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Wall Material (Industrial Technology- Building and Furniture Design)

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Industrial Technology- Building and Furniture Design

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Wall Material (Industrial Technology- Building and Furniture Design)

  1. 1. INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY- BUILDING AND FURNITURE DESIGN Wall Materials Joshua Baptiste 71533 Shawna - Kay Bryan 73666
  2. 2. Lesson Objectives At the end of this lesson students will be able to differentiate between the different types of wall materials, as well as determine which wall material is best used for a particular job or task.
  3. 3. Question What is a Wall Material?
  4. 4. Wall Material Definition Wall materials are building materials and items used for wall construction. The most important requirements of wall materials are determined by the load-bearing and partitioning functions of the walls. An important characteristic of an individual wall material is the relative amount of labor required to erect walls made of that particular material.
  5. 5. Types of Wall Materials Bricks Building Blocks
  6. 6. Types of Wall Materials Stones Concrete
  7. 7. Types of Wall Materials Timber
  8. 8. Questions 1.What are the different types of wall material? 2.What are other wall materials that were not listed ?
  9. 9. Description and Purpose Bricks A brick is building material used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction. Traditionally, the term brick referred to a unit composed of clay, but it is now used to denote any rectangular units laid in mortar. A brick can be composed of clay, sand, and lime, or concrete materials.
  10. 10. Description and Purpose Building Blocks Block, when built in tandem with concrete columns and tie beams and reinforced with rebar, is a very common building material for the load- bearing walls of buildings, in what is termed concrete block structure (CBS) construction. Concrete blocks are made from cast concrete and are usually made of cement, sand and fine gravel. Clay blocks are made using the same cast process but are made of clay, sand and cement.
  11. 11. Description and Purpose Stone Stone walls are a kind of masonry construction that has been used for thousands of years. Stone walls are usually made of materials varying from limestone and flint to granite and sandstone. However, the quality of building stone varies greatly, both in its endurance to weathering, resistance to water penetration and in its ability to be worked into regular shapes before construction.
  12. 12. Description and Purpose Concrete Concrete walls are classified into two types plain concrete wall and reinforced concrete wall. Reinforced concrete wall is designed as a compression member. Reinforced concrete wall is used in case where tie beam is not provided and load from the decking is heavy or when the masonry wall thickness is restricted.
  13. 13. Description and Purpose Timber Timber walls are most popular in the United States for home construction. House framework is entirely constructed from timber, interior and exterior walls are framed from timber and they are either covered with gypsum or oriented strand board sheets. The intricate design of the walls aid in their durability as well as their load bearing capacity.
  14. 14. Questions 1.What wall materials should be used for exterior construction? 2.What wall materials should be used for interior construction? 3.What are the purposes of the different types of wall materials?
  15. 15. Recap Questions?