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NARMADA BACHAO ANDOLAN
INDEX
ABOUT NARMADA RIVER ……………… 03
HISTORY OF THE PROJECT ……………… 04
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES ……………… 07
THE NARMADA BA...
ABOUT NARMADA RIVER……
 Narmada River is the fifth longest river in
India.
 It begins its 1312 km (813 mile) flow to the
...
HISTORY OF THE PROJECT
 The idea of building dams in the Narmada
river basin predates independent India.
 In 1946, India...
 The Narmada Project included the creation
of thirty large dams, 135 medium dams, and
3,000 small dams.
 The Indian gove...
Advantages of Multi-Purpose River Projects Disadvantages of Multi-Purpose River
Projects
 Helps in generation of electric...
THE NARMADA BACHAO ANDOLAN
 Since the early 1980s, the Narmada Project has faced
mounting opposition from a variety of so...
 While Medha Patkar established Narmada
Bachao Andolan in 1989, the groups joined
this national coalition of environmenta...
THE WORKS OF NBA
 The success of the NBA campaign resulted
from its innovative strategies of resistance
that operated sim...
 Medha Patkar and Baba Amte together let a series of protests, some of which failed.
 In September 1989, Amte led a 60,0...
THE LEADERS OF NBA
 The movement was initiated by Medha Patkar.
 She moved to live among the tribals of narmada
valley i...
 In 1990, Baba Amte left Anandvan to join Medha
Patkar’s Narmada Bachao Andolan.
 Words from Baba Amte
“I am leaving to ...
 On Friday, April 14, 2006, Aamir Khan
participated in hunger strike since March
29 put by the NBA committee, after the
g...
ACHEIVEMENTS OF NBA
 The NBA has attracted an international network of support.
 They have gain some success in obtainin...
CURRENT STATUS OF NBA
 In October 2000 the Supreme Court gave a judgment approving the construction of
the Sardar Sarovar...
CONCLUSION ON THE NBA
According to one NBA partner, the campaign against the construction of dams on the
Narmada According...
REFERENCES
 www.ecoindia.com
 www.narmada.org
 www.essentialthinkers.wordpress.com/.../the-story-of-narmada-bachao-ando...
MADE BY……
 KRISHNA
 MILAN
 HARIKRISHNA
 SHUBAM
 MANISH
 ASHUTOSH
THANK YOU
Narmada bachao andolan
Narmada bachao andolan
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Narmada bachao andolan

  1. 1. NARMADA BACHAO ANDOLAN
  2. 2. INDEX ABOUT NARMADA RIVER ……………… 03 HISTORY OF THE PROJECT ……………… 04 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES ……………… 07 THE NARMADA BACHAO ANDOLAN ……………… 08 THE WORKS OF NBA ……………… 10 THE LEADERS OF NBA ……………… 14 THE ACHEIVEMENTS OF NBA ……………… 17 CURRENT STATUS OF NBA ……………… 18 CONCLUSION ON THE NBA ……………… 19 REFERENCES ……………… 20
  3. 3. ABOUT NARMADA RIVER……  Narmada River is the fifth longest river in India.  It begins its 1312 km (813 mile) flow to the sea from Amarkantak village in Madhya Pradesh, continuing its flow towards Maharashtra, then Gujarat and eventually to the Arabian sea.  Along the way the Narmada is augmented by waters from 41 tributaries – 22 on its southern side and 19 on its northern side.  Together the Narmada and its tributaries drain 98,796 sq km (37, 542 sq miles) of land.
  4. 4. HISTORY OF THE PROJECT  The idea of building dams in the Narmada river basin predates independent India.  In 1946, India’s Central Waterways, Irrigation, and Navigation Commission constituted a committee to study the feasibility of such a project.  Fifteen years later the government of India came out with a plan to construct a series of dams over the Narmada river .Thus was started a multi crore project that would generate a big revenue for the government.  In 1978, the Indian government sought the World Bank’s assistance to build a complex of dams along the river as part of the Narmada Valley Development Project
  5. 5.  The Narmada Project included the creation of thirty large dams, 135 medium dams, and 3,000 small dams.  The Indian government promised that the dams would help provide potable water for almost forty million people, irrigation for over six million hectares of land, and hydroelectric power for the entire region.  The government also claimed that the dams were essential for India’s economic development was the assertion that these benefits, which would purportedly accrue to millions of people living in the Narmada River valley
  6. 6. Advantages of Multi-Purpose River Projects Disadvantages of Multi-Purpose River Projects  Helps in generation of electricity.  Natural course of river is affected causing poor sediment Row.  Helps in irrigation.  Excessive sedimentation at the bottom of the reservoir, resulting in rockier stream beds.  Helps in supply of water for domestic and industrial uses.  Reservoirs submerge the existing vegetation and soil leading to its decomposition over time.  Helps in protecting from floods.  Displacement of people on large scale  Helps in recreation and inland navigation.  Poor habitats for the river’s aquatic life.  Helps is fish breeding.  Deforestation ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
  7. 7. THE NARMADA BACHAO ANDOLAN  Since the early 1980s, the Narmada Project has faced mounting opposition from a variety of sources.  Protest groups formed in all three affected states and included or were supported by individuals facing displacement, students, social activists, Indian environmental NGOs, international NGOs, and transnational networks.  Groups in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra opposed the dams altogether. Two such groups were the Narmada Ghati Navnirman Samiti in Madhya Pradesh and the Narmada Ghati Dharangrastha Samiti in Maharashtra  These two groups subsequently merged to form the Narmada Bachao Andolan in 1989, under the leadership of Medha Patkar
  8. 8.  While Medha Patkar established Narmada Bachao Andolan in 1989, the groups joined this national coalition of environmental and human rights activists, scientists, academics and project affected people with a non- violent approach.  NBA originally employed ‘‘Gandhian methods’’ such as peaceful marches and protests.  Rajagopal—a scholar notes that globally, the NBA is ‘‘regarded as one of the signature public contestations of the twentieth century that redefined the terms of development, democracy and accountability.’’
  9. 9. THE WORKS OF NBA  The success of the NBA campaign resulted from its innovative strategies of resistance that operated simultaneously at the grassroots, national, and international level.  NBA focused towards the stoppage of the Sardar Sarovar Dam, Medha Patkar using the right to fasting, undertook a 22-day fast in June 1991 that almost took her life.  She undertook a similar fast in 1993 and resisted evacuation from the dam site.  In 1994, the Narmada Bachao Andolan office was attacked reportedly by a couple of political parties, and Patkar and other activists were physically assaulted and verbally abused.
  10. 10.  Medha Patkar and Baba Amte together let a series of protests, some of which failed.  In September 1989, Amte led a 60,000-person anti-dam NBA rally in Harsud - a town of 20,000 people in Madhya Pradesh that faced submersion.  In May 1990, a massive NBA five-daydharna (sit-in) at then-Prime Minister V. P. Singh’s residence in New Delhi forced the Prime Minister to agree to ‘‘reconsider’’ the project.  In December 1990, Amte, along with 5,000 protestors, began the Narmada Jan Vikas Sangharsh Yatra marching over a hundred kilometres.  The government reacted by deploying the Gujarati police force and by bussing in thousands of government supported pro-dam demonstrators from urban centers in Gujarat.  Following the government’s announcement that rising waters from the dam would begin to submerge villages, domestic protest intensified and with it the resulting backlash from the state.  On January 5, 1991, Amte began a ‘‘dharna [sit-in] unto death.’’  Today it has became a 31 years long movement which started with the view to work towards and protect the environment as well as the shelter for the lakhs of peoples living at the banks of River Narmada led under the leadership of Socialists like Medha Patkar and Baba Amte.
  11. 11. THE LEADERS OF NBA  The movement was initiated by Medha Patkar.  She moved to live among the tribals of narmada valley in the mid – 1980’s.  She faced repression and has been arrested several times.  She undertook many satyagrahas and long fasts.  She declared that NBA would accept no package since NBA was opposed to obstructing the “natural” flow of rivers.
  12. 12.  In 1990, Baba Amte left Anandvan to join Medha Patkar’s Narmada Bachao Andolan.  Words from Baba Amte “I am leaving to live along the Narmada…… Narmada will linger on the lips of the nation as a symbol of all struggles against social injustice.”  AWARDS 1. United Nations Human Rights Prize 2. Ramon Megasessey Award (1985) 3. Templeton Prize (1990) 4. Gandhi Peace Prize
  13. 13.  On Friday, April 14, 2006, Aamir Khan participated in hunger strike since March 29 put by the NBA committee, after the government’s decision to raise the height of the Narmada Dam.  Words from Aamir Khan “As a concerned Indian citizen, I have come here to lend my support to these poor Adivasis who will lose their land and will be displaced from the homes if the height of the dam is raised.”  He gave NBA movement a good media coverage and voiced his opinions freely and fearlessly.
  14. 14. ACHEIVEMENTS OF NBA  The NBA has attracted an international network of support.  They have gain some success in obtaining concession for the people who have been affected by already built dam on Narmada river.  They achieved their early successes through being able to forge transnational linkages and to petition international organizations such as the World Bank from Sardar Sarovar in 1993.  The NBA was able to halt of the construction of Sardar Sarovar Dam in 1994-99  Withdrawal of foreign investors from Maheshwar dam 1999-2001  The NBA has helped establishing a network of activists across the country – The National Alliance Of People’s Movement.
  15. 15. CURRENT STATUS OF NBA  In October 2000 the Supreme Court gave a judgment approving the construction of the Sardar Sarovar Dam.  The court decided that the height of the dam be raised to 90 m. This height is much higher than the 88 m which anti-dam activists demanded, but it is definitely lower than the proposed height of 130 m.  After the Supreme Court judgment, the Gujarat Government has taken up the construction of the dam.  As the World Bank withdrew its financing in 1993 the project is now largely financed by the state governments and market borrowings.  Now the project is expected to be fully completed by 2025.
  16. 16. CONCLUSION ON THE NBA According to one NBA partner, the campaign against the construction of dams on the Narmada According to one NBA partner, the campaign against the construction of dams on the Narmada River is ‘‘symbolic of a global struggle for social and environmental justice,’’ while the NBA itself is a ‘‘symbol of hope for people’s movements all over the world that are fighting for just, equitable, and participatory development.’’ Though the NBA has yet to achieve the goals for which it has so tirelessly fought, its victories against the mammoth odds have earned it the reputation of being one of the most dynamic social movements of our time and one that the government continues to expend considerable resources to fight against. As noted by Medha Patkar upon her release from jail on August 6, 2007: ‘‘It’s obvious that the Government of Madhya Pradesh is all out to kill our right to land and also our right to agitate.’’
  17. 17. REFERENCES  www.ecoindia.com  www.narmada.org  www.essentialthinkers.wordpress.com/.../the-story-of-narmada-bachao-andolan  www.lokashakti.org/encyclopedia/groups/143-narmada-bachao-andolan  www.importantindia.com/11689/narmada-bachao-andolan  www.firstpost.com/tag/narmada-bachao-andolan  www.khabar.ndtv.com/topic/narmada-bachao-andolan/news  www.narmada.org/nvdp.dams
  18. 18. MADE BY……  KRISHNA  MILAN  HARIKRISHNA  SHUBAM  MANISH  ASHUTOSH THANK YOU

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