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Grade 7 - Diseases (Communicable and Non-communicable Diseases) part 1

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Grade 7 - Diseases (Communicable and Non-communicable Diseases) part 1

  1. 1.  Jansen Arellano Jacinto  19 years old  April, 1, 1997  Brgy. 20, Calluza, Piddig, Ilocos Norte
  2. 2. A condition that prevents the body or mind from working Normally.
  3. 3. Communicable diseases – these are illness that can be transferred or passed on from one person to another. they are caused by germs that get into the body cells and produce waste products that are poisonous, resulting to infection.
  4. 4.  Among the germs that can cause communicable diseases are:  Bacteria- are tiny, one-celled organism that grow anywhere.  Viruses- are the smallest simplest forms of life. They are the most common causes of communicable diseases.
  5. 5.  Fungi- are simple life forms that cannot make their own food. They live in hair nails and skin. E.g. Mushroom and yeast.  Protozoa- are simple, animal-like organisms. Malaria is a disease caused by protozoa.
  6. 6. Colds- most common communicable disease caused by hundreds different viruses. They are spread through air and water. Pneumonia- is a serious disease of the lungs that can be caused by a virus or bacteria. Air sacs in the lungs are filled with fluid and dead white cells rather than air.
  7. 7. Influenza or Flu- caused by Viruses. This lowers the body resistance to bacterial infections. Mononucleosis- “kissing disease” this is common to young people caused by viruses that result to high number of white blood cells in the body. It is passed on through direct contact such as (KISSING)
  8. 8. Malaria- caused by protozoa through the bites of mosquitoes. Symptoms of this disease include chilling, high fever, and headache.
  9. 9. Noncommunicable or chronic diseases - are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratorydiseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.
  10. 10.  which is not infectious  with long duration  relatively slow in progress  which a person is unaware of the disease unless or otherwise examined  a silent killer of people
  11. 11.  Cardiovascular diseases- (heart attacks and strokes)  Cancer  Diabetes  Chronic respiratory diseases – (asthma)
  12. 12.  The number one cause of death in the world. (more than 36 million people)  Cardiovascular diseases- 48%  Cancer- 21%  Diabetes- 3%  Chronic respiratory diseases – 12%  More than 9 million deaths are premature (under 60 years of age) and could be prevented
  13. 13. are the top killers in the Philippines. Of the total deaths in 2016, 57% are due to the “fatal four” NCDs, namely cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disease. It is estimated that 35 to 50 percent of NCD deaths occurred before age 60 years.
  14. 14. More Filipinos exposed to NCD risk factors A significant proportion of Filipino adults continue to be exposed to the NCD risks of tobacco and alcohol use, unhealthy diets and physical inactivity. This makes millions of Filipinos vulnerable in developing NCDs in the future.
  15. 15.  Not caused by an acute infection  Have common risk factors  Cause long-term harm  Need a long-term (or even life-long) treatment  Cause both men and women equally  Sometimes, cause disability
  16. 16.  Unhealthy diet  Tobacco usage  Physical inactivity  Stress factors  Overweighed (obese)  Genetics  Harmful use of alcohol  Environmental factors
  17. 17. o Have a person in your family have one of the NCDs o Have High blood pressure o Have High cholesterol level o Are obese (over weight) o Are exposed to air pollution o Have raised blood glucose level o Are exposed to Environmental factors oYOU ARE AT RISK !!!!!!!!!
  18. 18.  Background risk factors- age, sex, level of education and genetic composition -cannot be changed  Behavioral risk factors- tobacco and alcohol use, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity -can be modified  Intermediate risk factors- elevated blood lipids, diabetes, high blood pressure and overweight/obesity -can be controlled
  19. 19.  heart diseases,  Stroke  Type 2 diabetes  40% of cancer would be prevented
  20. 20.  The NCDs may not be able to cure completely BUT  Can be controlled AND  are preventable through effective interventions that tackle risk factors
  21. 21.  Research the following:  -Cardiovascular Diseases  -Cancer  -Diabetes  -Chronic Respiratory Diseases (Asthma)

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