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Belbin's team theory intro updated logo july 2010

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Belbin's team theory intro updated logo july 2010

  1. 1. Smells Like Team Spirit Introduction to Belbin’s Team Role Theory and Team Dynamics July 16, 2010
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>What makes an effective team? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a team role? </li></ul><ul><li>Building a balanced team </li></ul><ul><li>The 9 Team roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferred roles </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What makes an effective team?
  4. 4. Team vs. Group
  5. 5. What is a team role? <ul><li>“A tendency to behave, contribute and interrelate with others in a particular way.”—Meredith Belbin, Ph.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Belbin’s Team Role theory is based on 9 years of research at Henley Management College (UK) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Changing facets of teamwork <ul><li>Once it was: Many hands make light work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work was straightforward and clear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialized t asks were executed by specialized staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools were few and relatively unsophisticated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now: It takes a diverse range of behaviors and skills …. to make it work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No single individual can “wear all hats” but </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You have to be able to play multiple roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work is complex and multifaceted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-talents required; project approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vast array of skills required and behaviors to master </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Teams examined <ul><li>Some people are better at certain tasks than others — why? </li></ul><ul><li>Some teams are productive, and get things done; others less so — why? </li></ul><ul><li>Some teams are creative and innovative; what makes them so? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Building a balanced team <ul><li>Ideally, a productive and effective team will have a mix of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thinkers, planners, creative problem-solvers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doers, action-oriented contributors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social, interaction-oriented contributors </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Building a Balanced Team Action-Oriented Cerebral Social
  10. 10. The 9 Team Roles Plant Coordinator Monitor Evaluator Implementer Specialist Resource Investigator Shaper Teamworker Completer Finisher
  11. 11. The 9 Team Roles: Shaper <ul><li>Shaper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charismatic, forceful, personal stake in success, and the drive to make it happen, often a bit manipulative — entrepreneurial manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideal “change” and “innovation” manager </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenges status quo, dynamic, thrives under pressure. Drive and courage to overcome obstacles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allowable weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes failure personally, provocative, prone to offending people’s feelings </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. The 9 Team Roles: Coordinator <ul><li>Coordinator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consensus-builder, politically astute operator, process and procedure-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent “maintenance” managers, but ineffective, sometimes counterproductive “innovation” managers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mature, confident, clarifies goals, facilitates decision-making, delegates well </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allowable weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manipulative, offloads personal work </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The 9 Team Roles: Monitor/Evaluator <ul><li>Monitor-Evaluator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develops and evaluates scenarios, builds contingency plans, thinks of everything (that can go wrong) — ideal project manager </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sober, strategic, discerning. Sees all options; has good judgement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allowable weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lacks drive and the ability to inspire others </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The 9 Team Roles: Plant <ul><li>Plant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autonomously creative, visionary, architect, an idea generator; thinker rather than do-er </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative, imaginative, unorthodox; tackles and solves complex problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allowable weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distracted, often poor follow-through, too preoccupied to communicate effectively, impatient with execution </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The 9 Team Roles: Resource Investigator <ul><li>Resource-Investigator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship-builder, extroverted, creatively mixes and matches people and information, big-picture thinker, pragmatic, opportunistic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extrovert, infectious enthusiasm, great communicator, explores and exploits opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allowable weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overly optimistic; dismisses legitimate concerns, loses interest once initial excitement has passed </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The 9 Team Roles: Team Worker <ul><li>Team Worker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The motivator, the mediator, a people-oriented worker, social coordinator and guardian of the team-spirit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperative, collaborative, always ready to help out, perceptive, high EQ, diplomatic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allowable weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indecisive in critical situations, gets too emotional </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. The 9 Team Roles: Completer/Finisher <ul><li>Completer-Finisher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Worriers, perfectionists, detail-oriented nitpickers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But: they cross all the t’s and dot all the i’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Painstaking, conscientious, anxious. Seeks out and identifies errors and flaws, delivers on time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allowable weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inclined to worry unduly, reluctant (sometimes incapable) to delegate </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. The 9 Team Roles: Implementer <ul><li>Implementer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid performer, unassuming, loyal, plugs away tirelessly and gets the job done, do-er rather than thinker </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disciplined, reliable, conservative, efficient. Turns ideas into practical actions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allowable weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inflexible, resistant to sudden change, suspicious of new ideas/approaches </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. The 9 Team Roles: Specialist <ul><li>Specialists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lone gunmen – but straight shooters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have all the detailed knowledge nobody else retains – and will deliver the correct information on request </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have no interest in actual team work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single-minded, self-starter, dedicated. Contributes scarce and detailed knowledge and skills when asked </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allowable weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contributes only on a narrow basis; slow to volunteer information, tends to dwell on technicalities and tools </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Your preferred roles <ul><li>Everyone can and will play multiple roles. </li></ul><ul><li>What roles do you prefer to play? </li></ul><ul><li>Will you play any role, if it is necessary? </li></ul><ul><li>Which role are you unlikely to play? Why? </li></ul>

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