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greasing wheels of mobility


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greasing wheels of mobility

  2. 2. The importance of being involved: it helps to get what you want.-
  3. 3. IT BEGINS WITH City County State Federal Regional
  4. 4. FHWA
  5. 5. FEDERAL
  6. 6. Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO)--Federally required and federally funded transportation policy-making organization, in urban areas of greater than 50,000 population, with representatives from local government and transportation authorities. Regional Transportation Planning Agency (RTPA)—State of CA created transportation planning agency with representatives from local government and sometimes the public. Frequently a Council of Governments (COG). Local Transportation Commission (LTC)—County based transportation planning agency with representatives from local government and functions like a RTPA.
  7. 7. MPO is federally required transportation planning agency in federally designated urbanized areas with a population of 50,000 or more. RTPAs are statutorily created and frequently are countywide agencies that consist of the county and the cities in it. LTC are within each county which is not within the jurisdiction of a statutorily created regional transportation planning agency or a council of governments.
  8. 8. Metropolitan/Regional Transportation Plan, a Transportation Improvement Program, a Coordinated Public Transit-Human Services Transportation Plan
  9. 9. AND THEN THERE’S THE MONEY. Source of it: Local transportation sales tax General sales tax Gasoline tax Excise tax Development tax Truck weight tax Property tax Federal—tax on motor fuel, tires, truck and trailer sales, heavy vehicle use, fines and penalties from motor carrier safety regulations. Grants from various agencies Federal Transit Administration Federal Highway Administration California Department of Transportation
  10. 10. STATE PLAN The California Transportation Plan 2025 (CTP) offers a blueprint for meeting the State’s future mobility needs. The CTP is a long-range transportation policy plan that explores the social, economic, and technological trends and demographic changes anticipated over the next 20 years and their potential influence on travel behavior. The CTP vision is one of a fully integrated, multimodal, sustainable transportation system that supports the three outcomes (3Es) that define quality of life — prosperous economy, quality environment, and social equity.
  11. 11. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES While California’s general population is expected to increase nearly 29 percent by 2020, the senior age group is projected to increase about 71 percent. The over-85 age group is expected to increase 55 percent by 2020. Licensed drivers 85 years and older increased substantially from 1969 to 1995 — men from about 48 percent to 72 percent and women from 12 percent to 29 percent. However, some Californians in this age group do not or cannot drive. Decision-makers will need to consider the safety implications in designing and providing transportation choices and services for elderly, but active, Californians. CALIFORNIA TRANSPORTATION PLAN —pg. 17
  13. 13. KEY CONCEPTS ACCESSIBILITY is the ability of people to reach other people, goods, services, activities, destinations, and information. Access can be achieved by expanding the capacity, efficiency, and convenience of the transportation system and removing barriers to persons with disabilities. It can also be achieved by alternate methods, such as telecommuting, electronic business and government transactions, and through land use changes that reduce the distances between residences, employment, services, and points of entry to the transportation system. —pg 4 SOCIAL EQUITY A transportation system designed to provide social equity ensures that low-income individuals, the young and elderly, persons with disabilities, and disadvantaged individuals in rural and urban areas have access to safe and reliable transportation.—pg 4 POLICY: Provide viable transportation choices Strategies: Expand on-call, alternative door-to-door paratransit services, to improve mobility for persons with disabilities and elder Californians. —pg 41
  14. 14. Implementing the CTP will require a sustained commitment to share decision-making, effective system management, and the participation of federal, regional, local and Native American Tribal Governments, community-based organizations, the private sector, and residents. All of these voices must be heard and considered in order to achieve an integrated, connected transportation system that provides mobility and promotes economic vitality and community goals.—pg viii The transportation system must provide equitable and effective mobility and accessibility. It must be safe and secure, and support the State’s economic prosperity. It must co-exist with and enhance our natural and human environments. The following goals, while identified and discussed as separate issues, are interdependent. For example, if the system is not well maintained, the level of mobility and safety will decline.—pg 34 Mobility is not mode-specific. We need to select transportation investments that will provide the greatest mobility and efficient use of the entire system. Providing transportation choices will help balance the system and reduce congestion and environmental impacts. Enhancing and expanding modal choices will also provide options for those who drive and improve access for those who cannot or choose not to drive.—pg 34 Maybe this slide not needed.
  15. 15. The Regional Transportation Plan (RTP)* is a long-range transportation plan that provides a vision for transportation investments throughout a region. Using growth forecasts and economic trends that project out over a 20-25 year period, the RTP considers the role of transportation in the broader context of economic, environmental, and quality-of- life goals for the future, identifying regional transportation strategies to address mobility needs. Source: SCAG​ * Also called a Metropolitan Transportation Plan (MTP)
  16. 16. The purpose of RTPs is to encourage and promote the safe and efficient management, operation and development of a regional intermodal transportation system that, when linked with appropriate land use planning, will serve the mobility needs of goods and people.
  17. 17. WHO DOES REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION PLANS LTC: Local Transportation Commission MPO--Metropolitan Planning Organization RTPA--Regional Transportation Planning Agency MPOs are usually also RTPAs but RTPAs are not always MPOs. Santa Cruz County Regional Transportation Commission
  18. 18. WHAT’S IN A RTP/MTP? Policy Element--clearly conveys the region’s transportation policies. Action Element—clearly conveys the region’s transportation projects. Financial Element--fundamental to the development and implementation of the RTP.
  19. 19. WHAT’S IN A RTP/MTP? Policy Element--clearly conveys the region’s transportation policies.  Describes the transportation issues in the region;  Identifies and quantifies regional needs expressed within both short and long-range planning horizons.  Maintains internal consistency with the Financial Element and fund estimates. Action Element—clearly conveys the region’s transportation projects.  Consists of short and long-term activities that address regional transportation issues and needs. All transportation modes (highways, local streets and roads, mass transportation, rail, maritime, bicycle, pedestrian and aviation facilities and services) are addressed.  Identifies existing needs, assumptions, and forecasting and potential alternative actions.  Identifies investment strategies, alternatives and project priorities beyond what is already programmed.
  20. 20. WHAT’S IN A RTP/MTP?--CONTINUED Financial Element--fundamental to the development and implementation of the RTP.  Identifies the current and anticipated revenue sources and financing techniques available to fund the planned transportation investments described in the Action Element.  Defines realistic financing constraints and opportunities.  Uses financing information to develop alternatives that are used by State and local decision-makers to determine which transportation projects should be planned for funding.  Summary of costs to operate and maintain the current transportation system; Six major components that constitute the Financial Element 1. Summary of costs to operate and maintain the current transportation system; 2. Estimate of costs and revenues to implement the projects identified in the Action Plan; 3. Inventory of existing and potential transportation funding sources; 4. List of candidate projects if funding becomes available; 5. Potential funding shortfalls; and, 6. Identification of alternative policy directions that affect the funding of projects. Source: 2010 RTP Guidelines
  22. 22. Santa Cruz County Regional Transportation Commission
  24. 24. California state law that became effective January 1, 2009. This law requires California's Air Resources Board (CARB) to develop regional reduction targets for greenhouse gas emissions (GHG), and prompts the creation of regional plans to reduce emissions from vehicle use throughout the state. California's 18 Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) have been tasked with creating "Sustainable Community Strategies" (SCS). The MPOs are required to develop the SCS through integrated land use and transportation planning and demonstrate an ability to attain the proposed reduction targets by 2020 and 2035.
  25. 25. BUT WAIT THERE’S MORE……………….. TIP: all regionally significant transportation projects and federally funded capital projects are part of the TIP. This means that many---but not all---transit, highway, local roadway, bicycle and pedestrian investments are included in the TIP. Only projects included in the Regional/Metropolitan Transportation Plan may be incorporated into the TIP. The R/MTP is the long range policy and planning document while the TIP is the short range implementing document that enables those planned projects to begin work. Specifically, the TIP lists those projects from the R/MTP that have committed or reasonably available funding and intend to begin a phase of work during the 4 years of the TIP. TIP logo courtesy of Southeast Michigan Council of Governments
  27. 27. Increase outreach and education on alternatives to driving and availability of mobility training programs. Increase publicity on public transit services. Improve readability of transit schedules, including producing large print versions. Publicize the availability of ride-sharing and matching programs. Establish mobility training programs in all jurisdictions to make transit and alternatives to driving more accessible and user-friendly to seniors and persons with disabilities, including those who may never have utilized it before. Develop transit ambassador/buddy programs to provide personal assistance to seniors and persons with disabilities who are learning to use fixed-route transit. SACOG Coordinated Plan recommendations
  28. 28. RTPA-----------------------CTSA----------------------- Consolidated Transportation Services Agency--works to expand the availability and use of specialized transportation services for people with disabilities, senior citizens, and other transportation disadvantaged individuals.
  29. 29. SOME EXAMPLES OF CTSA Santa Cruz County San Diego County RT boundaries in Sacramento County Colusa County Transit Agency
  30. 30. RTPA-----------------------CTSA-----------------------SSTAC The Purpose of the Social Services Transportation Advisory Council (SSTAC) is to solicit the input of transit- dependent and transit disadvantaged persons, including the elderly, disabled, low income persons, and youths regarding transit needs.
  31. 31. CITY AND COUNTY GENERAL PLAN General Plan has 7 required [by State law] elements—land use, open space, conservation, housing, safety, noise, and circulation. Land Use Circulation Open Space Noise Conservation Safety Housing
  32. 32. Infrastructure plan addressing the circulation of people, vehicles, goods, and systems: energy, water, sewage, storm drainage, and communications. And it must coordinate with applicable state and regional transportation plans. Likewise, the state must coordinate its plans with those of local governments. CIRCULATION ELEMENT
  33. 33. SOME TRANSPORTATION ITEMS IN THE CIRCULATION ELEMENT ♦ Streets and highways ♦ Public transit routes, stops, and terminals (e.g., for buses, light rail systems, rapid transit systems, commuter railroads, ferryboats, etc. ♦ Transit-oriented development ♦ Private bus routes and terminals ♦ Bicycle and pedestrian routes and facilities ♦ Truck routes ♦ Railroads and railroad depots ♦ Paratransit plan proposals (e.g., for jitneys, carpooling, van pooling, taxi service, and dial-a-ride) ♦ Navigable waterways, harbors (deep-draft and small-boat), and terminals ♦ Airports (commercial, general and military) ♦ Parking facilities ♦ Transportation system management
  34. 34. Butte County General Plan Circulation Element
  35. 35. Butte County General Plan
  36. 36. City of Santa Rosa General Plan
  37. 37. Citizen's Guide: Regional Transportation Planning HOW TO GET INVOLVED IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
  41. 41.  Attend meetings of your county or local transportation committee or advisory group. Meet the key staff who manage the local transportation process. Contact your municipal-or-county planning departments to find out about these meetings.  Visit the DOT and MPO/RTPA websites to keep abreast of upcoming meetings and planning studies.  Be included on the MPO/RTPA, state and county mailing lists.  Attend a number of different MPO/RTPA committee meetings including those on transportation, citizen involvement, work program development and so forth. Ask questions at these meetings so you become known to members and staff. HOW TO GET INVOLVED IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
  42. 42.  Attend MPO/RTPA Board meetings. You will have an opportunity to see and hear the official representative from your area who is a voting member of the MPO/RTPA board, as well as their staff. you will also meet key members of the state staff who are well-versed in the planning process. it is usually not a time to initiate a long conversation, but a short introduction to these officials and staff is usually possible and you should seize the chance.  Reach out to other interested parties who are active in your community such as the heads of local and regional civic groups, environmental groups, parent/teacher associations, environmental groups, business associations, neighborhood associations and the like.  Write letters to your local elected official and, if possible, try to arrange face-to-face discussions. HOW TO GET INVOLVED IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING