Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Smart City Principles - Rogier van den Berg

1.558 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

Smart City Principles - Rogier van den Berg (Securing Asia 2015)

Veröffentlicht in: Präsentationen & Vorträge
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

Smart City Principles - Rogier van den Berg

  1. 1. 1 Smart City Principles Leader Urban Planning and Design LAB Director SmartCityStudio.com Head of the Faculty of Urban Planning in Amsterdam Lecturer at Delft University of Technology Rogier van den Berg
  2. 2. UN-HABITAT IN THE WORLD 2 UN-Habitat in the world Asia & Pacific Regional Office, Fukuoka Latin America & the Caribbean (LAC) Regional Office, Rio de Janeiro Headquarters, Nairobi Liaison Office, New York Liaison Office, Geneva Liaison Office, Brussels In addition to our main offices, UN-Habitat is present in at least 50 countries through a network of Habitat Program Managers (HPMs), Chief Technical Advisors (CTAs) and project staff.
  3. 3. HOW WE ARE ORGANIZED 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 5 Johannesburg, South Africa Rubavu, Rwanda Al-Alamein, Egypt Kisumu, Kenya Wuzhou, China La Candelaria, Colombia Nyagatare Rwanda Ningo-Prampram, Ghana Santa Marta, Colombia City-wide Strategy Planned City Extension New Town Planned City Extension City-wide Strategy Planned City Infill / Urban Renewal Planned City Extension Planned City Extension Planned City Extension Selection of projects in development
  6. 6. 6 20th Century Urban Development Model not sustainable • Rapid unmanaged and unplanned urban growth • Slums and Housing Backlog • Urban infrastructure and services backlog • Urban Sprawl • Car Dependency • High level of zoning • Homogeneity • Segregation and exclusion • Loss of Street Life • High energy demand and emission of greenhouse gases • Increasing number of urban disasters
  7. 7. Business as Usual vs Smart Urban Development Urban Sprawl -> Compactness Segregation -> Integration Congestion -> Connectivity
  8. 8. 8 1. ADEQUATE SPACE FOR STREETS AND PUBLIC SPACE IN AN EFFICIENT STREET NETWORK - 30-35% to the street 15-20% public space / 50 % plots. - At least 18 km of street length. - At least 80 crossings per km2 2.MIXED LAND USE - At least 40 percent of floor space allocated to economic use - Limited land-use specialization; single use blocks should cover less than 10% of any neighborhood 3.SOCIAL MIX - 20-50% of residential area should be low cost housing - Each tenure type should be not more than 50% of the total 4.ADEQUATE DENSITY At least 15.000 people per km2, that is 150 people/ha 5.CONNECTIVITY Emphasis on walking distances and public transport 5PRINCIPLES 21st Century Urban Development Model
  9. 9. 9 Tehran, Iran
  10. 10. 10 Accra, Ghana
  11. 11. 11 Medellin, Colombia
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. 13 Urban Challenges: Global Urbanization Rates (2010)
  14. 14. 14 The general decline in built-up area densities in 25 representatives cities Source: Making Room for a Planet of cities Urban Challenges: Density Decline 14
  15. 15. Daily Trips vs. Population Density  Reduce need to travel through proximity
  16. 16. 5.0 15.0 25.0 35.0 PercentageofLandallocatedtostreet Cities City core Sub-urban areas Land allocated to streets (LAS) in cities Europe, N-America & Oceania Land Allocated to Streets New York: 35% Amsterdam: 28% LA: 23%
  17. 17. 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 Bangui Yerevan Dhaka DaresSalaam Kigali Accra Nairobi Ouagadougou Georgetown Alexandria GuatemalaCity Dodoma AddisAbaba Lagos Dakar Abuja Kolkota Mumbai Manila LaPaz Johannesburg Cairo Chandigarh Bangkok Casablanca Brasilia Beijing SaoPaulo Singapore Guadalajara MexicoCity Bogota Medellin CapeTown Tokyo HongKong PercentageofLandallocatedtostreet Cities City Core Sub- Urban Land Allocated to Streets Land allocated to streets (LAS) in cities Africa, Asia and Latin America New York: 35% Amsterdam: 28% LA: 23% Tokyo: 30% Bangkok: 17% Dar es Salaam: 10%
  18. 18. NOW: Average ‘Block’ = 10 ha, while the average block for a pedestrian frien
  19. 19. Case study of how more street space and crossings per square km changes the development pattern
  20. 20. 20 Planned City Extension PCE
  21. 21. Bralirwa Serena petite barriere grande barriere stadium RUGERERO RUBAVU GISENYI KANAMA NYUNDO NYAKILIBA NYAMYUMBA Pfunda genocide memorial Mount Rubavu to Kigali Rubavu, Rwanda, Africa
  22. 22. THREE LEGGED APPROACH 1. Rules and Regulations 2. Urban Design 3. Financial Plan  Form that generates value.  Good rules and regulations and a financial plan that manages value and attracts investment. FINANCIAL PLAN URBAN DESIGN
  23. 23. 23 New York 1891
  24. 24. 24 New York 2014
  25. 25. 25 Ouagadougou 1980
  26. 26. 26 Ouagadougou 2014
  27. 27. Villa El Salvador, Equador
  28. 28. 29 Shanghai 1983
  29. 29. 30 Shanghai 2008
  30. 30. Myanmar 2015
  31. 31. THREE LEGGED APPROACH 1. Rules and Regulations 2. Urban Design 3. Financial Plan  Form that generates value.  Good rules and regulations and a financial plan that manages value and attracts investment. FINANCIAL PLAN URBAN DESIGN
  32. 32. 33 1. ADEQUATE SPACE FOR STREETS AND PUBLIC SPACE IN AN EFFICIENT STREET NETWORK - 30-35% to the street 15-20% public space / 50 % plots. - At least 18 km of street length. - At least 80 crossings per km2 2.MIXED LAND USE - At least 40 percent of floor space allocated to economic use - Limited land-use specialization; single use blocks should cover less than 10% of any neighborhood 3.SOCIAL MIX - 20-50% of residential area should be low cost housing - Each tenure type should be not more than 50% of the total 4.ADEQUATE DENSITY At least 15.000 people per km2, that is 150 people/ha 5.CONNECTIVITY Emphasis on walking distances and public transport 5PRINCIPLES 21st Century Urban Development Model
  33. 33. 34 Medellin, Colombia 5 Principles + 3 Legged Approach + New Technologies
  34. 34. 35
  35. 35. 36 Smart City Principles Leader Urban Planning and Design LAB Director SmartCityStudio.com Head of the Faculty of Urban Planning in Amsterdam Lecturer at Delft University of Technology Rogier van den Berg
  36. 36. 37 Smart City Principles 5 Principles for Sustainable Urban Development + 3 Legged Approach + New Technologies
  37. 37. 38
  38. 38. 39
  39. 39. 40 The link between urban growth and economic growth is not guaranteed.
  40. 40. 41 Public Space: 12% Public Space: 11%Public Space: 39% Public Space: 20%
  41. 41. 42 19031929196619852000 Source: Atlas of Urban Expansions, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy ACCRA TEMA PRAMPRAM ACCRA GROWTH
  42. 42. 43
  43. 43. 44
  44. 44. 45
  45. 45. 46
  46. 46. 47
  47. 47. 48 URBAN EXPANSION CURRENTLY OBSERVED EXPANSION source: Google Maps 2015 Projected population Accra 2025: 4.228.000, UN Habitat 2014, State of African Cities
  48. 48. 49 2025 2035 2045
  49. 49. 50

×