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Supporting OA for Monographs: the Library perspective

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Supporting OA for Monographs: the Library perspective

  1. 1. Supporting OA for Monographs: the Library perspective Sarah Thompson Head of Content and Open Research University of York Open access books myth busting: 1. Introduction to open access monographs: compliance vs culture
  2. 2. Our Library roadmap Provide leadership and expertise in open research at the university, and work collaboratively with the wider sector to develop and support sustainable open research initiatives and infrastructure Have an even stronger focus on supporting open access publishing and open educational resources, and invest in the development of White Rose University Press and repositories In response to the new University strategy, and its vision of York as a University of Public Good, we have reaffirmed our commitment to open:
  3. 3. Our commitment to open research
  4. 4. Library as Publisher
  5. 5. White Rose University Press ✔ A fully Open Access library-led academic publisher ✔ Publishes research monographs and journals (and want to publish textbooks) ✔ Scope and strategy set by library-led Management Board ✔ Commissioning by an academic-led Editorial Board, based on peer review ✔ Offer support for OA more widely, through local sessions and advice for academics wanting to engage with OA, and initiatives such as the Jisc New University Press toolkit
  6. 6. Pushing the boundaries Response to reported academic need Support OA publication, in principle and practice Drive the OA conversation Disruption of traditional publishing model Increase impact of research Maximise dissemination Photo by NASA on Unsplash Pushing the boundaries
  7. 7. Expectations of funders and policy makers Photo by Viktor Forgacs on Unsplash
  8. 8. Funding
  9. 9. Alternative models – no author fees
  10. 10. Library advice and guidance
  11. 11. Advocacy and informatio n for authors Concerns about OA monographs • Disciplinary differences in research culture and open research practices • Misunderstandings (BPCs are the only model they have heard of) • Mistrust in untried and untested publishers • Worried about loss of prestige, and REF requirements • Comfortable with the status quo, why change Positive messages about OA monographs • Alternative models – the Open Book Collective and Jisc’s OACF should help • Experiences of high profile authors in their subject disciplines • UKRI funding pot, more information about the specifics would be welcome • Don’t forget the Green route! The role of repositories
  12. 12. Ongoing support for open monograph community initiatives Libraries are committed to open • Our values align • Willing to demonstrate that commitment financially • However, we still need to prioritise and be selective – we can’t support everything – but we do want to support the venues our academics want to publish in What we expect in return for our investments • Good quality content and publishing opportunities • Good, professional experience and services for our authors • Open and transparent governance • Open and transparent finances and business plans
  13. 13. Thank you Photo by Priscilla Du Preez on Unsplash s.thompson@york.ac.uk @sarah_thomp5263

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • Today I want to talk about some of the things we’re doing at the University of York Library to help create and foster an open research culture – and how support for open access publishing plays a big part in that.
  • The University of York launched its new strategy a year ago, in October 2021, which includes a clear vision for itself as a University for Public Good. Since then, the Library has created its new roadmap and taken the opportunity to reaffirm our commitment to Open. There are two quotes here from our Library roadmap. One pledges to continue the leadership role we’ve been taking to establish a culture of open research at the university, working collaboratively across the sector as we do so. The second promises we will have an even stronger focus on supporting OA publishing and open educational resources, and that we will invest in the further development of our shared university press and OA repositories.
  • The Library worked with others in the University to create a statement affirming York’s commitment to the values, principles and culture of open research. Since that statement was launched in May 2020, we’ve led a number of initiatives promoting open research, for example: an advocates network of practitioners, a good practice awards scheme and – most recently – a skills framework which can be applied to research methodologies across all disciplines.
  • We support open access publishing in a number of ways.

    One is by running our own fully open access press – White Rose University Press – in partnership with the universities of Leeds and Sheffield. This slide shows images of some of the monographs we have published to date.

  • Our monographs are currently funded through BPCs, which are paid either by a funder or (for academics from York, Leeds and Sheffield) the respective library.

    Quality and rigour is very important to us and everything we publish is peer reviewed.

    Our Press also offers wider support for open access, and is a source of advice for academics at our 3 institutions as well as being active in the sector and contributing to initiatives like the Jisc New University Press toolkit.
  • So, why did the 3 White Rose Libraries want to set up our own press in the first place? A key element was wanting to be in a position to support academics in the area of open access from a position of experience, and be able to offer practical guidance and expertise – we are seeking to influence and affect change that way, to lead the way by Doing – at our own institutions and across the sector.

  • But when setting up our Press we were also aware of the changing expectations of funders and policy makers, which we have been seeing come into effect. We’ve also seen, in the context of the global pandemic, the benefits of open access and some of the challenges of current models in terms of costs and access barriers. So, it has been against this background that WRUP has developed.
  • Until very recently, my university has not had a central fund to pay for article and book publishing fees, other than the funds made available to us from UKRI and Wellcome Trust. This meant that York academic authors without research grants were often unable to publish open access. The Library has created a new fund to change this situation, which is intended to give new publishing opportunities to our unfunded researchers and postgraduates, for both journal articles and monographs.

    This fund will pay open access publishing charges for what’s know as the Gold model of OA publishing. But we are also supporting other OA models – we believe there has to be a mix of models for open access to be sustainable and affordable.
  • For monographs, it’s not just about the Book Processing Charge! Here are examples of some of the OA monograph models emerging elsewhere, which York and other libraries are supporting. These types of models are often know as ‘Diamond’, and don’t involve author-facing fees.

    Membership model – Open Book Publishers
    Over 250 titles published in multiple disciplines, all peer reviewed. UK-registered Social Enterprise and Community Interest Company (CIC) run by scholars (not for profit). Founded in 2008

    Flip it Open – Cambridge University Press
    Just announced they are moving from their pilot to a new phase, and will be flipping 100 titles to OA from next year onwards, once a set revenue threshold is met. “As with the pilot, we’re not forcing this on anyone, but rather asking our authors of already-contracted suitable titles if they would like to opt in. We’re working with our editors and authors now to identify the books. Our approach and message remains the same: we are being upfront about the intended flips but asking our library partners and other buyers to treat these in exactly the same way as they would any other Cambridge book. If our partners stick to their own particular preferences and buy what they would have bought anyway, we can make the flips happen. In turn they will benefit from access to other books which we have been able to flip through the program.”

    Fund to Mission – University of Michigan Press
    The Press aims to convert at least 75% of its monographs to open access by the end of 2023, without any author ever having to pay. “UMP is working to build a sustainable model by achieving stable funding for this monograph program from three sources: annual funding from the library community, recurring funds from the U-M Provost, and other funder payments. For more information on the model, mission, our progress, as well as downloadable resources, visit our UMP Ebook Collection website by clicking "Learn More.“”

    Opening the Future (a model adopted by Central European University Press and Liverpool University Press). Libraries pay annual membership fees which give access to backlist titles AND fund a front of OA books. The Direct to Open model from MIT Press is similar.
  • New schemes from publishers are emerging all the time, and your University Library is well placed to help you understand the full picture and what options are available to you. But we also need help keeping on top of what’s available!

    I’ve highlighted here 2 key partners for libraries. In the UK, Jisc has been helping both libraries and publishers by facilitating community-based agreements, as well as encouraging new initiatives through its Open Access Community Framework, OACF. And when it launches, the Open Book Collective platform will be a place where OA publishers and service providers can present their membership schemes to libraries, and enable them to sign up.
  • When I talk to academic authors about publishing monographs, these are some of the reservations they express about open access.

    When faced with these concerns, it’s important to be able to give practical information that can help to allay their reservations.
  • I’d like to end with some generalisations that I think are true for most academic libraries.