Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent

Joris Claeys
Joris ClaeysChange Cultivator - Capacity Builder | Think, act & lead WITHOUT the box | 5P's-OD-WST-AI-TEAL @knowledgEnabler um CAPix ● PortExpertise ● ARTconnectsLIFE
Port Infrastructure
in an Urban Environment
planning – design – development – operations
for graduates Master Urban Planning
University of San Carlos
In part based on the studies by CCCI Transportation Committee
Port of Cebu Development & Rehabilitation
Location Selection & Designation
November 2015
Joris Claeys
“change cultivator – capacity builder”
knowledgEnabler
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Amaze – Attract – Advance
Port, Marina & Waterfront
Infrastructure Development
Design – Procure – Optimize – Monitor
fromfeasibilitytobusinessplanning,KPIsetting,projectdevelopment&operations
Extended EnterpriseEconologicalValueChainSolutions
addressing harmony between land & sea
• Knowledge Convergence InLogistics& Collaborative SCM Services
• SupplyChain Organization Deployment, Collaboration & Optimization
• Total Intelligent Transportation Solutions(TiTS)
• Intelligent Green Transportation & CommunicationSolutions& Infrastructure
• Port, Marina,Terminal & Waterfront project development
o Economic development - infrastructure & accessibility
o Project development financing &project finance management
o Environmental protection - improving qualityof life
o Waste management andrenewable energy& optimization
o Publicspacemgmt –industrial andport development planning
o Stakeholder engagement &citizens’ information dissemination
o PublicPrivatePartnerships –Joint Ventures & other partnerships
Econologicallyproof & efficientlyoptimized
Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent
Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent
Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent
Port, Marina & Waterfront Infrastructure Development, Logistics& c-SCM
Improving Port Investment Appeal
Experience by PORT[expertise]
• Feasibility studies
• Business planning and KPI setting
• Workforce Structuring and Operational Organization & Reviews
• Business Effectiveness, Continuous Improvement and Process Reengineering.
• Technology for ports
• Design, Engineering, technology and expansion infrastructure for Ports, Terminals,
airports and other public and civil transportation needs
• Waste Management Programs and Energy Optimization Project
• Total Intelligent Transportation Solution (TiTS)
• Industrial, Maritime, Port & Terminal Infrastructure consultation, R&D, Project Mgmt
• Terminal/port design and optimization
• Operational organization, reviews and process reengineering
• Optimization and lining up on maritime and port environmental requirements,
including waste management, energy use, …
PORT[expertise] provides the right expertise for your infrastructure and
supply chain projects and collaborates with your project team in making
successful results with best practices from across the globe.
Design - Procure - Optimize - Monitor
Extended Enterprise Econological ValueChain Solutions
Providing knowledge convergence in Logistics and Collaborative SCM services & solutions for
your Total Value Chain
We are an independent global collaborative partnership of maritime port, logistics and supply
chain management professionals with a strong reputation in managing industrial, maritime,
port & terminal logistics, providing their expertise to local and regional initiatives in
commercial and industrial sectors as well as the public/civil/defence sector.
Providing knowledge convergence in logistics & SCM services, covering Design, Procure,
Optimization & Monitoring
• Feasibility studies, Business Planning and KPI setting
• Design, Engineering, technology and expansion infrastructure for Ports, Terminals, airports
and other public and civil transportation needs
• Workforce Structuring and Operational Organization & Reviews
• Business Effectiveness, Continuous Improvement and Process Reengineering.
• Waste Management Programs and Energy Optimization Project
• Total Intelligent Transportation Solution (TiTS)
• Industrial, Maritime, Port & Terminal Infrastructure consultation, R&D, Project Management
PORT[expertise] provides the right expertise for your infrastructure and supply chain
projects and collaborates with your project team in making successful results with best
practices from across the globe.
Design - Procure - Optimize - Monitor
Extended Enterprise Econological ValueChain Solutions
Port, Marina & Waterfront Infrastructure Development, Logistics& c-SCM
European Headquarters
Duboisstraat 50
2060 Antwerp, Belgium, Europe
+32 (3) 808.4345
info@portexpertise.com
www.PORTexpertise.com
A team you can build upon!
Cebu, Philippines, ASEAN
+63 9284064638
Joris.Claeys@CAPix-horizon.com
J.Claeys@portexpertise.com
Skype: knowledgEnabler
Twitter: @knowledgEnabler
thanks for building your trust with us
What kind of port?
What kind of port?
What kind of port?
What kind of port?
Leisure ports for international cruse liners!
This is how we think to attract cruse liners!
Fast Craft Ferries and infrastructure by ADS!
Cebu port is
outmoded, urgent need for upgrade
undersized, and expansion with the
uncompetitive right port configuration!
Is the Port of Cebu ready for
the growth of Cebu?
Cebu’s Future – Boom or Strangle!
Cebu Port Development
Turning Challenges into Opportunities!
A port is more than just containers!
Cebu Today!
Cebu Port Development
Turning Challenges into Opportunities!
A port is more than just containers!
“Growth is the best stimulus for development and
innovation. That’s why I am convinced that a transition to
a more sustainable port and growth go hand in hand.”
– Hans Smits, Port of Rotterdam
• Port Infrastructure & Operations Complexity
• Ports & their Environmental Impact
• Port Site Selection & Master Planning
• Port Competitiveness Indicators
• Steering Smart Changes in our Urban Culture!
• Stakeholder Engagement & Awareness!
• Cebu Port Development – an outlook for dialogue
• A practical approach in site selection by PortExpertise
manufacturingDistribution
centres
Maritime transport
Port
Terminal
delivery
rail
Water
road
Transhipment
Cebu Port Development
Cebu Port Development
Other considerations on existing & future cargo type
designation, current infrastructure and installations:
• History & Purpose of current infrastructure
• Are the current facilities optimizing the supply chain, ensuring optimal
freight conditions?
• Future requirements in handling what type of cargo?
• Does current situation allow for optimal marine requirements
• Does current situation and plans allow for port activity forecasts
• Does current situation enable for port environmental requirements
• Do current plans consider the urban growth and the regional function
• Future import & export requirements – in line with growth …
Muelle Osmeña
Cebu, being one of the Philippine cities with the busiest harbors,
has a historical port and lighthouse that lies at the very heart of
Opon (now Lapu-lapu City). Local and international goods and
passengers docked here in the early 1900s.
The narrow Mactan channel that separates Mactan Island from
Cebu mainland used to be the focal point of local and inter-island
trading in the Visayan region and also in international shipping.
In 1917, the Opon port already exceeded the port of Iloilo in terms
of quantity of trade, and became the busiest primary port of call for
inter-island shipping.
Muelle, the Spanish word for wharf, has been renovated and
preserved, and still functions today as docking port for ferries
carrying passengers from Lapu-lapu City to downtown Cebu City
and vice-versa.
Compaña Maritima
A heritage spot in one of the Asia’s oldest cities that to many
would seem nothing more than an odd structure facing
Cordova town in Mactan Island, Compaña Maritima was a
famous fixture in its heyday.
The building was repaired and later became the offices
of Compaña Maritima (Spanish for “maritime company”), one
of the biggest shipping companies in the country during the
late 1930s. The company later went bankrupt in the late
1980s. Since then, the site has become abandoned.
The History of the Cebu Port
The Cebu Port System
Historically Cebu’s strength is build on international trade.
Cebu Port is the busiest port in the whole Philippines and one of
the busiest in Asia, from the Spanish colonial period until now.
• Cebu is a city of traders and shipping operators
• Cebu port is now outmoded, under-sized and uncompetitive
• Cebu urgently needs to be upgraded and expanded, before
we loose our capacity as a reckoned transhipment port
& ruled-out on ASEAN integration!
• Cities’ competitiveness relies on efficient urban transport system
• Economic expansion worsens issues on mobility,
environmental pollution and road safety
• Transport authorities play a critical innovative role towards
sustainable transport solutions
The Cebu Port System is composed of the Cebu Baseport and its
sub-ports which are strategically located in different points of Cebu.
The Cebu Baseport:
• Cebu International Port
• Baseport - Domestic Zone
5 sub-ports within the jurisdiction of Cebu Port Authority, namely:
Mandaue, Danao, Sta. Fe, Toledo and Argao.
Each of the sub-ports are smaller ports that are essential to flow
of domestic inter-island commerce.
The Cebu Port System
Cebu Port Authority – main port facilities
Shipping and port operations are central to what Cebu is today and will continue to be
key to Cebu’s future. The past growth of Cebu has mirrored the growth of the volume
of Cebu port operations.
In the distant past, Cebu was a destination and a trans-shipment point to other ports in
the Visayas and Mindanao, a natural by-product of Cebu being a city of traders and
shipping operators.
While port operations have grown, the growth rate has decelerated in large part due to
the current port being inadequate to handle shipping needs. There is a generally held
belief that the Cebu port is now outmoded, under-sized, and uncompetitive and
urgently needs to be upgraded and expanded.
09/08/2018 28
CPA Sta Rosa, Olango – Passenger & cargo terminal
CEBU – World-Class Gateway
Shipping & port operations
central to what Cebu is today and
will continue to be key to Cebu’s future!
CEBU as a competitive integrated domestic and
international trade and transhipment hub
requires the right port configuration!
Keystone of integrated Cebu’s urban planning!
Cebu Port – keystone of integrated urban planning
holistic view needed to achieve
goals set out by Mega Cebu 2050 vision
Competitiveness – Mobility – Liveability – Governance
addressing harmony between land and sea
• economic development
• infrastructure & accessibility
• environmental protection
• improving quality of life
• public space management
• citizens’ information
Marina Development in the Visayas
What has the Visayas to offer
• Booming urban and city development
• Basic availability of marina infrastructure
• Leisure facilities across the Visayas
• Unexplored natural flora and fauna
• Historical heritage
• Exploding tourism and resorts in
Cebu, Bohol and expanding to other islands across the Visayas
• Friendly people – “mabuhay” is lived and expressed
Sectors
• Ship building
• Island hopping – Bankas, ferries, speed ferries
• Tourism, hotel and resorts
• Malls and shopping facilities
Marina Development in the Visayas
The natural wealth of the Visayas
Pictures by Scott Gutsy Tuason
Aims and targets for the Visayas
• Congestion of marina ports in Singapore and Hong Kong
• Developing the Philippines Marina and Tourism activities
across the Visayas
• Highlighting the eco-Tourism and other forms of tourism,
including adventure tourism and high-end nautical destination
Marina Development in the Visayas
What is missing or needs improvement
• Dedicated infrastructure for marina
• Clear split between cargo and passengers
Investment opportunities
• Marina and related leisure facilities
• Yacht maintenance and repairs
• Crew management and facilities
Marina Development in the Visayas
DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
Marina Development in the Visayas
Marina Development in the Visayas
Improving Port Investment Appeal
For- & Hinterland of a Port
Terminals, Cargo, Distribution, Packaging, Trucking, Repair & Parts, ...
5
47
Port Activities in the Proximity of Residential Area
6
DoT expects more international cruise lines to bring in more
than 20,000 tourists to the country this year.
Cruise arrivals in the Philippines over the past two years grew by 48%, amounting
to 20,000 last year.
Three of the world's leading cruise companies are eyeing to help
develop the Philippines as a major destination.
… and this
19
Deliver what will be creating the future!
“Growth is the best stimulus for development and innovation!
That’s why a transition to a more sustainable port and growth
go hand in hand.” – Hans Smits, Port of Rotterdam
20
CEBU – a world-class gateway
Shipping and port operations are central to what Cebu is today
and will continue to be key to Cebu’s future
The past growth of Cebu has mirrored the growth
of the volume of Cebu port operations
transition to a more sustainable port and
growth go hand in hand!
22
Improving Port Investment Appeal
Cebu as the center piece for nautical build
The central position of the Visayas
The central position of the Visayas
Cebu as the center piece for nautical build
Cebu as the center piece for nautical build
Cebu as the center piece for nautical build
Ship building in the Visayas goes international
09/08/2018 59
Cruse Line Port-of-Call Potentials for Visayas
Marina & Yachting Potentials for the Visayas
09/08/2018 61
Marina & Yachting Potentials for the Visayas
09/08/2018 62
Marina & Yachting Potentials for the Visayas
09/08/2018 63
Marina & Yachting Potentials for the Visayas
Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent
New Washington Yacht & Resort Club
world class integrated yachting, resort & leisure development
Tinagon Dagat “Hidden Sea“
ADS Group- Leisure & DevelopmentInc.
Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent
Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent
Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent
Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent
Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent
Philippinesmode of travel by inter-islandhopping
Fast track the countries ferry system to the 21st century
ADSGroup-FastCraftFerryInc.
Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent
Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent
Steering Smart Changes in our Urban Culture!
Steering Smart Changes in our Urban Culture!
For Cities & Industries alike to thrive and co-
exist, stakeholder dialogue is essential in the
process of engaging lasting solutions!
– Joris Claeys, PORT[expertise]
Steering Smart Changes in our Urban Culture!
• Cities’ competitiveness relies on an efficient urban
transport system.
• Economic expansion worsens issues brought by growth
in mobility and car dependence, creating congestion,
environmental pollution and affecting road safety.
• Transport authorities play a critical innovative role towards
sustainable transport solutions. It is no longer possible
to approach sustainable mobility exclusively from a sectorial
perspective; a holistic view on transport is needed,
taking into account a range of determinant and interrelated
factors:
• accessibility
• the environment
• quality of life
• public space management
• citizens’ information
Source: EMTA – European Metropolitan Transport Authorities
The Industrial Character of a Port
For- & Hinterland of a Port
Terminals, Cargo, Distribution, Packaging, Trucking, Repair & Parts, ...
09/08/2018 79
Port Activities in the Proximity of Residential Area
Ports and their environmental impacts
Water Treatment during
Port Development
& Operations
Port Site Selection & Master Planning
Port Site Selection is Key to Its Future
Port Site Selection Factors:
Social,
Economic &
Environmental
Environmental Management Performance
Country ranking on international trade
Source: IBM Global Location Trends - 2008
Commercial Viability of Ports & Terminals
Ideal Master Planning
Master planning impedes the commercial sustainability of ports. Delayed
clearances, serious environmental impacts, poor vessel turnaround and
higher CAPEX all lead to failures.
Optimal Transport Integration
Lack of hinterland and forward transport connection result in imbalances
between in-bound and out-bound volumes handled, impacting revenues
and future capacity generation planning.
Efficient Operational Models
With ever increasing vessel sizes and growing demand for specialised
cargo handling infrastructure, ports and terminals need to develop an
ideal matrix of cargo + vessels + infrastructure, leading to higher
operational efficiency.
2014 - Ports & Marine Structures Asia
Steering Smart Changes in our Urban Culture!
• Cities’ competitiveness relies heavily on an efficient urban transport
system.
• Economic expansion worsens issues brought by growth in mobility and
car dependence, creating congestion, environmental pollution and affecting
road safety.
• Transport authorities play a critical innovative role towards sustainable
transport solutions. It is no longer possible to approach sustainable
mobility exclusively from a sectorial perspective; a holistic view on
transport is needed, taking into account a range of determinant and
interrelated factors:
• accessibility: 50% of all daily trips into cities are made by car, mass transit lines
are saturated due to urban sprawl;
• the environment: transport generates 30% of CO2 and micro particles emissions,
of which 90% come from cars and lorries, creating real issues in terms of public
health, noise and road safety;
• quality of life: a modal shift from private cars to public transport and eco-friendly
modes is needed given that in some cities around 60% of car trips cover distances
of less than 3 km;
• public space management: need to share space between different transport
modes, (walking, cycling, public transport, private car, urban freight) and other
types of use (shops, playgrounds, green zones, urban facilities);
• citizens’ information: on mobility services, (regular and real time) travel
conditions.
Source: EMTA – European Metropolitan Transport Authorities
Stakeholder Engagement & Awareness
Port Site Selection & Designation
Port Development, Expansion, Rehabilitation & Operations,
Industrial Infrastructure,
Impact on Habitat, Communities and Ecosystems
• Open and frequent engagement with broader community on a
continual basis to develop and implement the plan,
• Listen and adapt to provisions and suggestions made by all
stakeholders
• Education and other resources to improve management
• Transparency + making information timely available
• Monitoring and continuous improvement
• Comply with national and international standards
• Learn and apply best practices from similar port development
projects and/or adapt recognized solutions to local situations
source: GHD Australia, Environmental Best Practice Port Development – an Analysis of international approaches
Port Competitiveness Indicators
1. Port TEU throughput
2. The number of ships visiting a port
3. The net crane rate - port TEU throughput
4. TEU throughput per berth metre
5. Yard utilisation measured as TEU throughput per gross hectare.
6. Vessel turnaround times at container port terminals
7. The duration of procedures of exporting a container
8. The duration of procedures of importing a container
Source: WB and DIT – Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics, Australia
Examples of KPIs for Ports and Terminals (differ by type of port operations):
• In operations on vessel handling time, crane productivity (measures how shipping lines'
contracts are met), dwell times, etc
• Cost per cargo handled, mainly labour, maintenance, energy (measures internal
efficiency performance)
• Equipment technical/maintenance, Mean time between failure (MTBF),
reliability/availability of equipment, kilometre/moves per equipment (measures technical
state and maintenance needs)
• Health, Safety and Security, like lost time injuries, ISPS breaches
other resources: www.lloydsmaritimeacademy.com/kpisforports
www.informaglobalevents.com/event/kpis-for-ports-terminals-distance-learning
Direct influence
• Market interactivity and policies influence ports
• Ports influence the market and policies
• Verify market outlooks with existing and potential clients
• Handling capacities – maritime, berth, storage, logistics &
distribution
External influences (non market)
• Compliance: ISPS enforcement, AEO
• Food / feed safety authorities
• Dangerous goods
• Environmental
• Community issues (noise, traffic, dust, ...)
• Customs
• Unions
Neutrality is not appreciated by your clients,
you are there to defend their (and finally your) interests
Knowing your clients & their markets
Location selection factors
Regulatory
framework
Workforce
Infrastructure
Real
estate
Natural
disaster
Knowledge &
innovation
Taxation
(TESCM,...)
Incentives
Operational
costs
Living
environment
Business
Environment
Attractiveness
COLLABORATE - you cannot win the struggle alone
Political climate
Source: IBM Global
Imagine the future, to be the future!
A typical selection process
1. Define Business case High Level
Create Long-list
2. Additional selection criteria
Identify Shortlist
4. Site Search & Negotiations
Select Preferred Sites and Start Negotiations
5. Implementation
3. Evaluate Short-listed Locations
Select Preferred Location(s)
Macro
Countries
Regions
Sites
Micro
Macro
Stability/risk
Market
Workforce/Skills
Infrastructure
Costs
Sites
Incentives
Quality of Life
Micro
Be visible at all levels
Source: IBM Global
• Strategic drivers for location choice
• Access to new market, Optimize cost efficiency
• Access to Resources, Consolidation of operations, etc
• Strategy has impact on location requirements and their
relative importance
• The most critical requirements determine the initial
long-list of locations
Examples: Market/client proximity, Cost levels, Stability,
Safety, …
• Site availability in most cases is not a critical factor for
selection, but becomes very important towards the final
decision making
Location selection factors
Issues when selecting locations
• Dedicated contact person, finding information
• Land: ownership, zoning, ready-to-build
• Infrastructure; utilities, port, ICT
• Restricted activities (zoning of likewise/linked activities)
• Paperwork; permits, licences, certificates
(company, construction, emissions, disposal, environment, safety,
workforce, activities, ...)
• Time needed to start with commercial activities
• Coast vs. inland: hinterland connections
Integrated approach – “package approach”
Issues on development & concession contracts
• Price
• Development cost per meter of quay length
• Not flexible enough (start up period, recession, ...)
• Index calculation
• Minimum fee (based on tonnages per meter of quay length)
• No transparent pricing compared to other companies with same
activities (price per meter of quay length)
• Bank guarantee
• Other
• Soil certifications
• Responsibility for stability issues (site was not build-ready)
• Quay infrastructure (lightning, fences, railways, ...)
• Enforced use of various transport modes (mix)
Integrated approach – “package approach”
Operating in a Multi-Stakeholder
Environment!
Alignment among stakeholders:
• To build successful systems with multiple stakeholders,
all relevant parties must have a good understanding
of the benefits to them
• Each solution can be constructed as a win-win model,
but this requires careful planning
Multilevel governance model:
• Each solution has a number of
stakeholders, all of whom have
a voice to be heard
• Key decisions will need to be
made effectively, most likely
through an executive governing
board
e.g.: MCDCB – Mega Cebu
Step-by-step approach:
• All solutions are complex and,
when being implemented,
involve a degree of risk
• They should be implemented
incrementally, to fix any potential early and short-term issues and to test the solutions, with a
simple local programme as the first step and including only key features
Stakeholder Engagement & Awareness
Port Site Selection & Designation
Port Development, Expansion, Rehabilitation & Operations,
Industrial Infrastructure
Impact on Habitat, Communities and Ecosystems
• Open and frequent engagement with broader community on a
continual basis to develop and implement the plan,
• Listen & adapt to provisions and suggestions by all stakeholders
• Education and other resources to improve management
• Transparency + making information timely available
• Monitoring and continuous improvement
• Comply with national and international standards
• Learn and apply best practices from similar port development
projects and/or adapt recognized solutions to local situations
source: GHD Australia, Environmental Best Practice Port Development – an Analysis of international approaches
Steering Smart Solutions
for our Urban Culture!
Steering Smart Solutions
for our Urban Culture!
Cebu Port Development
Turning Challenges into Opportunities!
Cross-industry cooperation and dialogue with policy-makers and incorporating
strong stakeholder & community engagement are needed to define legal frameworks,
reach international standards and set up public-private partnerships
WEF 2014 – Connected World: 4 Game-Changers that Will Revolutionize Travel and Transport by 2025!
Supply chains which pass through Cebu need to be efficient so that the lowest ecological
footprint per tonne/kilometre can be realized.
Re-designation of current infrastructure across Metro Cebu to fit residential city
expansion and making Metro Cebu a better place to live.
Clear division between industrial and habitat + leisure + offices areas, relates to
traffic mix and congestion as well environmental impact and liveable cities across Metro Cebu.
Sector Clustering for Metro Cebu, Cebu Island and the Visayas
Cebu has the potential to become
• a major player in the ASEAN integration,
• a Port-of-Call in the APAC Trade Lanes,
• preferred Hub-&-Spoke for cost-efficient regional intermodal transhipment,
• expand the Tourism Sector with International Cruise Ships and linking up with
the Island Hopping and
• attract industrial and commercial investments to Metro Cebu
but what is holding it back from succeeding …
• Cebu is growing – Cebu Port is congested
• Port is inadequate by national and international standards
• Requires refocus and investment today
• Ports are vital trade facilitators for the flow of cargo
• Logistics performance & port competitiveness is crucial
• Hub & Spoke multi-modal center
• Integrated logistics services into the supply chain
• Integration with Philippines National Strategic Port Plan,
ASEAN and APEC
ONLY ONE study that does not meet an objective choice!
We strongly advise against building a port that does not
meet the business, environmental & social requirements.
We must have the right port configuration!
Port redevelopment +10 years overdue!
It is time to recapture Cebu’s former glory!
Need for Port Development and Rehabilitation!
7
Cebu Port Development
Operating in a Multi-Stakeholder Environment!
Commercial Viability of Ports & Terminals depends on
• Ideal Master Planning
• Optimal Transport Integration
• Efficient Operational Models
Alignment among stakeholders
Multilevel governance model
Step-by-step approach
Impact on Habitat, Communities and Ecosystems
Major challenges
for Cebu – Mega Cebu (MCDCB)
Need for integrated planning and
wide consultation
• Mobility
• Competitiveness
towards a more liveable Cebu
Purpose of the committee
• Enabling dialogue among key stakeholders
• Adapting world-best-practice selection criteria
• Build a Long-list of potential sites and their designation
• Consolidate and evaluate pros and cons for each
• Define the key criteria for the future of the Port of Cebu
• Identify the Short-list & structured selection criteria (weighing)
• Conclude & mitigate preferred location(s)
For Cities & Industries alike to thrive and co-exist, stakeholder dialogue
is essential in the process of engaging lasting solutions!
– Joris Claeys, PORT[expertise]
CCCI Transportation Committee
Port of Cebu Development & Rehabilitation
Location Selection & Designation
CEBU – World-Class Gateway
Shipping & port operations
central to what Cebu is today and
will continue to be key to Cebu’s future!
CEBU as a competitive integrated domestic and
international trade and transhipment hub
requires the right port configuration!
Keystone of integrated Cebu’s urban planning!
Cebu Port – keystone of integrated urban planning
holistic view needed to achieve
goals set out by Mega Cebu 2050 vision
Competitiveness – Mobility – Liveability – Governance
addressing harmony between land and sea
• economic development
• infrastructure & accessibility
• environmental protection
• improving quality of life
• public space management
• citizens’ information
Cebu Port Development
Operating in a Multi-Stakeholder Environment!
Commercial Viability of Ports & Terminals depends on
• Ideal Master Planning
• Optimal Transport Integration
• Efficient Operational Models
Alignment among stakeholders
Multilevel governance model
Step-by-step approach
Impact on Habitat, Communities and Ecosystems
Major challenges
for Cebu – Mega Cebu (MCDCB)
Need for integrated planning and
wide consultation
• Mobility
• Competitiveness
towards a more liveable Cebu
Decision Process on Locations
Site Selection & Designation
• Location selection factors
• Infrastructure requirements
• Environmental impact considerations
• Socio-economic and competitiveness factors
3 steps:
1. Imagine what could be!
Define the kind of port Cebu needs for
the 2035 – 2050 and beyond planning horizon
2. Design what should be!
Define the physical selection criteria that minimally fits the desired type of port facility
3. Deliver what will be creating the future
the actual selection of the port location that meets the physical selection criteria plus
related financial economic, social, and environmental and competitiveness/growth
considerations
CCCI Committee focuses on the main drivers of the site selection process,
within the port development cycle
The next step is to bring the outcome forward to core stakeholder group before
engaging in the Master Plan, Design, Construction and Operations with the right
expertise and ownership for each phase.
• Baseport Rehabilitation and Redesignation
• New Container Terminal in Consolacion
• New Port in Naga/Minglanilla, Cordova and/or Toledo
Cebu Port is designated as one of six major national gateway ports
(major ports for international container trade)
ERIA Comprehensive Asia Development Plan report 2010, identified Cebu
Port as the major port of the Philippines for urgent development
Overview of the Proposed Sites and Options
Possible Metro Cebu Strategic Links
Cebu Port Development – an outlook for dialogue
DETAIL 1 (overview 2011–2014)
• Impact study on infrastructure (port & distribution) and environment is required
• Role of Cebu Port(s): Hub & Spoke Multi-modal, Island-Hopping, RORO and
potential as a major (inter)national hub for cruises
• Cost definition perspective of the Port Development & Operations as an overall
impact of either solution, not just for the new container terminal
• Reflection of people transportation under-estimated, based on reflected growth
• Full impact report required on Metro Cebu with implications for livelihood, mobility
infrastructure and traffic congestions across Cebu City, Mandaue City and
Mactan Island, secondary on the sector clustering of Cebu island and the Visayas
• Port expansion requirements beyond and including the new container terminal
• Eco-system impact study for all proposals, including ocean and sea routes
• Livelihood and cost of living impact from port developments
• Dredging works and costs need to be revisited for the total port development
• Study on added value of reclaimed area for industrial activities and city habitat
and how that will affect the major metropolitan areas of Metro Cebu
• Future traffic congestion report highly recommended for entire Metro Cebu area
• Road infrastructure works and cost need to be comparable across studies
• Cargo growth rate may not be sufficient to deal with the needs of Metro Cebu, nor
with the hub and spoke function of Cebu for both goods, people and cruising
activities in the region
• Infrastructure requirements for balanced community and economic
environment
• Resolve traffic congestions and mixture across Cebu/Mandaue/Lapu-Lapu
Cebu Port Development – an outlook for dialogue
DETAIL 2 (overview 2011–2014)
• Total infrastructure works review across Metro Cebu for all modes – integration
and interrelation between transportation modes
• Combined usage of the existing Cebu Baseport – after rehabilitation and
designated areas for the different usage – passenger terminal and cargo terminals
+ mixed traffic operations at Baseport
• Container Terminal requires near-by full operational hinterland service
providers, which may require double to triple the planned land capacity of the
container terminal alone
• Future port and berth capacity expansion considerations
• Master traffic and transportation plan required for Metro Cebu
• Dredging works and breakwater wave protection infrastructure needs to be
completed for all port sites, considering its designated use
• Future eco & industrial zones considered in each of the port development
options
• Cebu as a multi-modal operations port(s) and the impacts across terminals
and for- & hinterland requirements
• Cebu port development in function of national, regional and APAC strategy
• Re-assignment of industrial and habitat estate requires consideration in the
Master Transportation and Infrastructure Plan
• Minimizing habitat areas to be moved and concluding a master urban plan for
Metro Cebu and the province as a whole for its sector clustering
Consolacion study raises serious red flags!
• Does not meet draft and minimum berth length
• Lack of minimum land area and connectivity.
• review and ranking of the original port locations should
be undertaken against the site selection criteria in order to
rationalize the selection process.
Decision criteria used are questionable!
Implementing the Consolacion
proposition contradicts
Mega Cebu’s vision 2050
Competitiveness
Mobility
Liveability
14
Design what should be the future!
 Current Baseport operations to be upgraded but limited
to passenger operations ONLY both domestic & cruise ships
 Cargo operations to be integrated in a new - but SINGLE –
location with the following attributes:
• Minimum berth length: 4.0 kilometres berth length,
accommodating domestic & international cargo – include sea-transhipment.
• Minimum draft: 16 meters for 3,000-5,000 TEU feeder and transhipment
vessels – lower shipping rates
• Minimum land area: 400 hectares needed for:
• ship-side marshalling area
• container yards (for domestic, international and trans-shipment TEUs)
• bulk handling silos and outdoor cargoes
• Warehousing
• administrative offices (Customs, CPA, water-treatment, and green space)
• interior roads
• with hinterland for logistics services & added-value manufacturing
• Connectivity: Sufficient infrastructure (roads, bridges, utility connections) to
move cargo efficiently, while minimizing cargo traffic through Cebu City
and Mandaue City.
13
Minimum Key Criteria
To ensure Cebu’s economic success, Cebu Port must
provide following services in cargo & passenger passage
Integrated and cost-competitive port platform
ensures economic success for Cebu and the attainment of
• North/South domestic cargo port, including bulk, break-
bulk, hazardous, and trans-shipment cargoes
• North (Manila)/South (VisMin) international feeder port
• Regional Asia/Pacific transhipment hub (e.g.: Singapore)
• Preferred Port of Call for APEC and ASEAN Trade-lanes
Redevelopment of existing Cebu Baseport allows for
• Expansion of existing and new business clusters
• Domestic passenger passage
• Port-of-Call for international cruise liners, linked to Cebu’s
heritage-based and Visayas island hopping, addressing the
potentials of the tourism sector
12
Next steps – building a renewed thriving Cebu
• Governor support to delay implementation of the current proposed Port
plan
• CCCI-led Port Committee proceeds with Site Selection & Designation
based on Economic, Social and Environmental considerations
• Initial funding support by the Cebu Province and national institutions,
matched by the private sector – leading into long term international
funding for the Cebu Master Plan
• Re-evaluate locations and plans based on minimum physical
requirements and select the most suitable location - Site Selection &
Designation based on Economic, Social and Environmental considerations
• Co-creation effort in alliance with CPA having a primary role in Port
development, the Philippines National Port Authorities, NEDA and other
involved national and regional institutions
With a Master Plan for the Port of Cebu, based on a
transparent Site Selection & Designation Plan developed
with broad stakeholder engagement
We will have the right port configuration for CEBU
21
Members of the CCCI Committee
• Consolidated RAFI - MCDCB assessment
(2013 - on JICA proposal)
• Bing Martinez
• Roy Lotzof
• Robin Ong
• Yumi Espina – Urban Planning, USC / MCDCB
• Joris Claeys – PORTexpertise
• CPA – Tomas Riveral
• CPA – Benjie Akol
• CPA – Carlos Co
• CCCI - Transportation – Bonifacio 'Boni' Sia
• CCCI - Transportation – Felix Taguiam
• CCCI – Tess Chan
• NEDA – Efren Carreon
• Customs Brokers – Jerry Martinez
• MCDCB - Engineering – Pedro Adonis Compendio
• MCDCB - Transportation – Jun Sanchez
Now engaging with other stakeholders: shipping/carriers organizations,
business associations, environmental experts, communities and cities
Cebu Port Development – an outlook for dialogue
Cebu Port Development
Turning Challenges into Opportunities!
Efficient supply chains realize lowest ecological footprint
Re-designation infrastructure across Metro Cebu to fit residential city
expansion and making Metro Cebu a better place to live.
Clear division between industrial and habitat + leisure +
commercial
Sector Clustering for Metro Cebu, Cebu Island and the Visayas
Cebu has the potential to become
• Major player in the ASEAN integration,
• Port-of-Call in the APAC Trade Lanes,
• Hub-&-Spoke for cost-efficient regional intermodal transhipment,
• Tourism: International Cruise Ships + Island Hopping
• Attract industrial and commercial investments to Metro Cebu
but what is holding it back from succeeding …
Decision Process On Locations
Site Selection & Designation
• Location selection factors
• Infrastructure requirements
• Environmental impact considerations
• Socio-economic and competitiveness factors
3 steps:
1.Imagine what could be!
Define the kind of port Cebu needs for
the 2035 – 2050 and beyond planning horizon
2. Design what should be!
Define the physical selection criteria that minimally fits the desired type of port facility
3. Deliver what will be creating the future
the actual selection of the port location that meets the physical selection criteria plus
related financial economic, social, and environmental and competitiveness/growth
considerations
Integrated and cost-competitive port platform ensures
economic success for Cebu and the attainment of
• North/South domestic cargo port, including bulk, break-
bulk, hazardous, and trans-shipment cargoes
• North (Manila)/South (VisMin) international feeder port
• Regional Asia/Pacific transhipment hub (e.g.: Singapore)
• Preferred Port of Call for APAC and ASEAN Trade-lanes
Redevelopment of existing Cebu Baseport allows for
• Expansion of existing and new business clusters
• Domestic passenger passage
• Port-of-Call for international cruise liners, linked to
Cebu’s heritage-based and Visayas island hopping,
addressing the potentials of the tourism sector
Attain goals set out in MegaCebu 2050.
Imagine what could be! - Minimum Key Criteria
To ensure Cebu’s economic success, Cebu Port must provide
following services in cargo & passenger passage
Imagine what could be!
Key criteria for the future requirements and development of the Port of Cebu
facilities and infrastructure + its role for Cebu, the Visayas and as a major
Port of Call for the APAC trade-lanes (July 2014)
Observations
• OUTDATED current port infrastructure, connectivity and hinterland (+15 years)
• not coping with current natural and future growth,
• no cost-effective logistics, loosing its regional, national and ASEAN competitiveness
• not attracting marine and land/manufacturing investors and
• not being able to be Port of call for ocean carriers and international cruise ships
• Need for coherent infrastructure across the Cebu facilities (CPA & private), enabling
cost-effective regional intermodal connectivity (in/out, transhipment)
• Current plans on the New Container Terminal and the rehabilitation of the Base Port
will over time stricken Cebu’s competitiveness and incapacitate Cebu’s
reputation and future growth as a major regional metropolis of trade and
manufacturing, tourism destination and hub for international cruise lines, as well as
loosing its position as a main contender in the Philippines National Port Strategy
and ASEAN integration, loosing out on major national and international investments
• CEBU stakeholders one voice: CPA, business communities and the larger
community stakeholders – through MCDCB/Mega-Cebu – express the need and
preparedness to activate a CEBU Port Development Master Plan, based on the
findings of the Site Selection & Designation Outcome by the CCCI – Transportation
Committee
Imagine what could be!
Minimum Key Criteria – Port of Cebu
1. Cargo and ship modus & capacity for Cebu Port of Call
 Accommodating containerized, bulk, break-bulk and passengers, but clear segregation
between passenger terminal from all industrial port activities, both port facilities,
marine environment and hinterland
 Accommodating all industries and commodities/cargos – both current and projected.
Segregation of specific industries / sectors, potentially to other port facilities,
part of the Port of Cebu infrastructure, such as chemicals and petroleum sector.
 The port hinterland may also have to include dedicated hinterland and berth capacity
for dedicated industries, including the food and feed industries (or e.g.: consumables
and non-consumables) nearby the international terminal operations
 Facilitating and attracting added-value manufacturing and processing for local,
regional and international markets, including uplifting local manufacturing for export
 Expandable port area for future domestic, international and added-value manufacturing
growth – not all port designated area needs to be fully developed, but needs clear
urban designation and restrictions of any other use. Development phase can be
spread over 20 to 40 years, which may include particular activities and/or sectors to be
re-designated to other locations, in line with the total port infrastructure. The Port of
Cebu Master Plan should envision developments in line and flexible to adapt ad migrate
to the evolution of its realization and growth commitments, based on integral visions for:
• 1st phase: up to 2025
• 2025 – 2050
• Beyond 2050
Imagine what could be!
Minimum Key Criteria – Port of Cebu
1. Cargo and ship modus & capacity for Cebu Port of Call
 Enabling distribution centra for local, regional, national & ASEAN markets and integration
 Enabling for Port-of-Call for post-panama liner vessels in the international/APAC trade-
lanes and integrated or nearby facilities for domestic/regional cargo and container vessels
and integrated multi-modal / Transhipment facilities, including distribution centra and
logistics services
• minimal birth requirements: 1 km for international, 1 km for domestic cargoes
• 3,000 TCU vessels require 12 to 14m draft, 250m berth space
• 50,000 Mt bulk cargo ships require 14m draft
 Optimal sizing of a combined international and domestic cargo designated area of minimal
400 Ha (with 4km berth, 16 m draft and 15 km direct hinterland for logistics,
distribution and manufacturing facilities); domestic ships berth can have lesser draft.
For optimal use of assigned Port Authority facilities/area and direct hinterland, the following
rule of designation is adapted :
• 10% for infrastructure (dedicated port roads)
• 20% port, customs and other facilities as integral part of the total port concept
• 70% for cargo handling logistics and manufacturing direct hinterland
 Whereby the following minimal needs are to be provided for Marine Port activities
(stevedoring):
• 1st phase – 2025: 75 Ha
• 2025 – 2050: 100 to 200 Ha
• Beyond 2050: 400 ha
Imagine what could be!
Minimum Key Criteria – Port of Cebu
1. Cargo and ship modus & capacity for Cebu Port of Call
 As a transhipment port for the region and international industrial activities, Cebu Port
and its direct hinterland have to have the optimal capacities, effectiveness and
handling facilities to attract pass-through and added-value manufacturing for domestic,
regional and international goods, such as but not limited to repackaging for the
international and regional markets
 The current stevedoring facilities and efficiencies will require updating of equipment and
handling capacity to be able to compete with other ports, offer cost effective operations for
both carriers and shippers and attract new cargo for regional and international trade-
lanes (currently 3MT/ day while standard expectation in international ports is
500Mt/hour and 2000 TEU containers/day = 1 day/vessel)
 With the expansion the necessary port and terminal operators should be expanded to
enable international and domestic operators to compete in an economic cost effective and
viable environment under the authority of the CPA as land/berth owner for the
marine connected facilities. The hinterland can be part of CPA and leased out or sold to
private investors
 Land-sea connectivity: provisions needed for Container Yards and handling in the
North and South of Metro Cebu, with an in-depth study on current and future industries
and sector development, road or other link infrastructure to the main port facilities and
other logistics optimal services to link the South and the North as well as other Visayan
ports up to the Cebu main international/domestic port facility(ies)
Imagine what could be!
Minimum Key Criteria – Port of Cebu
2. Location and environmental impact
 Impact to environment during and after the port construction/rehabilitation and
operations
 Land use compatibility and land reclamation in the context of its surroundings +
effects of pre- and ongoing dredging works
 Incorporate and adapt to current and future international and national standards for
environment, waste water treatment and marine waste management
 The port environment needs to be blocked off with green-zones/ring and has its own
water treatment and marine waste management facilities for both international and
domestic ships as well as for development, expansion and operations
 Further obtaining studies on environment, road infrastructure and land-use compatibility
studies or research need to be reconciled and considered
Site notes
 Obtain insight on potential investors and development plans (effective or proposed) for
port facilities and operations (services and private construction) in Metro Cebu and on Cebu
island, as well as on the islands in the vicinity of Cebu and the larger connectivity with
ports in the Visayas and Luzon
 Need for evaluating marine studies on waves and other risk related patterns on both the
East and the West side of the Cebu Island
 Impact & effect analysis of Port Master Plan in relation to the Tourism Sector
Decision Process On Locations
Site Selection & Designation
• Location selection factors
• Infrastructure requirements
• Environmental impact considerations
• Socio-economic and competitiveness factors
3 steps:
1. Imagine what could be!
Define the kind of port Cebu needs for
the 2035 – 2050 and beyond planning horizon
2.Design what should be!
Define the physical selection criteria that minimally fits the desired
type of port facility
3. Deliver what will be creating the future
the actual selection of the port location that meets the physical selection criteria plus
related financial economic, social, and environmental and competitiveness/growth
considerations
Design what should be the future!
Current Baseport operations to be upgraded but limited to passenger
operations ONLY, both domestic and cruise ships,
Cargo operations to be integrated in a new SINGLE location with the
following attributes for mid-term (till 2030) port activity requirements
• Minimum berth length:
• 4.0 kilometres berth, with room for expanded trans-shipment hub operations as
volume grows – to include direct hinterland for added-value manufacturing.
• Domestic and international cargo would be handled in the same port, not
separated, to maintain cost competitiveness – to include sea-transhipment.
• Minimum draft: 16 meters in order to accommodate the 3,000-5,000 TEU
feeder and transhipment vessels, which will cause lower shipping rates
compared to the current rates provided by 200-300 TEU vessels.
• Minimum land area: 400 hectares corresponding with the 4.0 kilometer
berth length, plus expansion room as berthing length increases. This land area
is needed for:
• ship-side marshalling area
• container yards (for domestic, international and trans-shipment TEUs)
• bulk handling silos and outdoor cargoes
• Warehousing
• administrative offices (Customs, CPA, water-treatment, and green space)
• interior roads.
• Connectivity: Sufficient infrastructure (roads, bridges, utility connections) to
move cargo efficiently, while minimizing cargo traffic through Cebu City
and Mandaue City.
Decision Process On Locations
Site Selection & Designation
• Location selection factors
• Infrastructure requirements
• Environmental impact considerations
• Socio-economic and competitiveness factors
3 steps:
1. Imagine what could be!
Define the kind of port Cebu needs for
the 2035 – 2050 and beyond planning horizon
2. Design what should be!
Define the physical selection criteria that minimally fits the desired type of port facility
3.Deliver what will be creating the future
the actual selection of the port location that meets the physical
selection criteria plus related financial economic, social, and
environmental and competitiveness/growth considerations
Next steps to be completed by the Committee
 Milestone: +/- 2 months to present proposal to stakeholders
Site Selection & Designation Process
– Weighing, Ranking & Impact Analysis
Key impact areas of consideration with their weighing
• Economical impact evaluation (includes overall growth for Cebu)
• Social impact evaluation (engage MCDCB in the urban planning)
• Environmental impact evaluation (expert engagement)
• Competitiveness & growth potential (intermodal and SCM integration)
• Metro Cebu’s urban and commercial area is saturated
• Cebu is missing a waterfront (see proposals Cebu Arts District)
• Cebu: Visayas hub port of call for major cruise-lines
• East-side of island has serious silting issues
• South and North of Cebu: industrial activity
local processed commodities
• Cebu to retain small container port for Cebu’s
consumption needs and export of furniture
and fashion/jewellery
• Build a world-class port on the north-west
side (Toledo-Asturias with natural 20/30m
draft to become the import/export & transit
port of the Visayas and return to its historical
Queen-city of the South as largest Philippine
transit port and important port of call on the AUS-China trade-lane
• Transfer & expand heavy and petroleum-based industries to the east
• Goods-designated rail-tunnels between the new port and Cebu
• New airport in the middle of the island to release city traffic
• Redesign Mactan as the true touristic cluster and hub for the
Visayas (island-hopping , yachting and cruise-lines)
There is a valid alternative!
Deliver what will create the future!
Marketing during the process
• Channel mix
• Plan your events
• Customised interactive presentations
Communication Channel Mix
Communicate regularly through various channels
Interactive
workshops
Online-Communication
Information fairs Information points
Printed Communication
(e.g. Topics,
meet ur
neighbour, ...)
(e.g. intranet,
chatrooms,
portal, email)
Audio-visual
Communication
Meetings
(e.g. video
conference
calls, video
footage, TV
spots, RSS)
(e.g. Account
with his clients, ,
Rail+Port,
Port+Barge,
university)
Feedback-
instruments
(e.g. focus interviews,
benchmarks, E-
evaluation form)
(e.g.
seminars,
road shows,
congress)
(e.g. site, E
newsletter
on site
present.)
Waterfall
approach (e.g. Port
Guidelines,
who to
contact in
case ...)
Public events
(e.g. Sail, New
Year/quarterly
drink, concerts,
site visits locals)
Corporate
communication
(e.g. CEO mail,
CEO-online,-
breakfast, )
Mobilisation Events
(e.g. town
meetings,
students)
(e.g. newsletter,
brochures, flyers)
will get worse than this
… or it can shine like this ...
The Future of the Port of Cebu
15
CEBU – Port-of-Call on ASEAN & APAC trade lanes
16
CEBU – Major destination for expansion of &
investment in new industries & commercial activities
17
CEBU – SCM integration with domestic
& regional intermodal Hub-&-Spoke
18
DoT expects more international cruise lines to bring in more
than 20,000 tourists to the country this year.
Cruise arrivals in the Philippines over the past two years grew by 48%, amounting
to 20,000 last year.
Three of the world's leading cruise companies are eyeing to help
develop the Philippines as a major destination.
… and this
19
Deliver what will be creating the future!
“Growth is the best stimulus for development and innovation!
That’s why a transition to a more sustainable port and growth
go hand in hand.” – Hans Smits, Port of Rotterdam
20
CEBU – a world-class gateway
Shipping and port operations are central to what Cebu is today
and will continue to be key to Cebu’s future
The past growth of Cebu has mirrored the growth
of the volume of Cebu port operations
transition to a more sustainable port and
growth go hand in hand!
22
CEBU – a world-class gateway
Shipping and port operations are central to what Cebu is today
and will continue to be key to Cebu’s future
The past growth of Cebu has mirrored the growth
of the volume of Cebu port operations
transition to a more sustainable port and
growth go hand in hand!
22
For Cities & Industries alike to thrive and
co-exist, stakeholder dialogue is essential in
the process of engaging lasting solutions!
– Joris Claeys, PortExpertise
European Headquarters
Duboisstraat 50
2060 Antwerp, Belgium, Europe
+32 (3) 808.4345
info@portexpertise.com
www.PORTexpertise.com
A team you can build upon!
Cebu, Philippines, ASEAN
+63 9284064649
Joris.Claeys@CAPix-horizon.com
J.Claeys@portexpertise.com
Skype: knowledgEnabler
Twitter: @knowledgEnabler
thanks for building your trust with us
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Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environnent

  • 1. Port Infrastructure in an Urban Environment planning – design – development – operations for graduates Master Urban Planning University of San Carlos In part based on the studies by CCCI Transportation Committee Port of Cebu Development & Rehabilitation Location Selection & Designation November 2015
  • 2. Joris Claeys “change cultivator – capacity builder” knowledgEnabler sustainability, resilience, thrivability & econologics coaching – AI, OD & WST ecoNVERGE – @econologics inspire ● balance ● harmony ENGAGE DYNAMIC CAPACITY – “Inspire Innovation! Embrace Change!” Think, Lead & Act without the box! Engaging at macro and micro level – gone glocal Thriving in the flow of Life! Ideas for Life! Soul of Life! We change the way we LIVE! We change the way of LIFE!
  • 3. ecoNVERGE – @econologics CAPix | ViVaTicA | ecoNOVATE | CebuARTSdistrict | MarketingVILLAGE PortExpertise | SMARTintelli-CEBU1O INCISIVE Knowledge Converged Realizing sustainable balance in our social & Economic circle of life! ENGAGE DYNAMIC CAPACITY – “Inspire Innovation! Embrace Change!” “If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader!” – John Quincy Adams Inspire peoplein harmony with theplanet for balanced progresstowards building communities that THRIVE!
  • 4. econological inspired inspirepeople●harmonizeplanet●balanceprogress Makingcommunities&businesshumanagain! Promoteentrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, SMEs&cooperative communities! Building on your Dreams towardscommunities thatTHRIVE! sustainability, resilience, thrivability & econologics coaching – AI, OD & WST CAPix – expanding horizons | ecoNOVATE – community driven innovation Corporate | SME’s – communities – start-ups intrapreneurs entrepreneurs Think, Lead & Act without the box Amaze – Attract – Advance
  • 5. Port, Marina & Waterfront Infrastructure Development Design – Procure – Optimize – Monitor fromfeasibilitytobusinessplanning,KPIsetting,projectdevelopment&operations Extended EnterpriseEconologicalValueChainSolutions addressing harmony between land & sea • Knowledge Convergence InLogistics& Collaborative SCM Services • SupplyChain Organization Deployment, Collaboration & Optimization • Total Intelligent Transportation Solutions(TiTS) • Intelligent Green Transportation & CommunicationSolutions& Infrastructure • Port, Marina,Terminal & Waterfront project development o Economic development - infrastructure & accessibility o Project development financing &project finance management o Environmental protection - improving qualityof life o Waste management andrenewable energy& optimization o Publicspacemgmt –industrial andport development planning o Stakeholder engagement &citizens’ information dissemination o PublicPrivatePartnerships –Joint Ventures & other partnerships Econologicallyproof & efficientlyoptimized
  • 9. Port, Marina & Waterfront Infrastructure Development, Logistics& c-SCM Improving Port Investment Appeal Experience by PORT[expertise] • Feasibility studies • Business planning and KPI setting • Workforce Structuring and Operational Organization & Reviews • Business Effectiveness, Continuous Improvement and Process Reengineering. • Technology for ports • Design, Engineering, technology and expansion infrastructure for Ports, Terminals, airports and other public and civil transportation needs • Waste Management Programs and Energy Optimization Project • Total Intelligent Transportation Solution (TiTS) • Industrial, Maritime, Port & Terminal Infrastructure consultation, R&D, Project Mgmt • Terminal/port design and optimization • Operational organization, reviews and process reengineering • Optimization and lining up on maritime and port environmental requirements, including waste management, energy use, … PORT[expertise] provides the right expertise for your infrastructure and supply chain projects and collaborates with your project team in making successful results with best practices from across the globe. Design - Procure - Optimize - Monitor Extended Enterprise Econological ValueChain Solutions
  • 10. Providing knowledge convergence in Logistics and Collaborative SCM services & solutions for your Total Value Chain We are an independent global collaborative partnership of maritime port, logistics and supply chain management professionals with a strong reputation in managing industrial, maritime, port & terminal logistics, providing their expertise to local and regional initiatives in commercial and industrial sectors as well as the public/civil/defence sector. Providing knowledge convergence in logistics & SCM services, covering Design, Procure, Optimization & Monitoring • Feasibility studies, Business Planning and KPI setting • Design, Engineering, technology and expansion infrastructure for Ports, Terminals, airports and other public and civil transportation needs • Workforce Structuring and Operational Organization & Reviews • Business Effectiveness, Continuous Improvement and Process Reengineering. • Waste Management Programs and Energy Optimization Project • Total Intelligent Transportation Solution (TiTS) • Industrial, Maritime, Port & Terminal Infrastructure consultation, R&D, Project Management PORT[expertise] provides the right expertise for your infrastructure and supply chain projects and collaborates with your project team in making successful results with best practices from across the globe. Design - Procure - Optimize - Monitor Extended Enterprise Econological ValueChain Solutions Port, Marina & Waterfront Infrastructure Development, Logistics& c-SCM
  • 11. European Headquarters Duboisstraat 50 2060 Antwerp, Belgium, Europe +32 (3) 808.4345 info@portexpertise.com www.PORTexpertise.com A team you can build upon! Cebu, Philippines, ASEAN +63 9284064638 Joris.Claeys@CAPix-horizon.com J.Claeys@portexpertise.com Skype: knowledgEnabler Twitter: @knowledgEnabler thanks for building your trust with us
  • 12. What kind of port?
  • 13. What kind of port?
  • 14. What kind of port?
  • 15. What kind of port?
  • 16. Leisure ports for international cruse liners!
  • 17. This is how we think to attract cruse liners!
  • 18. Fast Craft Ferries and infrastructure by ADS!
  • 19. Cebu port is outmoded, urgent need for upgrade undersized, and expansion with the uncompetitive right port configuration! Is the Port of Cebu ready for the growth of Cebu? Cebu’s Future – Boom or Strangle! Cebu Port Development Turning Challenges into Opportunities! A port is more than just containers!
  • 21. Cebu Port Development Turning Challenges into Opportunities! A port is more than just containers! “Growth is the best stimulus for development and innovation. That’s why I am convinced that a transition to a more sustainable port and growth go hand in hand.” – Hans Smits, Port of Rotterdam
  • 22. • Port Infrastructure & Operations Complexity • Ports & their Environmental Impact • Port Site Selection & Master Planning • Port Competitiveness Indicators • Steering Smart Changes in our Urban Culture! • Stakeholder Engagement & Awareness! • Cebu Port Development – an outlook for dialogue • A practical approach in site selection by PortExpertise manufacturingDistribution centres Maritime transport Port Terminal delivery rail Water road Transhipment Cebu Port Development
  • 23. Cebu Port Development Other considerations on existing & future cargo type designation, current infrastructure and installations: • History & Purpose of current infrastructure • Are the current facilities optimizing the supply chain, ensuring optimal freight conditions? • Future requirements in handling what type of cargo? • Does current situation allow for optimal marine requirements • Does current situation and plans allow for port activity forecasts • Does current situation enable for port environmental requirements • Do current plans consider the urban growth and the regional function • Future import & export requirements – in line with growth …
  • 24. Muelle Osmeña Cebu, being one of the Philippine cities with the busiest harbors, has a historical port and lighthouse that lies at the very heart of Opon (now Lapu-lapu City). Local and international goods and passengers docked here in the early 1900s. The narrow Mactan channel that separates Mactan Island from Cebu mainland used to be the focal point of local and inter-island trading in the Visayan region and also in international shipping. In 1917, the Opon port already exceeded the port of Iloilo in terms of quantity of trade, and became the busiest primary port of call for inter-island shipping. Muelle, the Spanish word for wharf, has been renovated and preserved, and still functions today as docking port for ferries carrying passengers from Lapu-lapu City to downtown Cebu City and vice-versa. Compaña Maritima A heritage spot in one of the Asia’s oldest cities that to many would seem nothing more than an odd structure facing Cordova town in Mactan Island, Compaña Maritima was a famous fixture in its heyday. The building was repaired and later became the offices of Compaña Maritima (Spanish for “maritime company”), one of the biggest shipping companies in the country during the late 1930s. The company later went bankrupt in the late 1980s. Since then, the site has become abandoned. The History of the Cebu Port
  • 25. The Cebu Port System Historically Cebu’s strength is build on international trade. Cebu Port is the busiest port in the whole Philippines and one of the busiest in Asia, from the Spanish colonial period until now. • Cebu is a city of traders and shipping operators • Cebu port is now outmoded, under-sized and uncompetitive • Cebu urgently needs to be upgraded and expanded, before we loose our capacity as a reckoned transhipment port & ruled-out on ASEAN integration! • Cities’ competitiveness relies on efficient urban transport system • Economic expansion worsens issues on mobility, environmental pollution and road safety • Transport authorities play a critical innovative role towards sustainable transport solutions
  • 26. The Cebu Port System is composed of the Cebu Baseport and its sub-ports which are strategically located in different points of Cebu. The Cebu Baseport: • Cebu International Port • Baseport - Domestic Zone 5 sub-ports within the jurisdiction of Cebu Port Authority, namely: Mandaue, Danao, Sta. Fe, Toledo and Argao. Each of the sub-ports are smaller ports that are essential to flow of domestic inter-island commerce. The Cebu Port System
  • 27. Cebu Port Authority – main port facilities Shipping and port operations are central to what Cebu is today and will continue to be key to Cebu’s future. The past growth of Cebu has mirrored the growth of the volume of Cebu port operations. In the distant past, Cebu was a destination and a trans-shipment point to other ports in the Visayas and Mindanao, a natural by-product of Cebu being a city of traders and shipping operators. While port operations have grown, the growth rate has decelerated in large part due to the current port being inadequate to handle shipping needs. There is a generally held belief that the Cebu port is now outmoded, under-sized, and uncompetitive and urgently needs to be upgraded and expanded.
  • 28. 09/08/2018 28 CPA Sta Rosa, Olango – Passenger & cargo terminal
  • 29. CEBU – World-Class Gateway Shipping & port operations central to what Cebu is today and will continue to be key to Cebu’s future! CEBU as a competitive integrated domestic and international trade and transhipment hub requires the right port configuration! Keystone of integrated Cebu’s urban planning!
  • 30. Cebu Port – keystone of integrated urban planning holistic view needed to achieve goals set out by Mega Cebu 2050 vision Competitiveness – Mobility – Liveability – Governance addressing harmony between land and sea • economic development • infrastructure & accessibility • environmental protection • improving quality of life • public space management • citizens’ information
  • 31. Marina Development in the Visayas
  • 32. What has the Visayas to offer • Booming urban and city development • Basic availability of marina infrastructure • Leisure facilities across the Visayas • Unexplored natural flora and fauna • Historical heritage • Exploding tourism and resorts in Cebu, Bohol and expanding to other islands across the Visayas • Friendly people – “mabuhay” is lived and expressed Sectors • Ship building • Island hopping – Bankas, ferries, speed ferries • Tourism, hotel and resorts • Malls and shopping facilities Marina Development in the Visayas
  • 33. The natural wealth of the Visayas Pictures by Scott Gutsy Tuason
  • 34. Aims and targets for the Visayas • Congestion of marina ports in Singapore and Hong Kong • Developing the Philippines Marina and Tourism activities across the Visayas • Highlighting the eco-Tourism and other forms of tourism, including adventure tourism and high-end nautical destination Marina Development in the Visayas
  • 35. What is missing or needs improvement • Dedicated infrastructure for marina • Clear split between cargo and passengers Investment opportunities • Marina and related leisure facilities • Yacht maintenance and repairs • Crew management and facilities Marina Development in the Visayas
  • 36. DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
  • 37. DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
  • 38. DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
  • 39. DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
  • 40. DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
  • 41. DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
  • 42. DoT – Department of Tourism Plan 2011
  • 43. Marina Development in the Visayas
  • 44. Marina Development in the Visayas
  • 46. For- & Hinterland of a Port Terminals, Cargo, Distribution, Packaging, Trucking, Repair & Parts, ... 5
  • 47. 47 Port Activities in the Proximity of Residential Area 6
  • 48. DoT expects more international cruise lines to bring in more than 20,000 tourists to the country this year. Cruise arrivals in the Philippines over the past two years grew by 48%, amounting to 20,000 last year. Three of the world's leading cruise companies are eyeing to help develop the Philippines as a major destination. … and this 19
  • 49. Deliver what will be creating the future! “Growth is the best stimulus for development and innovation! That’s why a transition to a more sustainable port and growth go hand in hand.” – Hans Smits, Port of Rotterdam 20
  • 50. CEBU – a world-class gateway Shipping and port operations are central to what Cebu is today and will continue to be key to Cebu’s future The past growth of Cebu has mirrored the growth of the volume of Cebu port operations transition to a more sustainable port and growth go hand in hand! 22
  • 52. Cebu as the center piece for nautical build
  • 53. The central position of the Visayas
  • 54. The central position of the Visayas
  • 55. Cebu as the center piece for nautical build
  • 56. Cebu as the center piece for nautical build
  • 57. Cebu as the center piece for nautical build
  • 58. Ship building in the Visayas goes international
  • 59. 09/08/2018 59 Cruse Line Port-of-Call Potentials for Visayas
  • 60. Marina & Yachting Potentials for the Visayas
  • 61. 09/08/2018 61 Marina & Yachting Potentials for the Visayas
  • 62. 09/08/2018 62 Marina & Yachting Potentials for the Visayas
  • 63. 09/08/2018 63 Marina & Yachting Potentials for the Visayas
  • 65. New Washington Yacht & Resort Club world class integrated yachting, resort & leisure development Tinagon Dagat “Hidden Sea“ ADS Group- Leisure & DevelopmentInc.
  • 71. Philippinesmode of travel by inter-islandhopping Fast track the countries ferry system to the 21st century ADSGroup-FastCraftFerryInc.
  • 74. Steering Smart Changes in our Urban Culture!
  • 75. Steering Smart Changes in our Urban Culture! For Cities & Industries alike to thrive and co- exist, stakeholder dialogue is essential in the process of engaging lasting solutions! – Joris Claeys, PORT[expertise]
  • 76. Steering Smart Changes in our Urban Culture! • Cities’ competitiveness relies on an efficient urban transport system. • Economic expansion worsens issues brought by growth in mobility and car dependence, creating congestion, environmental pollution and affecting road safety. • Transport authorities play a critical innovative role towards sustainable transport solutions. It is no longer possible to approach sustainable mobility exclusively from a sectorial perspective; a holistic view on transport is needed, taking into account a range of determinant and interrelated factors: • accessibility • the environment • quality of life • public space management • citizens’ information Source: EMTA – European Metropolitan Transport Authorities
  • 78. For- & Hinterland of a Port Terminals, Cargo, Distribution, Packaging, Trucking, Repair & Parts, ...
  • 79. 09/08/2018 79 Port Activities in the Proximity of Residential Area
  • 80. Ports and their environmental impacts
  • 81. Water Treatment during Port Development & Operations
  • 82. Port Site Selection & Master Planning
  • 83. Port Site Selection is Key to Its Future
  • 84. Port Site Selection Factors: Social, Economic & Environmental
  • 86. Country ranking on international trade Source: IBM Global Location Trends - 2008
  • 87. Commercial Viability of Ports & Terminals Ideal Master Planning Master planning impedes the commercial sustainability of ports. Delayed clearances, serious environmental impacts, poor vessel turnaround and higher CAPEX all lead to failures. Optimal Transport Integration Lack of hinterland and forward transport connection result in imbalances between in-bound and out-bound volumes handled, impacting revenues and future capacity generation planning. Efficient Operational Models With ever increasing vessel sizes and growing demand for specialised cargo handling infrastructure, ports and terminals need to develop an ideal matrix of cargo + vessels + infrastructure, leading to higher operational efficiency. 2014 - Ports & Marine Structures Asia
  • 88. Steering Smart Changes in our Urban Culture! • Cities’ competitiveness relies heavily on an efficient urban transport system. • Economic expansion worsens issues brought by growth in mobility and car dependence, creating congestion, environmental pollution and affecting road safety. • Transport authorities play a critical innovative role towards sustainable transport solutions. It is no longer possible to approach sustainable mobility exclusively from a sectorial perspective; a holistic view on transport is needed, taking into account a range of determinant and interrelated factors: • accessibility: 50% of all daily trips into cities are made by car, mass transit lines are saturated due to urban sprawl; • the environment: transport generates 30% of CO2 and micro particles emissions, of which 90% come from cars and lorries, creating real issues in terms of public health, noise and road safety; • quality of life: a modal shift from private cars to public transport and eco-friendly modes is needed given that in some cities around 60% of car trips cover distances of less than 3 km; • public space management: need to share space between different transport modes, (walking, cycling, public transport, private car, urban freight) and other types of use (shops, playgrounds, green zones, urban facilities); • citizens’ information: on mobility services, (regular and real time) travel conditions. Source: EMTA – European Metropolitan Transport Authorities
  • 89. Stakeholder Engagement & Awareness Port Site Selection & Designation Port Development, Expansion, Rehabilitation & Operations, Industrial Infrastructure, Impact on Habitat, Communities and Ecosystems • Open and frequent engagement with broader community on a continual basis to develop and implement the plan, • Listen and adapt to provisions and suggestions made by all stakeholders • Education and other resources to improve management • Transparency + making information timely available • Monitoring and continuous improvement • Comply with national and international standards • Learn and apply best practices from similar port development projects and/or adapt recognized solutions to local situations source: GHD Australia, Environmental Best Practice Port Development – an Analysis of international approaches
  • 90. Port Competitiveness Indicators 1. Port TEU throughput 2. The number of ships visiting a port 3. The net crane rate - port TEU throughput 4. TEU throughput per berth metre 5. Yard utilisation measured as TEU throughput per gross hectare. 6. Vessel turnaround times at container port terminals 7. The duration of procedures of exporting a container 8. The duration of procedures of importing a container Source: WB and DIT – Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics, Australia Examples of KPIs for Ports and Terminals (differ by type of port operations): • In operations on vessel handling time, crane productivity (measures how shipping lines' contracts are met), dwell times, etc • Cost per cargo handled, mainly labour, maintenance, energy (measures internal efficiency performance) • Equipment technical/maintenance, Mean time between failure (MTBF), reliability/availability of equipment, kilometre/moves per equipment (measures technical state and maintenance needs) • Health, Safety and Security, like lost time injuries, ISPS breaches other resources: www.lloydsmaritimeacademy.com/kpisforports www.informaglobalevents.com/event/kpis-for-ports-terminals-distance-learning
  • 91. Direct influence • Market interactivity and policies influence ports • Ports influence the market and policies • Verify market outlooks with existing and potential clients • Handling capacities – maritime, berth, storage, logistics & distribution External influences (non market) • Compliance: ISPS enforcement, AEO • Food / feed safety authorities • Dangerous goods • Environmental • Community issues (noise, traffic, dust, ...) • Customs • Unions Neutrality is not appreciated by your clients, you are there to defend their (and finally your) interests Knowing your clients & their markets
  • 92. Location selection factors Regulatory framework Workforce Infrastructure Real estate Natural disaster Knowledge & innovation Taxation (TESCM,...) Incentives Operational costs Living environment Business Environment Attractiveness COLLABORATE - you cannot win the struggle alone Political climate Source: IBM Global Imagine the future, to be the future!
  • 93. A typical selection process 1. Define Business case High Level Create Long-list 2. Additional selection criteria Identify Shortlist 4. Site Search & Negotiations Select Preferred Sites and Start Negotiations 5. Implementation 3. Evaluate Short-listed Locations Select Preferred Location(s) Macro Countries Regions Sites Micro Macro Stability/risk Market Workforce/Skills Infrastructure Costs Sites Incentives Quality of Life Micro Be visible at all levels Source: IBM Global
  • 94. • Strategic drivers for location choice • Access to new market, Optimize cost efficiency • Access to Resources, Consolidation of operations, etc • Strategy has impact on location requirements and their relative importance • The most critical requirements determine the initial long-list of locations Examples: Market/client proximity, Cost levels, Stability, Safety, … • Site availability in most cases is not a critical factor for selection, but becomes very important towards the final decision making Location selection factors
  • 95. Issues when selecting locations • Dedicated contact person, finding information • Land: ownership, zoning, ready-to-build • Infrastructure; utilities, port, ICT • Restricted activities (zoning of likewise/linked activities) • Paperwork; permits, licences, certificates (company, construction, emissions, disposal, environment, safety, workforce, activities, ...) • Time needed to start with commercial activities • Coast vs. inland: hinterland connections Integrated approach – “package approach”
  • 96. Issues on development & concession contracts • Price • Development cost per meter of quay length • Not flexible enough (start up period, recession, ...) • Index calculation • Minimum fee (based on tonnages per meter of quay length) • No transparent pricing compared to other companies with same activities (price per meter of quay length) • Bank guarantee • Other • Soil certifications • Responsibility for stability issues (site was not build-ready) • Quay infrastructure (lightning, fences, railways, ...) • Enforced use of various transport modes (mix) Integrated approach – “package approach”
  • 97. Operating in a Multi-Stakeholder Environment! Alignment among stakeholders: • To build successful systems with multiple stakeholders, all relevant parties must have a good understanding of the benefits to them • Each solution can be constructed as a win-win model, but this requires careful planning Multilevel governance model: • Each solution has a number of stakeholders, all of whom have a voice to be heard • Key decisions will need to be made effectively, most likely through an executive governing board e.g.: MCDCB – Mega Cebu Step-by-step approach: • All solutions are complex and, when being implemented, involve a degree of risk • They should be implemented incrementally, to fix any potential early and short-term issues and to test the solutions, with a simple local programme as the first step and including only key features
  • 98. Stakeholder Engagement & Awareness Port Site Selection & Designation Port Development, Expansion, Rehabilitation & Operations, Industrial Infrastructure Impact on Habitat, Communities and Ecosystems • Open and frequent engagement with broader community on a continual basis to develop and implement the plan, • Listen & adapt to provisions and suggestions by all stakeholders • Education and other resources to improve management • Transparency + making information timely available • Monitoring and continuous improvement • Comply with national and international standards • Learn and apply best practices from similar port development projects and/or adapt recognized solutions to local situations source: GHD Australia, Environmental Best Practice Port Development – an Analysis of international approaches
  • 99. Steering Smart Solutions for our Urban Culture!
  • 100. Steering Smart Solutions for our Urban Culture!
  • 101. Cebu Port Development Turning Challenges into Opportunities! Cross-industry cooperation and dialogue with policy-makers and incorporating strong stakeholder & community engagement are needed to define legal frameworks, reach international standards and set up public-private partnerships WEF 2014 – Connected World: 4 Game-Changers that Will Revolutionize Travel and Transport by 2025! Supply chains which pass through Cebu need to be efficient so that the lowest ecological footprint per tonne/kilometre can be realized. Re-designation of current infrastructure across Metro Cebu to fit residential city expansion and making Metro Cebu a better place to live. Clear division between industrial and habitat + leisure + offices areas, relates to traffic mix and congestion as well environmental impact and liveable cities across Metro Cebu. Sector Clustering for Metro Cebu, Cebu Island and the Visayas Cebu has the potential to become • a major player in the ASEAN integration, • a Port-of-Call in the APAC Trade Lanes, • preferred Hub-&-Spoke for cost-efficient regional intermodal transhipment, • expand the Tourism Sector with International Cruise Ships and linking up with the Island Hopping and • attract industrial and commercial investments to Metro Cebu but what is holding it back from succeeding …
  • 102. • Cebu is growing – Cebu Port is congested • Port is inadequate by national and international standards • Requires refocus and investment today • Ports are vital trade facilitators for the flow of cargo • Logistics performance & port competitiveness is crucial • Hub & Spoke multi-modal center • Integrated logistics services into the supply chain • Integration with Philippines National Strategic Port Plan, ASEAN and APEC ONLY ONE study that does not meet an objective choice! We strongly advise against building a port that does not meet the business, environmental & social requirements. We must have the right port configuration! Port redevelopment +10 years overdue! It is time to recapture Cebu’s former glory! Need for Port Development and Rehabilitation! 7
  • 103. Cebu Port Development Operating in a Multi-Stakeholder Environment! Commercial Viability of Ports & Terminals depends on • Ideal Master Planning • Optimal Transport Integration • Efficient Operational Models Alignment among stakeholders Multilevel governance model Step-by-step approach Impact on Habitat, Communities and Ecosystems Major challenges for Cebu – Mega Cebu (MCDCB) Need for integrated planning and wide consultation • Mobility • Competitiveness towards a more liveable Cebu
  • 104. Purpose of the committee • Enabling dialogue among key stakeholders • Adapting world-best-practice selection criteria • Build a Long-list of potential sites and their designation • Consolidate and evaluate pros and cons for each • Define the key criteria for the future of the Port of Cebu • Identify the Short-list & structured selection criteria (weighing) • Conclude & mitigate preferred location(s) For Cities & Industries alike to thrive and co-exist, stakeholder dialogue is essential in the process of engaging lasting solutions! – Joris Claeys, PORT[expertise] CCCI Transportation Committee Port of Cebu Development & Rehabilitation Location Selection & Designation
  • 105. CEBU – World-Class Gateway Shipping & port operations central to what Cebu is today and will continue to be key to Cebu’s future! CEBU as a competitive integrated domestic and international trade and transhipment hub requires the right port configuration! Keystone of integrated Cebu’s urban planning!
  • 106. Cebu Port – keystone of integrated urban planning holistic view needed to achieve goals set out by Mega Cebu 2050 vision Competitiveness – Mobility – Liveability – Governance addressing harmony between land and sea • economic development • infrastructure & accessibility • environmental protection • improving quality of life • public space management • citizens’ information
  • 107. Cebu Port Development Operating in a Multi-Stakeholder Environment! Commercial Viability of Ports & Terminals depends on • Ideal Master Planning • Optimal Transport Integration • Efficient Operational Models Alignment among stakeholders Multilevel governance model Step-by-step approach Impact on Habitat, Communities and Ecosystems Major challenges for Cebu – Mega Cebu (MCDCB) Need for integrated planning and wide consultation • Mobility • Competitiveness towards a more liveable Cebu
  • 108. Decision Process on Locations Site Selection & Designation • Location selection factors • Infrastructure requirements • Environmental impact considerations • Socio-economic and competitiveness factors 3 steps: 1. Imagine what could be! Define the kind of port Cebu needs for the 2035 – 2050 and beyond planning horizon 2. Design what should be! Define the physical selection criteria that minimally fits the desired type of port facility 3. Deliver what will be creating the future the actual selection of the port location that meets the physical selection criteria plus related financial economic, social, and environmental and competitiveness/growth considerations CCCI Committee focuses on the main drivers of the site selection process, within the port development cycle The next step is to bring the outcome forward to core stakeholder group before engaging in the Master Plan, Design, Construction and Operations with the right expertise and ownership for each phase.
  • 109. • Baseport Rehabilitation and Redesignation • New Container Terminal in Consolacion • New Port in Naga/Minglanilla, Cordova and/or Toledo Cebu Port is designated as one of six major national gateway ports (major ports for international container trade) ERIA Comprehensive Asia Development Plan report 2010, identified Cebu Port as the major port of the Philippines for urgent development Overview of the Proposed Sites and Options
  • 110. Possible Metro Cebu Strategic Links
  • 111. Cebu Port Development – an outlook for dialogue DETAIL 1 (overview 2011–2014) • Impact study on infrastructure (port & distribution) and environment is required • Role of Cebu Port(s): Hub & Spoke Multi-modal, Island-Hopping, RORO and potential as a major (inter)national hub for cruises • Cost definition perspective of the Port Development & Operations as an overall impact of either solution, not just for the new container terminal • Reflection of people transportation under-estimated, based on reflected growth • Full impact report required on Metro Cebu with implications for livelihood, mobility infrastructure and traffic congestions across Cebu City, Mandaue City and Mactan Island, secondary on the sector clustering of Cebu island and the Visayas • Port expansion requirements beyond and including the new container terminal • Eco-system impact study for all proposals, including ocean and sea routes • Livelihood and cost of living impact from port developments • Dredging works and costs need to be revisited for the total port development • Study on added value of reclaimed area for industrial activities and city habitat and how that will affect the major metropolitan areas of Metro Cebu • Future traffic congestion report highly recommended for entire Metro Cebu area • Road infrastructure works and cost need to be comparable across studies • Cargo growth rate may not be sufficient to deal with the needs of Metro Cebu, nor with the hub and spoke function of Cebu for both goods, people and cruising activities in the region • Infrastructure requirements for balanced community and economic environment • Resolve traffic congestions and mixture across Cebu/Mandaue/Lapu-Lapu
  • 112. Cebu Port Development – an outlook for dialogue DETAIL 2 (overview 2011–2014) • Total infrastructure works review across Metro Cebu for all modes – integration and interrelation between transportation modes • Combined usage of the existing Cebu Baseport – after rehabilitation and designated areas for the different usage – passenger terminal and cargo terminals + mixed traffic operations at Baseport • Container Terminal requires near-by full operational hinterland service providers, which may require double to triple the planned land capacity of the container terminal alone • Future port and berth capacity expansion considerations • Master traffic and transportation plan required for Metro Cebu • Dredging works and breakwater wave protection infrastructure needs to be completed for all port sites, considering its designated use • Future eco & industrial zones considered in each of the port development options • Cebu as a multi-modal operations port(s) and the impacts across terminals and for- & hinterland requirements • Cebu port development in function of national, regional and APAC strategy • Re-assignment of industrial and habitat estate requires consideration in the Master Transportation and Infrastructure Plan • Minimizing habitat areas to be moved and concluding a master urban plan for Metro Cebu and the province as a whole for its sector clustering
  • 113. Consolacion study raises serious red flags! • Does not meet draft and minimum berth length • Lack of minimum land area and connectivity. • review and ranking of the original port locations should be undertaken against the site selection criteria in order to rationalize the selection process. Decision criteria used are questionable! Implementing the Consolacion proposition contradicts Mega Cebu’s vision 2050 Competitiveness Mobility Liveability 14
  • 114. Design what should be the future!  Current Baseport operations to be upgraded but limited to passenger operations ONLY both domestic & cruise ships  Cargo operations to be integrated in a new - but SINGLE – location with the following attributes: • Minimum berth length: 4.0 kilometres berth length, accommodating domestic & international cargo – include sea-transhipment. • Minimum draft: 16 meters for 3,000-5,000 TEU feeder and transhipment vessels – lower shipping rates • Minimum land area: 400 hectares needed for: • ship-side marshalling area • container yards (for domestic, international and trans-shipment TEUs) • bulk handling silos and outdoor cargoes • Warehousing • administrative offices (Customs, CPA, water-treatment, and green space) • interior roads • with hinterland for logistics services & added-value manufacturing • Connectivity: Sufficient infrastructure (roads, bridges, utility connections) to move cargo efficiently, while minimizing cargo traffic through Cebu City and Mandaue City. 13
  • 115. Minimum Key Criteria To ensure Cebu’s economic success, Cebu Port must provide following services in cargo & passenger passage Integrated and cost-competitive port platform ensures economic success for Cebu and the attainment of • North/South domestic cargo port, including bulk, break- bulk, hazardous, and trans-shipment cargoes • North (Manila)/South (VisMin) international feeder port • Regional Asia/Pacific transhipment hub (e.g.: Singapore) • Preferred Port of Call for APEC and ASEAN Trade-lanes Redevelopment of existing Cebu Baseport allows for • Expansion of existing and new business clusters • Domestic passenger passage • Port-of-Call for international cruise liners, linked to Cebu’s heritage-based and Visayas island hopping, addressing the potentials of the tourism sector 12
  • 116. Next steps – building a renewed thriving Cebu • Governor support to delay implementation of the current proposed Port plan • CCCI-led Port Committee proceeds with Site Selection & Designation based on Economic, Social and Environmental considerations • Initial funding support by the Cebu Province and national institutions, matched by the private sector – leading into long term international funding for the Cebu Master Plan • Re-evaluate locations and plans based on minimum physical requirements and select the most suitable location - Site Selection & Designation based on Economic, Social and Environmental considerations • Co-creation effort in alliance with CPA having a primary role in Port development, the Philippines National Port Authorities, NEDA and other involved national and regional institutions With a Master Plan for the Port of Cebu, based on a transparent Site Selection & Designation Plan developed with broad stakeholder engagement We will have the right port configuration for CEBU 21
  • 117. Members of the CCCI Committee • Consolidated RAFI - MCDCB assessment (2013 - on JICA proposal) • Bing Martinez • Roy Lotzof • Robin Ong • Yumi Espina – Urban Planning, USC / MCDCB • Joris Claeys – PORTexpertise • CPA – Tomas Riveral • CPA – Benjie Akol • CPA – Carlos Co • CCCI - Transportation – Bonifacio 'Boni' Sia • CCCI - Transportation – Felix Taguiam • CCCI – Tess Chan • NEDA – Efren Carreon • Customs Brokers – Jerry Martinez • MCDCB - Engineering – Pedro Adonis Compendio • MCDCB - Transportation – Jun Sanchez Now engaging with other stakeholders: shipping/carriers organizations, business associations, environmental experts, communities and cities Cebu Port Development – an outlook for dialogue
  • 118. Cebu Port Development Turning Challenges into Opportunities! Efficient supply chains realize lowest ecological footprint Re-designation infrastructure across Metro Cebu to fit residential city expansion and making Metro Cebu a better place to live. Clear division between industrial and habitat + leisure + commercial Sector Clustering for Metro Cebu, Cebu Island and the Visayas Cebu has the potential to become • Major player in the ASEAN integration, • Port-of-Call in the APAC Trade Lanes, • Hub-&-Spoke for cost-efficient regional intermodal transhipment, • Tourism: International Cruise Ships + Island Hopping • Attract industrial and commercial investments to Metro Cebu but what is holding it back from succeeding …
  • 119. Decision Process On Locations Site Selection & Designation • Location selection factors • Infrastructure requirements • Environmental impact considerations • Socio-economic and competitiveness factors 3 steps: 1.Imagine what could be! Define the kind of port Cebu needs for the 2035 – 2050 and beyond planning horizon 2. Design what should be! Define the physical selection criteria that minimally fits the desired type of port facility 3. Deliver what will be creating the future the actual selection of the port location that meets the physical selection criteria plus related financial economic, social, and environmental and competitiveness/growth considerations
  • 120. Integrated and cost-competitive port platform ensures economic success for Cebu and the attainment of • North/South domestic cargo port, including bulk, break- bulk, hazardous, and trans-shipment cargoes • North (Manila)/South (VisMin) international feeder port • Regional Asia/Pacific transhipment hub (e.g.: Singapore) • Preferred Port of Call for APAC and ASEAN Trade-lanes Redevelopment of existing Cebu Baseport allows for • Expansion of existing and new business clusters • Domestic passenger passage • Port-of-Call for international cruise liners, linked to Cebu’s heritage-based and Visayas island hopping, addressing the potentials of the tourism sector Attain goals set out in MegaCebu 2050. Imagine what could be! - Minimum Key Criteria To ensure Cebu’s economic success, Cebu Port must provide following services in cargo & passenger passage
  • 121. Imagine what could be! Key criteria for the future requirements and development of the Port of Cebu facilities and infrastructure + its role for Cebu, the Visayas and as a major Port of Call for the APAC trade-lanes (July 2014) Observations • OUTDATED current port infrastructure, connectivity and hinterland (+15 years) • not coping with current natural and future growth, • no cost-effective logistics, loosing its regional, national and ASEAN competitiveness • not attracting marine and land/manufacturing investors and • not being able to be Port of call for ocean carriers and international cruise ships • Need for coherent infrastructure across the Cebu facilities (CPA & private), enabling cost-effective regional intermodal connectivity (in/out, transhipment) • Current plans on the New Container Terminal and the rehabilitation of the Base Port will over time stricken Cebu’s competitiveness and incapacitate Cebu’s reputation and future growth as a major regional metropolis of trade and manufacturing, tourism destination and hub for international cruise lines, as well as loosing its position as a main contender in the Philippines National Port Strategy and ASEAN integration, loosing out on major national and international investments • CEBU stakeholders one voice: CPA, business communities and the larger community stakeholders – through MCDCB/Mega-Cebu – express the need and preparedness to activate a CEBU Port Development Master Plan, based on the findings of the Site Selection & Designation Outcome by the CCCI – Transportation Committee
  • 122. Imagine what could be! Minimum Key Criteria – Port of Cebu 1. Cargo and ship modus & capacity for Cebu Port of Call  Accommodating containerized, bulk, break-bulk and passengers, but clear segregation between passenger terminal from all industrial port activities, both port facilities, marine environment and hinterland  Accommodating all industries and commodities/cargos – both current and projected. Segregation of specific industries / sectors, potentially to other port facilities, part of the Port of Cebu infrastructure, such as chemicals and petroleum sector.  The port hinterland may also have to include dedicated hinterland and berth capacity for dedicated industries, including the food and feed industries (or e.g.: consumables and non-consumables) nearby the international terminal operations  Facilitating and attracting added-value manufacturing and processing for local, regional and international markets, including uplifting local manufacturing for export  Expandable port area for future domestic, international and added-value manufacturing growth – not all port designated area needs to be fully developed, but needs clear urban designation and restrictions of any other use. Development phase can be spread over 20 to 40 years, which may include particular activities and/or sectors to be re-designated to other locations, in line with the total port infrastructure. The Port of Cebu Master Plan should envision developments in line and flexible to adapt ad migrate to the evolution of its realization and growth commitments, based on integral visions for: • 1st phase: up to 2025 • 2025 – 2050 • Beyond 2050
  • 123. Imagine what could be! Minimum Key Criteria – Port of Cebu 1. Cargo and ship modus & capacity for Cebu Port of Call  Enabling distribution centra for local, regional, national & ASEAN markets and integration  Enabling for Port-of-Call for post-panama liner vessels in the international/APAC trade- lanes and integrated or nearby facilities for domestic/regional cargo and container vessels and integrated multi-modal / Transhipment facilities, including distribution centra and logistics services • minimal birth requirements: 1 km for international, 1 km for domestic cargoes • 3,000 TCU vessels require 12 to 14m draft, 250m berth space • 50,000 Mt bulk cargo ships require 14m draft  Optimal sizing of a combined international and domestic cargo designated area of minimal 400 Ha (with 4km berth, 16 m draft and 15 km direct hinterland for logistics, distribution and manufacturing facilities); domestic ships berth can have lesser draft. For optimal use of assigned Port Authority facilities/area and direct hinterland, the following rule of designation is adapted : • 10% for infrastructure (dedicated port roads) • 20% port, customs and other facilities as integral part of the total port concept • 70% for cargo handling logistics and manufacturing direct hinterland  Whereby the following minimal needs are to be provided for Marine Port activities (stevedoring): • 1st phase – 2025: 75 Ha • 2025 – 2050: 100 to 200 Ha • Beyond 2050: 400 ha
  • 124. Imagine what could be! Minimum Key Criteria – Port of Cebu 1. Cargo and ship modus & capacity for Cebu Port of Call  As a transhipment port for the region and international industrial activities, Cebu Port and its direct hinterland have to have the optimal capacities, effectiveness and handling facilities to attract pass-through and added-value manufacturing for domestic, regional and international goods, such as but not limited to repackaging for the international and regional markets  The current stevedoring facilities and efficiencies will require updating of equipment and handling capacity to be able to compete with other ports, offer cost effective operations for both carriers and shippers and attract new cargo for regional and international trade- lanes (currently 3MT/ day while standard expectation in international ports is 500Mt/hour and 2000 TEU containers/day = 1 day/vessel)  With the expansion the necessary port and terminal operators should be expanded to enable international and domestic operators to compete in an economic cost effective and viable environment under the authority of the CPA as land/berth owner for the marine connected facilities. The hinterland can be part of CPA and leased out or sold to private investors  Land-sea connectivity: provisions needed for Container Yards and handling in the North and South of Metro Cebu, with an in-depth study on current and future industries and sector development, road or other link infrastructure to the main port facilities and other logistics optimal services to link the South and the North as well as other Visayan ports up to the Cebu main international/domestic port facility(ies)
  • 125. Imagine what could be! Minimum Key Criteria – Port of Cebu 2. Location and environmental impact  Impact to environment during and after the port construction/rehabilitation and operations  Land use compatibility and land reclamation in the context of its surroundings + effects of pre- and ongoing dredging works  Incorporate and adapt to current and future international and national standards for environment, waste water treatment and marine waste management  The port environment needs to be blocked off with green-zones/ring and has its own water treatment and marine waste management facilities for both international and domestic ships as well as for development, expansion and operations  Further obtaining studies on environment, road infrastructure and land-use compatibility studies or research need to be reconciled and considered Site notes  Obtain insight on potential investors and development plans (effective or proposed) for port facilities and operations (services and private construction) in Metro Cebu and on Cebu island, as well as on the islands in the vicinity of Cebu and the larger connectivity with ports in the Visayas and Luzon  Need for evaluating marine studies on waves and other risk related patterns on both the East and the West side of the Cebu Island  Impact & effect analysis of Port Master Plan in relation to the Tourism Sector
  • 126. Decision Process On Locations Site Selection & Designation • Location selection factors • Infrastructure requirements • Environmental impact considerations • Socio-economic and competitiveness factors 3 steps: 1. Imagine what could be! Define the kind of port Cebu needs for the 2035 – 2050 and beyond planning horizon 2.Design what should be! Define the physical selection criteria that minimally fits the desired type of port facility 3. Deliver what will be creating the future the actual selection of the port location that meets the physical selection criteria plus related financial economic, social, and environmental and competitiveness/growth considerations
  • 127. Design what should be the future! Current Baseport operations to be upgraded but limited to passenger operations ONLY, both domestic and cruise ships, Cargo operations to be integrated in a new SINGLE location with the following attributes for mid-term (till 2030) port activity requirements • Minimum berth length: • 4.0 kilometres berth, with room for expanded trans-shipment hub operations as volume grows – to include direct hinterland for added-value manufacturing. • Domestic and international cargo would be handled in the same port, not separated, to maintain cost competitiveness – to include sea-transhipment. • Minimum draft: 16 meters in order to accommodate the 3,000-5,000 TEU feeder and transhipment vessels, which will cause lower shipping rates compared to the current rates provided by 200-300 TEU vessels. • Minimum land area: 400 hectares corresponding with the 4.0 kilometer berth length, plus expansion room as berthing length increases. This land area is needed for: • ship-side marshalling area • container yards (for domestic, international and trans-shipment TEUs) • bulk handling silos and outdoor cargoes • Warehousing • administrative offices (Customs, CPA, water-treatment, and green space) • interior roads. • Connectivity: Sufficient infrastructure (roads, bridges, utility connections) to move cargo efficiently, while minimizing cargo traffic through Cebu City and Mandaue City.
  • 128. Decision Process On Locations Site Selection & Designation • Location selection factors • Infrastructure requirements • Environmental impact considerations • Socio-economic and competitiveness factors 3 steps: 1. Imagine what could be! Define the kind of port Cebu needs for the 2035 – 2050 and beyond planning horizon 2. Design what should be! Define the physical selection criteria that minimally fits the desired type of port facility 3.Deliver what will be creating the future the actual selection of the port location that meets the physical selection criteria plus related financial economic, social, and environmental and competitiveness/growth considerations
  • 129. Next steps to be completed by the Committee  Milestone: +/- 2 months to present proposal to stakeholders Site Selection & Designation Process – Weighing, Ranking & Impact Analysis Key impact areas of consideration with their weighing • Economical impact evaluation (includes overall growth for Cebu) • Social impact evaluation (engage MCDCB in the urban planning) • Environmental impact evaluation (expert engagement) • Competitiveness & growth potential (intermodal and SCM integration)
  • 130. • Metro Cebu’s urban and commercial area is saturated • Cebu is missing a waterfront (see proposals Cebu Arts District) • Cebu: Visayas hub port of call for major cruise-lines • East-side of island has serious silting issues • South and North of Cebu: industrial activity local processed commodities • Cebu to retain small container port for Cebu’s consumption needs and export of furniture and fashion/jewellery • Build a world-class port on the north-west side (Toledo-Asturias with natural 20/30m draft to become the import/export & transit port of the Visayas and return to its historical Queen-city of the South as largest Philippine transit port and important port of call on the AUS-China trade-lane • Transfer & expand heavy and petroleum-based industries to the east • Goods-designated rail-tunnels between the new port and Cebu • New airport in the middle of the island to release city traffic • Redesign Mactan as the true touristic cluster and hub for the Visayas (island-hopping , yachting and cruise-lines) There is a valid alternative!
  • 131. Deliver what will create the future! Marketing during the process • Channel mix • Plan your events • Customised interactive presentations Communication Channel Mix Communicate regularly through various channels Interactive workshops Online-Communication Information fairs Information points Printed Communication (e.g. Topics, meet ur neighbour, ...) (e.g. intranet, chatrooms, portal, email) Audio-visual Communication Meetings (e.g. video conference calls, video footage, TV spots, RSS) (e.g. Account with his clients, , Rail+Port, Port+Barge, university) Feedback- instruments (e.g. focus interviews, benchmarks, E- evaluation form) (e.g. seminars, road shows, congress) (e.g. site, E newsletter on site present.) Waterfall approach (e.g. Port Guidelines, who to contact in case ...) Public events (e.g. Sail, New Year/quarterly drink, concerts, site visits locals) Corporate communication (e.g. CEO mail, CEO-online,- breakfast, ) Mobilisation Events (e.g. town meetings, students) (e.g. newsletter, brochures, flyers)
  • 132. will get worse than this … or it can shine like this ... The Future of the Port of Cebu 15
  • 133. CEBU – Port-of-Call on ASEAN & APAC trade lanes 16
  • 134. CEBU – Major destination for expansion of & investment in new industries & commercial activities 17
  • 135. CEBU – SCM integration with domestic & regional intermodal Hub-&-Spoke 18
  • 136. DoT expects more international cruise lines to bring in more than 20,000 tourists to the country this year. Cruise arrivals in the Philippines over the past two years grew by 48%, amounting to 20,000 last year. Three of the world's leading cruise companies are eyeing to help develop the Philippines as a major destination. … and this 19
  • 137. Deliver what will be creating the future! “Growth is the best stimulus for development and innovation! That’s why a transition to a more sustainable port and growth go hand in hand.” – Hans Smits, Port of Rotterdam 20
  • 138. CEBU – a world-class gateway Shipping and port operations are central to what Cebu is today and will continue to be key to Cebu’s future The past growth of Cebu has mirrored the growth of the volume of Cebu port operations transition to a more sustainable port and growth go hand in hand! 22
  • 139. CEBU – a world-class gateway Shipping and port operations are central to what Cebu is today and will continue to be key to Cebu’s future The past growth of Cebu has mirrored the growth of the volume of Cebu port operations transition to a more sustainable port and growth go hand in hand! 22 For Cities & Industries alike to thrive and co-exist, stakeholder dialogue is essential in the process of engaging lasting solutions! – Joris Claeys, PortExpertise
  • 140. European Headquarters Duboisstraat 50 2060 Antwerp, Belgium, Europe +32 (3) 808.4345 info@portexpertise.com www.PORTexpertise.com A team you can build upon! Cebu, Philippines, ASEAN +63 9284064649 Joris.Claeys@CAPix-horizon.com J.Claeys@portexpertise.com Skype: knowledgEnabler Twitter: @knowledgEnabler thanks for building your trust with us