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Circular Economy - And Open Source + Hacking As Paths To It

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Circular Economy - And Open Source + Hacking As Paths To It

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A presentation with an introduction to Circular Economy highlighting Open Source and Hacking as promising methodologies to make progress with it. / by Lars Zimmermann http://larszimmermann.de

A presentation with an introduction to Circular Economy highlighting Open Source and Hacking as promising methodologies to make progress with it. / by Lars Zimmermann http://larszimmermann.de

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Circular Economy - And Open Source + Hacking As Paths To It

  1. 1. CIRCULAR ECONOMY & Open Source & Hacking as Paths to it Lars Zimmermann @bricktick
  2. 2. Repair
  3. 3. Repurpose
  4. 4. Recycle
  5. 5. Recycle
  6. 6. Recycle
  7. 7. Recycle
  8. 8. Recycle Without loosing any quality of the material same material
  9. 9. Recycle Without loosing any quality of the material same material
  10. 10. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  11. 11. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  12. 12. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  13. 13. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  14. 14. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  15. 15. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  16. 16. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  17. 17. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse Grows more rich and diverse
  18. 18. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  19. 19. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  20. 20. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  21. 21. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  22. 22. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  23. 23. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  24. 24. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  25. 25. Biosphere Grows more rich and diverse
  26. 26. WELL ... These ideas we know for decades
  27. 27. AND WE CAN CALL IT
  28. 28. the
  29. 29. WHY ? do people think we need it?
  30. 30. 1. 6 % of all people that ever lived live right now. (Worldometers) 2. Global wealth is growing; ‚3 billion new customers will enter the market in the next 20-30 years’ (Mckinsey) 3. 2016 was the hottest year on record (NASA), 4. Industrialization pollutes and poisons the environment: Biodiversity is in decline, 58 000 animal species die every year = 160 a day (Der Spiegel) 5. Globalization: Air traffic and seafreight increasing constantly! 6. Our economy is still largely based on non renewable resources like oil, gas, rare metals... That are ever harder to get... +
  31. 31. 1. 6 % of all people that ever lived live right now. (Worldometers) 2. Global wealth is growing; ‚3 billion new customers will enter the market in the next 20-30 years’ (Mckinsey) 3. 2016 was the hottest year on record (NASA), 4. Industrialization pollutes and poisons the environment: Biodiversity is in decline, 58 000 animal species die every year = 160 a day (Der Spiegel) 5. Globalization: Air traffic and seafreight increasing constantly! 6. Our economy is still largely based on non renewable resources like oil, gas, rare metals... That are ever harder to get... +
  32. 32. Plastic in our oceans
  33. 33. Plastic in our oceans
  34. 34. 1. 6 % of all people that ever lived live right now. (Worldometers) 2. Global wealth is growing; ‚3 billion new customers will enter the market in the next 20-30 years’ (Mckinsey) 3. 2016 was the hottest year on record (NASA), 4. Industrialization pollutes and poisons the environment: Biodiversity is in decline, 58 000 animal species die every year = 160 a day (Der Spiegel) 5. Globalization: Air traffic and seafreight increasing constantly! 6. Our economy is still largely based on non renewable resources like oil, gas, rare metals... That are ever harder to get... +
  35. 35. 1. 6 % of all people that ever lived live right now. (Worldometers) 2. Global wealth is growing; ‚3 billion new customers will enter the market in the next 20-30 years’ (Mckinsey) 3. 2016 was the hottest year on record (NASA), 4. Industrialization pollutes and poisons the environment: Biodiversity is in decline, 58 000 animal species die every year = 160 a day (Der Spiegel) 5. Globalization: Air traffic and seafreight increasing constantly! 6. Our economy is still largely based on non renewable resources like oil, gas, rare metals... That are ever harder to get... + / + | ° ° ° ° |
  36. 36. the
  37. 37. the
  38. 38. Examples Some early examples looking for new ways:
  39. 39. technical nutrients in technical cyclebiological nutrients in biological cycle
  40. 40. Tool libraries & the fight against food waste
  41. 41. BUY USED LAP-TOPS!
  42. 42. Compost Toilets
  43. 43. Ok. So much for the design of products.
  44. 44. Ok. So much for the design of products. Let‘s now go one level up
  45. 45. Ok. So much for the design of products. Let‘s now go one level up & look into the design of
  46. 46. Communication & Collaboration
  47. 47. –1.} TRANSPARENCY IS KEY
  48. 48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................... .
  49. 49. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ . ............... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  50. 50. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ . ............... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Share all plans, problems & solutions openly with the world
  51. 51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  52. 52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . open sharing across the whole universe
  53. 53. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Allowing our combined brainpower to make circularity happen.
  54. 54. . . . & save lives ...
  55. 55. It is much harder to hack (repair, reuse, recycle) black boxes And it is much harder to do it alone...
  56. 56. > Open Source
  57. 57. Open source hardware is hardware whose design is made publicly available so that anyone can study, modify, distribute, make, and sell the design or hardware based on that design. The hardware’s source, the design from which it is made, is available in the preferred format for making modifications to it. . . . definition at: oshwa.org/definition
  58. 58. Open Source Software Examples
  59. 59. RapRap 3d Printer TV-B-Gone WikiHouse Poppy – Open Source Robot Open Energy Monitor OS-Vehicle Arduino Open Wheels Open Source Ecology FarmBot OS-Vehicle Open Desk SparkFun Open Source Hardware Examples
  60. 60. OPEN SOURCE enables TRANSPARENCY and still or therefore! allows to run stable projects and businesses!
  61. 61. –2 . } BUSINESS MODELS
  62. 62. BUSINESS MODELS FOR A CIRCULAR WASHING MACHINE 1. Longevity: As a selling point. You warrant. 2. Leasing: The manufacturer still owns the machine – so there is an interest for a longlasting and circular machine. 3. Sell washes: Not the machine: A manufacturer places a machine in the customers house and sells 10 000 washes. The manufacturer maintaines the machine. 4. Sell clean clothes: Not the machine: A company comes by and picks your dirty laundry and delivers clean clothes. They have an interest in longlasting, repairable machines running in their factory.
  63. 63. BUSINESS MODELS FOR A CIRCULAR WASHING MACHINE 1. Longevity: As a selling point. You warrant. 2. Leasing: The manufacturer still owns the machine – so there is an interest for a longlasting and circular machine. 3. Sell washes: Not the machine: A manufacturer places a machine in the customers house and sells 10 000 washes. The manufacturer maintaines the machine. 4. Sell clean clothes: Not the machine: A company comes by and picks your dirty laundry and delivers clean clothes. They have an interest in longlasting, repairable machines running in their factory. + But these models do not work for everything ...
  64. 64. BUSINESS MODELS FOR A CIRCULAR WASHING MACHINE 1. Longevity: As a selling point. You warrant. 2. Leasing: The manufacturer still owns the machine – so there is an interest for a longlasting and circular machine. 3. Sell washes: Not the machine: A manufacturer places a machine in the customers house and sells 10 000 washes. The manufacturer maintaines the machine. 4. Sell clean clothes: Not the machine: A company comes by and picks your dirty laundry and delivers clean clothes. They have an interest in longlasting, repairable machines running in their factory. + But these models do not work for everything ...
  65. 65. + 5. The Open Source Model! – Build a circular washing machine Open Source – as a platform everyone can plug in and maintain, reuse, repurpose and recycle.
  66. 66. VIDEO series and TOOL about Open Source Business Models for Circular economy at: oscedays.org/b1 + a bunch of consultants happy to explain it to you. Find them by contacting: openitagency.eu
  67. 67. There is a project (disclaimer: I am a part of it)
  68. 68. oscedays.org
  69. 69. a global project
  70. 70. OSCEdays Forum: community.oscedays.org
  71. 71. But truth is, the ‚circular economy‘ is mostly talk.
  72. 72. BREAK
  73. 73. QUESTIONS FOR YOU 1. Do you know circular products or processes around you? 2. What can you do to help the shift to a circular world? 3. If you were the CEO of a large company and you want it to become circular – what would you do? 4. (Look around you in this room. Do you see any circular things?) Pick one to think about and let‘s discuss for a while
  74. 74. PART II
  75. 75. PART II ... & let‘s go back one more time into interstellar space ...
  76. 76. Apollo 8 Iconic Earth Shot „Blue Marble“ !969
  77. 77. 1972
  78. 78. 1962
  79. 79. BUT WHAT HAS HAPPENED in terms of circularity? ... very little ... WHY!?
  80. 80. LOCK-IN Ss EFFECT
  81. 81. LOCK-IN Ss EFFECT cars – universities – planes – balance board ... linear lock-in
  82. 82. Mifactori Circular Balance Board development
  83. 83. LOCK-IN Ss EFFECT cars – universities – planes – balance board ... linear lock-in
  84. 84. HOW TO GET OUT OF THIS ‚PRISION‘?
  85. 85. HACKING! Ss thecityisopensource.de
  86. 86. HACKING = to break a systems limitations & (completely) repurposing it with only small modifications to it
  87. 87. IFIXIT – a company providing tutorials and tools to repair almost every smartphone
  88. 88. URBAN FOOD PRODUCTION HACK THE CITY! thecityisopensource.de
  89. 89. Hacking public transport
  90. 90. BUILD THINGS EASY TO HACK!
  91. 91. openstructures.net mifactori.de
  92. 92. Circular Street Waste Workshop with Kids & Adults mifactori.de
  93. 93. Mifactoris Hackable Chess Board
  94. 94. Well... and open things are easier to hack! as said before
  95. 95. 3 TAKE AWAY MESSAGES: 1. Circular Economy is a cool thing! 2. Open Source is the way to do it! (But we need to invent OS a lot further.) 3. Hacking is the way to get there!
  96. 96. 3 TAKE AWAY MESSAGES: 1. Circular Economy is a cool thing! 2. Open Source is the way to do it! (But we need to invent OS a lot further.) 3. Hacking is the way to get there!
  97. 97. – THANK YOU – For the Attention! LARS ZIMMERMANN Twitter @bricktick Facebook lars.zimmermann.716 Website larszimmermann.de PROJECTS Open Source Circular Economy Days oscedays.org Open It Agency openitagency.eu The City Is Open Source thecityisopensource.de Mifactori mifactori.de
  98. 98. – THANK YOU – For the Attention! LARS ZIMMERMANN Twitter @bricktick Facebook lars.zimmermann.716 Website larszimmermann.de PROJECTS Open Source Circular Economy Days oscedays.org Open It Agency openitagency.eu The City Is Open Source thecityisopensource.de Mifactori mifactori.de

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