Hill area remain different, distinct and unique in environment, culture, terrain and morphology. Accordingly, such area's need to be viewed and treated differently from its counterparts - plain area's Hill areas need to be planned, developed and managed with sensitivity. Such areas need special skill , knowledge , expertise and understanding of the complexities . Hill areas cannot be burdened with urbanisation, loaded with physical infrastructures and planned for vehicles. Such areas needs to be preserved , conserved with value addition and not treated as a commercial entity. Treating hills as a tradeable commodity, is sure to bring disaster to nations and communities, accordingly these areas need to be empowered with a framework of planned development; limiting the human load on such areas; promoting selective non-polluting and source extensive industries; promoting activities which are not consumers of land; working with nature; eliminating all factors which adversely impact the environment, ecology and bio-diversity. These areas are to be declared as wellness area serving as the vital lungs of the society. Regional planning would remain the best option for developing such areas by leveraging synergies between bot rural and urban areas. Regulating tourism and making it qualitative will remain essential. Hill areas nee d to be made self-contained and self-sufficient in daily essential /basic needs.