1. NAME: KANKSHI MALAVI
PROGRAM: BA.H (LIBERAL ARTS AND HUMAN
MODULE: GATEWAY TO PSYCHOLOGY
MODULE LEADER: DR.SUNITA DEVI
Here is where your presentation begins
Psychology is a Science of behaviour. In
recent study it has been found that
every living being on earth has to learn
to adapt to the surrounding environment
and it is an inevitable process.
Every living being for his own safety
has to learn something or the other
5. Learning brings change in behavior and situation and helps
man to solve different types of problems.
It can be said that human being can live freely, safely and
with satisfaction only because of the skill of learning.
Every human being, during his life span behaves in two
ways. 1. Natural behavior 2. Learned behavior
7. 1. Natural behavior
There is no need for any kind of formal education for natural
learning, at the time of birth human baby is capable of
making only a limited number of response which can be
termed as in born or natural behavior. For e.g. cry of a baby
immediately after it is born can all said to be inborn
Normally every living being to satisfy its basic needs and to
safeguard itself gives out natural responses to the
environment which we can call as natural behavior.
8. 2. Learned behavior
Learned behavior means that learning which takes place by observing
others or is taught to an individual by other people or stimulus in the
Whenever a man and animal learn something, there is a change in one’s
behaviour. But if this behavior change occurs as a result of experience
or practice then only it can be called as learning. Its natural for a child,
as he/she grows and matures, brings a change in his behavior pattern
because of his experiences from the environment and also learn to adapt
to the situation. Hence it can be said that learning is a continuous
process from birth till death.
9. An Individual in his childhood acquires basic learning either by modeling
or by trial and error. In adolescence his learning is based on
conditioning where as problems in youth are solved by his learning and
experiences of the past and its insightful application in the present
So it can be said that a person can learn language, behavior, Attitude,
discipline etc. through education and develop his personality.
So an individual can sail through the ocean of life successful with help
of learning and education.
According to American Psychologist C.T.Morgan,
“Learning is any relatively permanent change in human or
animal behaviour as a result of experience or practice.”
12. Experience & Practice
Whenever men or animals learns something, there is change in behavior. But
if the behavioral changes is not by training, experience or practice then it
can not be called as learning. One should note that behavioral changes also
occur due to the maturity, tiredness, disease, injury etc. but such aren’t
13. Change in behaviour
It can be called learning only
when it brings change in the
behaviour pattern of an
14. Relatively Permanent Change
The behaviour change produced by learning is relatively
permanent. The behavioural changes which are temporary which
occur because of fatigue, drugs or cannot be called as learning.
Instant behavioral changes which are temporary are not
accepted by psychologist as learning. Only these changes which
are for along time and relatively permanent are accepted as
16. 1. Visual learners
One common type of learning style is visual
learning. Some people learn more through visual or
spatial representations such as graphic designs,
charts, diagrams, images, and anything that
Employees with visual-spatial intelligence can
recall knowledge and details when pictured in
their heads. Similarly, visual learners retain
information better when they visualize the
connections between data as they process the
17. 2. Auditory Learning
Another type of learning style is auditory learning where employees learn best
when hearing information rather than seeing them. This type of learning is also
called “aural learning” and employees who fall under this category process the
course lessons when presented to them vocally.
Some examples of this type of learning style include music, lectures, podcasts,
and talks. Auditory learners prefer vocal collaboration and communication
where they read out loud lessons to absorb the information in their head.
18. 3. Logical Learning
Logical learning is not really common compared to other learning styles.
This type of learning involves the use of logical reasoning
when processing data and solving problems.
Logical learners look into the different patterns to create a connection
between information that makes sense to them, even if the association is
not obvious to other people.
Highly logical employees are adept at recognizing relationships and
retaining ideas through critical thinking exercises, statistics, facts,
problem-solving tasks, and more.
19. 4. Verbal Learning
Verbal learning is the process of learning about linguistic cues and
responses. Compared to other types of learning styles, verbal
learners recall details better through reading, speaking, and writing.
This is to say that they process information better when presented
in words, may it be in speech or text form. Those who have this
learning style tend to create study materials such as reviewers
or flashcards that help them understand and memorize ideas.