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Executive Order 9066 .
 
 
 
EXECUTIVE ORDER 9066 · 66% were US citizens ( Nisei )  · 33% were Japanese-born ( Issei ), who could not be US citizens  ·...
EXECUTIVE ORDER 9066 Signed by FDR February 19, 1942 forced 120,000 Japanese-ancestry persons into 10 internment camps    ...
PATRIOTISM  and   RESISTENCE 1944, 1,500 Japanese-American men from the camps volunteered for military service (The 442 Ja...
 
KOREMATSU vs. THE  U.S. (1944)                             
KOREMATSU vs. THE  U.S. (1944) FACTS: Executive Order #9066 (1942) required all Japanese Americans living in restricted ar...
World War I Homefront  World War II Homefront   Selective Service Act  1917 10 million men registered; 3 million served Wa...
A FAMILIAR THEME? Henry Johnson and the NY’s 369th Infantry; “Harlem Hellfighters” The 54 th  Massachusetts  inspiration f...
A FAMILIAR THEME? Treatment of Asians Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 closed the door to Chinese  Immigrants Chinese Exclusion,...
The U.S. Government can suppress some  civil rights  during wartime… Lincoln and the  Civil War  (1861-1865)– suspending w...
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Japanese Internment

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Japanese Internment

  1. 4. Executive Order 9066 .
  2. 8. EXECUTIVE ORDER 9066 · 66% were US citizens ( Nisei ) · 33% were Japanese-born ( Issei ), who could not be US citizens · US justification: "military necessity unsupported allegations of disloyalty                             
  3. 9. EXECUTIVE ORDER 9066 Signed by FDR February 19, 1942 forced 120,000 Japanese-ancestry persons into 10 internment camps                             
  4. 10. PATRIOTISM and RESISTENCE 1944, 1,500 Japanese-American men from the camps volunteered for military service (The 442 Japanese Regiment) 6,000 young people renounced their US citizenship 5,000-8,000 returned to Japan after the war                             
  5. 12. KOREMATSU vs. THE U.S. (1944)                             
  6. 13. KOREMATSU vs. THE U.S. (1944) FACTS: Executive Order #9066 (1942) required all Japanese Americans living in restricted area to go to inland relocations Does Executive Order #9066 violate Korematsu’s 14 th Amendment right to equal protection of the law ISSUE: Supreme Court ruled that an entire race could be labeled a “suspect classification” meaning that the government was permitted to deny the Japanese their Constitutional rights DECISION:                             
  7. 14. World War I Homefront World War II Homefront Selective Service Act 1917 10 million men registered; 3 million served War Industries Board (WIB) encourage mass production and efficiency; increased production 20% Fuel Administration – monitored coal supplies, rationed gasoline and heating oil Committee on Public Information (CPI) propaganda agency that sells the war to the American people – paintings, posters, cartoons, and “four Minute Men” Office of Price Administration (OPA) – set up rationing of essential goods for the military War Production Board (WPB) converted companies to war time production; organized collection of scrap metals, irons, tin, paper, etc Selective Service System 5 million volunteer; 10 million drafted Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) - enlisted scientists in the war effort.. A-Bomb, radar, sonar Propaganda - Hollywood movies, musicals, plays, and Magazines ( Life, Look, and Time ) inform Americans about the war                             
  8. 15. A FAMILIAR THEME? Henry Johnson and the NY’s 369th Infantry; “Harlem Hellfighters” The 54 th Massachusetts inspiration for the film “GLORY” The Civil War 1860-1865 World War I 1914-1919 World War II 1941-45 332nd Fighter Pilot Squadron; the "Tuskegee Airmen"                             
  9. 16. A FAMILIAR THEME? Treatment of Asians Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 closed the door to Chinese Immigrants Chinese Exclusion, 1882 Japanese Internment, 1942 Executive Order #9066 establishes relocation centers for                             
  10. 17. The U.S. Government can suppress some civil rights during wartime… Lincoln and the Civil War (1861-1865)– suspending writ of habeas corpus Schenck vs. US WWI (1914-1917) Free speech issue -Clear and present danger Japanese Internment during WW II (1941-1945)

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