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PASSIVE VOICEOral Communication 3Universidad de Antioquia Yurani ValenciaEscuela de Idiomas Laura CortezJaime Patiño - 2011 Jhorman Rodríguez
Passive and Active We use active voice to say what the actor/subject does Passive voice is used to say what happens to the object
What is passive voice?Passive voice is used when the focus is on theaction, not on the actor. Passive VS. Active My grandfather built a house. Subject Object A house was built by my grandfather. Subject Object
General Structure Be (is/was/have been, etc) + Past participleSb. stole my bike My bike was stolen (by sb)We made a mistake A mistake was made (by us)Sb. wrote a letter A letter was written (by sb.)
Verb Tenses PRESENT SIMPLE Main Verb Is/are + Past ParticipleSomebody cleans this room everydayThis room is cleaned everyday (by sb)
Verb Tenses PAST SIMPLEMain Verb Was/were + Past ParticipleSomebody cleaned this room yesterday This room was cleaned yesterday
Verb Tenses SIMPLE FUTUREWill + Main Verb Will + be + Past Participle Somebody will clean this room tomorrow This room will be cleaned tomorrow
Verb TensesMODAL INFINITIVE (Should, could, may, might…) Modal + Have + Verb (participle) Modal + Have + Been + Past Participle Somebody should have cleaned this room This room should have been cleaned
Verb Tenses PRESENT PERFECT Have/has + Verb (participle) Have/has + Been + Past Participle This room looks nice. Somebody has cleaned this roomThis room looks nice. It has been cleaned
Verb Tenses PAST PERFECT Had + Verb (participle) Had + Been + Past Participle This room looks nice. Somebody had cleaned this roomThis room looks nice. It had been cleaned
Verb Tenses PRESENT CONTINUOUS Is/are + Verb(ing) Is/are + Being + Past ParticipleSomebody is cleaning this room at the moment This room is being cleaned at the moment
Verb Tenses PAST CONTINUOUS Was/were + Verb(ing) Was/were + Being + Past ParticipleSomebody was cleaning this room when I arrived This room was being cleaned when I arrived
Verbs with two objects: Example #1 One object: Jane wrote a letter Two objects: Jane wrote a letter to Jack or Jane wrote Jack a letter 1. A letter was written (by Jane) 2. Jack was written a letter (by Jane)
Verbs with two objects: Example #2 One object: We gave the information Two obj.: We gave the information to The Police or We gave The Police the information 1. The information was given to The Police2. The police were given the information (by us)
Verbs with two objects: Example #3 One object: They donated the money Two obj.: They donated the money to the Non-profit organization or They donated the Non-profit organization the money 1. The money was donated to the Non-profit organization2. Non-profit organization was donated the money (by them)
Verbs with two objects: Example #4 One object: He told the story Two obj.: He told the story to the children or He told the children the story 1. The story was told to the children2. The children were told the story (by him)
I don’t like being… Ex #1The passive of doing/seeing is being done/being seen I am doing a homework » A homework is being done by me He is driving a car » A car is being driven by him
I don’t like being… Ex #1 Active: I do not like people telling me what to do Passive: I do not like being told what to do Verb (ing) being verb (participle) doing/seeing being done/seenActive: They don’t like people asking them questions Passive: They don’t like being asked questions
I don’t like being… Ex #1Active: I remember somebody giving me a giftPassive: I remember being given a gift (by sb)Active: Mr. Miller do not like people keeping him busy Passive: Mr. Miller hates being kept busy
Get The window was broken by some kids who were playing ball The window got broken. The glass was shattered by a baseball. The glass got shattered.
Get Ted was stung by a bee while he was sitting in the garden Ted got stung. I do not want these things to be damaged I do not want these things to get damaged.
It is said that… He is said to…Henry is very old. Nobody knows exactly how old he is, but It is said that he is 108 years old. or He is said to be 108 years old. Use this structure with verbs of perception like: Thought Believed Considered Reported Known Expected Alleged Understood
It is said that… He is said to…Jane works very hard…It is said that Jane works 16 hours a day [She is said to work …]The police are looking for a missing boy…It is believed that the boy was wearing blue shirt [He is believed to wear blue shirt]
(Be) supposed to…Sometimes be supposed to… = be said to… Let’s go and see that film, it is supposed to be very good. [it is said to be very good.]But sometimes be supposed to… = be planned, arranged or expected You were supposed to clean the window, did not you?
Not to be supposed to…In other cases, not to be supposed to means not to be allowed to. You are not supposed to park your car here. It is private parking only. The policeman was not supposed to yell. He must be polite.