2. Nationalism: Dictionary Definition
Dictionary Results – (n.) Origins & Brief History
• A national spirit or an • 1836, “A great vote of a
aspiration. nation (Theologically).”
• Devotion and loyalty to • 1844, “One devotes
one’s own nation. himself/herself to his/her
• The desire for national country.”
advancement or • 1892, “A sense of spreading
• The struggling of
independence within a
3. Nationalism vs. Colonialism
Nationalism (The NATION) Colonialism (The COLONY)
• Brings about independence • Natives of the territory are
to a nation dependent to colonizer
• Contested the colonizer’s • No / rare sense of equality
powers and will, in-territory amongst natives and
• Nationalists gain equality colonizers
between colonizers • Natives work and exploit
• Economic and political resources for colonizers
developments start with
4. China: The Hustle for Pride Colonizer: Various Europeans
• 1900s, The Boxers united the Chinese against foreigners.
– These were the English, Japan, France, and even Russia
– Believed that China needs to maintain its imperial power
– Responded immediately from foreign expansion in China
– Losing their power among the Japanese & Westerners
• They wanted China to get rid of Western influences.
– Had issues concerning Christianity spreading in China
– Foreign Superpowers are spreading banned goods; opium
– Believed that unrest and disasters were caused by this
– Believed China will soon gain back territory and
6. The Boxer Uprising (1899-1901) Location: China
• 1, The ‘Hundred Days Reform’ (11 June – 21 Sep 1898)
– Westerners and few Chinese decided reform in Qing Government
– Disappointed Empress Dowager Decided to reverse-reform
– Opium trade with westerners weaken China’s economy
– Peasants believed that famine was caused by westerners
• 2, The siege in Beijing and Christian massacre (1899-1900)
– Boxers and imperial troops assault foreign settlement
– Westerners and Japan made truce Eight-Nation Alliance
– Boxers killed many Christians and Chinese converts
– Imperial troops are attacked by Alliance Imperial withdrew
– Boxers and imperials attacked in Beijing ; Alliance gains power
• 3, Forever sets the reign of the Qing Dynasty (1901)
– Alliance reinforcements came killed off all boxers
– Beijing is captured Qing dynasty surrenders
7. Philippines: Facing a Formidable Foe Colonizer: Spain
• 1892, The Katipunan united Filipinos against Spaniards.
– Filipinos are tired by the abuse that the Spaniards had done
– Many Filipinos rebelled and revolted Spanish succeeded
– Illustrados demanded reform ‘Noli me Tangere ‘
– Andres Bonifacio creates the Katipunan fight off Spanish
– Katipunan believed Philippines is ready for self-governance
• They wanted independence, equality, and power.
– Independence – Spain enslaved and gave little to Filipinos
– Equality – Spaniards pay low wages and power to Filipinos
– Power – The will of the Filipinos were under the Spanish
9. The Katipunan Revolution (1892-1898) Location: Philippines
• 1, The demand for a nation’s independence (1892-1896)
– Jose Rizal forms La Liga Filipina and writes Noli me Tangere
– Most controversial book banned in the Philippines
– Bonifacio is influenced by book creates the K.K.K.
– Many Filipinos join K.K.K. Were trained and armed
• 2, The Great Exposure to Almighty Spain (1896-1897)
– Teodoro Patino confesses to local friar Spain knows K.K.K.
– Spaniards capture and execute Katipuneros K.K.K. Hides
– Bonifacio rebuilds his army All prepped to fight Spaniards
– Emilio Aguinaldo joins the cause earned victories & land
• 3, Betrayal at Tejeros and fall of K.K.K. (1898-1900)
– Bonifacio lost his command in election executed soon
– Aguinaldo soon lost territories Spain is back to power
10. Nationalism: Good or Bad?
PROS – Support One’s Country CONS -- Destroy One’s Country
• Focuses on the • Demonstrations and ousting
development of the natives. the colonizers are
• A sense of self-governance dangerous.
within the natives. • Colonizers will do anything
• Can rid off the control of to eradicate it.
colonizers. • Requires more people, time,
• Territory is gained from the and effort.
11. “The Nationalists’ Theme” More Anti-Colonialist Guys
• Nationalism is an ideology; empowering a country.
– It is the idea that supports the devotion to one’s own nation
– It is to favour the demands of the nation
– It is giving a 100% effort to support the nation
• Many people believed and entrusted Nationalism.
– To gain freedom and independence to a nation
– Devoting time to help the nation’s politics and economics
– To motivate people doing their work and cause
• Nationalism brings up and destroys nations.
– To revolt and oppress those against the nation
– Rebellions and demonstrations put many people to risks
– Without strategic, manpower, and technology superiority, no
one is bound to win or lose for their beloved country
12. Nationalism: Web Sources
• "Nationalism - 4 dictionary results." dictionary.com. Ask.com Community, 2005. Web. 12 Apr 2010.
• "Nationalism: Definition from Answers.com."Answers.com. Answers.com Community, 2005. Web. 12 Apr 2010.
• "How old is nationalism?: information from Answers.com." Answers.com. Answers.com Community, 2005. Web. 12 Apr
• "Colonialism: definition from Answers.com."Answers.com. Answers.com Community, 2005. Web. 12 Apr 2010.
• Miscevic, Nenad. "Nationalism: Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy." plato.stanford.edu. Stanford University
Research Lab, 24 Sep 2005. Web. 12 Apr 2010. <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/nationalism/>.
• Wilson, Constance. "Colonialism and Nationalism in Southeast Asia." www.seasite.niu.edu. Seasite Community,
2005. Web. 12 Apr 2010. <http://www.seasite.niu.edu/crossroads/wilson/colonialism.htm>.
• ”Boxer Rebellion: Information from Answers.com."Answers.com. Answers.com Community, 2005. Web. 12 Apr
• "Katipunan: Information from Answers.com."Answers.com. Answers.com Community, 2005. Web. 12 Apr 2010.
• "Philippine Revolution: Information and much more from Answers.com." Answers.com. Answers.com
Community, 2005. Web. 15 Apr 2010. <http://www.answers.com/topic/philippine-revolution>.