems, the creative nebulae, that the child hides in himself when he enters this world to renew mankind. Montessori
  17. 22. Mastering ourselves is often a bigger job than mastering the elements of science and the world. Psychologists tell us that often we dislike in others the qualities that we tolerate in our lives. When Christ spoke people often felt uncomfortable because He looked at them as they really were. “Do not judge lest you be judged. For in the way you judge, you will be judged. Matthew 7:1-4
  18. 23. My life’s story: > I am confused, scared, preoccupied, insecure, threatened, reluctant, uneasy, betrayed, proud questioning, distant, hurt, resentful, bitter, nasty, My dilemma: > unclear picture of myself > busy to take away fear > should I expose myself? > would people trust me? > how would others react? > am I ready to know myself? Realizations… < focus; pay attention < face self squarely < take risks,take courage < be open, objective < reflect more, discern < decide, accept, decide
  19. 24. Turning stumbling blocks into stepping stones: God Who promised His continued presence in my life will never leave me unattended: He will help me find a turning point where change may begin. There is never a journey without making the first step forward, especially if it is toward growth and transformation. May you attain full knowledge of God through perfect wisdom and spiritual insight. There you will lead a life worthy of the Lord & pleasing to Him in every way… He rescued us from the power of darkness and brought us into the kingdom of His Beloved Son. Col. 1: 9b-13
  20. 25. Being relating sharing Serving Doing Having L G O D V E Sources of Meaning
  21. 27. R esponse > to the invitation to relate E xperience > of personal commitment L ife-giving > drawing the best out… A ttainment > successful interaction T ransforming > renews personality, inspiring I nvestment > trusting, honest, loving O bjective > non-judgmental, open N urturing > enriching each other, liberating S acrifice > giving until it hurts, self-offering H oly > desiring only the best, prayer I nitiative > to improve and deepen P articipative > mutual, two-way, reciprocal S ustained > lasting, enduring, strong, deep
  22. 29. Myers-Briggs Personality Types, Your Best Fit Type, and an introduction to the 16 Personality Types - Part 1 http://www.personalitypathways.com/type_inventory2.html Understanding your Personality Type & the MBTI Characteristics & Profiles of the 16 Personality Types By Ross Reinhold, with Danielle Poirier Sometimes a person who has been introduced to Myers-Briggs MBTI ® Personality Type may feel drawn to several as potential &quot;best fit.&quot; There are many ways to explore solving this dilemma. One is to look at which of the four preference options you think or feel is borderline. (For example, you may be uncertain if you prefer &quot;Thinking&quot; or &quot;Feeling.&quot;) Looking at one borderline preference produces 2 different type possibilities (example: INTP vs INFP).
  23. 30. Another method of verifying your BEST FIT MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE is to look at temperament descriptions. Sometimes the two type alternatives are drawn from 2 different temperaments and thus comparing temperament differences is instructive. Handbooks by authors Berens and Nardi can be helpful. [ . . . One word of caution. The four basic Kiersey Temperament categories are the most helpful. The Kiersey descriptions of 16 types (using the MBTI type code designations) - as found in the book &quot; Please Understand Me &quot; - are not recommended. They do not necessarily follow the accepted type model . . . nor are they as well researched . . . so they are as likely to muddy the water for you as help.]
  24. 31. A third method, and one found most helpful, of narrowing the search for BEST FIT MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE is advocated by consultant Danielle Poirier . This involves first noting the dominant function of the alternative types you are considering. If they are different form one another, the dominant type descriptions by Poirier offered below may help you decide among them. Personality and type can involve complex constellations of characteristics that overlay and hide one's core makeup. The classic Jungian type model places the dominant function closer to this core of being. Thus descriptions of type characteristics that emphasize the role of the dominant function can produce more clear cut distinctions between alternatives (the one exception being if you happen to be &quot;on the fence&quot; between the two types that share a common dominant function in its attitude. For example: INTJ vs INFJ).
  25. 32. Here's how Poirier clusters and describes the 16 Personality Types:                   The Four Introverted Personality Types           Dominant Introverted Feeling INFP & ISFP Personality Type --Click here to learn what is it like?           Dominant Introverted Thinking INTP & ISTP Personality Type --Click here to learn what is it like?           Dominant Introverted Sensing ISTJ & ISFJ Personality Type --Click here to learn what is it like?           Dominant Introverted Intuition INTJ & INFJ Personality Type --Click here to learn what is it like?
  26. 33.                   The Four Extraverted Personality Types © Danielle Poirier, Rebel Eagle Productions        www.RebelEagle.com           Dominant Extraverted Feeling ENFJ & ESFJ Personality Type --Click here to learn what is it like?           Dominant Extraverted Thinking ENTJ & ESTJ Personality Type --Click here to learn what is it like?           Dominant Extraverted Sensing ESTP & ESFP Personality Type --Click here to learn what is it like?           Dominant Extraverted Intuition ENTP & ENFP Personality Type --Click here to learn what is it like?
  27. 34. 16 Summaries Brief descriptions are below. ESTJ Administrator Much in touch with the external environment. Very responsible. Pillar of strength ESTP Promoter When present, things begin to happen. Fiercely competitive. Entrepreneur. Often uses shock effect to get attention. Negotiator par excellence. ESFJ Seller Most sociable of all types. Nurturer of harmony. Outstanding host or hostesses. ESFP Entertainer Radiates attractive warmth and optimism. Smooth, witty, charming, clever. Fun to be with. Very generous. Understanding the 16 Personality Types & What is My Personality Type ?     Part 2
  28. 35. ENTJ Field Marshall The basic driving force and need is to lead. Tend to seek a position of responsibility and enjoys being an executive. ENTP Inventor Enthusiastic interest in everything and always sensitive to possibilities. Non- conformist and innovative. ENFJ Pedagogue Outstanding leader of groups. Can be aggressive at helping others to be the best that they can be. ENFP Journalist Uncanny sense of the motivations of others. Life is an exciting drama.
  29. 36. ISTJ Trustee Decisiveness in practical affairs. Guardian of time-honored institutions. Dependable. ISTP Artisan Impulsive action. Life should be of impulse rather than of purpose. Action is an end to itself. Fearless, craves excitement, master of tools. ISFJ Conservator Desires to be of service and to minister to individual needs - very loyal. ISFP Artist Interested in the fine arts. Expression primarily through action or art form. The senses are keener than in other types.
  30. 37. INTJ Scientist Most self-confident and pragmatic of all the types. Decisions come very easily. A builder of systems and the applier of theoretical models. INTP Architect Greatest precision in thought and language. Can readily discern contradictions and inconsistencies. The world exists primarily to be understood. INFJ Author Strong drive and enjoyment to help others. Complex personality. INFP Questor High capacity for caring. Calm and pleasant face to the world. High sense of honor derived from internal values.
  32. 39. THE ENNEAGRAM PERSONALITY TYPES http://www.enneagraminstitute.com/descript.asp 1 THE REFORMER The Rational, Idealistic Type: Principled, Purposeful, Self-Controlled, and Perfectionistic
  33. 40. 1 THE REFORMER Enneagram Type One
  34. 41. The Meaning of the Arrows (in brief) When moving in their Direction of Disintegration (stress), methodical Ones suddenly become moody and irrational at Four. However, when moving in their Direction of Integration (growth), angry, critical Ones become more spontaneous and joyful, like healthy Sevens We have named personality type One The Reformer because Ones have a “sense of mission” that leads them to want to improve the world in various ways, using whatever degree of influence they have. They strive to overcome adversity—particularly moral adversity—so that the human spirit can shine through and make a difference. They strive after “higher values,” even at the cost of great personal sacrifice.
  35. 42. Type One in Brief Ones are conscientious and ethical, with a strong sense of right and wrong. They are teachers, crusaders, and advocates for change: always striving to improve things, but afraid of making a mistake. Well-organized, orderly, and fastidious, they try to maintain high standards, but can slip into being critical and perfectionistic. They typically have problems with resentment and impatience. At their Best: wise, discerning, realistic, and noble. Can be morally heroic.
  36. 43. Basic Fear: Of being corrupt/evil, defective Basic Desire: To be good, to have integrity, to be balanced Enneagram One with a Nine-Wing: &quot;The Idealist&quot; Enneagram One with a Two-Wing: &quot;The Advocate&quot; Key Motivations: Want to be right, to strive higher and improve everything, to be consistent with their ideals, to justify themselves, to be beyond criticism so as not to be condemned by anyone.
  37. 44. 2 THE HELPER The Caring, Interpersonal Type: Demonstrative, Generous, People-Pleasing, and Possessive
  38. 45. THE HELPER Enneagram Type Two
  39. 46. The Meaning of the Arrows (in brief) When moving in their Direction of Disintegration (stress), needy Twos suddenly become aggressive and dominating at Eight. However, when moving in their Direction of Integration (growth), prideful, self-deceptive Twos become more self-nurturing and emotionally aware, like healthy Fours. Basic Fear: Of being unwanted, unworthy of being loved Basic Desire: To feel loved Enneagram Two with a One-Wing: &quot;Servant&quot; Enneagram Two with a Three-Wing: &quot;The Host/Hostess&quot; Key Motivations: Want to be loved, to express their feelings for others, to be needed and appreciated, to get others to respond to them, to vindicate their claims about themselves.
  40. 47. Type Two in Brief Twos are empathetic, sincere, and warm-hearted. They are friendly, generous, and self-sacrificing, but can also be sentimental, flattering, and people-pleasing. They are well-meaning and driven to be close to others, but can slip into doing things for others in order to be needed. They typically have problems with possessiveness and with acknowledging their own needs. At their Best : unselfish and altruistic, they have unconditional love for others.
  41. 48. Type Two Overview We have named personality type Two The Helper because people of this type are either the most genuinely helpful to other people or, when they are less healthy they are the most highly invested in seeing themselves as helpful. Being generous and going out of their way for others makes Twos feel that theirs is the richest, most meaningful way to live. The love and concern they feel—and the genuine good they do—warms their hearts and makes them feel worthwhile. Twos are most interested in what they feel to be the “really, really good” things in life—love, closeness, sharing, family, and friendship.
  42. 49. 3 THE ACHIEVER The Success-Oriented, Pragmatic Type: Adaptive, Excelling, Driven, and Image-Conscious
  43. 50. THE ACHIEVER Enneagram Type Three
  44. 51. The Meaning of the Arrows (in brief) When moving in their Direction of Disintegration (stress), driven Threes suddenly become disengaged and apathetic at Nine. However, when moving in their Direction of Integration (growth), vain, deceitful Threes become more cooperative and committed to others, like healthy Sixes. Basic Fear: Of being worthless Basic Desire: To feel valuable and worthwhile Enneagram Three with a Two-Wing: &quot;The Charmer&quot; Enneagram Three with a Four-Wing: &quot;The Professional&quot; Key Motivations: Want to be affirmed, to distinguish themselves from others, to have attention, to be admired, and to impress others.
  45. 52. Type Three in Brief Threes are self-assured, attractive, and charming. Ambitious, competent, and energetic, they can also be status-conscious and highly driven for advancement. They are diplomatic and poised, but can also be overly concerned with their image and what others think of them. They typically have problems with workaholism and competitiveness. At their Best : self-accepting, authentic, everything they seem to be—role models who inspire others.
  46. 53. Type Three Overview We have named personality type Three The Achiever because when they are healthy, Threes really can and do achieve great things in the world. They are the &quot;stars&quot; of human nature, and people often look up to them because of their graciousness and personal accomplishments. Healthy Threes know how good it feels to develop themselves and contribute their abilities to the world, and also enjoy motivating others to greater personal achievements than others thought they were capable of. They are usually well regarded and popular among their peers, the type of person who is frequently voted “class president&quot; or “home coming queen” because people feel they want to be associated with this kind of person who acts as a stand-in for them. Healthy Threes embody the best in a culture, and others are able to see their hopes and dreams mirrored in them.
  47. 54. 4 THE INDIVIDUALIST The Sensitive, Withdrawn Type: Expressive, Dramatic, Self-Absorbed, and Temperamental
  48. 55. THE INDIVIDUALIST Enneagram Type Four
  49. 56. The Meaning of the Arrows (in brief) When moving in their Direction of Disintegration (stress), aloof Fours suddenly become over-involved and clinging at Two. However, when moving in their Direction of Integration (growth), envious, emotionally turbulent Fours become more objective and principled, like healthy Ones Basic Fear: That they have no identity or personal significance Basic Desire: To find themselves and their significance (to create an identity) Enneagram Four with a Three-Wing: &quot;The Aristocrat&quot; Enneagram Four with a Five-Wing: &quot;The Bohemian&quot; Key Motivations: Want to express themselves and their individuality, to create and surround themselves with beauty, to maintain certain moods and feelings, to withdraw to protect their self-image, to take care of emotional needs before attending to anything else, to attract a &quot;rescuer.&quot;
  50. 57. Type Four in Brief Fours are self-aware, sensitive, and reserved. They are emotionally honest, creative, and personal, but can also be moody and self-conscious. Withholding themselves from others due to feeling vulnerable and defective, they can also feel disdainful and exempt from ordinary ways of living. They typically have problems with melancholy, self-indulgence, and self-pity. At their Best : inspired and highly creative, they are able to renew themselves and transform their experiences.
  51. 58. Type Four Overview We have named this type The Individualist because Fours maintain their identity by seeing themselves as fundamentally different from others. Fours feel that they are unlike other human beings, and consequently, that no one can understand them or love them adequately. They often see themselves as uniquely talented, possessing special, one-of-a-kind gifts, but also as uniquely disadvantaged or flawed. More than any other type, Fours are acutely aware of and focused on their personal differences and deficiencies.
  52. 59. Healthy Fours are honest with themselves: they own all of their feelings and can look at their motives, contradictions, and emotional conflicts without denying or whitewashing them. They may not necessarily like what they discover, but they do not try to rationalize their states, nor do they try to hide them from themselves or others. They are not afraid to see themselves “warts and all.” Healthy Fours are willing to reveal highly personal and potentially shameful things about themselves because they are determined to understand the truth of their experience—so that they can discover who they are and come to terms with their emotional history. This ability also enables Fours to endure suffering with a quiet strength. Their familiarity with their own darker nature makes it easier for them to process painful experiences that might overwhelm other types.
  53. 60. 5 THE INVESTIGATOR The Intense, Cerebral Type: Perceptive, Innovative, Secretive, and Isolated
  54. 61. THE INVESTIGATOR Enneagram Type Five
  55. 62. The Meaning of the Arrows (in brief) When moving in their Direction of Disintegration (stress), detached Fives suddenly become hyperactive and scattered at Seven. However, when moving in their Direction of Integration (growth), avaricious, detached Fives become more self-confident and decisive, like healthy Eights. Basic Fear: Being useless, helpless, or incapable Basic Desire: To be capable and competent Enneagram Five with a Four-Wing: &quot;The Iconoclast&quot; Enneagram Five with a Six-Wing: &quot;The Problem Solver&quot; Key Motivations: Want to possess knowledge, to understand the environment, to have everything figured out as a way of defending the self from threats from the environment.
  56. 63. Type Five in Brief Fives are alert, insightful, and curious. They are able to concentrate and focus on developing complex ideas and skills. Independent, innovative, and inventive, they can also become preoccupied with their thoughts and imaginary constructs. They become detached, yet high-strung and intense. They typically have problems with eccentricity, nihilism, and isolation. At their Best: visionary pioneers, often ahead of their time, and able to see the world in an entirely new way.
  57. 64. Type Five Overview We have named personality type Five The Investigator because, more than any other type, Fives want to find out why things are the way they are. They want to understand how the world works, whether it is the cosmos, the microscopic world, the animal, vegetable, or mineral kingdoms—or the inner world of their imaginations. They are always searching, asking questions, and delving into things in depth. They do not accept received opinions and doctrines, feeling a strong need to test the truth of most assumptions for themselves.
  58. 65. Behind Fives’ relentless pursuit of knowledge are deep insecurities about their ability to function successfully in the world. Fives feel that they do not have an ability to do things as well as others . But rather than engage directly with activities that might bolster their confidence, Fives “take a step back” into their minds where they feel more capable. Their belief is that from the safety of their minds they will eventually figure out how to do things—and one day rejoin the world.
  59. 66. 6 THE LOYALIST The Committed, Security-Oriented Type: Engaging, Responsible, Anxious, and Suspicious
  60. 67. THE LOYALIST Enneagram Type Six
  61. 68. The Meaning of the Arrows (in brief) When moving in their Direction of Disintegration (stress), dutiful Sixes suddenly become competitive and arrogant at Three. However, when moving in their Direction of Integration (growth), fearful, pessimistic Sixes become more relaxed and optimistic, like healthy Nine. Basic Fear: Of being without support and guidance Basic Desire: To have security and support Enneagram Six with a Five-Wing: &quot;The Defender&quot; Enneagram Six with a Seven-Wing: &quot;The Buddy&quot; Key Motivations: Want to have security, to feel supported by others, to have certitude and reassurance, to test the attitudes of others toward them, to fight against anxiety and insecurity.
  62. 69. Type Six in Brief The committed, security-oriented type. Sixes are reliable, hard-working, responsible, and trustworthy. Excellent &quot;troubleshooters,&quot; they foresee problems and foster cooperation, but can also become defensive, evasive, and anxious—running on stress while complaining about it. They can be cautious and indecisive, but also reactive, defiant and rebellious. They typically have problems with self-doubt and suspicion. At their Best : internally stable and self-reliant, courageously championing themselves and others.
  63. 70. Type Six Overview We have named personality type Six The Loyalist because, of all the personality types, Sixes are the most loyal to their friends and to their beliefs. They will “go down with the ship” and hang on to relationships of all kinds far longer than most other types. Sixes are also loyal to ideas, systems, and beliefs—even to the belief that all ideas or authorities should be questioned or defied. Indeed, not all Sixes go along with the “status quo”: their beliefs may be rebellious and anti-authoritarian, even revolutionary. In any case, they will typically fight for their beliefs more fiercely than they will fight for themselves, and they will defend their community or family more tenaciously than they will defend themselves.
  64. 71. The reason Sixes are so loyal to others is that they do not want to be abandoned and left without support—their Basic Fear. Thus, the central issue for type Six is a failure of self-confidence. Sixes come to believe that they do not possess the internal resources to handle life’s challenges and vagaries alone, and so increasingly rely on structures, allies, beliefs, and supports outside themselves for guidance to survive. If suitable structures do not exist, they will help create and maintain them. Sixes are the primary type in the Thinking Center, meaning that they have the most trouble contacting their own inner guidance. As a result, they do not have confidence in their own minds and judgments.
  65. 72. 7 THE ENTHUSIAST The Busy, Fun-Loving Type: Spontaneous, Versatile, Distractible, and Scattered
  66. 73. THE ENTHUSIAST Enneagram Type Seven
  67. 74. The Meaning of the Arrows (in brief) When moving in their Direction of Disintegration (stress), scattered Sevens suddenly become perfectionistic and critical at One. However, when moving in their Direction of Integration (growth), gluttonous, scattered Sevens become more focused and fascinated by life, like healthy Fives. Basic Fear: Of being deprived and in pain Basic Desire: To be satisfied and content—to have their needs fulfilled Enneagram Seven with a Six-Wing: &quot;The Entertainer&quot; Enneagram Seven with an Eight-Wing: &quot;The Realist&quot; Key Motivations: Want to maintain their freedom and happiness, to avoid missing out on worthwhile experiences, to keep themselves excited and occupied, to avoid and discharge pain.
  68. 75. Type Seven in Brief Sevens are extroverted, optimistic, versatile, and spontaneous. Playful, high-spirited, and practical, they can also misapply their many talents, becoming over- extended, scattered, and undisciplined. They constantly seek new and exciting experiences, but can become distracted and exhausted by staying on the go. They typically have problems with impatience and impulsiveness. At their Best : they focus their talents on worthwhile goals, becoming appreciative, joyous, and satisfied.
  69. 76. Type Seven Overview We have named this personality type The Enthusiast because Sevens are enthusiastic about almost everything that catches their attention. They approach life with curiosity, optimism, and a sense of adventure, like “kids in a candy store” who look at the world in wide-eyed, rapt anticipation of all the good things they are about to experience. They are bold and vivacious, pursuing what they want in life with a cheerful determination. They have a quality best described by the Yiddish word “chutzpah”—a kind of brash “nerviness.”
  70. 77. Although Sevens are in the Thinking Center, this is not immediately apparent because they tend to be extremely practical and engaged in a multitude of projects at any given time. Their thinking is anticipatory : they foresee events and generate ideas “on the fly,” favoring activities that stimulate their minds—which in turn generate more things to do and think about. Sevens are not necessarily intellectual or studious by any standard definition, although they are often intelligent and can be widely read and highly verbal. Their minds move rapidly from one idea to the next, making Sevens gifted at brainstorming and synthesizing information. Sevens are exhilarated by the rush of ideas and by the pleasure of being spontaneous, preferring broad overviews and the excitement of the initial stages of the creative process to probing a single topic in depth.
  71. 78. 8 THE CHALLENGER The Powerful, Dominating Type: Self-Confident, Decisive, Willful, and Confrontational
  72. 79. THE CHALLENGER Enneagram Type Eight
  73. 80. The Meaning of the Arrows (in brief) When moving in their Direction of Disintegration (stress), self-confident Eights suddenly become secretive and fearful at Five. However, when moving in their Direction of Integration (growth), lustful, controlling Eights become more open-hearted and caring, like healthy Twos. Basic Fear: Of being harmed or controlled by others Basic Desire: To protect themselves (to be in control of their own life     and destiny) Enneagram Eight with a Seven-Wing: &quot;The Maverick&quot; Enneagram Eight with a Nine-Wing: &quot;The Bear&quot; Key Motivations: Want to be self-reliant, to prove their strength and resist weakness, to be important in their world, to dominate the environment, and to stay in control of their situation.
  74. 81. Type Eight in Brief Eights are self-confident, strong, and assertive. Protective, resourceful, straight-talking, and decisive, but can also be ego-centric and domineering. Eights feel they must control their environment, especially people, sometimes becoming confrontational and intimidating. Eights typically have problems with their tempers and with allowing themselves to be vulnerable. At their Best : self- mastering, they use their strength to improve others' lives, becoming heroic, magnanimous, and inspiring.
  75. 82. Type Eight Overview We have named personality type Eight The Challenger because, of all the types, Eights enjoy taking on challenges themselves as well as giving others opportunities that challenge them to exceed themselves in some way. Eights are charismatic and have the physical and psychological capacities to persuade others to follow them into all kinds of endeavors—from starting a company, to rebuilding a city, to running a household, to waging war, to making peace.
  76. 83. Eights have enormous willpower and vitality, and they feel most alive when they are exercising these capacities in the world. They use their abundant energy to effect changes in their environment—to “leave their mark&quot; on it—but also to keep the environment, and especially other people, from hurting them and those they care about. At an early age, Eights understand that this requires strength, will, persistence, and endurance—qualities that they develop in themselves and which they look for in others.
  77. 84. 9 THE PEACEMAKER The Easygoing, Self-Effacing Type: Receptive, Reassuring, Agreeable, and Complacent
  78. 85. THE PEACEMAKER Enneagram Type Nine
  79. 86. The Meaning of the Arrows (in brief) When moving in their Direction of Disintegration (stress), complacent Nines suddenly become anxious and worried at Six. However, when moving in their Direction of Integration (growth), slothful, self-neglecting Nines become more self-developing and energetic, like healthy Threes. Basic Fear: Of loss and separation Basic Desire: To have inner stability &quot;peace of mind&quot; Enneagram Nine with an Eight-Wing: &quot;The Referee&quot; Enneagram Nine with a One-Wing: &quot;The Dreamer&quot; Key Motivations: Want to create harmony in their environment, to avoid conflicts and tension, to preserve things as they are, to resist whatever would upset or disturb them.
  80. 87. Type Nine in Brief Nines are accepting, trusting, and stable. They are usually creative, optimistic, and supportive, but can also be too willing to go along with others to keep the peace. They want everything to go smoothly and be without conflict, but they can also tend to be complacent, simplifying problems and minimizing anything upsetting. They typically have problems with inertia and stubbornness. At their Best : indomitable and all-embracing, they are able to bring people together and heal conflicts.
  81. 88. Type Nine Overview We have called personality type Nine The Peacemaker because no type is more devoted to the quest for internal and external peace for themselves and others. They are typically “spiritual seekers” who have a great yearning for connection with the cosmos, as well as with other people. They work to maintain their peace of mind just as they work to establish peace and harmony in their world. The issues encountered in the Nine are fundamental to all psychological and spiritual work—being awake versus falling asleep to our true nature; presence versus entrancement, openness versus blockage, tension versus relaxation, peace versus pain, union versus separation.
  82. 89. Ironically, for a type so oriented to the spiritual world, Nine is the center of the Instinctive Center, and is the type that is potentially most grounded in the physical world and in their own bodies. The contradiction is resolved when we realize that Nines are either in touch with their instinctive qualities and have tremendous elemental power and personal magnetism, or they are cut off from their instinctual strengths and can be disengaged and remote, even lightweight.
  83. 90. To compensate for being out of touch with their instinctual energies, Nines also retreat into their minds and their emotional fantasies. (This is why Nines can sometimes misidentify themselves as Fives and Sevens, “head types,” or as Twos and Fours, “feeling types.”) Furthermore, when their instinctive energies are out of balance, Nines use these very energies against themselves, damming up their own power so that everything in their psyches becomes static and inert. When their energy is not used, it stagnates like a spring-fed lake that becomes so full that its own weight dams up the springs that feed it. When Nines are in balance with their Instinctive Center and its energy, however, they are like a great river, carrying everything along with it effortlessly.
  84. 91. <ul><li>8 Toxic personalities to avoid </li></ul><ul><li>by Brett Blumenthal - Sheer Balance , on Wed May 13, 2009 8:01am PDT </li></ul><ul><li>http://shine.yahoo.com/channel/life/8-toxic-personalities-to-avoid-461078/ </li></ul>Although we like to think that the people in our lives are well-adjusted, happy, healthy minded individuals, we sometimes realize that it just isn't so.  Personally, I've had moments where I'll be skipping through my day, happy as can be, thinking life is grand and BAM, I'll be blindsided by someone who manages to knock the happy wind out of my sails.  Sometimes it is easy to write it off and other times, not so much.
  85. 92. Maybe you are a positive person, but when you are around a certain individual, you feel negative.  Or, maybe you have an idealistic view of the world and when you are with certain people, you are made to feel silly, unrealistic or delusional.  Or, maybe you pride yourself in being completely independent and in control of your life, but when you are around a certain family member, you regress into a state of childhood.
  86. 93. Some of these situations, and yes, these people, can have a tremendously negative impact on our lives.  And, although we are all human and have our 'issues,' some 'issues' are quite frankly, toxic.  They are toxic to our happiness.  They are toxic to our mental outlook.  They are toxic to our self-esteem.  And they are toxic to our lives.  They can suck the life out of us and even shorten our lifespan. Here are the worst of the toxic personalities out there and how to spot them:
  87. 94. <ul><li>Manipulative Mary: These individuals are experts at manipulation tactics.  </li></ul><ul><li>Is a matter of fact, you may not even realize you have been manipulated until it is too late.  These individuals figure out what your 'buttons' are, and push them to get what they want. </li></ul><ul><li>Why they are toxic: These people have a way of eating away at your belief system and self-esteem.  They find ways to make you do things that you don't necessarily want to do and before you know it, you lose your sense of identity, your personal priorities and your ability to see the reality of the situation.  The world all of a sudden becomes centered around their needs and their priorities. </li></ul>
  88. 95. 2. Narcissistic Nancy: These people have an extreme sense of self-importance and believe that the world revolves around them.  They are often not as sly as the Manipulative Marys of the world, but instead, tend to be a bit overt about getting their needs met.  You often want to say to them &quot;It isn't always about you.&quot; Why they are toxic: They are solely focused on their needs, leaving your needs in the dust.  You are left disappointed and unfulfilled.  Further, they zap your energy by getting you to focus so much on them, that you have nothing left for yourself.
  89. 96. 3. Debbie Downers: These people can't appreciate the positive in life.  If you tell them that it is a beautiful day, they will tell you about the impending dreary forecast.  If you tell them you aced a mid-term, they'll tell you about how difficult the final is going to be. Why they are toxic: They take the joy out of everything.  Your rosy outlook on life continues to get squashed with negativity.  Before you know it, their negativity consumes you and you start looking at things with gray colored glasses yourself.
  90. 97. 4. Judgmental Jims: When you see things as cute and quirky, they see things as strange and unattractive.  If you find people's unique perspectives refreshing, they find them 'wrong'.  If you like someone's eclectic taste, they find it 'disturbing' or 'bad'. Why they are toxic: Judgmental people are much like Debbie Downers.  In a world where freedom rings, judgment is sooo over.  If the world was a homogeneous place, life would be pretty boring.  Spending a lot of time with these types can inadvertently convert you into a judgmental person as well.
  91. 98. 5. Dream Killing Keiths: Every time you have an idea, these people tell you why you can't do it.  As you achieve, they try to pull you down.  As you dream, they are the first to tell you it is impossible. Why they are toxic: These people are stuck in what is instead of what could be .  Further, these individuals eat away at your self-esteem and your belief in yourself.  Progress and change can only occur from doing new things and innovating, dreaming the impossible and reaching for the stars.
  92. 99. 6. Insincere Illissas: You never quite feel that these people are being sincere.  You tell a funny story, they give you a polite laugh.  You feel depressed and sad and they give you a 'there, there' type response.  You tell them you are excited about something and you get a very ho-hum response. Why they are toxic: People who aren't sincere or genuine build relationships on superficial criteria.  This breeds shallow, meaningless relationships.  When you are really in need of a friend, they won't be there.  When you really need constructive criticism, they would rather tell you that you are great the way you are.  When you need support, they would rather see you fail or make a fool of yourself.
  93. 100. 7. Disrespectful Dannys: These people will say or do things at the most inappropriate times and in the most inappropriate ways.  In essence, they are more subtle, grown up bullies.  Maybe this person is a friend who you confided in and uses your secret against you.  Maybe it is a family member who puts their busy-body nose into your affairs when it is none of their business.  Or maybe, it is a colleague who says demeaning things to you. Why they are toxic: These people have no sense of boundaries and don't respect your feelings or, for that matter, your privacy.  These people will cause you to feel frustrated and disrespected.
  94. 101. 8. Never Enough Nellies: You can never give enough to these people to make them happy.  They take you for granted and have unrealistic expectations of you.  They find ways to continually fault you and never take responsibility for anything themselves. Why they are toxic: You will spend so much time trying to please them, that you will end up losing yourself in the process.  They will require all of your time and energy, leaving you worn out and your own needs sacrificed.
  95. 102. <ul><li>All of these personalities have several things in common. </li></ul><ul><li>the more these people get away with their behavior, the more they will continue.  </li></ul><ul><li>2) Unfortunately, most of these people don't see that what they do is wrong and as a result, talking to them about it will fall on deaf ears, leaving you wondering if you are the crazy one.  </li></ul><ul><li>3) Most of these people get worse with age, making their impact on you stronger with time. </li></ul><ul><li>Frankly, life is too short to spend your time dealing with toxicity.  If you can, avoid spending mucho time with people who are indicative of these behaviors and you'll feel a lot happier. </li></ul><ul><li>Have you encountered these personalities?  What have you done?  Any personalities you would add? </li></ul>