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Contents:❖ Geography❖ Basics❖ Government and history❖ Economy❖ German minorities❖ Culture and historical monuments❖ Cuisine❖ Stereotypes❖ Sources
Geography:❖ 16 federal states: Bavaria, Saxony, Baden-Würrtemberg, Hesse, Hamburg, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt, North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, Bremen, Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Berlin❖ 9 neighbouring states: Denmark, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands
❖ Mountains in the south: The Alps The Zugspitze (2962): In Bavaria the highest point in Germany❖ North Sea and the East Sea in the north Ruegen: Is located in front of the East coast and is the largest German island❖ Europes major rivers: Such as the Rhine, the Danube and the Elbe
Basics:❖ Language: German❖ Capital: Berlin❖ EU Admission: Founding member The Reichstag building Seat of the German Bundestag❖ Form of government: Federal parliamentary democracy❖ Head of State: Federal President Christian Wulﬀ❖ Head of government: Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel❖ Population: 81,742 Mio
Government and history:❖ Germany is a federal republic❖ Legislation: Bundestag (4 years voted by the folk), Bundesrat (69 representatives of the 16 states)❖ Now: Union party since 2009, FDP (Guido Westerwelle) and CDU(Angela Merkel)❖ 23/05/1949: As a result of World War II Germany was divided in the democratic West and the socialist East part (German Democratic Republic, foundation 07/10/1949)
❖ 1961: The Berlin Wall (Iron Curtain) was a symbol of that division❖ 1989: The Berlin Wall fell and a year later Germany was reuniﬁed❖ Nowadays: Over 20 of german unit = 20 years overcome the unnatural division of our country: approach, progress and community, still diﬀerences in social and economic nature
Economy:❖ Europes largest economy and fourth largest in the world: Vehicles, products of precision engineering, electronic equipment, chemicals and pharmaceuticals❖ 2009: second largest export and third largest import nation❖ Until 2009: More exports than any other country in the world (export champion)❖ Mainly concentrated on the secondary (industry) and tertiary (services) sector❖ In the use of solar energy internationally groundbreaking❖ Long mining tradition: Signiﬁcant natural resources (coal, precious salts and building materials)
German minorities:❖ Belgium: 70000 people according to the ﬁrst World War❖ France: Alsace-Lorraine from 17th Century gradually annexed by France since then it rotated four times between Germany and France❖ Italy: 300000 German-speaking in South Tyrol (belonged to Empire of Austria-Hungary, 1920 annexed by Italy)❖ Poland: 300000-400000 citizens of German nationality (have remained after the end of the Second World War and the expulsion of 1945 in the former eastern territories of the German Empire)❖ Hungary: 200000 Germans (emigrated in several waves)
Culture and historicalmonuments:❖ Period of 1871: Land of poets and thinkers❖ Philosophers: Immanuel Kant, Luther, Nietzsche and Thomas Mann❖ Authors: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller and the brothers Grimm❖ Classical music composers: Johann Sebastian Bach, Ludwig van Beethoven, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Franz Schubert
❖ UNESCO World Heritage and other famous sights:Regensburg: Berlin: Historical Museum center island ❖ The UNESCO lists 33 German contributions to world heritage: 31 world cultural heritage and 2 natural heritage which are spread over 15 of the 16 German states Berlin:Brandenburg Schwangau: Gate Neuschwanstein Castle
Cuisine:❖ Germany is particularly known for its hearty and heavy meals❖ Northern Germany: A lot of potatoes in diverse forms of preparation❖ In the south: Dumplings, spätzle and pasta❖ Local speciﬁes e.g. in Bavaria: The white sausages with mustard and pretzels or pork roast❖ Black bread❖ Regionally very diﬀerent beer
Stereotypes:❖ GfK market research (12000 citizens): European neighbors regard the Germans well organized, accurate and easy-pedantic❖ The Germans are reliable, punctual, hard working, eﬃcient, have no humor, drink beer, eat sausages, well educated, very controlled, want that everything works, environmentally aware, "Without his car, the German is nobody" sandals with white tennis socks garden gnome