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Artificial Intelligence and Digital Banking - What about fraud prevention ?

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Artificial Intelligence and Digital Banking - What about fraud prevention ?

  1. 1. NETGUARDIANS Artificial Intelligence for banking fraud prevention - Impacts on customer experience Geneva / Jun 2017
  2. 2. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved2 NetGuardians - TOP European FinTech Funded in 2008 50 customers 60 employees • Behavioral analysis based on risk models combining human actions relative to channels, technical layers and transactions. • Stay on top of new anti-fraud patterns using Artificial Intelligence LayersChannels Transactions Jérome kehrli (beloved CTO)
  3. 3. The banking business is under heavy transformation for 10 years
  4. 4. The era of Power …
  5. 5. We are inter-connected on different kind of medias during a continuous time for every possible need
  6. 6. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved7 Evolution of means • Internet of everything • Consumerization • Mobile usage developments • Power of crowd • Availability/volume of data Evolution of behaviours • Digital literals / Milenials • Immediacy • Infectiousness • Individualization • Multiplication of behaviours Organization / Processes • Agile Corporation • Devops • Management 3.0 • Flat organization • Customer Centricity Corporate Culture • Lean Startup • Customer Development • Autonomous teams • Operational Efficiency Marketing approach • Digital Marketing • In- / Out- bound marketing • Mass customization / implication • Profiling / Behaviour prediction • Co-creation / Co-innovation influence / force transform Technology • Mobility • Open Source Software • Open Data • Open API • Big Data • NoSQL / NewSQL • Machine Learning • Deep Learning • Cloud • Multi-Data Centers clusters • Internet of things • Web 3.0 • Fiber last mile • 5G / SUPERFLUIDITY • Social Networks • Mobile wallets • Blockchain • New Human-Machine Interfaces • Virtual Reality • Augmented Reality Induces Enables Digital Transformation
  7. 7. Challenges Competitiveness • Fair price / clarity • Innovate / Adapt fast • Simplicity / Efficiency • Tailor-fit / personalization Marketing and Branding • Reputation (seriousness and trust) • New channels Risk Management / Mitigation • Reduce intervention delays • Continuous monitoring • Fraud detection • AML Transaction Monitoring • Compliance Operational Efficiency • Process automation • Process efficiency • Reduce intervention delays Customer centricity • Make customer autonomous • Inspire needs • Listen to demands • Meet the customer Customer Satisfaction • Availability (24/7) • Walk the talk • Give visibility Digitalization / Challenges
  8. 8. Benefits Competitiveness • Simple products • Customizable products • Co-creation / innovation • Personalized service • Efficient Service Marketing and Branding • Digital Marketing • Sandboxes (Try  Buy) • Convergence of networks (enterprise and private) Risk Management / Mitigation • KPIs / KRIs follow up, dashboards • Data Analytics (Big Data, AI) • Smarter / Deeper / Faster controls • Fraud prevention • Real time Operational Efficiency • Process dematerialization • Paperless corporation • Digital signatures • AI analytics Customer Centricity • Understand customer needs • Adapt to customer channels • In- & Out-bound marketing • Finer segmentation Customer satisfaction • 24/7 Support availability • Customer Follow-up processes automation • Open price / product comparison Digitalization / Opportunities
  9. 9. Where does AI kick-in ?
  10. 10. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved11 Artificial Intelligence in the financial industry • Smarter banks! • Three major ways: • Customer experience revolution • AI Analytics and personalized / customized advisory • Risk Mitigation : Fraud Prevention / AML / Compliance
  11. 11. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved12 1. Customer Experience revolution Chatbots / Voice Assisted Banking  Computer handles most customer requests - No waiting line anymore - No more visiting a branch - When I want, where I want, how I want Voice chatbot Ask device (speech-to-text) and get information needed for vital transactions (text-to- speech) Luvo Chatbot Whats’app type interactions: answer customer requests and performs simple banking tasks (FT, etc.) Erica (voice) Chatbot Answers customer requests forecasting, saving and investment recommendations, etc.
  12. 12. Challenges Competitiveness • Fair price / clarity • Innovate / Adapt fast • Simplicity / Efficiency • Tailor-fit / personalization Marketing and Branding • Reputation (seriousness and trust) • New channels Risk Management / Mitigation • Reduce intervention delays • Continuous monitoring • Fraud detection • AML Transaction Monitoring • Compliance Operational Efficiency • Process automation • Process efficiency • Reduce intervention delays Customer centricity • Make customer autonomous • Inspire needs • Listen to demands • Meet the customer Customer Satisfaction • Availability (24/7) • Walk the talk • Give visibility Challenges 1. Customer Experience revolution
  13. 13. Benefits Competitiveness • Simple products • Customizable products • Co-creation / innovation • Personalized service • Efficient Service Marketing and Branding • Digital Marketing • Sandboxes (Try  Buy) • Convergence of networks (enterprise and private) Risk Management / Mitigation • KPIs / KRIs follow up, dashboards • Data Analytics (Big Data, AI) • Smarter / Deeper / Faster controls • Fraud prevention • Real time Operational Efficiency • Process dematerialization • Paperless corporation • Digital signatures • AI analytics Customer Centricity • Understand customer needs • Adapt to customer channels • In- & Out-bound marketing • Finer segmentation Customer satisfaction • 24/7 Support availability • Customer Follow-up processes automation • Open price / product comparison Opportunities 1. Customer Experience revolution
  14. 14. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved15 2- AI Analytics and personalized / customized advisory Analyzing a huge volume of data and/or track transactions in real time  provide customized financial advices, forecasts and investment opportunities  Real-time profiling and risk scoring  Advanced investment research Automated lending process approve commercial real estate loans up to $2.7 million in less than 45 minutes Virtual research agents investment research to near- human levels, screen market data, SEC filings, do company valuation, etc. SmartWealth (robot-advisor) AI recommended personalized portfolio, bring fees attached to investing down to attract customers
  15. 15. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved16 2- AI Analytics and personalized / customized advisory Challenges Competitiveness • Fair price / clarity • Innovate / Adapt fast • Simplicity / Efficiency • Tailor-fit / personalization Marketing and Branding • Reputation (seriousness and trust) • New channels Risk Management / Mitigation • Reduce intervention delays • Continuous monitoring • Fraud detection • AML Transaction Monitoring • Compliance Operational Efficiency • Process automation • Process efficiency • Reduce intervention delays Customer centricity • Make customer autonomous • Inspire needs • Listen to demands • Meet the customer Customer Satisfaction • Availability (24/7) • Walk the talk • Give visibility Challenges
  16. 16. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved17 2- AI Analytics and personalized / customized advisory Benefits Competitiveness • Simple products • Customizable products • Co-creation / innovation • Personalized service • Efficient Service Marketing and Branding • Digital Marketing • Sandboxes (Try  Buy) • Convergence of networks (enterprise and private) Risk Management / Mitigation • KPIs / KRIs follow up, dashboards • Data Analytics (Big Data, AI) • Smarter / Deeper / Faster controls • Fraud prevention • Real time Operational Efficiency • Process dematerialization • Paperless corporation • Digital signatures • AI analytics Customer Centricity • Understand customer needs • Adapt to customer channels • In- & Out-bound marketing • Finer segmentation Customer satisfaction • 24/7 Support availability • Customer Follow-up processes automation • Open price / product comparison Opportunities
  17. 17. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved18 3- Risk Mitigation : Fraud Prevention / AML / Compliance Monitor transactions in real-time for Fraud Prevention and / or AML  React proactively and inform the customer Behavioural analysis - users  internal fraud - customers  external fraud) Fraud detection (Big Data) ML algorithms comb through huge transactional data sets to spot unusual behaviour AML (Big Data) analyse internal, public and transactional data within a customer’s network to spot rogue behaviour Fraud prevention (Big Data) AI to analyze behavioural data and transactions to detect suspicious behaviour and transactions in real time
  18. 18. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved19 3- Risk Mitigation : Fraud Prevention / AML / Compliance Challenges Competitiveness • Fair price / clarity • Innovate / Adapt fast • Simplicity / Efficiency • Tailor-fit / personalization Marketing and Branding • Reputation (seriousness and trust) • New channels Risk Management / Mitigation • Reduce intervention delays • Continuous monitoring • Fraud detection • AML Transaction Monitoring • Compliance Operational Efficiency • Process automation • Process efficiency • Reduce intervention delays Customer centricity • Make customer autonomous • Inspire needs • Listen to demands • Meet the customer Customer Satisfaction • Availability (24/7) • Walk the talk • Give visibility Challenges
  19. 19. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved20 3- Risk Mitigation : Fraud Prevention / AML / Compliance Benefits Competitiveness • Simple products • Customizable products • Co-creation / innovation • Personalized service • Efficient Service Marketing and Branding • Digital Marketing • Sandboxes (Try  Buy) • Convergence of networks (enterprise and private) Risk Management / Mitigation • KPIs / KRIs follow up, dashboards • Data Analytics (Big Data, AI) • Smarter / Deeper / Faster controls • Fraud prevention • Real time Operational Efficiency • Process dematerialization • Paperless corporation • Digital signatures • AI analytics Customer Centricity • Understand customer needs • Adapt to customer channels • In- & Out-bound marketing • Finer segmentation Customer satisfaction • 24/7 Support availability • Customer Follow-up processes automation • Open price / product comparison Opportunities
  20. 20. Artificial Intelligence for Banking Fraud Prevention - NetGuardians’ approach
  21. 21. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved22 Rising Cyber Fraud threats https://www.bankinfosecurity.com/bangladeshi-bank-hackers-steal-100m-a-8958
  22. 22. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved23 Another Example : The Retefe saga… “This threat actor has already been around for more than four years... Their goal remains the same: committing e-banking fraud in Switzerland and Austria. In August 2017, Retefe still redirects between 10 and 90 e-banking sessions every day. “ https://www.govcert.admin.ch/blog/33/the-retefe-saga
  23. 23. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved24 First steps : rule-based approach. • In the late 2000’s, cost of fraud and complexity of attacks increases. • Banking Institutions deploy analytics systems for fraud prevention • Rule engines (often AML) • Nobody seriously considers Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning • NetGuardians was a rule engine 2008 2015 2016 2017 2018 IF payment destination country is risky (e.g. Russia) AND payment amount is greater than 10’000 CHF THEN flag transaction for review
  24. 24. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved25 Every bank customer is different Hundreds of thousands of rules would be required to reflect everyone’s situation 2008 2015 2016 2017 2018
  25. 25. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved26 Artificial Intelligence comes in help The machine can learn about habits of individuals and detect suspicious transactions • Analysis of transactions on several years  Learn about habits and behaviors of customers and employees  Build dynamic profiles  Keep profiles up-to-date in real-time • Compare transactions with customer/user profile • Compute a risk core and take a decision 2008 2015 2016 2017 2018
  26. 26. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved27 The Machine can do better Group individuals based on their similarities and compare a transaction to the group • Analysis of transactions on several years • Broad Vision – Big Picture  Discover and learn peer groups: the customers or employees with same habits and same behavior  Build peer group profiles dynamically • Compare transactions to the customer and peer group profiles 2008 2015 2016 2017 2018
  27. 27. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved28 Even further … 2008 2015 2016 2017 2018 For instance Internet Banking applications: Learn about non-transactional behavior paths and qualify individual interactions based on path-to-action • Analyze all interactions between individuals and the bank IS • Probabilistic learning of path-to-action • Compare every single individual interaction with model • Customer-based / group-based (as usual) • Applications : ebanking, EAM, API banking, PSD2, etc. Genuine User Login Account Balance Payment Input Payment Validation Pending Orders Logout Worm(virus) Login Payment Input Payment Validation Logout
  28. 28. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved29 The results of the approach Traditional Static rules Profiling and machine learning on banks’ existing data NetGuardians Unknown fraud patterns Known fraud patterns Reduction in false positive rate Time saved in fraud investigation Fraud detection rate https://www.netguardians.ch/s/case-study-tzcf.pdf
  29. 29. Impacts on Customer Experience
  30. 30. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved31 Today : digital call-back Mobile app SECURE GATEWAY FIREWALL|WAF e-banking customer Customer Transactions Monitoring F. Trn Freeing _ Trn. Blocking _ Notifi- cations Notification Push Signed Approval or Rejection Banking Information System A E B C D F G
  31. 31. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved32 Tomorrow: yet another chatbot use case Voice Call FIREWALL|WAF e-banking customer Customer Transactions Monitoring F. Trn Freeing _ Trn. Blocking _ Banking Information System A B C H Bank Voice Chatbot Notifications Assess customer identity Assess transaction legitimacy E D F G
  32. 32. Digital Banking in the coming years
  33. 33. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved34 The future of Digital Banking • Powered by AI, tomorrow’s world should provide a seamless banking experience • Like Uber, Amazon, Netflix • How do you get there ? • Make most of the customer data • Use AI savings to fund AI customer experience initiatives. • Form a special team to drive AI programs. FinTech provider FinTech provider FinTech provider CoreBankingProvider Digital Banking Interface FinTech provider APIBus(PSD2,etc.) DigitalChannels Customers
  34. 34. © 2018 NetGuardians SA. All right reserved35 KMA Centre , 7th floor, Mara Road Upper Hill, Nairobi, Kenya T +254 204 93 11 96 NetGuardians Africa 143 Cecil Street #09-01 GB Building 069542 Singapore T +65 6224 0987 NetGuardians Asia Koszykowa 61, 00-667 Warsaw, Poland NetGuardians Eastern Europe Y-Parc, Av. des Sciences 13 1400 Yverdon-les-Bains Switzerland T +41 24 425 97 60 F +41 24 425 97 65 NetGuardians Headquarters Rhein-Main Gebiet Germany T +49 172 3799003 NetGuardians Germany @netguardians Linkedin.com/company/netguardians Facebook.com/NetGuardians www.netguardians.ch info@netguardians.ch +41 24 425 97 60 Contact us THANK YOU!

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • Artificial intelligence for banking fraud prevention
    How it takes its root in the digitalisation ways
    How it impacts customer experience
  • Legitimacy
    Software Editor / Yverdon / 2 former students
    Big Data Analytics - banking institutions - fraud prevention
    Founded 2018 – long incubation – developing 2012
    Figures
    Sales Turnover
  • Only 8 years
    A revolution in society / economy – 3rd industrial revolution
    Iphone revolution our society
    connection : we have a device connecting us to others and to services 24/7, but not only ( … Windows mobile)
    User Experience : one click to reach key services and experiences
    This interconnection has been key for many things:
    Social network rise : symbiotic relation between smartphones and facebook ( )
    Many other phenomenas
    Consequence:
    Millenials , GenXers : almost born with an iphone 1) immediacy, 2) all about me myself and I (egocentricity / individualization) 3) Service : when I want, where I want, how I want
    Change of Use / change of habits / change of behaviours => digitalization of society
     difitalization of corporations and services (Uber, Netflix, Amazon, Paypal)
  • Yesterday – in 2008, we were amazed by the first smartphones.
    Today they have almost become a part of ourselves. We cannot go without them anymore.

    Nowadays, new technologies emerge first in the consummer market and then spread into business. New solutions emerge every month and corporations cannot keep up the pace.
    This new reality has a name : it’s the consumerization.

    .. Cray / iphone
    -- 10’000 times more powerfull (1M computer moon)

    People are used to be connected all the time, with highly efficient devices on highly responsive services, everywhere and for every possible need.

    Today over 4 billion people are interconnected and exchange data, everywhere, all the time ,and for every possible need

    Is it the biggest invention of the decade ? Likely, but the previous decade, not the current one.
    The real revolution that is coming is the Internet of Things …
    Tomorrow, in a few years, Gartner: over 40 billion objects will be interconnected, all the time, everywhere and for every possible need
    Another story …
  • I cannot stress enough how much this is important and what it means in terms of change of society.
    Today, we are inter-connected on different kind of medias, during a continuous time and for every possible need. This has become a part of the human behaviour. In a few years the majority of the workforce will be composed by millenials, by people almost born with an iphone.

    In 2018, over 4 billion people are connected all the time, everywhere and for every kind of needs.
    Again:
    Change of Use / change of habits / change of behaviours => digitalization of society
     digitalization of corporation and services

  • Mbank … (TODO recover from octo)
  • Challenges : change of use / change of behaviours / change of means  force banking institiutions to adapt !
    Overview of the challenges on 6 dimensions
    Competitiveness
    Think comparison web sites (comparis) / drop of everything not understood in 2 mins / all about me myself and I
    Customer satisfaction
    RDV amag / shopping  24/ 7  when I want, where I want and how I want
    promise 0.5% mortgage interest / never applies / devastating impact …
    Customer centricity
    put customer back in the center of the preoccupations : meet him / inspire needs to him / listen to him
    Marketing and branding
    it’s all about reputation and innovation
    consider the customer channels (mobile phones, youtube, social networks) and not the usual channels
    Operational efficiency
    Reduce costs, reduce delays, automated, digitalize
    Risk management / mitigation
    new channels : attack surface increase
    more risks  better risk mitigation techniques
    audit / internal control : continuous, comprehensive, automated, real-time
    fraud costs explodes
     IMHO the most important challenges banks are facing with the digitalization and the changes of use and behaviours.
  • Happily, new technologies and these changes also offer opportunities
    What are these opportunities on the same 6 dimensions
    Competitiveness
    Digital products are naturally simpler
    Big Data analytics and AI enables to build
    Customer satisfaction
    A chatbot or an assistant app never sleeps, unlike a branch umployee
    In an online world, positioning products and pricing is natural
    Customer centricity
    Getting online and digital with today technologies is not difficult
    Technology give banks a chance to meet the customer and set themselves apart in the industry
    Big Data analytics enables banks to understand customer needs and trends in an unprecedented way
    Marketing and branding
    Again, it’s all about innovation and reputation
    The digital world offers unprecedented opportunities to convince a potential customer to buy a product : thin of try and buy, sandboxes, universality of channels
    Operational efficiency
    Technology is an enabled to process automation, dematerialization and digitalization
    AI Analytics offer a brand new world of business and financial insights
    Risk mitigation
    Big Data Analytics and new UI technologies : dashboards, data visualization, real-time KPIs and KRIs
    Artificial intelligence for fraud prevention
    Real-time is never been so close
    Conclusion : just as technology initiates change of behaviour and uses that challenges banking institutions, technology also offers unprecendented opportunities to catch up with these challenges
  • AI is the next step towards meeting these challenges and benefiting from the opportunities of the technology
    - Show a set of initiatives in these regards
  • AI  make banks smarter.
    AI leads to better customer intelligence and thus a better customer experience—a key to increasing profit.
    Examples:
    AI learns the behaviors of market participants  learn how markets behave  enable better risk assessments
    AI improve banks’ customer service in several ways – me and my banker (takes him huge time) – AI in no time and where, how, when I want
    3 ways
    Customer Experience revolution : when putting technology in direct contact with the customer (we’ll see examples)
    AI analytics : improve operational efficiency in various domains (investment research, credit scoring) or provide personalized advisory to customers (we’ll see examples)
    Risk mitigation : better fraud detection, as far as fraud prevention, more efficient AML controls, more efficient compliance controls, etc.
    Let’s see some examples.
    Note : worried 2 years ago when writing slides => banks caught up => AI has been key

  • Voice Assisted Banking
    Physical presence is fading - technology empowers customers to use banking services -> voice commands and touch screens.
    Natural language processing technology  answer questions, find information, and connect users with various banking services  educes human error, systemizing the efficiency.

    Barclay : voice chatbot
    VNLP : customers talk to a device and get information they need for vital transactions.
    ML model the characteristics of the customer—for example, incomes and typical investments—and predict their preferred investment behavior and interests such as stock choices.
    ML run in background, VNLP gives advices

    RBS – chatbot luvo Luvo is a NLP AI bot which will answer customer's questions and perform simple banking tasks like money transfers. If Luvo is unable to find the answer it will pass a customer over to a member of staff. Not only advises but performs simple tasks.

    BoA - Chatbot Erica
    ML and predictive analytics to provide financial guidance. Erica can also help customers with simple transactions such as checking account status or simple payments. Also voice (NLP and VNLP)
    Goive sparing and investment advices.
  • Challenged addressed by these initiatives
  • Opportunities actionned by these
  • Realtime Big Data processing with Machine Learning : provide personalised, value-added products to customers as it learns about spending habits or investment profiles.
    Data-driven AI applications for financial decisions : advice, calculations, scoring and forecasts, for the bank or for the customers
    RBS : automated lending process
    approve commercial real estate loans up to $2.7 million—a process that normally takes days—in less than 45 minutes. The 2017 AI-driven launch is part of the bank’s broader digital and innovation agenda.

    UBS "virtual research agents " that can perform investment research to near-human levels. imitate the quality of an investment analyst.
    screen through market data, through SEC filings and do a company valuation with all of the inputs that a human analyst would use

    UBS SmartWealth
    ask customers a set of questions so that a machine-learning algorithm can assign them a risk category and invest their money in a specific and portfolio bring the fees attached to investing down to attract more customers into the bank  smaller customers that would not be worth it for an asset manager chatbots … mimic what an asset manager provide to HNWI – private banking for retail customers

  • Fraud detection / AML - advanced significantly due to improvements in artificial intelligence.
    Companies like MasterCard and Visa have been using AI to detect fraudulent transaction patterns for several years now.
    react proactively and inform the customer.
    Transaction analytics but also behaviour analysis (suspicious behaviour, not only transactions / ZugKB)

    Lloyd …

    HSBC has also been working with the London-based big data startup Quantexa to help the bank spot potential money laundering activity. HSBC has been piloting the technology since 2017, which uses AI techniques to analyse internal, publicly available, and transactional data within a customer’s wider network to spot rogue behaviour. It is now integrating Quantexa technology into its systems this year.
    NetGuardians …
  • My conclusion on the intiatives I have been mentionning today
    We have seen some examples if initiatives and the challenges they address as well as the opportunities they activates
    AI is key to addressethe challenges of the digitalisation
    AI is the state of the art, the bleeding edge of the opportunities coming from the digitalizatiin
    AI enables to go faster, further, stronger in the digital transformation
  • Would want to speak present more in details what we do at NetGuardians et and how it impacts customer experience

  • In February 2016, a group that we deem around 20 persons, composed by financial experts, software engineers and hackers have attacked the information system of the Bangladesh Central Bank.
    They manage to compromise the bank internal gateway to the SWIFT Network. The SWIFT network is the international banking messaging network used by banks to communicate and transfer money through electronic wire.
    The pirates used the SWIFT network to withdraw money from the Bangladesh Central bank VOSTRO account by the US Federal Reserve.
    They manage to transfer 81 millions USD to the Philippines and used the Philippino casinos to launder the stolen funds.
    As a sidenote, the fact that they have stolen “only” 81 million USD is an amazing luck for the bank, or rather an amazing bad luck for the cybercriminals.
    An Anti-Money laundering system – rule-based - deployed in the US federal Reserve blocked the 6th transaction because the beneficiary name contained the word “Jupiter”. Jupiter was on a sanction screening list in the US because a cargo ship navigating under Iranian flag is called “Jupiter” something. The 6th transaction being blocked, all the further ones, around thirty, have been blocked as well.
    But 5 transactions pass through before the 6th has been blocked by the Fed and went further through the correspondent banking network
    Another transaction has been blocked by the Deutsche Bank, a routing bank, because of a typo “ Shilka Fandation” instead of “Shilka Fundation”
    So only 4 transactions our of 35 successfully arrived to the Philippines and as such the total loss have been reduces from 951 million USD initially intended to “only” 81 millions USD
  • The Retefe worm is a worm developed by a team of cybercriminals targeting specifically the ebanking platforms of small and mid size Austrian And Swiss Banking Institutions
    The worm is used by the thieves to take control of the victim’s ebanking sessions and to submit fraudulent transactions to the system

    This worm is 4 years old
    For 4 years, fraudsters keep on updating it, modifying it and extending it to counter the anti-viruses software and the specific protections put in place by the banks.
    This worm is 4 years old and nevertheless, as pointed out by the Computer security section of the federal finance department, it is still making today between 10 and 90 victims in Switzerland and Austria,
    Today, in the swiss banks …

    My conclusion from these examples is as follows:
    Today, fraudsters and cybercriminals are professionals
    The time when fraud was coming from a little hacker working in his garage or a back-office employee disappointed by his bonus, is over.
    Today, attackers are professionals who have industrialized their methods
  • In the second half of the 2000’s, however, the costs linked to fraud, increasingly external, the complexity of attacks and the maturity of attackers rise.
    Banking institutions react by deploying quite massively and for the first time specific analytics systems aimed at detecting banking fraud, both external and internal.

    At this time, these systems are rules-engines that work by checking or searching pre-defined and well defined conditions within the data extracted from the information system.
    In a way these systems can be considered as simple extensions of the security checks and rules implementing directly within the operational information system.
    The solutions come most of the time from the AML – Anti Money Laundering – World, their editors having understood that banking fraud was a way to extend their sales

    A very simple rule example is show at the bottom of this slide.

    At this time, a first set of papers have already been published on the success, still somewhat relative in this early days, of some Machine Learning approaches implemented towards banking fraud detection.
    But Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence are considered with a lot of condescension and skepticism.
    Bankers and their engineers are not willing to consider an approach whose interpretation of results is deemed fuzzy.

    NetGuardians has been built at these times and the NetGuardians platform could be seen as a gigantic rule engine,.

    Unfortunately, the reality of fraud and financial cybercrime evolved fast and dramatically.
    Let me give you two examples
  • Artificial Intelligence provides the solution to this problem

    In 2016, we started at NetGuardians to integrate the first advanced algorithms, so called Machine Learning algorithms, in our systems.

    We let an Artificial Intelligence analyze continuously the history of billions of transactions in the system and learn about individuals habits and behaviours.
    With big data technologies, AI can analyze a very extended depth of history and build dynamic profiles for each and every individual related to a financial transactions.
    Individuals are both Customer and Users (Internal Employees)
    Profiling customers is required for both Internal and External Fraud.
    Profiling users is required for Internal Fraud.
    Big Data technologies are key to maintain these profiles up-to-date in real time by tracking each and every interaction between the user and the bank systems
    In addition to a financial transaction direct characteristics such as the beneficiary, the target bank country, the amount of the transaction, its currency, etc., the machine can correlate a lot of indirect characteristics, such as where in the world was located the ATM where the user withdrawn money from, where was he connected to his ebanking session, etc.

    For each and every individual a dynamic and up to date profile captures his behaviour and his habits
    Then, each and every financial transaction, regardless of its type, it being a security trade order, an ATM withdrawal or an ebanking payment, is compared against the user profile and a risk score is computed.

    Based on this risk score, the machine eventually decides whether the transactions is genuine or not and whether it requires further investigation by a human analyst within the bank.
  • The machine can look at the big picture and analyze transactions at a broader scale.
    Recall the Audi example. When such a transaction is very unusual for a specific customer, looking at other customers with similar conditions, habits and behaviour is required.

    And here again AI comes in help.

    AI can analyze behaviours and habits of customers and group together the people with same patterns. People that are the same age, same wealth level, same origins or same … will have a strong tendency to behave the same: for instance drive the same kind of car, such as an Audi, live in a flats of the same size, pay the same amount of telephone bills at the end of the month, etc.
    The machine can analyze customer activities and transactions on the large scale and cluster together customers with same behaviour.
    Then, these groups can be profiled just as individuals.
    And finally, a transaction can be scored against the customer group profile in addition to the customer profile.

    Recalling the Audi example. When scoring this specific payment against the individual profile, the transaction will be flagged as suspicious.
    Scoring it against the group profile will clearly indicate that it’s a genuine transaction. People buy new Audis every day, especially in Switzerland
  • [On blank page]
    Let me give you a simple example of what I mean by analyzing a customer’s interaction with the banking Information system.
    The interactions of a customer with the ebanking application is the simplest example I can come up with.

    [Page down on Genuine User]
    Imagine the situation of a genuine user of the ebanking platform whose behaviour when inputting is payments is always the same
    He logs in the ebanking platform
    He looks at his account balance
    He performed all his payment, from input to validation, many of them
    He checks his pending orders, making sure he missed none of them
    He logs out the platform

    [Page Down on Worm]
    Now if a worm hijacks the ebanking session, the worm will do none of that
    The worm will likely go directly from login to payment input, validation to logout
    Here I am only showing transitions but one can also consider User think time, keyboard stroke speed, etc.

    [Page Down on principle]
    AI can analyze all this behaviour and activity tails a user or customer leaves on the banking information systems and build a model capturing this behaviour
    Then, when an individual action is performed, the machine can compute the likelihood of that action to be performed by a legitimate user or an attacker based on the past activity.
    And here as well, AI can build profiles of this activities and their likelihood both at individual level and group level through clustering techniques.

  • NetGuardians digitalizes and improves Fraud detection
    Sysmosoft digitalizes the call-back

    A breakthrough : not only we reduce the amount of hits, i.e. the amount of confirmations asked to customers, but we automate the handling of these reconfirmations and customer call-back.

    For the customer: a reconfirmation call-back is received a few minutes after the transaction is input
    - confidence / reputation /
    - ease of re-confirmation – one fingerprint (strong authentication)

  • In the future, the callback will increasingly be handled by chatbots and robots
    Just answer a few questions
    Validate or reject the transaction

    CONCLUSION
    NetGuardians makes fraud prevention enter the digital era :
    + fully digitalized and automated process / No more human intervention
    + AI / Big Data
    - Customer experience impacts
    + Seamless user experience for reconfirmation
    + indirect but essential : protecting the customer assets
    + protecting the banking institution reputation and brand
  • - I would like to conclude my presentation on the netx slide
  • Banks are embracing AI / more and more initiatives / finally catching up with fintechs (acquisition …)
    Implement AI to replicate user experience seen in eCommerce and uber, netflix, etc.
    Amazons and Uber aren’t suffering from regulatory pressure …
    Regardles s– innovative spirit and digital mindset  first class user experience within a regulated environment
    3 ways to leverage power of AI
    Millenials and GenXers willing to share personnal information in exchnage for a more customized, streamlined service (unlike baby boomers) All “about me myself and I”, “where I want, when I want, how I want”  meet the customer (channels) / personalized service / recommendations (don’t‘ like searching)
    Few banks have the resource of BoA or UBS First dig into cost-saving applications (Operational efficiency [automate, digitalize internal processes], risk mitigation [NG]). Then use these savings to invest on more interesting applications (CX / UX)
    Wells-fagro : Ai Enterprise Solution Team ! – connect bank staff with AI experts / brainstorm on applications !
    Last worls : a few years ago I was convinced that this schema would be the truth in the coming 10 years … Today I am less pessimistic – many initiatives in bank in regards to digitalization and CX – THANKS TO AI !!!

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