1. Project Report on Kota Smart City
Submitted To – Submitted By –
Management Department John Paul
(Career Point University) MBA 3rd SEM
I am very thankful to everyone who all supported me, for I have completed my
project effectively and moreover, on time. I am equally grateful to my
faculties. They gave me moral support and guided me in different matters
regarding the topic. They have been very kind and patient, while suggesting to
me the outlines of this project, and correcting my doubts. I thank them for their
Last but not the least, I would like to thank my parents who helped me a lot in
gathering different information, collecting data and guiding me from time to
time in completing this project. Despite their busy schedules, they gave me
different ideas to help make this project unique
John Paul D’Rozario
MBA 3rd SEM
3. Smart city
A smart city uses digital technologies or information and communication
technologies (ICT) to enhance quality and performance of urban services, to
reduce costs and resource consumption, and to engage more effectively and
actively with its citizens. Sectors that have been developing smart city
technology include government services, transport and traffic management,
energy, health care, water and waste.
What is a ‘smart city?’
The first question is what is meant by a ‘smart city’. The answer is there is
no universally accepted definition of a Smart City. It means different things
to different people. The conceptualization of Smart City, therefore, varies
from city to city and country to country, depending on the level of
development, willingness to change and reform, resources and aspirations of
the city residents. A Smart City would have a different connotation in India
than, say, Europe. Even in India, there is no one way of defining a Smart
Some definitional boundaries are required to guide cities in the Mission. In
the imagination of any city dweller in India, the picture of a Smart City
contains a wish list of infrastructure and services that describes his or her
level of aspiration. To provide for the aspirations and needs of the citizens,
urban planners ideally aim at developing the entire urban eco-system, which
is represented by the four pillars of comprehensive development —
institutional, physical, social and economic infrastructure. This can be a long
term goal and cities can work towards developing such comprehensive
infrastructure incrementally, adding on layers of ‘smartness’.
In the approach to the Smart Cities Mission, the objective is to promote
cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its
citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’
Solutions. The focus is on sustainable and inclusive development and the
idea is to look at compact areas, create a replicable model which will act
like a light house to other aspiring cities. The Smart Cities Mission of the
Government is a bold, new initiative. It is meant to set examples that can be
replicated both within and outside the Smart City, catalyzing the creation of
similar Smart Cities in various regions and parts of the country.
4. The core infrastructure elements in a Smart City would include:
i. adequate water supply,
ii. Assured electricity supply,
iii. Sanitation, including solid waste management,
iv. Efficient urban mobility and public transport,
v. affordable housing, especially for the poor,
vi. Robust IT connectivity and digitalization,
vii. Good governance, especially e-Governance and citizen participation,
viii. Sustainable environment,
ix. Safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the
x. health and education.
The following article appeared in Business Standard on June 25, 2015.
Bloomberg Philanthropies, a United States-based foundation, will collaborate
with the Indian government for the smart city mission launched by Prime
Minister Narendra Modi today.
Collaboration between the Ministry of Urban Development and Bloomberg
Philanthropies for the Cities Challenge, announced today, is a result of two
meetings between Prime Minister Modi and Michael Bloomberg, its founder
and former New York Mayor, Bloomberg Philanthropies said in a statement.
Launching the smart city mission today, Modi announced that the government
will set up 100 smart cities across the country.
A competition is designed to inspire and support municipal officials as they
develop smart proposals to improve residents' lives in their respective cities.
5. 30th April Wednesday
The Union Cabinet on Wednesday cleared Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s
pet projects — 100 smart cities spread across the country — and a new urban
renewal mission named after Atal Bihari Vajpayee, replacing the existing one
named after Jawaharlal Nehru, with a total outlay of Rs 98,000 crore for the
next five years.
The move is expected to recast the urban landscape of the country to make
them more livable and inclusive. The smart cities project was announced in
July 2014 in the Union Budget. Countries such as Singapore, Japan, France
and the United States have shown interest in partnering with India on this
"Unchecked migration from rural areas with very little civic infrastructure
towards urban agglomerations has continued to be the biggest challenge for the
country. This has further added to the woes of urban clusters which could not
plan for the ever burgeoning influx. The basic idea of spreading development
across 500 cities makes it an unique concept towards a bottom up approach,
Gulam Zia, Executive Director, Knight Frank India told Firstpost.
While the Smart Cities Mission will get an outlay of Rs 48,000 crore, the
AMRUT mission will received Rs 50,000 crore over the next five years. In
comparison, the central outlay for nine years of the JNNURM mission was Rs
All states to get at least one smart city: 10 things to know about Modi's pet
1. City challenge competition: Each Smart City aspirant will be selected
through a 'City Challenge Competition' intended to link financing with the
ability of the cities to perform to achieve the mission objectives. Each state
will shortlist a certain number of smart city aspirants as per the norms to be
indicated and they will prepare smart city proposals for further evaluation for
extending central support. According to a report in the Business Standard, only
about 20 cities are likely to be shortlisted in the first phase.
6. 2. Selected city will get Rs 100 crore a year for 5 years from the govt: Each
selected city under the scheme would get Central assistance of Rs 100 crore a
year for five years. The remaining money has to come from the states, urban
bodies and the consortium that they form with corporate entities. The mission
aims to release funds depending on multi-pronged progress of the projects and
makes citizen participation an integral part of the planning of these cities.
Central assistance will be to the extent of 50 percent of project cost for cities
and towns with a population of up to 10 lakh and one-third of the project cost
for those with a population of above 10 lakh.
3. All states will get at least one smart city: A Special Purpose Vehicle will
be created for each city to implement Smart City action plan. The SPV will be
signed with the urban local body, state government and the Centre for
implementation of the project.
4. Smart Cities Council India has been formed to promote development of
smart cities in the country. It is part of the US-based Smart Cities Council,
which is a consortium of smart city practitioners and experts, with a 100-plus
member and advisor organizations operating in over 140 countries.
5. Focus on core infra services The Mission of building 100 smart cities
intends to promote adoption of smart solutions for efficient use of available
assets, resources and infrastructure with the objective of enhancing the quality
of urban life and providing a clean and sustainable environment, the
government said. Focus will be on core infrastructure services like adequate
and clean water supply, sanitation and solid waste management, efficient urban
mobility and public transportation, affordable housing for poor, power supply
and robust IT connectivity, it added. Also e-governance and citizen
participation, safety and security of citizens, health and education and
sustainable urban environment will receive attention. This will be implemented
through an 'area based' approach consisting of retrofitting, redevelopment, pan-
city initiatives and development of new cities.
6. Which cities gain the most? According to Zia, cities like Varanasi, Vizag,
Ajmer etc. can stand to draw huge benefits out of this mission because the
Smart City Mission is ambitiously widespread to include water supply,
sanitation, waste management, transportation, housing for poor, power supply,
among others. So for a mid-sized city these aspects can be comfortably worked
upon within the average budgetary allocation of 500 crore per city.
7. But for a city like Mumbai wherein transportation projects like the Trans
Harbour Link or the Metro Phaze 3 can itself cost upwards of Rs 10,000 crore
each, the proposed amount may not even suffice for a fraction of the interest
cost of these projects.
7. AMRUT, which seeks to lay a foundation to enable cities and towns to
eventually grow into smart cities, will be implemented in 500 locations
with a population of one lakh and above. These include cities situated on
stems of main rivers, a few capital cities and important cities located in hilly
areas and tourist spots. Under this mission, states will get flexibility of
designing schemes that best suit their needs. Assistance from the centre for
AMRUT will amount to 50 percent of project cost for cities and towns with a
population of up to a million and one-third of the project cost for those with a
population of above a million. Central assistance will be released in three
installments in the ratio of 20:40:40 based on achievements.
8. AMRUT (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation)
will focus on ensuring basic infrastructure services such as water supply,
sewerage, storm water drains, transport and development of green spaces and
parks with special provision for meeting the needs of children. Implementation
will be linked to promotion of urban reforms such as e-governance, setting up
of professional municipal cadre, devolving funds and functions to urban local
bodies, review of building bye-laws, improvement in assessment and
collection of municipal taxes, credit rating of urban local bodies, energy and
water audit and citizen-centric urban planning.
9 Smart City Council will release a guide to help urban planners
understand the framework of smart cities : The Smart City Council India
will launch a Smart City Readiness Guide for India in September 2015,
according to a report in Business Today, which will serve as a a vendor neutral
framework for smart cities. The guide will reportedly have 100 case studies in
terms of smart practices from various Indian cities across private and
government initiatives. The guide would also enable city leaders and urban
planners to understand the comprehensive framework of a smart city and take
actionable steps toward major city infrastructure improvements.
10. What's the next step? "The next step is identification of the 100 cities and
for this a city challenge competition to be conducted by Bloomberg
Philanthropies is envisaged. The current plan looks to select 20 cities this year
8. followed by 40 each in the next two successive years," says Rohan Sharma,
Associate Director - Research & Real Estate Intelligence Service, JLL India.
Phases of Smart City
Stage 1: Short listing of Cities by the States
The Stage 1 of the competition was intra-state, in which cities in the State/UT
competed on the conditions precedent and scoring criteria set by Ministry of
Urban Development, Government of India. These conditions precedent had to
be met by the potential cities to succeed in the Stage 1 and highest scoring
potential smart cities were shortlisted and recommended by State/UT. On 27th
August 2015, Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) announced list of
nominated cities for Smart City Challenge Round II. Four cities from
Rajasthan have been nominated – Kota, Jaipur, Udaipur and Ajmer.
Stage 2: The Challenge round for selection
Each of the potential 100 smart cities will prepare their proposals for
participation in the ‘City Challenge’. The proposals will be prepared by the
empanelled consultant shortlisted through the RFP process. The Smart City
Proposal (SCP) will comprise of area based model chosen, whether retrofitting
or redevelopment or Greenfield development or a mix thereof and additionally
includes a Pan-City dimension with smart solutions. It will also outline the
consultations held with the city residents and other stakeholders, how the
aspirations are matched with the vision contained in the SCP and importantly,
what is the proposal for financing of the smart city plan including the revenue
model to attract private participation.
It will be evaluated by a Committee involving a panel of national and
international experts, organizations and institutions. The winners of the first
round of Challenge will be announced by MoUD. Thereafter, while the
winning cities start taking action on making their city smart, those who do not
get selected will start work on improving their SCPs for consideration in the
second round. Depending on the nature of the SCPs and outcomes of the first
9. round of the Challenge, the MoUD may decide to provide handholding
assistance to the potential Smart Cities to upgrade their proposals before
starting the second round.
KOTA CITY BACKGROUND
Kota formerly known as Kotah, is a city located in the southeast of northern
Indian state of Rajasthan.[ It is located Around 250 kilometers (155 mi) south
of the state capital, Jaipur. Situated on the banks of Chambal River, it is the
third most populous city of Rajasthan after Jaipur and Jodhpur and 46th most
populous city of India. It serves as the administrative headquarters for
District Kota and Kota Division. Kota has a number
of engineering and medical coaching institutes.
The history of the city dates back to the 12th century AD when the Hada clan,
a Chauhan Rajput chieftain, Rao Deva, conquered the territory and
founded Bundi and Hadoti. Later, in the early 17th century, during the reign of
the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, the ruler of Bundi - Rao Ratan Singh, gave the
smaller principality of Kota to his son, Madho Singh. Since then Kota became
a hallmark of the Rajput gallantry and culture.
The independent state of Kota became a reality in 1631 when Rao Madho
Singhal, the second son of Rao Ratan of Bundi was made the ruler, by the
Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Soon Kota outgrew its parent state to become
bigger in area, richer in revenue and more powerful. Maharao Bhim Singh
played a pivotal role in Kota's history, having held a 'Mansab' of five thousand
and being the first in his dynasty to have the title of Maharao. During the
colonial period, firebrand social activist Guru Radha Kishan organized the
masses against the policies of the government. He left Kota after local
administration came to know about the arrest warrant issued against him for
his participation in Indian Independence activities.
10. Kota city became independent in 1579, after Bundi state in Hadoti region had
become weak. Then, Kota ruled the territory which now is Kota
district and Baran district.
The district is well connected with neighboring districts and with major cities
outside the state. National highway No.12 (Jaipur—Jabalpur) and National
Highway No.76 passes through the district. National Highway No.76 is a part
of East-West Corridor. The total road length in the district is 2,052 km. as of
There are three bus stations in Kota:
Rajasthan roadways bus stand in Ramchandrapura Kota (since September
Inter-state bus terminal at DCM road.
Rawatbhata Bus Stand at Ghode Wale Baba Crossing.
Daily buses carry passengers inter-state as well as within the city.
Kota is well connected to all the major cities of India. It is an important station
on the Delhi-Mumbai main line. Kota Junction is one of the divisions in West
Central Railway. Kota has several direct trains to Kolkata. Kota has four
railway stations. Another suburban station of South Kota city is Dakaniya
Talav Railway station which has a stoppage of Avadh Express, Dehradun
Express and Ranthambore Express.
The city is a halt for around 100 trains, including Jaipur - Indore
SuperFast, Udaipur SuperFast (Delhi - Udaipur City Express),Dayodaya
Express (Jaipur - Jabalpur Express / Ajmer - Jabalpur Express), Jodhpur -
Indore Intercity, Hazrat Nizamuddin - Indore Express, Garbha
Express, Marusagar Express (Ajmer - Ernakulam Express / Ernakulam
11. Express), Jaipur - Mysore Express, Jaipur - Chennai Express, Jaipur -
Coimbatore Express, Jodhpur - Puri Express, Jodhpur - Bhopal Express and
Mumbai Rajdhani Express.
The Delhi—Mumbai railway line passes through the Kota junction. The
district has 148.83 km of railway line in the Kota — Ruthia section, 98.72 km
on Nagda—Mathura (Mumbai-Delhi) section and 24.26 km on Kota —
Kota is also an originating point for many trains like Kota - Damoh
Passenger (Kota - Katni Passenger) connecting Kota to Damoh inMadhya
Pradesh. The Kota - Indore Intercity Express connects to another major city of
Madhya Pradesh, Indore Junction. There is also a Jan Shatabdi Express train,
from Kota to national capital Delhi. The other includes, Kota - Vadodara
Passenger, Kota - Shree Ganganagar Express, Kota - Ajmer, Kota - Jabalpur &
Kota - Bina Passenger. Patna – Kota Express connects Kota and Patna cities
via Agra, Kanpur,Lucknow and Varanasi.
Kota is surrounded by five power stations within its 50 km radius.
Kota Super Thermal Power Plant - Thermal
Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (65 kilometres (40 mi) from Kota ) -
NTPC Anta Gas Power Plant in Antah Baran district (50 kilometres from
Kota ) - Gas
Jawahar Sagar Power Plant - Hydro
Kalisindh Thermal Power Station - (In Jhalrapatan, Jhalawar)-Thermal
Kota city, located in the south eastern region of Rajasthan, sprawls on the
eastern banks of Chambal, the perennial river of Rajasthan. The city is at the
cusp of radical urban transformation. It crossed the 10 lakh population mark in
2011 and is currently the third most populous city in Rajasthan. The city is
dotted with magnificent monuments and havelis adorned with frescoes as well
as number of hi-tech industrial units.
12. Kota is widely known for its Kota stone, Kota sarees and Kota kachoris
amongst locals as well as tourists from across India. It also boasts of one of the
largest fertilizer plants in Asia, precision unit and atomic power station. More
recently, Kota has been in the limelight for laying the foundation for the
careers of thousands of young minds to study at the best institutes in India –
the Indian Institutes of Technology, AIIMS, etc.
In July 2014, Government of India formally announced the Smart City Scheme
to build 100 smart cities across India. An April 2015 announcement detailed
the selection process of cities based on a Smart Cities Challenge Competition
process. Kota has been nominated as one of the four cities from Rajasthan to
participate in this Challenge. The development and integration of smart
initiatives in the city would be funded by the central and state government,
along with locally generated funds.
The top 20 cities would be short-listed from amongst the 100 cities for
implementation in the first year. This challenge holds great promise for the city
of Kota and all the key officials including Mr. Mahesh Vijay (Mayor), Dr.
Ravikumar Surpur (Collector), Mr. Shivprasad M Nakate (CEO, Kota Nagar
Nigam) and other key officials are working hard towards the selection of Kota
as a top Smart City.
Feedback Infra (P) Limited in association with Buro Happold Engineers India
and CISCO Systems India has been selected as consultants for supporting and
assisting Kota Nagar Nigam in participating in the Challenge, by preparing the
Smart City Proposal, addressing a spectrum of citizen needs and providing
strategic plans for the development of Kota Smart City.
During the process, Kota Nagar Nigam would be involved in active
consultation with citizens and all key stakeholders to understand their various
concerns, collect suggestions and ideas for implementation and identify smart
solutions and their implementation strategy. This would include various
contests, events, meetings for public interactions and participation to help Kota
prepare its bid for the Smart City challenge. We sincerely hope for a healthy
participation and support from all the citizens to support Kota in its journey
towards becoming a Smart City.
13. For Kota’s Betterment
Better mobility and reduction of congestion is at top priority. Kota's northern
bypass phase I project will be completed at the earliest and we plan to get it
inaugurated by chief minister Vasundhara Raje as soon as possible. Proposal
for pending north bypass phase II has been sent to Delhi, said Rajpal Singh
Shekhawat. We will also be taking up the aerodrome circle which is another
point of congestion. This will not only be beautified but its size will also be
reduced for better mobility in the city, he added.
UTI has been asked to transfer Rs 590 crore for the construction of rail bridge.
Land bank needs to be developed in order to know how much land is available
in the city. "Work on the Chambal bridge has stopped and this has to be taken
up again since we aim to finish and dedicate the bridge to the public by March
next year. If there are issues related to flaws in the structural design of the
bridge they would be seen by a specialised team, said Shekhawat. There is a
need to empower urban level bodies for sustainability and ability to generate
revenue," he added.
Finance for Smart City, India
A total of ₹98000 crore (US$15 billion) has been approved by the Indian
Cabinet for development of 100 smart cities and rejuvenation of 500
others. For the smart cities mission, ₹48000 crore (US$7.2 billion) and
for the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation
(AMRUT), a total funding of ₹50000 crore (US$7.5 billion) has been
approved by the Cabinet.
Each city would get ₹100 crore (US$15 million) every year from the
Centre for five years. The remaining money has to come from the states,
urban bodies and the consortium that they form with corporate entities.
Also, 10 per cent of budget allocation will be given to states / union
territories as incentive based on achievement of reforms during the
14. In the 2014 Union budget of India, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley
allocated ₹7016 crore (US$1.1 billion) for the 100 smart cities. However,
only ₹924 crore (US$140 million) could be spent out of the allocated
amount till February 2015. Hence, the 2015 Union budget of India
allocated only ₹143 crore (US$22 million) for the project.
98 cities from all the states and Union Territories have so far been
included in the Smart City Mission, launched by Prime Minister in June
this year. This first round of selection of 98 cities was made based on
competition among various urban local bodies in each state, based on a
set of criteria.
In the second stage of 'City Challenge' competition, 20 top scoring
mission cities will be selected from among the 98 city level Smart City
Plans to be received by December 15, for financing during the current
First batch of cities to be selected in the second stage of competition will
be provided with central assistance of ₹200 crore (US$30 million) crore
each during this financial year followed by Rs 100 crore per year during
the next three years.
Urban Development Ministry had earlier released ₹2 crore (US$300,000)
crore each to mission cities for preparation of Smart City Plans
National Investment and Infrastructure Fund
Objective: Maximize economic impact mainly through infra development
in commercially viable projects, both greenfield and brownfield.
Initial authorized corpus of NIIF would be Rs.20,000 cr
Functions include investing, which would entail considering and
approving candidate companies/ institutions/ projects (incl state entities)
for investments – both debt and equity
Funds would also be available for equity support for NBFCs/
FIs that are engaged in infra financing.
What are the pros and cons of the proposed smart cities?
1. According to the UN, India will add the greatest number of people to its
urban population in the next 50 years. According to the report, India will add
500 million people to its cities by 2050. To accommodate this population,
India MUST build cities to add to the existing ones since we all know how
crowded they are.
2. The usage of technology would allow a city to run itself efficiently and
would provide a partial solution to the various problems plaguing our cities.
These include traffic, pollution, water supply, electricity supply,
3. Security: A smart city would theoretically use CCTV cameras, hotlines
panic buttons, and Identification systems to ensure the security of its
population. A smart city would be able to react efficiently and quickly to
alarms raised in various parts of the city, direct services by coordinating with
its traffic department. A smart city would be able to keep criminals out using
4. Water/Waste: A smart city would ensure that water and waste management
systems would work better than they are now, leading to less environmental
damage. Only 30% of India's waste is treated and most of it is dumped directly
into rivers and landfill. With sensors on pipes, leak would be detected quickly.
1) Capital - Like all grand infrastructure plans, this one needs a critical
resource, CAPITAL. India doesn't have enough capital to produce 100 cities. I
fear that if too many of these are made at once, they'll end up as half finished
2) Corruption - A smart city wouldn't eliminate corruption. Corruption might
just become more sophisticated and lead to all the benefits being washed away.
This can be changed through fostering a culture of accountability and honesty.
3) Existing cities - There are a huge number of cities in India that could
theoretically be the Smart cities we think of. Upgrading cities like Mumbai,
16. Delhi, Mangalore, Bhilai, Raipur, Allahabad, Kanpur, Vyzag, Pune, Amritsar,
Cochin, Bhopal, Nagpur, Kolkata, Surat etc would be far more beneficial than
creating new ones. Extremely high rise apartment blocks should be encouraged
to conserve land around these paces.As you can see, India is a small country
and can't afford to lose more agricultural or forest land. Making cities high rise
will solve this issue.
4) Gap between poor and rich: There is a risk that the gap between the poor
and the rich might increase, especially if the working classes can't find any
place in the new cities. A better solution would be to construct affordable
housing in the 2nd tier cities I mentioned above.
17. The Digital Strategy appears to have not progressed a great deal since its
creation and needs to be revisited given its age. The actions in that strategy,
yes there are actions, have no owner, no date, and have seen little progress.
The Digital Strategy does list some of the issues that Wellington faces in terms
The wider Smart City plan, if we can call it that, appears to have suffered from
a heavy impact from the hard left Greens. We see a real slant in wording and
content to mitigate our impact on the environment rather than a balanced view
which takes all of the various aspects of a Smart City into account. The only
action of recent days, as an example, has been the Council insulating some of
its properties. Again, a good thing to do, however, passing this off as progress
on a Smart City plan, is disingenuous.
The city needs to establish an effective working group of residents that is
centrist, a good cross section, and without political interference to start
thinking on practical actions toward a Smart City. The solutions aspects of a
Smart City, particularly around ICT, can be brought to augment that working
The city needs to understand that this is not a thirty-year plan, that this is a
critical programme that needs to progress now, and with haste. We are already
seeing Christchurch leading the pack with their Smart City thinking, and let’s
are honest; there is an element of competitiveness to this work. If we want to
attract small, agile, high-tech business to Wellington we need to create an
environment that is better than other cities.
The areas that have been covered are not in good shape. Our public transport is
aged, inefficient, costly, unreliable, and an overall unpleasant experience.
Utilising Smart City technology could help to get people back on that service.
The roads are increasingly congested and again, with the promotion of ICT
infrastructure, free wireless, real-time data, and working from home we can
significantly change that. The way that public transport, general transport, and
pedestrians have to navigate an increasingly ridiculous, highly regulated, with
safety sign pollution abundant, in the central city is ludicrous. We need to look
at how Smart Cities create smart, shared spaces..
18. We must create ubiquitous, free, high quality, high speed internet connectivity
for all residents everywhere.
We have to have action plans to allow our city to adapt to climate change
rather than burying our head in the sand and thinking that the answer to the
problem is lower emissions.
The opportunity is extensive. The actions are low cost, simple, and proven