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Week 3 IxD History: Computing Technology in the Workplace

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Slides from History of Interaction Design course at SVA.

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie, Design
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Week 3 IxD History: Computing Technology in the Workplace

  1. HISTORY OF INTERACTION DESIGN Week 3: Computing Technology in the Workplace
  2. 1875 http://www.earlyofficemuseum.com/IMagesWWW/cb000183_c._1900_Bookkeeping_Office_OM.JPG 2
  3. http://www.officemuseum.com/1876_Amberg_File_Asher__Adams.jpg http://www.officemuseum.com/1876_Amberg_Letter_File_Cabinets_Asher__Adams.jpg http://www.officemuseum.com/Rotary_Slate_Pencil_Sharpener.jpg 3
  4. 1900 http://www.earlyofficemuseum.com/Photo%20Gallery%201900-1909/1902_Detroit_Typing_Dept._Nat._Cash_Register_4a20574r.JPG 4 http://www.earlyofficemuseum.com/1907_Burroughs_Corp_Collection_Charles_Babbage_Institute_U_MN_cb000184.jpg
  5. http://www.officemuseum.com/typewriters_office_models.htm http://www.officemuseum.com/calculating_machines.htm http://www.officemuseum.com/communications_equipment.htm http://www.officemuseum.com/filing_equipment_cabinets.htm 5
  6. 1975 http://www.flickr.com/photos/army_arch/3867647402/sizes/o/ 6
  7. http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/documents/index.html 7
  8. 2000 8
  9. 9
  10. THE FIRST BUSINESS COMPUTERS
  11. 11
  12. ENIAC (1946) http://mrsec.wisc.edu/Edetc/SlideShow/slides/computer/eniac.html 12
  13. PRESPER ECKERT & JOHN MAUCHLEY “ (1919 – 1995) (1907 – 1980) I built the first electronic digital computer and the prototype was finished up in October or November of 1939. — John Vincent Atanasoff http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PresEckertJohnMauchlyENIAC.jpg “ He lies like a rug. — J. Presper Eckert 13
  14. “ One would think that if a man invented a machine that revolutionized the world, took out a patent on that machine, and had the full financial and legal resources of a major American corporation on his side, he would spend most of the rest of his life enjoying fortune and fame. Edison did. Bell did. By and large, Pres Eckert and John Mauchley did not. —Shurkin, Engines of the Mind 14
  15. http://www.library.upenn.edu/exhibits/rbm/mauchly/img/unidia.jpg 15
  16. UNIVAC (1951) http://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/comphist/objects/univac.htm 16
  17. 17
  18. http://www.digibarn.com/collections/ads/univac-50s/stand-alone/index.htm http://www.digibarn.com/collections/ads/univac-50s/divide-by-zero/index.htm 18
  19. IBM ELECTRONIC CALCULATORS (1950s) http://www.digibarn.com/collections/ads/ibm-50s/index.html 19
  20. COMPUTER LANGUAGES
  21. GRACE MURRAY HOPPER “ (1906 – 1992) A ship in port is safe; but that is not what ships are built for. Sail out to sea and do new things. “ It's easier to ask forgiveness than it is to get permission. http://www.flickr.com/photos/publicresourceorg/493885707/ 21
  22. COBOL CODING FORM 22
  23. “ Not only would a programmer hardly ever see the computer, he or she might never even see the keypunch on which the programs were entered into the computer. —Ceruzzi, A History of Modern Computing 23
  24. MAN-COMPUTER SYMBIOSIS
  25. “ VANNEVAR BUSH (1890 – 1974) The world has arrived at an age of cheap complex devices of great reliability; and something is bound to come of it. http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/File:Vannevar_Bush_portrait.jpg 25
  26. “AS WE MAY THINK” “ (1945) Consider a future device for individual use, which is a sort of mechanized private file and library. It needs a name, and to coin one at random, memex will do. A memex is a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility. It is an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory. 26
  27. WEB MEMEX 27
  28. J.C.R. LICKLIDER “ (1915 – 1990) The hope is that, in not too many years, human brains and computing machines will be coupled together very tightly and that the resulting partnership will think as no human brain has ever thought and process data in a way not approached by the information-handling machines we know today. — Man-Computer Symbiosis http://marcoalemes.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/jcl2.jpg 28
  29. “MAN-COMPUTER SYMBIOSIS” (1950)
  30. AI HCI 30
  31. THE COGNITIVE AND THE PHYSICAL
  32. HENRY DREYFUSS “ (1904 – 1972) The products we design are going to be ridden in, sat upon, looked at, talked into, activated, operated, or in some way used by people individually or en masse. If the point of contact between the product and the people becomes a point of friction, then the industrial designer has failed. If, on the other hand, people are made safer, more comfortable, more eager to purchase, more efficient—or just plain happier—the industrial designer has succeeded. http://perpenduum.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/09/henrydreyfuss.jpg 32
  33. DESIGNING FOR PEOPLE (1955) 33
  34. 34
  35. 35
  36. THE COMMAND LINE
  37. WHIRLWIND (1952) http://www.computermuseum.li/Testpage/Whirlwind-1949.htm http://www.computerhistory.org/collections/accession/102622503 37
  38. WHIRLWIND COMMAND LINE GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE 38
  39. SAGE (1963) http://www.computermuseum.li/Testpage/IBM-SAGE-computer.htm 39
  40. IBM SYSTEM/360 (1964) 40
  41. DEC PDP-8 (1964) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PDP-8 41
  42. BATCH TIME PROCESSING SHARING 42
  43. HERB GROSCH GRACE HOPPER “ Computer performance increases as the square of the cost. If computer A costs twice as much as computer B, you should expect computer A to be four times as fast as “ In pioneer days they used oxen for heavy pulling, and when one ox couldn't budge a log, they didn't try to grow a larger ox. We shouldn't be trying for bigger computers, but for computer B. more systems of computers. 43
  44. SABRE (1960s) http://gadgets.boingboing.net/2008/08/08/101-classic-computer.html http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/index.html 44
  45. DATA ENTRY 45
  46. “ By the mid-1960s, data processing computers for business had become well established. The commercial computer installation was characterized by a large, centralized computer manufactured by IBM or one of the other half- dozen mainframe computer companies, running a batch-processing or real-time application. The role of the user in this computing environment was to feed data into the computer system and interact with it in the very restricted fashion determined by the application. —Kelly and Aspray, “Computer” 46
  47. MULTICS (1964 – 1969) Project MAC @ MIT _Mathematics and Computation _Multiple Access Computer _Multi-access Computing _Machine Aided Cognition _Man and Computer _Maniacs And Clowns _Men Against Computers 47
  48. UNIX (1969–1974) 48
  49. THE STARS ALIGN
  50. THE TRANSISTOR http://www.jiict.be/afbeeldingen/transistor.jpg 50
  51. http://cva.stanford.edu/classes/cs99s/papers/hennessy-jouppi-computer-technology-and-architecture.pdf 51
  52. NEXT WEEK Personal Computing _A Computer of Our Own _Direct Manipulation _The Graphical User Interface _Mobility and Hypertext _The Discipline of Interaction Design
  53. 53

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