3. CLASSIFICATION OF VEGETABLES
• Vegetables are classified according to
which part of the plant is eaten. Some
vegetables fit into more than one
category when several different parts of
the plant are edible, e.g. both the roots
and leaves of beetroot can be eaten.
• Usually grow just
below the surface of
the ground and
produce a fleshy, leafy
shoot above ground.
Bulbs usually consist of
layers, or clustered
14. 1.MINERAL SUBSTANCES
• Mineral substances are present in salts of
organicor inorganic acids or as complex
(chlorophyll,lecithin,etc.);they are in many
cases dissolved in cellular juice.
• Vegetables are more rich in mineral
substances as compared with fruits.The
mineral substance content is normally
between 0.60% and 1.80% and more than
60 elements are presents; the major
15. • Among the vegetables which are especially rich in
mineral substances are: Spinach,Carrots,Cabbage and
• Carbohydrates are the main
components of fruit and vegetables
and represent more than 90% of
their dry matter.
• Carbohydrates plays a major role in
biological systems and in foods.
• Is one of the three main Macronutrients,along
with Carbohydrate and protein.
• Though the word “protein” usually
conjures up images of
meat,fruits,and vegetables can also
be good sources of protein;they
lower in saturated fat and higher in
dietary fiber than animal sources and
when regularly eaten can help lower
cholesterol and reduce the risk heart
disease,diabetes and certain cancers.
22. • Vegetables may be classified to the portion of the plant used
for food and its specific nutritive value
• They are a valuable source of minerals (iro and
calcium),vitamins (A,C,K and riboflavin) and cellulose.
23. B.Stem or Stalk vegetables
• They Contain minerals and vitamins in proportion to
the green color.Celery and Asparagus are example of
24. C.Flowering and fruit vegetables
• Broccoli,cauliflower.and globe artichoke are the most
commonly used flowering vegetables. Broccoli being
greener,rates,higher in nutritive value than
cauliflower and is good of iron,phosphorus,vitamins
A and C and riboflavin.Cauliflower is also a good
source of vitamin C.Artichoke is a good source of
minerals,particularly potassium,calcium and
phosphorus and has a high dietary fiber content.The
other fruit vegetables are
26. D.Root vegetables
• Carrot,beet,Turnip,and potato are examples of root
• Good source of thiamin and minerals.Potato contains
some vitamins C.Onion is an outstanding of a bulb
vegetable,and contains a moderate amount of
30. • SUGAR
• Is the generic name for sweet,
soluble carbohydrates, many of which
are used in food. There are various
types of sugar derived from different
sources. Simple sugars are
called monosaccharides and
include glucose(also known as
dextrose), fructose, and galactose.
31. • Pure, dry fructose is a very sweet, white, odorless,
crystalline solid and is the most water-soluble of
all the sugars.fructose is found in honey, tree and
vine fruits, flowers, berries, and most root
• A natural sugar that provides the sweetness in
32. GLUTAMIC ACID
• This forms a product called monosodium
glutamate when combined with salt.
• It is found in large amount from young
and fresh vegetables.