Sales of goods act (2).pptx

SALES OF GOODS
ACT,1930
PRESENTED BY:
Subhabrata Sahoo
Sk Tairuddin
DEFINITION
 Sec 4(1) of the Indian Sale of Goods Act, 1930
defines the contract of sale of goods in the following
manner:
• “ A contract of sale of goods is a contract whereby
the seller transfers or agrees to transfer the property
in goods to the buyer for a price”.
From the above definition, the following essentials of
a contract of sale may by noted:
1. There must be at least two parties
2.Transfer or Agreement to transfer the ownership
of goods.
3.The subject matter of the contract must
necessarily be 'goods'. Sale of immovable
property is not covered under this act.
4. The consideration is Price.
5.A Contract of sale may be in writing or by words
6. All other essentials of a valid contract must be
present
ESSENTIALS OF CONTRACT
OF SALE
Definition of `GOODS` under the Act
 'Goods' means every kind of moveable property and includes
stock and shares, growing crops, grass, and things attached to
or forming part of the land, which are agreed to be severed
before sale or under the contract of sale.
GOODS
TYPES OF GOODS
 Existing goods
 Future goods
 Contingent goods
 1. Existing goods:
Goods which are physically in existence and which
are in seller's ownership and/or possession, at the
time of entering the contract of sale are called
'existing goods.' Where seller is the owner, he has
the general property in them.
 2. Future goods:
Goods to be manufactured, produced or acquired by
the seller after the making of the contract of sale
are called 'future goods' [Sec. 2(6)]. These goods
may be either not yet in existence or be in
existence but not yet acquired by the seller.
Ex:- A agrees to sell to B all the milk that his cow
may yield during the coming year. This is a
contract for the sale of future goods.
 3. Contingent goods:
Though a type of future goods, these are the goods the
acquisition of which by the seller depends upon a
contingency, which may or may not happen [Sec. 6
(2)]. Ex:-
(a) A agrees to sell to B a specific rare painting provided
he is able to purchase it from its present owner. This
is a contract for the sale of contingent goods.
(b) X agrees to sell to 25 bales of Egyptian cotton,
provided the ship which is bringing them reaches the
port safely. It is a contract for the sale of contingent
goods. If the ship in sunk, the contract becomes void
and the seller is not liable.
THE TERM “CONTRACT OF SALE OF
GOODS’ IS A GENERIC TERM AND IT
INCLUDES:
a. Sale and
b. An agreement to sell
where the seller transfers the ownership rights to
the buyer immediately on making the contract, it is
the contract of sale, but where the ownership rights
are to pass on some future date upon the fulfillment
of certain conditions then it is called an agreement
to sell.
SALE` AND 'AGREEMENT TO SELL'
DISTINGUISHED
Sale:
 It is a contract where the ownership in the goods is transferred by
seller to the buyer immediately at the conclusion contract. Thus,
strictly speaking, sale takes place when there is a transfer of property
in goods from the seller to the buyer.Asale is an executed contract.
 It must be noted here that the payment of price is immaterial
to the transfer of property in goods.
Ex -
 Asells his Yamaha Motor Bicycle to B for Rs. 10,000. It is a sale
since the ownership of the motorcycle has been transferred fromA
to B.
AGREEMENT TO SELL:
 It is a contract of sale where the transfer of property in
goods is to take place at a future date or subject to some
condition thereafter to be fulfilled.
Ex-
 On 1st March 1998, A agreed to sell his car to B for Rs.
80,000. It was agreed between themselves that the
ownership of the car will transfer to B on 31st March 1998
when the car is got registered in B`s name. It is an
agreement to sell and it will become sale on 31st March
when the car is registered in the name of B.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
Sale
 Ownership passes to
the buyer.
 It is a executed
contract.
 Risk of loss falls on the
buyer.
Seller cannot resell the
goods.
 It can be in case of
existing and specific
goods.
Agreement to sell
 Ownership remains
with the seller.
 It is a executory
contract.
 Risk of loss falls on the
seller.
 Seller can sell goods to
third party.
 It can be in case of
future and
unascertained goods.
 In case of breach of a
contract, seller can sue for
the price of the goods .
 The seller is only entitled
to the ratable dividend of
the price due if the buyer
becomes insolvent.
 In case of breach of a
contract, seller can sue
only for damages not for
the price.
 The seller may refuse to
sell the goods to the buyer
w/o payments if the buyer
becomes insolvent.
SALE Agreement to sell
CONCLUSION
 The Sale of goods is the most common of all commercial
transaction . Knowledge of sale of goods is important to
all . Law relating to sale of goods is contained in sale of
goods act 1930.
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Sales of goods act (2).pptx

  • 1. SALES OF GOODS ACT,1930 PRESENTED BY: Subhabrata Sahoo Sk Tairuddin
  • 2. DEFINITION  Sec 4(1) of the Indian Sale of Goods Act, 1930 defines the contract of sale of goods in the following manner: • “ A contract of sale of goods is a contract whereby the seller transfers or agrees to transfer the property in goods to the buyer for a price”.
  • 3. From the above definition, the following essentials of a contract of sale may by noted: 1. There must be at least two parties 2.Transfer or Agreement to transfer the ownership of goods. 3.The subject matter of the contract must necessarily be 'goods'. Sale of immovable property is not covered under this act. 4. The consideration is Price. 5.A Contract of sale may be in writing or by words 6. All other essentials of a valid contract must be present ESSENTIALS OF CONTRACT OF SALE
  • 4. Definition of `GOODS` under the Act  'Goods' means every kind of moveable property and includes stock and shares, growing crops, grass, and things attached to or forming part of the land, which are agreed to be severed before sale or under the contract of sale. GOODS TYPES OF GOODS  Existing goods  Future goods  Contingent goods
  • 5.  1. Existing goods: Goods which are physically in existence and which are in seller's ownership and/or possession, at the time of entering the contract of sale are called 'existing goods.' Where seller is the owner, he has the general property in them.  2. Future goods: Goods to be manufactured, produced or acquired by the seller after the making of the contract of sale are called 'future goods' [Sec. 2(6)]. These goods may be either not yet in existence or be in existence but not yet acquired by the seller. Ex:- A agrees to sell to B all the milk that his cow may yield during the coming year. This is a contract for the sale of future goods.
  • 6.  3. Contingent goods: Though a type of future goods, these are the goods the acquisition of which by the seller depends upon a contingency, which may or may not happen [Sec. 6 (2)]. Ex:- (a) A agrees to sell to B a specific rare painting provided he is able to purchase it from its present owner. This is a contract for the sale of contingent goods. (b) X agrees to sell to 25 bales of Egyptian cotton, provided the ship which is bringing them reaches the port safely. It is a contract for the sale of contingent goods. If the ship in sunk, the contract becomes void and the seller is not liable.
  • 7. THE TERM “CONTRACT OF SALE OF GOODS’ IS A GENERIC TERM AND IT INCLUDES: a. Sale and b. An agreement to sell where the seller transfers the ownership rights to the buyer immediately on making the contract, it is the contract of sale, but where the ownership rights are to pass on some future date upon the fulfillment of certain conditions then it is called an agreement to sell.
  • 8. SALE` AND 'AGREEMENT TO SELL' DISTINGUISHED Sale:  It is a contract where the ownership in the goods is transferred by seller to the buyer immediately at the conclusion contract. Thus, strictly speaking, sale takes place when there is a transfer of property in goods from the seller to the buyer.Asale is an executed contract.  It must be noted here that the payment of price is immaterial to the transfer of property in goods. Ex -  Asells his Yamaha Motor Bicycle to B for Rs. 10,000. It is a sale since the ownership of the motorcycle has been transferred fromA to B.
  • 9. AGREEMENT TO SELL:  It is a contract of sale where the transfer of property in goods is to take place at a future date or subject to some condition thereafter to be fulfilled. Ex-  On 1st March 1998, A agreed to sell his car to B for Rs. 80,000. It was agreed between themselves that the ownership of the car will transfer to B on 31st March 1998 when the car is got registered in B`s name. It is an agreement to sell and it will become sale on 31st March when the car is registered in the name of B.
  • 10. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN Sale  Ownership passes to the buyer.  It is a executed contract.  Risk of loss falls on the buyer. Seller cannot resell the goods.  It can be in case of existing and specific goods. Agreement to sell  Ownership remains with the seller.  It is a executory contract.  Risk of loss falls on the seller.  Seller can sell goods to third party.  It can be in case of future and unascertained goods.
  • 11.  In case of breach of a contract, seller can sue for the price of the goods .  The seller is only entitled to the ratable dividend of the price due if the buyer becomes insolvent.  In case of breach of a contract, seller can sue only for damages not for the price.  The seller may refuse to sell the goods to the buyer w/o payments if the buyer becomes insolvent. SALE Agreement to sell
  • 12. CONCLUSION  The Sale of goods is the most common of all commercial transaction . Knowledge of sale of goods is important to all . Law relating to sale of goods is contained in sale of goods act 1930.