Más contenido relacionado


Risk assessment.pptx

  2. SYLLABUS SYALLABUS SLNO Topics 1 Safety audits; Risk assessment; Class 01 2 Industrial revolution; Milestones in the safety movement; Accidents & their effects; Cost of accidents; Class 02 3 Theories of accident causation - Domino theory, Human factor theory, Accident/incident theory, Epidemiological theory, System theory Class 03 4 Industrial Hazards Ergonomic Hazards; Mechanical Hazards; Fall and impact hazards; Temperature hazards; Class 04 5 National Safety Council India (NSCI) and Industrial Safety Acts: Introduction to NSCI; Mission and Vision; Milestones; Management; NSCI safety award schemes; Class 05 6 NSCI safety rating system; Hazard and operational (HAZOP) studies, Industrial Safety Analysis and Management, Preliminary hazard analysis; Detailed hazard analysis; Class 06 7 Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA); Human error analysis (HEA); Environmental Safety: Safety, health and environment. Class 07
  3. Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment 3
  4. HSE Management System Hazard/ Risk Accident WORK Barriers or Controls DISASTER VIOLATION ERROR + =
  5. Source, situation, or act with a potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill-health or a combination of these. Important Terms Combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure and the severity of injury or ill-health than can be caused by the event or exposure Hazard Ris k Risk assessment Process of evaluating the risk(s) arising from a hazard(s), taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risk(s) is acceptable.
  6. Quantitative Risk assessment Qualitative Risk assessment Dynamic Risk assessment Important Terms Type of Risk assessment
  7. EXERCIS E Identify Hazard & Risk
  8. Risk Assessment is simply asking: What can go wrong ??? How bad can it be ??? Can we tolerate it ??? How likely ???
  9. HIRA Process 2. Hazard Identification 3. Risk Evaluation 1. Preparation 6. Implementation & Review 5. Record Keeping 4. Risk Control
  10. Risk Evaluation  Identify the existing risk control measures  Determine probability  Assess the potential severity  Assess the Risk level
  11. Risk Evaluation Probabili ty Severity Consequence Descriptions (The highest category will always be used) VALUE Result of Hazard to Personnel Health 5 Single or multiple Fatality Terminal Illness 4 Serious Injury requiring hospitalisation Unemployable due to illness 3 Lost Time Accident Intense health effects 2 Injury requiring Medical Treatment but not Lost Time Minor health effect 1 First Aid treatment only Slight health effect Probability Descriptions (The highest category will always be used) VALU E Status Description 5 Inevitable Happens several times per year in a site 4 Most Likely Happens several times per year in our company 3 Likely Incident occured in our company 2 Unlikely Known to occur in the other industry 1 Most Unlikely Never heard of in related industry
  12. Risk Evaluation P R O B A B I L I T Y 1 2 LOW RISK 3 MEDIUM RISK 4 HIGH RISK 5 1 2 3 4 5 CONSEQUENCE
  13. Risk Mitigation Measures  Operational Control – Safe work method  Communication to all employees Elimination Substitution Engineering Control Administrative Control PPEs Hierarchy of Control
  14. Occupational Health Hazards  Temperature – Heat / Cold  Illumination – Low / High  Noise  Vibration  Radiation  Atmospheric pressure  Electricity Physical  Coal dust  Silica  Asbestos  Organic dust  Cotton dust, Tobacco dust, Grain dust  Gas Poisoning  Metal Toxicity Chemical
  15. Occupational Health Hazards  Bacteria – TB, Anthrax, Tetanus  Virus – Hepatitis  Protozoal, Parasitic – Malaria, Hookworm Vulnerable people - ETP operators - Lab technicians, - Medical professionals Biological
  16. Occupational Health Hazards  Musculo - skeletal disorders  Back ache  Varicose  Repetitive Strain injury Ergonomi c
  17. Occupational Health Hazards  Depression  Hostility  Aggressiveness Psychosocial  Hypertension  Heart disorders  Headache Psychological Psychosomatic