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Gastritis and gastropathy. Ppt..pptx

  1. Gastritis And Gastropathy By : Lakshay saini
  2. Gastritis Gastritis is a condition in which the stomach lining- known as the mucosa-is inflamed. 🦠The stomach lining contains special cells that produce acid and enzymes, which helps in break down of food for digestion, and mucus, which protects the stomach lining from acid. When the stomach lining is inflamed, it produces less acid, enzymes, and mucus.
  3. Types of Gastritis Gastritis can broadly be divided into acute gastritis and chronic gastritis. • Acute gastritis Acute gastritis is a sudden inflammation of the lining of the stomach. Acute gastritis can be divided into:- ~Acute superficial gastritis ~Acute Erosive gastritis ~Acute gastric ulceration
  4. • Chronic gastritis It is an inflammation of the lining of the stomach that occurs gradually and persists for a prolonged time. • Chronic gastritis can divided into:- ~Type A chronic gastritis (autoimmune gastritis) ~Type B chronic gastritis (bacteria induced gastritis) ~Type C chronic gastritis (chemical induced gastritis)
  5. Aetiology ~Bacterial infections ~Non- steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) ~Autoimmune ~Bile reflux disease ~Stress ~Alcohol addiction ~Cocaine ~Radiation and chemotherapy
  6. Sign & Symptoms ~Abdominal pain and burning, in the upper center of the abdomen called the epigastric area ~Bloating ~Weight loss ~Indigestion ~Anorexia ~Nausea & vomiting
  7. Some times severe gastritis can lead to life-threatening symptoms including: ~Severe chest pain ~Feeling faint or short of breath ~Severe abdominal pain ~Sudden onset of bloody stools (blood may be red or black) ~Vomiting blood or black material (resembling coffee
  8. Diagnosis Gastritis is diagnosed on the basis of medical history and physical examinations of the patient and the following tests: ~Blood test ~Stool test ~Upper gastrointestinal X ray ~Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy
  9. Treatment by :- ~Antacids ~H2 Receptor Blockers ~Proton Pump Inhibiters ~Antibiotics ~Antidiarrheal Agents
  10. Prevention ~Eating habits ~Avoid alcohol ~Don't smoke ~Maintain a healthy weight ~Exercise regularly ~Manage stress
  11. Gastropathy Gastropathy refers to a condition in which the stomach lining becomes damaged (not inflamed) 🦠Many factors may contribute to gastropathy, including non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use, alcohol consumption, and many other conditions.
  12. Symptoms • Nausea • vomiting • diarrhoea • cramping • abdominal pain • loss of appetite • weight loss • heartburn • fullness after meal • indigestions • bloating • acid reflux • food regurgitation • chest pain
  13. Types of gastropathy 1. Reactive gastropathy Reactive gastropathy occurs as a result of long-term stomach exposure to irritating substances. These substances commonly include NSAIDs, alcohol, and bile. Reactive gastropathy can be chronic and erosive, which means it may cause lesions or ulcers in the stomach or small intestine. 2. Acute erosive gastropathy Acute erosive gastropathy is similar to reactive gastropathy in that irritating substances may also contribute to its development. However, acute erosive gastropathy may also develop due to serious underlying health conditions. These conditions can include sepsis, critical illnesses, or severe injuries or burns.
  14. 3.Portal hypertensive gastropathy Portal hypertensive gastropathy develops when elevated blood pressure in the portal vein, the major vein leading to the liver, causes damage to the stomach lining.
  15. Diagnosed by ~Endoscopy ~Ultrasound ~Endoscopic ultrasound ~Biopsy ~Upper gastrointestinal series ~Gastric emptying study Other tests for diagnosis:- ~Blood test ~Stool test
  16. Lifestyle changes to treat it • avoid certain medications, such as aspirin • eat fewer fatty foods • avoid spicy foods • reduce your daily salt intake • reduce or stop alcohol consumption • drink more water • add probiotic foods • avoid dairy products • eat smaller meals several times per day
  17. Medications involved • antacids • proton pump inhibitors • antibiotics • diabetes medications • blood pressure medications • chemotherapy • histamine blockers • medications to stimulate stomach muscles • anti-nausea medications
  18. Thank you